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Gc 

942.56501 

B394 

v.l 

1830667 

REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



0d 



, ALLENCOUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 00729 6160 



[ 


Digitized by 


the Internet Archive 








in 2014 







https://archive.org/details/bedfordshirenote01unse 



BEDFORDSHIRE 

■ ■ « t 1 — — — 1 — — — . 

NOTES, AND QUERIES. 



Hi)] net) t > \ 

FREDERIC AUGUSTUS BLAYDES, 

Editor of tin 
" VISITATIONS (.)> m-.I)l < >kl).Ml||<K." 



" Out of monument.';, minus fooite, }?ro:brrI>s, traditions, pilutte 
vecorbes, anb ebibenres, fragments of .stories, passages of 
lwod.es, anb tlu lilie, toe boe sabc anb re.ro.brr s.o.nreiul)at from 
IXi e belmu of time." 



VOL. I. 



BEDFORD : 
ARTHTJ R RANSOM. 

MDCCCLXXXVI. 



1830667 



BKDF( (RUSH \R K 
NOTES AND QUKR i KS. 



P R E F A C E . 



In bringing the first volume of this work to its close it is 
only fitting that I . should take the opportunity of tendering 
my hearty thanks to tlio.se who have kindly assisted me in 
this undertaking by contributing articles of local interest. 
At the same time I must confess to a sense of disappointment 
that the work lias not received the support in the County 
which I anticipated, and consequently the contents are neither 
so varied, nor, perhaps, so interesting as my readers would 
have wished. Those, in the County, who have contributed 
articles, may he numbered on the lingers of one hand, and 
were it not for the kindness of friends in various parts of 
England and abroad the compilation of this volume would 
have devolved solely on myself. It is, I think, a matter for 
regret that this should be so ; that there should be so little 
interest manifested by the local Gentry and Clergy in matters 
of antiquarian and archaeological interest. Time is slowly, 
but surely, obliterating much of the records of the past, and 
I had hoped that this publication would have proved a 
medium, acceptable to many, for preserving these memorials 
of the past which are fast passing away. 

I have before me the " Notes of the Bedfordshire Architec- 
tural and Archaeological Society " in 14 numbers, extending 
from 185o to I8(i7; these papers contain a great variety of 
interesting articles from various contributors. I believe the 



VI 



publicatiou of tliis very useful work ceased from lack of 
sufficient support. ''My work was an attempt to follow this 
up and revive, if possible, an interest in the past history of 
this county which, be it remembered, has yet to be written, 
for up to the present the history of only one Hundred has 
been attempted, and that the " History of Willey Hundred " 
has been carefully edited by Mr. W. M. Harvey, of 
Groldington Hall. Reviewing- then what I have above said, and 
also taking' into consideration the fact that the number of 
subscribers has not yet reached a point sufficient to cover 
the expenses incident on the printing of this work, I venture 
to appeal to all those who take an interest in matters of this 
nature, and who are not yet subscribers to become so, and I 
need hardly add that I shall always be pleased to receive 
literary contributions of a suitable nature. 

I may add, in conclusion, that I have prepared a full index, 
omitting 1 pp. 103- 122 as not being of local interest, the 
indexing of which would unduly extend the index. This, 
together with a Summary of Contents will, I hope, render the 
work useful for reference. 

F. A. BLAYDES. 

Sh&nUuno Lodge t 
Bedford, 

12 : iv. : 80. 



vii 



SUMMARY OF CONTENTS. 



Bell Inscriptions, 55. 
Bbiefs, list of, "243. 

Calendars of State Papers, extracts from, 150, 192. 

Church Inventories, 277 — Battlesden, 283 ; Eaton Socou, 280 ; Ever- 
sholt, 287 ; Farndjsh, 284 ; Harlington, 277 ; Houghton Regis, 
Husborne Crawley, 296; Hulcote, 280; Mepporshail, 289; Salford, 
288; Handy, 285 ; Stagsden, 297 .; Tingrith, 278 ; Westoning, 279 ; 
Willington, 298. 

Church Notes, &c.., 6.1, 62, 87. 

Curious Epitaphs, &c, 54, 77, 87. 

Delinquents' Estates, list of, 199. 

Folklore, 143. 

Genealogical Notices relating to the families of— Bunyan, 72, 240 ; 
Clayton, 221 ; Dyer, 18 ; Halliley, 332; Harper, 9, 27: Loriug, 
178; Luke, 352 ; Marshall, 163; Marvel], 50 ; Morteyn, 3 ; Odell, 
330; Radcliffe, 120; Rowe, 45, 53, 349; Trott, 327 ; Winch, 
243, 205. 

"Gentleman's Magazine," Alphabetical list of Articles from, relating 

to Bedfordshire, 128. 
Gentry, List of, A.D. 1433, 309; and A.D. 1607, 213. 
Rmraldry, 33, 251 . 
Knights, List of, 210. 

Luton, Account of the " Book of the Fraternity" of, 173. 

Monumental Inscriptions and Epitaphs from the following parishes--- 
Arlesey, 50 ; Battlesden, 375; Bedford, S. Paul, 57 ; Biggleswade, 
02; Car&iugtou, 58; Carlton, 21, 58; Clifton, 05; Cokayn-Hatley, 
70; Dunstable, 72, 77; Elstow, 120; Farudish, 58; Flitton, 21; 
Henlow, 65; Kempston, 58; Laugford, 64; Leighton; 21, 03; 
Luton, 77 ; Millbrook, 58 ; Northiil, 07 ; Paveuham, 78 : Pottos- 
grove, 58; Bandy, 69; Shefford, 67; Stagsden, 59; Sundon, 237; 
Sutton, 71; Thurleigh, 59; Tilsworth, 81; Toddingtou, 03; Tot- 
ternhoe, 00; 'Purvey, 00,78; Wrestling-worth, 69 ; Wymington, 
60. 

Obituary Notices, " Archer MSS.," 89; "Dunstable Chronicle," 103. 
Parish Registers, Extracts from — Barton, 377 ; Bedford, S. Paul, 14, 

22, 48, 56 ; Great Barford, 207; Streatley, 811; Sundon, 229; 

Tilsworth, 83. 
Pare Books, 348. 

ik Royal Comm. on Hist. MSS.," Extracts from — Ampthill, 124, 144 ; 

Bedford, 140 ; Biggleswade, 145. 
Sheriffs, Chronological list of, 201. 
Spanish Armada, List of Contributors to, 101. 

Wills, Dnncombe, Sir Edw., 873 ; Win,, 301 ; Peyvre, Thos., 343. 



vni 



ETU1ATA AND CORRTGENT)A. 



10, for < 


Nicholls " read 


' Nichols " 


12, ,, 4 


' Offory " ,, 


' Ossory." 


16, „ ' 


' J anij " ,, 


' Jan'ij." 


25. * 


'ffitzhugb" ,, ' 


' ffitzhugh." 


20, „ 


' Calvanism " ,, 


' Calvinism." 


40, „ 


' Hodglrius ' ' ,, 


1 Hodglrini" 


49, ,, 


" Karie " ,, 


1 Marie." 


59, line 6 


, for " xx vi. " ,, 


' xvii. " 


), 7 


, ,, "lxiii. " ' 


' lviii." 


07, for 


" AMQND " ,, 


< AM AND." 


6- J , ,', 


V q'des " ,, 


' q'd es," 


77, „ 


" grevys" ,, 


' gren ys." 


£ '-*j >» 


" Keynar " ,, 


" Reyner." 




"Stoner" ,, 


" Stone." 




"Moror" 


" Morer." 


142, Read 


"Mrs. Luke granddaughter." 


140, for 


" Emploped " read ' 


' Employed." 


no, ,, 


j'Baldoe" 


" Baldoc." 


185, ,, 


."80 years" ,, 


" 100 years.''' 


1^7, „ 


"Grafton" 


' lira ft on." 


210, ,, 


-Wilier" 


« Millard." 


214, ,, 


"Crawford" ,, 


'< Crayford." 


251, ,, 


"Paton" „ 


' Pa ton." 




" Chevon " 


' Chevron " 




" Annulet " ,, 


' Annulet." 


29.'5, „ 


" Seventhorpe " 


• Leventhorpe 


319, line 10 & 13, /or " 179s" 


uad 1799. 


322, „; 


' 1 reversed " , , 


' reserved." 


328, line 10, for " and " 


' an." 



331, "The Wodhull Crest should be"— 
" Out of a Ducal coronet or, two wings addorsed gule,« 



IX 



p ■ 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBEBS. 



W, Puncombe Pink, Leigh, Lancashire. 
*'B, Qnaritch, 15, Piccadilly, London. 
Rev. B. H. Blacker, 20, Meridian Place, Clifton., Bristol. 
J. E. Bailey, Stretford, near Manchester. 
C. Williams, Moseley Lodge, Birmingham. 
Rev. T, P. Wadley, Naunton-Beauchamp Rectory, Pershore. 
J. G. Raynes, 14, Great James Street, Russell Square, 
London. 

John Waller, Church Street, Luton. 

1). G. Cary-Elwes, The Crescent, Bedford. 

Rev. J. \V r . Hodgson, Chalgrave Vicarage, Leighton, 

Rev. T. Green, M.A., Stanbridge Vicarage, 

Major C. Cooper, Toddington Manor, Dunstable. 

F. Hoekliffe, St. Loyes, Bedford. 

E. Lawford, Oriel House, Leighton Buzzard. 

Rev. C. E. Haslam, Toddington Rectory, Dunstable. 

H. E. Hollis Harris, 78, Regent Street, London, 2 copies. 

Rev, C. Greeu, Great Barford \ icarage. 

Rev. J, Brown, Dame Alice Street, Bedford. 

A. Ransom, St. Loyes, Bedford. 

F. Howard, Potter Street, Bedford, 2 copies. 
.T. Hawkins, Linden Road, Bedford. 

J. E. K. Cutts, 28, Southampton Street, Strand. London. 
*Col: Joseph. L. Chester, 12-1, Southwark Park Road, London. 

G. E. Cockayne, Lancaster Herald, Coll.. of Arms, London. 

G. W. Marshall, 60, Onslow Gardens, London, S.W. 

H. Grough, Sandcroft, Redhill. 

F. Bassett, The Heath, Leighton Buzzard. 

R. M. Beaehcroft, 0, Theobald's Road, Bedford Row, W.C. 

H. Gray, 25, Cathedral Yard, Manchester. 

Rev. E. Bradshaw, Billington Rectory, Leight >n. 

Sir A. W. Woods, Garter, Coll. of Arms, London. 

S. Margerison, Calverley, Leeds. 

W. Fowler Carter, 7, Waterloo Street, Birmingham. 

Rev. W. Begley, East Hyde Vicarage, Luton. 



X 



Rev. C. H. Mayo, Long Burton Vicarage, Sherborne. 

The Yen. Archdeacon of Bedford, Holwcll Rectory. 

Rev. A. Orlebar, Willington Vicarage. 

W. Horley, Toddington, Dunstable. 

Rev. C. B. Norclift'e, Langton Hall, Malton. 

T. W. Pauli, M.D., Luton. 

Rev. J. C. Blomlield, Laimton Rectory, Bicester. 
Manchester Free Library, Manchester (G. W. Sutton, 
Librarian). 

Rev. J. Sunderland, Eggington Vicarage, Leighton. 
J. Smyth, Bygrave House, Baldoek. 
*T. North, Llanfairfechan, N. Wales. 
Rev. 0. R. Manning, Diss, Norfolk. 

Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 820, Spruce Street. 

Philadelphia. 
Rev. T. M. Berry, Blunhara Rectory, Sandy. 
Rev. Canon Haddock, Windsor Terrace, Bedford. 
Beds. Archaeological Society, Bedford. 
Rev. P. H. Gray, Hockliffe Rectory, Leighton. 
Rev. G. H. Moxon, Sundon, Dunstable. 
Major J. H. Brooks, Flitwick Manor, Ampthill. 
W. H. Astell, Woodbury Hall, Sandy. 
T. Henderson, County School, Bedford. 
J. N. Foster, Sandy Place, Sandy. 
T. Wilson, Park Street, Woburn. 

J. S. Cumberland, 3-1, St. Paul's Square, York, 2 conies. 

< !. Hobhes, Wootton. 

*L, Cherry, Goldingtoh Road, Bedford. 

T. Carter Mitchell, Topcliffe, Thirsk, Yorkshire. 

Edwin Ransom, Ashburnham Road, Bedford. 

G. Blaydes, Ashburnham Road, Bedford. 

D. Toinson, St. Noots, Hunts. 

*B. Beedham, Ashfield House, near Kimbolton. 
John Taylor, Bookseller, Gold Street, Northampton. 
Rev. T. W. Richards, The Vicarage, Leighton Buzzard. 
A, C. J. Blaydes, (i, Union Street. 

Principal, St. Mary's College, Hanover Parle, Peckham, S.E. 
W. H. Iv. Wright, Plymouth. 

E. H. Coleman"; 82, Basinghall Street, London. 

.T. W. Mitchell, Rothesay Herald, Audley, Sidmouth, Devon. 
J. P. Earwaker, M.A., Pensearn, Abergele, N. Wales. 
Rev. Canon W. Cooke, G, Clifton Place, Sussex Square, 
London. 

W. C. Heane, Cinderford, Gloucestersliire. 



XI 



J. R. Raines, Burton,Pidsea, near Hull. 

G. GK S. Foljambe, Esq., M.P,, Cockglode Ollerton, Newark. 
Col. Stuart, Tempsford Hall, Sandy, Beds, 

H. Addington, Heulow Grange, Biggleswade, s 
Major W. A. Roberts, Royal Horse Artillery, Dublin. 
W. Doggett, "1, Finsbury Park Road, London, N. 
Dr. Bagnall, 1, Clarence Terrace, Runooiui. 

J. Gr. Godwin, 118, Grosvenor Road, London, S.W. [ 
W, IL Cooke, M.A., (2.0, P.S.A., 42, Wimpole Street, 
London. 

*J. Gilbert Day, Swindon Rectory, Cheltenham. 

Rev. F. Brown, Fern Banks, Beckenham, Kent. 

Sir IL F. L. Dry den, Bait., Canons Ashby, Ryfield. 

Major F. Fawkes, Eggington House, Leigktoii Buzzard- 

James Yates, F.R.H.S., Public Library, Leeds. 

W, C. Metcalfe, F.S.A, 10, Lupus Street, London, SAY\ 

Lady E, Cust, 31, Eoeleston Square, London, S.W. 

T. Harris, The Cedars, I^eighton Buzzard, 2 copies. 

New England Historic Genealogical Society, 18, Somerset 

Street, Boston. 
E, G. Allen, 12, Tavistock Row, Covent Garden, W.C. 
Rev. John Tinkler, Arkengarthdale Vicarage, near Richmond, 

Yorkshire. 

Cornelius Walford, 8G, Belsize Park Gardens, S.W. 
Edward Pettit, Oatlands Park, Weybridge. 
Cormell Price, United Service Coll., Westward Ho! N. 
Devon, 

Literary and Stientilic Institute, Bedford. 
'•• ; S. Chetham, Bedford, 

A. D. Dawnay, Inst. O.K., Loudon Bridge House, King Wil- 
liam Street, E.G. 
Rev. T. J. Guest, Battlesden House, Preston Park, Brigliton. 
W. Austin, Lutoii. 

J. Potter Briscoe, F.R.H.S., Free Public Library, University 

Coll., Nottingham. 
*Mrs. Page Fryer, 17, Southwick Crescent, Hyde Park, 

London, W. 

Clarendon Historical Society, 12, Castle Street, Edinburgh, 
N.B. 

*John Green, Woburn. 

William Bethell, Rise, Hull. 

Mrs. de Putron, Rodmell Rectory, Lowes. 

Alfred C. Atkins, Castle Street, Luton. 

Rev. W. Rotlierham, Somerton Rectory, Bury St. Edmunds. 



Xll 



Boston Public Library, Boston, Mass., U.S.A. (Trubnor & 
Co.) 

Ivov. H. Isham Longden, St. Michaels, Northampton. 

Charles Golding, 73, High Street, Colchester, Essex. 

II . T. Wake, Win-field Park, near Fritchley, Derby. 

J. 0. Halliwell-Phillips, Hollingbury Copse, Brighton. 

Sir J. Montague Burgoyne, Bart., Sutton Park. 

Rev. C. Henisley, Ashburnham Road, Bedford. 

Messrs. Crosby, Lockwood, & Co., 7, Stationers' Hall Court, 

London, E.O. 
A. P. Alston, 09, Eeeleston Square, London, S. W. 
Herbert Penning-, The Avenue, Bedford. 
R. J. Payne, 8, Darnboro' Street, Nunnery Lane, York. 
Rev. W. D. Sweeting, Maxey Vicarage, Market Deeping. 
*John R. Woodhams, 21, St. Mary's Square, Aylesbury. 
Miss Carter Smith, Aspley Guise. 
Martin George, Anchor Hotel, Tempsford. 
K. W. Bourdillon, The Severals, Pastbourne. 
Rev. C. H. Evelyn White; [pswioh. 
11. "Wagner, Half Maon Street, Piccadilly, London, W. 
Col. W. JO. G. Lytton-Bulwer, Quebec House, East Dereham. 
His Honour Judge Snagge, Oourtfield Gardens, London, 

s.w. 

Messrs. Parker & Co., Broad Street, Oxford. 
R. Hanby, Chetham'a Library, Manchester. 
Rev. J<]. Mayo, Morhanger, Sandy. 

Rev. T, W. 1>. I^rooks, Hampden Rectory, Great Missoudon, 
Dueks. 

Ixev. K. Parrar, The Hermitage, Luton Hoo, Luton. 

Mrs. T. A. Sibley, Oakley House, Clodhow, near Leeds. 

Rul'us King, Westchester County, New York. 

Rev. T. Prescott, Caddington Vicarage, Luton. 

-Albert Pike, City of Washington, D.C., U.S.A. 

Madame de Palbe, Luton Hoo. 

W. Marsh Harvey, Goldington Hall, Bedford. 

N.B. — Those marked thus * have ceased to he subscribers from death 
and other causes. 



INTRODUCTION. 



HE Notes and (Queries, which arc here col- 
lected together in a convenient form for 
reference, appeared in the first instance in 
the Bedfordshire Times and Independent. 
The idea originated some two years ago 
amongst a few gentlemen who were interested in the 
archaeology of the county, and on application being made 
to the Editor of the above-named paper he very courteously 
consented to devote a column to thai purpose. 

ISince then it has been thought desirable by those con- 
nected with the undertaking to reprint the articles that 
have appeared from time to time, in the form now pre- 
sented to the reader. 

In submitting Part- 1, of Bedfordshire Notes and Queries 
to those subscribers who have given this undertaking their 
kind support the Editor takes this opportunity of thanking 
them, and especially those who have rendered material 
assistance in a literary way. 

Every page has been carefully revised, and all errors 
where detected have been rectified ; but as some may have 
escaped notice, the Editor will be glad to receive commu- 
nications from those who may note any. 




The responsibility of providing material to keep the 
undertaking going has, so far, devolved upon a very 
limited number ; the Editor therefore hopes that those 
who are concerned in the archaeology, &c., of this county 
will give their assistance by forwarding articles, notices, 
&c, of any important discoveries, or on any matters of 
antiquarian or historical interest, connected with the 
county. As an indication of what would be acceptable, the 
following subjects are suggested: — Notices of local cus- 
toms, provincial sayings; extracts from parish registers, 
and old churchwardens' account books; transcripts of old 
inscriptions on brasses, monuments, &c. ; notes on heraldry, 
on glass windows, and on tombs; notices of scarce books 
of local interest ; extracts from court rolls, old deeds ; 
rubbings of brasses ; list of field names from old terriers, 
&e., &c, 

As it, is possible that many who might contribute to this 
work are prevented from doing so, from being unable to 
decipher the earlier styles of writ ing, the Editor begs to 
intimate lhat any old documents, v^c, entrusted to him 
will ho carefully preserved, and returned as soon as done 
with. 

Communications of the foregoing character will be 
thankfully received by the undersigned. 

F. A. HLAYDES. 

Til»ic(Hih, '. 

Lriijldort It/IZZf/rd. 



o 




BEDFORDSHIRE 
NOTES AND QUERIES. 



TILSWORTH.— in this church are two ancient 
incised slabs, belonging to the first half of the XlVth 
century. They both have Norman-French inscriptions in 
liOmbardic characters. One is in memory of Adam de 
Tullesworth (by-the-way, can anyone give me any infor- 
mation as to who he was?), and is engraved by Fisher, 
and mentioned by Lysons; the other, of which 1 have 
worn no mention in any printed w ork, forms the lintel of ;i 
small two-light window in the south side of the chancel, 
where may be traced the outline of an arch, which has 
evidently, at some former period, opened into a chantrey, 
or mortuary chapel. This arch is now built up. On this 
stone there are only nine letters visible, the remainder of 
the inscription being- built over. Fortunately, these letters 
comprise the name of the individual to whose memory the 
stone was originally placed in the church. The letters 
remaining ar0 " MOETEYN CY." The Morteyns held 
the manor of Tillsworth temp. Ed. ill. and Hie. II., and 
it passed from them, to the Chainberleynes, one of whom, 
Elizabeth, was t he wife of John Morteyn.— F. A. Blaydes. 



4 



HOCKLIFFE.— At the White Horse km, in this 
parish, is some fine old wood carving, said to have come? 
from Toddington Manor. Can anyone of your readers 
assist me in identifying the following inscription and coat 
of arms, &c, which form part of the work? The inscrip- 
tion especially lias puzzled me, and all my friends to whom. 
I have shown it. It is in such quaint characters that I 
can only pretend to give an approximate reading of it, 
which is as follows:— ''^hnjav^^wil j am doubtful of 
the spacing, and also of the 10th letter, which is like a 
small delta. The coat, of arms is three hull's heads couped 
at the shoulders. There is also a crest apparently this: 
on a wreath — a leopard passant collared and chained. 
Also on a rude representation of a shield are the following 
hdters: "S 11 E." The style of letters appears to be a 
debased Lombardic. I may mention that on a carved beam 
in one of the rooms is the date " 10(H)." A plate containing 
all the above lias been engraved by Fisher, but as 1 have 
never yet received a satisfactory explanation of the above 
hieroglyphics I am induced to send this to yen, hoping 
someone will be; able to solve the difficulty. — F. A. 

13 LAY DISS. 

NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS, .1.078-1084. 

These are to give Notice, That for the convenience of 
carrying Letters to Bedford, and Parts adjacent, a post 
is designed to run three times a week between London 
and Bedford, by the way of Briclchifl and Ampthilf, and 
from Bedford to London; as often the Stage from Brielhifl 
to Bedford, will begin on Saturday the 20th of this instant 
tin ft/, and from Bedford to London on the 2 J day of the 
same month ; the Post house at Bedford will be the Stnut 



-) 

Inn, and the Letters for Ampthill will bo loft at the White- 
Hart at Ampthill, by Mr. Anthony Rush, Postmaster at 
Bedford.— (1078). 

Stolen oi* strayed, from Ampthill Town in Bedfordshire, 
in 1 lie Mouth of March last, from the Right Honourable 
the Lord Brieve, a young Fox Hound Bitch, White, with 
one Grizlish broad spot on her left Shoulder, her Head 
sharp, and her Stern out ; Whosoever will bring her, or 
give notice of her, to Mr. Marnley of Saaernakle Forrest in 
Wiltshire, to Mr. Curtis, Mealman at Smithjield Barrs, Lon- 
don, to Mr. Ilylliard at Croydon in Surrey, or to his Lord- 
ship's Huntsman at Ampthill aforesaid, shall have a Guinea 
reward. — (1680). 

Stolen the 11th instant out of a Stable of Mr. James 
Brand, in St. Peter's Parish in the Town of Bedford, two 
Geldings, one a brown Bay near 8 years old, 14 hands 
high, well shaped, his Mane shorn half way, and almost 
grown again, bob tail, a blaze on his Face, a slip down his 
Nose, and all his Paces. The other a young one, three 
years. old, near 15 hands* high, of a darkish colour, which 
will l)c an tron-Grey, grizled about the Face, bob Tail, 
one white Foot behind, a lit tle swelling on his farther knee 
before, Trots all; Whosoever gives notice of them, either 
to the aforesaid. .Mr. Brand, or to Mr. Richard Smith at the 
Goat upon Snow-hill shall have 40s. reward. — (1080). 

Stolen on Thursday September 22nd out of the Church- 
yard, in Clifton, in the County of Bedford, about a mile 
from Shefford ; a Sorrel Mare, about 13 hands high, a Star 
in her Forehead, a bob Tail, Trots all, and Gallops well, a 
little low Baok'd, broken Winded, and with Foal, supposed 
to be stolen by one in a white Camblet Coat, in a long 
Periwig, Pock-holes in his Face, ruffle Sleeves, and one 
who pretends to buy Live Hair to make Periwigs. 



6 



Whosoever shall give notice of this Mare, either to Mrs. 
Brown at the Parsonage House in Clifton, or to Mr. Henry 
Cushe at the Jerusalem Tavern on CJcrkemcell-Green, so 
that she may be restored to the Owner, shall have 20s. 
reward.— (1681). 

On Sunday the .first instant in the Evening, a Coach was 
robbed betwixt Dunstable and Market- street bv six Hiffh- 
way-men, who took away a black Gelding 14 hands and 
halt' high, all his paces, his Mane half shorn, cut Tail, nine 
years old, hath a Star on his Forehead and a little Wen on 
his Buttock, about the bigness of a Nutmeg, with a Saddle 
covered over with black Cloth, but the seat under it of lied 
Velvet. Whoever brings notice of him to Mr. William 
Bichards over the Cock in Bow-street, or to Mr, Roles 
Apothecary in Henrietta-street in Co vent-Garden, shall 
have two Guineas for a reward. — (June, 1684). 

A Gentleman was rob'd on Saturday the 28th of June 
last, near Dunstable by three 1 lighway-mon, of a. brown 
hay Mare about. 13 hands and a half high, six years old, 
with, a white heel behind somewhat Hat rib'd, and paceth 
naturally ; the saddle had a Leather cover, having a 
Crupper with yellow Studs. Whoever gives notice of her, 
so as she may be had again, to Mr. Wright at the Three 
Sugar Loaves against Fetter Lane in Fleet-street, or to 
Mr. Sam's at 'the White Horse in Dunstable, shall have 
20s. reward— (1684). 

The humble Address of the,. Lie it fen ant, Deputy- Lieu- 
tenants y Justices of the Peace, Military- Officers, Clergy, 
Gentlemen, and Freeholders of Your Majesty's Count// of 
Bedford. — Bread Sovereign . 

Besides the gratitude we owe to God, the Duty where- 
with we stand bound to your Majesty doth at this time call 
upon us to express the great sense we have of your 



>7 
/ 



Majesties Princely Goodness, Justice, and Mercy, which 
ever since your most blessed and happy Restauration has 
been such, as was of it self enough to fix in our hearts a 
most firm belief of a constant enjoyment of those unspeak- 
able Blessings which have been derived upon us from the 
benign Influence of your Majesties most equal and prudent 
Government. But your Majesties late Gracious Declara- 
tion, as it hath made us the most obliged, so should we be 
the most ungrateful people in the World, if we did not 
profess (what we here in all humility do) our most heart)- 
and thankful Resentment of the Royal assurance you are 
pleased to give us therein to remove all the reasonable 
fears and causless Jealousies which some ill men (whose 
attempts we abhor and detest) have endeavoured to in- 
sinuate into the people thereby to alienate their Allegiance 
from your Majesty, and to subvert the Government of 
both Church and State — when-as those very persons that 
would blow these distrusts into the minds of your Loyal 
Subjects, have taken the ready way themselves to bring- 
in tliut which they accuse others of, as well as by weak- 
ning your Majesties Prerogative (which by Law we are 
bound to support) as by detaining the true Sons of the 
Church of England, which (as now established) is the best, 
if not the only Bulwark against Popery : That your 
Majesty may see we are not swaid by any such seditious 
and factious designers we do assure your Sacred Majesty, 
That we will (as in duty and conscience bound) stand by 
You to the utmost hazard of our Lives and Estates, in the 
Preservation of your Sacred Person, your Heirs and 
Lawful Successors, and the Government in Church and 
State, as it is now established by Law. We humbly beg 
your. .Majesties acceptance of this Dutiful Address and 
ready Resolution of us Your Majesties most Obedient, 



8 



Faithful and Loyal Subjects. — Signed by about Two 
Hundred Persons. — (June LG81). 

Bedford, July 19 (1684).— His Majesty having- been 
Graciously pleased upon the Surrender of our Charter to 
Grant us a New one, it was this day brought to us, by the 
Right Honorable the Earl of Ailsbury our Recorder, 
accompanied with the Deputy-Lieutenants, Justices of the 
Peace, and a very great number of Gentlemen, and met 
about two miles from the Town by the whole Body thereof, 
making in all near 500 Horse. After the reading of the 
Charter, his Lordship was pleased to let us knew how great 
His Majesty's Grace and Favour had been to us (although 
undeservedly) and how highly we were obliged from thence 
both to approve ourselves Eminently Loyal, and continue 
so for ever: It being at the same time the Town Quarter 
Sessions the Deputy-Recorder in his Charge to the Grand 
Jury, spake much to the same effect. After a Splendid 
Entertainment for his Lordship and the Gentlemen who 
came with him, the Mayor, Aldermen, and whole Corpora- 
tion, returning their Thanks to his Lordship for Honoring 
the Town with his Presence, did intreat him with their 
.most humble Duty and Thanks to assure His Majesty of 
their steady Loyalty for the future. The (hand Jury 
likewise waited on his Lordship to desire tin 1 same on 
behalf of themselves and the whole Town. 

His Majesty hath been Graciously pleased by his New 
Charter, to grant to the Town and Corporation of Bedford 
two New Fairs to be kept Yearly, the one on Thursday 
next after Michaelmas day on the North side of the River 
in the said Town, the other on the Tenth day of April ou 
the South side of the same River. — (1084). 



BEDFORD. —St. Paul's, Parish Registers.— -Bin 
"William Harper, &c. — It is with very great pleasure 
that I liai] the welcome appearance of a nook in the Bed- 
fordshire Tunes and Independent for " Local Notes and 
Queries" I for one will do what I can towards contribu- 
ting- to it, and from time to time give a few entries from 
some of the registers of the parishes in and around Bedford. 
To commence with St. Paul's, which may he, I suppose, 
considered as the mother church of the Borough of Bed- 
ford, the earliest register hooks appear to consist of two, 
commencing in 1565, the one' being a copy of the other; 
in that which I consider to be the original one the burials 
are entered as such, whilst in that which I take to be a 
copy, the entries are as "deceased, 1 ' and not as " buried." 
What the object of this copy was does not appear ; there 
is, however, one very remarkable instance to be mentioned 
in connection with it. In the original, or as we will for 
the future style it (No. 1.) Book, there is no entry of the 
burial of Sir William Harper at all, whilst in the copy or 
(N T o. 'J.) Hook there is an entry of Ids having l " deceased," 
not as being " buried," in a totally different handwriting 
to the other entries, and of a more modern appearance both 
as to the character and ink, which leads to the question 
whether Sir William Harper was really ever buried in St. 
Paul's or not. s 1 myself have for some time been very 
doubtful on the point, although in his will he certainly 
expressed a wish to be so — "To be buried within the parish 
church of St. Paul's, Bedford." At the same time he left 
no bequest of money towards defraying the expense of 
transporting his body from London, which would in those 
days have probably been considerable, and he leaves only 
black gownes to his "well beloved friends Will'm Albany, 
Thomas Rigge, Thomas Muschampe, Humphrey Stephens, 



[() 

Edward Thome (his ^widow's 2nd husband), and Richard 
Lethers my wife's brother if they will take the paines to 
be present at my buriall at Bedford to ev'ye of them a 
black gwne." I suspect that we shall someday discover 
that he was really buried in some London church, as his 
first wife Dame Alice was undoubtedly so on the 15th 
October, 1569, in the north aisle of the church of St. Mary 
"Woolnoth (see parish registers of that church). That his 
second wife Dame Margaret outlived him for a very con- 
siderable time there is proof in existence, as from Colonel 
Chester's collections of marriage licences taken from a 
series of Act Books at Somerset Douse, (See Ax and Qs., 
6th 8. i. 323), we hud that in September, 1583, Edward 
Maxic, of Orsett, co. .Essex, and Dame Margeret Harper, 
widow, relict of Edward Thome (whose will was dated 19 
Jan., and proved 20 Feb., 1582-3, so that the good lady 
was not long* in providing herself with a third husband), 
had a licence from the Bishop of London to marry at any 
church or chapel in the diocese of London; and therefore, 
ill though on the brass in St. Paul's Church put up to Sir 
William's memory it states that both he and his second 
wife were buried in that church, i think myself it is very 
doubtful if he himself was so, and almost a certainty that 
Dame Margaret was not. Whilst speaking of the above 
brass 1 may note* that the late Mr. John Gough Nicholls 
considered the figure of Sir William Harper being in 
armour with an aldermanie gown over it as an unique 
example of its kind on a brass, though there are certain 
examples of it in effigies. This note has grown so much 
longer than I intended when I commenced that I must 
defer to another issue any extracts from the registers. — 
D. 0. C. Ewes. 



1 1 



NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS, 1769-1812. 

DUNSTABLE— Whereas John Maiishe Dickin- 
son, of Dunstable in the County of Bedford, Esq. ; having 
assumed and pretended to be the husband of me the under- 
written Elizabeth Macie, of Weston, in the county of 
Somerset, widow. A suit lias therefore been instituted by 
me, against the said John Marsho Dickinson, in the Con- 
sistory Court of the Bishop of London, in order, that the 
said John Marshe Dickinson may, by the Judge of the said 
Court, be admonished to desist from any such pretensions; 
and which suit is now depending". This public notice is 
therefore given by me, to caution all persons from accepting 
or taking any Conveyance or Assignment of any part of 
my estate or property, from the said John Marshe Dickin- 
son, in right of, or under pretence of being the lawful 
husband of me the said Elizabeth Macie. — Morning 
Chronicle, Nov. 25, 176Q. 

BIGGLESWADE.— June 20, 1780. — Whereas on 
Thursday the iGth instant, about noon, a Fire broke out 
at Biggleswade, in the county of Bedford, which, notwith- 
standing every exertion of the inhabitants of that, as well 
as the neighbouring towns, in the space of four hours 
consumed more than one hundred and twenty houses, nine 
malting-houses,* many stables, barns, granaries and other 
buildings, and the Dissenting Meeting House. The whole 
of the loss upon the nearest calculation amounts to £'22,500 
of which sum £15,500 appears to be insured. The urgent 
distress of the poor sufferers obliges us to apply to the 
publick for relief. It is recommended to such charitable 
persons as are willing to contribute to this chanty, to pay 
their donations to Messrs. Bland, Burnett, Iloare, and Hill, 
Bankers, Lombard- street ; Messrs. Smith, Wright, and 



Gray, Bankers, Lou*bard- street ; Messrs. Biddulph, Cox, 
and Co., Bankers, Charing Cross; and to Mr. Dennis 
Herbert, Merchant, in Biggleswade. — Upper Offory, Geo. 
Osborne, William Pym, Charles Barnett, James Harvey, 
Phillip Monoux, Geo. Gibson, Mat. Rugeley, Charles 
Franldyn, James Underwood. 

Mr. Whitbroad, jun., is wittily called the froth of the 
lower assembly. The same w as observed by the late Duke 
of Bedford, of Mr. Whitbread's father, when he put up 
for the town of Bedford. "Bray sir," demanded the 
aristocratic peer, " what are you ?" — "A brewer, my lord," 
answered the candidate. — "A brewer; why then we shall 
certainly have some froth in the house." — L " True, please 
your grace, but remember tliefro/h is always uppermost," 
—(1793). 

Bast Sunday se'nnight the Marchioness of Grey had a 
very narrow escape from an aecidenl which ion frequently 
proves fatal. Her Ladyship was reading- in (he evening 
in her apartment in Wrest House, in Bedfordshire; when 
her cap communicating; suddenly with the candle took fire: 
she had, however, recollection enough to suppress the 
flames before she received an)- material injury. Her 
alarm, notwithstanding, was so great, as to produce an 
indisposition, which caused the return of Lady Bell Pol- 
worth, who had but a short, time departed from Bedford- 
shire.— (Dec, 1791.) 

On the 4th ult at Shefford, Bedfordshire, the Rev. C. 
Taylor, many years officiating Clergyman of the >St. 
George's Catholic Chapel, at that place; "he was (says a 
Correspondent) a benevolent man. who loved his country, 



10 



and was a kind trlen^J to suffering humanity, taking great 
pleasure to instruct the humble and illiterate. His pro- 
found and universal erudition, with his wit and urbanity, 
.secured him the esteem of persons of the most eminent 
distinction ; his numerous friends and acquaintance, with 
those who have profited by his pious and exalted labours, 
bear testimony to the many amiable virtues which he 
always exerted for the honour of God and the welfare of 
his fellow-creatures ! " — ( 1 812). 



LEIGHTON BUZZARD.-Tiik Proposed Pax i on 
Memorial. — The members of the heighten Buzzard 
Working Men's Mutual Improvement Society have .had a 
meeting at the Cedars, the residence of Mr. J. D. Passett, 
where they presented an address to Lord Charles J. F. 
Russell, advocating his lordship's suggestion, made at the 
inauguration of the recent industrial exhibition, to estab- 
lish in this town an educational and popular institute, to 
bo associated wit h the name'ol 1 (he late Sir Joseph Paxton, 
as Ave have before mentioned. It was resolved in course 
of the proceedings, ki that the proposed memorial shall be 
called 1 The Paxton Institute,' and shall be devoted to the 
advantage of the working classes and. the inhabitants of 
the locality generally/' A committee was appointed to 
carry into effect the proposed Paxton Institute. — (1868). 



Some remarkable Passages in the Life and Death of Mr. 
John Mason, of Water Stratford, 1094 : An impartial 
account of John Mason, 1695. In I vol., 4 to. 



II 



Elstorh (W.) Historical Account of the Great Level of 
the Fens, called Bedford Level. Map, large paper, 8vo, 
hoards, uncut, 12s. — Lynn, 179*3. 

Roman and Roman-British Remains at and near Shef- 
ford, Bedfordshire. By Sir JL Dryden. 8 plates, 6s. (3d. 

Roman-British Remains, on the Materials of Two 
Sepulchral Vessels found at Warden, Bedfordshire. By 
Professor ITenslow. 2 plates, 4s. 



BEDFORD.— St. Paul's Parish Registers. 
(Continual from Page 10. J 

In continuation of my last ] will now proceed with 
some entries from the registers of the above parish that 
occur in Book No. I. The first entry that appears in it 
is : — 

1565. August, Jacobe Lawerence bapt. xxvth daie. 

November, l)yve (fielders bapt. (he xxiiij. daie. 

Anne Beach. . . m bapt. same daie. 
1560. November, Alexander Waller bapt. xxviij daie. 
1567. Marche, Elcebetho Tomeson bapt. the xxxth daie. 

[I have made a note of this name on account of its 
similarity to the maiden name of Dame Alice, Sir 
William Harper's first wife, which was Tovilinsuri; 
it is just possible that it is the same name spelled 
wrong and that her ladyship was a native of the 
town.] 

Robartt, Ane Egiptic (an Egyptian ?) bapt. same 
daie. 

April!. — John, Ane Egipfn. (an. Egyptian ?) bapt. 
xxvith daie. 



1.5 



[The above two entries have puzzled me exceedingly, 
and until I showed them to Mr. Blaydes, of Hoek- 
liffe Lodge, I could make nothing of them; lie, 
however, suggests that they were gipsies, which 
I think a very probable conjecture, particularly 
as he says he has more than once come across the 
entries of gipsies being baptized in other Bedford- 
shire parishes. I know that this race of people 
are particular about being baptized, and I believe 
also that they like> to be buried in consecrated 
ground. I know of one instance that came under 
my notice in Nutfield parish, CO. Surrey, of a 
gipsy child receiving a very curious name, which 
the mother was very particular as to tin; spelling 
of. She gave the name to the clergyman as Yew. 
Tie naturally thought she meant Hugh ; however, 
such was not the cast?, and she insisted on having 
it catered as she wished, and the reason she gave 
was that the child had been born under a yew- 
tree.] 

July.— Potter Beachmne, bapt. the xxvith daie. 
August. — William Muxly, bapt. the xxiiij. daie. 
Septemb. — Robartt Lawe and Elscbeth Malcott 
maried the xxiijth daie. 

llichard Ilcmeinge and Amies Knott maried the 
xxxjth daie. 

Wm. Taylor and Katherin Parker maried the xxvth 
of ]S T ovemb. 

1568. Decemb. — Alexander AVallar buried the second. 
15(10. June. — Potter Beauchame buried the xvj. June. 

August.— rMargrett Grurney burried xxvth daie. 

Sept. — Georg lluxly burried the vi. Septembr. 

Judeth Weatherfield bapt. the xxviith daie. 



10 



[I may mention here that the name of Beekot, as 
also the very peculiar one of Beast, frequently 
occur in these registers, also that the baptisms, 
burials, and marriages are all mixed up together, 
and that the entries T am giving are only selec- 
tions of my own, and not the consecutive ones of 
the registers. ] 

1571-2. Janij. — George Wallar bapt. the xith daie. 

Elcebethe Paradin bapt. the xxvith. 
1571. Amies Wallar Bapt. the xth Marche. 

[Inserted in different ink and handwriting to the 
oilier entries. | 

157'3. Maij. — llichard ffraill, bapt. the xviij. daie. 
Junij. — Thomas Wallar bapt. the xxiijth. 
August. — Thomas Norman And Duglace Hyatt 
maried the xxth daie. 
Winefrecl Spencer bapt. the xxth. 
Novemb. — Robartt Parradin bapt. first daie. 

Thomas Newton bapt. the x\iij. daie. 
L57tJ. duly. — Kdwnrd Beaeh-hm bapt. the xxiiijth. 

Janij. — -William Newton bapt. the xviijth Janij. 
(1573-4) 

1574. August. — .John Beast bapt the xxvth daie. 

Octob.— Winefred Ball bapt. the first of Oetob. 
Novemb. — Susantt Stanton bapt. the xvijth daie. 

John Walcott bapt. the xxij. Novemb. 
Decemb. — William Turvall bapt. the xxixth daie. 

Elnor. Spencer bapt;. the xxviijth. 
Janij. — Margrett Alderman bapt. the vth daie 
(1574-5); 

1576. March. — Mr. Bedford, p'son. of St. Cut bards and 
vick' of St. Paulles bured the xviij daie. (1576-7) 



5. 



IT 



April.— George Alderman and Joan Allen married 
the xxth of Aprell. 
Thomas ffostocke bapt the xiiij daie. 
Maij. — Thomas Crowutt Buried the xviijth daie. 
August. — William Burnett And Ane Gibbons mar- 
ried the third daie of August. 
Septem. — Ilarie Crowtt Buried the first daie. 

Dorythy ll'aldo bapt. the xiiij daie. 
ISTovemb. — Martha Scoot buried the xij. daie. 

Kathren Bredeman bapt. the xiij daie, 
buried the xviijth. 

Thomas Collope And Elcebcthe Bead 
married the xiijtb daie. 
Edward Croot buried the xyijth daie. 
Elcebethe Harvey buried the xviijth. . 
Richard Weatherfield. and Elcebeth 
Phradin married the xxiitb daie. 
William Sibthupp bapt. xxiiijth. 
Ka-threen Hawkins hurried the xxviijth. 
Deeenib. — Andrewc Hawkins burried iiijth daie. 
John Pyper bapt. the viith daie. 
Ilobart Blosome bapt. the same daie. 
Christophr. Hawkins hurried the xiiij th. 
ffebruij. — Robartt Paradin burried the xxth 
(1576-7). * 

1). G. C. Elwes, F.S.A. 



Oolm worth, Manor Farm. — Mr. R. B. Stafford has 
kindly brought to my notice the following- inscription cut 
on a piece of wood built into the wall of an upper room in 
the above farm house : — 



18 

IMPENSIS 
DN/E 

CATHERINA DEYER 
ME FECIT EDMVNDVS IBBOT 
ARCH ITECTOR 

. - 1609. 

Which we may translate Edmund Ibbot, architect, made 
me at the expense of the Lady Catherine Deyer in 16.09. 
On turning to Lyson's account of the parish of Colmworth 
it will be found that in the church "a very sumptuous 
monument " was erected in Ki ll by Lady Dyer to the 
memoiy of her husband Sir "William Dyer Knt : with a 
veiy quaint inscription on it stating "that they multi- 
plied themselves info seven children/ 5 and a long piece of 
poetry, so quaint that 1 think it would be a pity not to 
reproduce it in. our Notes : — 

"My dearest dust, could not thy hasty day 

Afford thy drowsy patience leave to stay 

One hour longer, so that we might either 

Have sal up, or gene; to bed together : 

luit since thy Hnish'd labour hath possessed 

Thy weary limbs with early rest, 

Lnjoy it sweetly, and thy widowe bride 

Shall soon repose her by thy slumbering side ; 

Whose business now is only to prepare 
.My nightly dress, and call to prayer. 

Mine eyes wax heavy, and the day grows old, 

The dew falls thick, my blood grows cold ; 

Draw, draw the closed curtains, and make room, 

My dear, my dearest, dust, I come, I come." 

One of the above seven children was named Lndovick, 
and on S June, 1027, during the lifetime of his father was 
created a Baronet, lie married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Sir Henry Yelverton, Knt., but dying without issue in 



10 



IG70 the Baronetcy became extinct. The Lady Catherine 
Dyer at whose expense this house was evidently built was 
a daughter and coheir of John Doyley, of Merton, in 
Oxfordshire. • The family of Dyer does not appear to 
have belonged to this county at ail, but to that of Hunt- 
ingdon, in which, at Great- Stoughton, their estate was 
situated. It would seem probable that Sir William gave 
up the' paternal roof at 8 tough ton to his eldest son, and 
came to Live at Oolmworth, which was probably purchased 
with his wife's fortune. 

D. 0. ('. Elwes, F.S.A. 

Klstow Ciiukcii. — I see in a recent issue of the Church 
Times a letter headed as above, signed S. V.. E. S., Stevenage, , 
drawing attention to the " somewhat doubtful restoration 
this church is undergoing at (lie hands of a local builder." 
It is earnestly to be hoped that this beautiful edifice, one 
of the few interesting relics of the past remaining in this 
county, will bo restored iu a manner consonant with the 
general features of the building. The church, which is 
dedicated to St. .Mary ami St. Helen, contains mixed styles 
of architecture, principally Norman and Early Ivnglish. 
Being recently in the neighbourhood, I took a stroll as 
far as Elstow with the special object of inspecting the 
church and the interesting ruins adjacent. I found the 
work of repair actively going on, but I much fear that 
unless some precautions are taken to protect the ancient 
brasses close to the south-east door of the church they will 
suffer material damage, as I noticed they are right in the 
track of the workmen going in and out of the building, 
and their rough boots will not tend to render the fast 
vanishing inscriptions more legible. Some sacking and a 



20 



few boards placed .-over tliem would effectually protect 
them from any damage of this kind. It should also be 
noted that sonic workmen have a strange desire of appro- 
priating such " trifles." A great many brasses were lest 
some time ago during- some works of restoration at Dun- 
stable Priory Church. The brass to Dame Elizabeth 
Ilervey is peculiarly interesting, owing to the fact thai 
there is only one other brass of an Abbess known, viz., at 
Denhani, Bucks., to Dame Agnes Jordan, Abbess of Syon, 
and according to Browne Willis, an eminent antiquary, 
the brass at Els'tow, above-mentioned, is the oldest known; 
that is — of an Abbess. During my visit I noticed a 
human skull and some bones, which had been dug- out 
from one of the holes made to receive a scaffolding- pole: 
it is to be hoped that they have been decently re-interred. 
1 also observed, with great astonishment and regret, a man 
(one of the workmen, I presume) calmly smoking his 
pipe in the sacred edifice, apparently utterly unconscious 
of the indecency, not to say profanity, of his act. — F. A. 
lii \\ i>i:s. 

Centenarians. — Below I gi vc a list of all that I have 
noted in this county; I have not been able to verify them, 
as that would take more time than L could well afford. I 
believe there are two centenarians of the Gipsy race 
buried at Turvey, and should be glad to hear particulars 
of the same and any others not noted here. — F. A. Blaydes. 

Ex ToDDINGTON PaIUSH REGISTERS : 

1718. Jan. 16. — William Mast in, aged, as is said, about 
105, buried. 

1787. Oct. 21. — Charles Clifton, of Chalgrave, aged, as is 
saidj 103, Buryed. 



Ex CllA.LGB.AVE PARISH REGISTERS: 

1766. Feb. 23. — Buriect Dame Butclier aged hundred and 
ttcu years. 

In Leighton Buzzard Churchyard — 
" In memory of 
Elizabeth Studde 
widow late of Heath 
in this parish she died 
8th of August 1726 
In ye 1 12 year of 
her Age." 
Inscription in Flitton Church: — 
" Memoriae Sacrum 
here lyeth interred the Body of Thomas 
Hill Gent. Receiver General! to 3 Worthy 
Earles of Kent, Reginald, Henry, Sl Charles, 
he departed this life April! the '2nd 1628. 
Aged an hundred and one yeares. 

(Le Neve's Mon, Amjl, .1600-19. p. 112). 

Ex Ahlesey Parish Registers: — 

17U0, — Anne Day a gypsy aged 108 burd. 

(Gent's May. Vol 69. p. 5352). 
In the Parish Church of Carlton is the following 
epitaph : — 

' k To the memory of Mr. Thomas "Wills, who lived parson 
of Carlton and Chellington about threescore and ten 
years. He died the second of August 1642, aged 
above a hundred" (Ly sons' Beds. «. v. Carlton). 

Nov. 1787. — Died at Potton, Co. Bedford, aged 105 years, 
3 months and 4 days Mrs. Susannah Greenfield a 
maiden Lady. She had for the last 40 years lived 
chiefly on flour provisions and her only drink was 
wine and wuter. (Gent's Mag. c. 57. p. 1127.) 



22 

BEDFORD. St. Paul's Parish Registers. 

(Continued from Pitge 17.) 
In cont inual ion of these ext racts I proceed with page 4, 
which I have copied verbatim, as containing some very 
curious names. 

1570. — December — Frances Bassett bapt. xjth daie ; 
William Bonett bapt. xjth daie; John Turall bapt. the 
xvjth daie; 'William Smyth bapt. the xxth ; William 
Laugh ven bapt. the xxixth; Xicolase Spencer bapt. xxxth; 
Annes Buwoe bapt. the same. 

1570-1. — Janij — Marey ftakener bapt. the vjth daie; 
John Frisbey bapt. the same daie ; John Ridey bapt. the 
viijth daie. 

Fehruaij. — Thomas broughe bapt. the same daie; John 
West bapt. the iiijth daie; Dor thy Lookey bapt. the xvth 
daie; John Cooke bapt. the xvith daie. 

March. — William Croott bapt. the vith daie; Elcebethe 
Chambelin bapt. the xiith daie; Sussentt Hall bapt. the 
xvijth ; Bridgett Croot bapt. the same daie. 

1571. — Elcebethe Ballard bapt. the xxvth. 

Aprili. — William Smyth bapt. the iij daie; Thomas 
Pui'iiey bapt. the xivth; Jane Toniso.n bapt. the xvth daie; 
Alee Anderwe bapt. the xvith daie ; William Hyatt bapt. 
the xxth daie; William Boedeman bapt. xxvith. 

Mai j . — Richard Malcott bapt. the third day; Alexander 
Tu vul L bapt. xifch daie; Richard Ardington bapt. xij daie; 
Doathy Scoot bapt. xivth daie; Margrett Dollemge bapt. 
the xvth daie; Anne Hyatt bapt. the xxivth daie 1 . 

Junne. — Marey Buney bapt. the xiij .June ; Janie 
. thehham bapt. the xxivth daie (writing very 

bad). 

July.— Thomas Christie bapt. the 9th July; John 
Leaster bapt. the xvjth daie. 



Angus. — John Dentt bapt. the xtli claie ; John Browne 
bapt. tliexviijth claie ; Amies Corko bapt. the xxvith claie. 

Septcm. — Christian Ewars (Evans?) bapt. the xxvijth ; 
Ano Beacheni bapt. the xiij. Sep. ; Anne Hyatt bapt. the 
xvi j tli claie; Eleebethe Beckett bapt. the xxvj. claie; 
Eleebethe Anclrewe bapt. the xxviij. claie; William Eng- 
land bapt. xxixth. 

Octob. — Eleebethe ITuren bapt. the third claie; Luke 
Pittinaxi bapt. the x \ i j . 

[There are only one <>r two more names on this page, 
and they arc so indistinct that I cannot decipher 
them ; I therefore revert to iny original plan of 
picking out names here and there.] 

1569. — 14 A p., Alee Arclerne bapt, 

1572. — Alee Anderson bapt. ixth Apprill ; Edward 

Ilanmer buried the xxvth Julij ; Edwarcle 
Winche and. Eleebethe burgies mared xxxith 
Oct. . . • .. : ., t 

1573. — xvjth Septem., Ane AeAvorthe bapt. 

1 575. —November xivth, I 4 ]leebeth Rancles bapt. 

i i j 1 1 1 November. — Mighell Sibthappand Elce- 
beth Burrs married. 

1576. — Barnard Acworth buried xviijth August, 

Jane Ae worth e baptd. the xxixth Septembr. 
Margary llandes buried the xjth Octobr. 
Johne Aeworthe buried the xxviijth. Novembr. 

1577. — Maij. — Urion terentam hurried the fourth daie. 

[This is as curious a specimen of a name as is often 
met with.] 

1577. — Maij. — Amies Iluatsole buried the xith daie ; 

Eleebethe llucxly buried the xxth. 



24 



1078.— Aprill.— -John Crofftts bapt, the xvijth. 

Maij. — William Bakar and Alee lawrence mar- 
ried the xyth daie. 
June. — Thomas Newton and Anne Lawrence 
maried the xviith daie; John Mills 
hurried the xxvth daie. 
July. — William Garatt bapt. the xxijth. 
August. — Margaret Sugden bapt xiij. 
Octob.— John Bull and Elcebethe Weatherfield 
maried the second of Octobr. 
1(378-!.). — Janij. — Rich. Franklin and Marie franklin 
married the xyth daie. 
March. — Amies Neal buried the third daie 
Marc. ; Anne Cooper bapt. the vith 
daie; Elcebethe Pyper bapt the same 
daie. 

1579. — Apprill. — -Alee Beacham buried the xvth daie. 

Maij. — Robart Albenany and Elcebethe Good- 
ffelloe married xith ; Thomas finisher 
and .loan L'embton maried (he xviijtb 
daie. 

July. — liair'e Eckel Is bapt. (he vith daie. 

1580. — John Crofts bapt, the xvijth daie Aprill. 
1587. — Thomas Ansell burcd the xxviijth tl'cb. 
1589. — John Sjbthupp bapt. viijth Nov. 

1590 or 1596. — George Wingatt buried the xxijth Maij. 
1590-1. — Rafre Randes buried the xxvijth fi'eb. ; 

Richard Lowthers bapt. the vith daie oi Nov. 
1593-4. — Julyan Lowder bapt. the ij. ft'eb. 
1593. — Joyce Acworthe .bapt. the xxvijth Aprill. 
.1594. — Margaret Winche buried the xviijtb Jan. ; 
John Acworthe buried the xxviijth Nov. 



25 

1595. — William Ilarvie buried the xxivtli July. 

1596. — Elcebethe Acwortlie bapt, ixtli Apl. 

Elcebethe Ansell buried the xxijth June. 
Mr. Dyv/e buried the xxxth Aug. 
[There is a doubt as to whether this year should not 
be either 159.') or 1504.] 

1596.— -Alee Croft bapt. the xvth Septr. 

159^-. — Dorothy Acwortlie bapt. the fourth ifeb. 

Mary Acwortlie bapt. the fourth March (1597-8). 

Anne Savage buried xth Jan. (1597-8). 

Robartt Huxly buried the ixth April!. 
159£.— Margrett Rands bapt. the xxvth tTebr. 

Roffe Randes buried the xx viith ffeb. (1598-9). 

Nicholase ffitzhugb and Elcebethe Broughe 

maried x June. 

Ellen Crofts buried xxviijth Aug. 
Mary Acwortlie bapt. xxijth Aug. 
1599. — Parnell Winga (Wingate?) bapt. xxvth July. 
Anne Anderson buried the 15th Aug. 
Susan Arnietage bapt. the sivlh March (1599- 
1600. 

[Having arrived at the commencement of the seven-' 
teeiith century, I bring this present note to an 
end, hoping, however, to continue the extracts 
from the St. Paul's registers at some future time.] 

D. G. a Elwes, F.S.A. 



WATER-STRATFORD, JOHN MASON. 

Amongst the "Cuttings" on page 13, mention was 
made of Mr. John Mason, of Water Stratford. Dugdale's 
"Ncio British Traveller," Yol. I. (no date), p. 183, has 
the following : — 



2(1 



"Water Stratford is remarkable uliioily for the singular 
doctrines of its sector, !Mr. John Mason, and the absurd 
credulity of his numerous followers. He was presented to 
the rectory in LG74, and, according to Granger, was a man 
of unaffected piety and considerable learning; but towards 
the latter part of his life became a visionary enthusiast, 
having bewildered himself m the mysteries of Calvinism. 
The fame of his preaching attracted people from all parts 
of the neighbourhood ; every barn and out-house was 
crowded with his infatuated followers; and many of them 
disposed of their whole property, under the persuasion that 
the Millenium was approaching, and that faithful believers 
would shortly have all things in .common, in addition to 
the mysteries of Calvanism and the Apocalypse, bodily 
distemper appears to have overwhelmed his understanding, 
and subjected him to those internal feelings, which caused 
him to assert, that he had seen the .herd Christ, who would 
' appear at Water Strat ford, and come and judge the 
world on the Whitsunday following.' So-impressed were 
the weak minds of his auditors with the truth of this 
prediction, and so firmly were they convinced of their own 
awaiting happiness, that they expressed their joy by the 
most frantic actions. Day and night were passed in 
dancing and singing hallelujahs; the deluded fanatics 
accompanying their absurd gestures with loud shouts of 
Glory, Glory. , In the midst of these revellings of delirium, 
Mason was struck speechless; an event which Dr. Paxton, 
an eminent physician, ascribed to. the violent exertion 
which he had employed to enforce his arguments. Pre- 
viously, however, to this, he had told his congregation, 
that when he died he should 'rise in three days after his 
decease, and with his body ascend into heaven.' This 
tale also, blasphemous as it was, was credited by his 



ignorant hearers"; and as the loss of speech was the imme- 
diate prelude to his death, they awaited with the most 
anxious expectation for the promised miracle. Before the 
three days were expired the body was interred ; and such 
was the rooted 'enthusiasm of his flock, that several of 
them avowed they had seen him, and spoken with him, 
after his resurrection ; nor could any of them he convinced 
of the absurdity of his tenets till the Rev. Mr. Rushwood, 
his successor, Lad the grave opened, and the corpse exposed 
to the populace. The \\ r cb of credulity, however, had been 
woven too strong to be easily destroyed ; and even this 
evidence proved insufficient to detach the minds of many 
of his followers from the belief of his doctrines. For 
years afterwards they assembled at a place which they 
called Holy Ground, where it was asserted that he had 
been seen and spoken to since his death. There they sang 
the same hymns, used the same ceremonies, and made the 
same extra gavaiit gestures as formerly; and when they 
were at length prevented from assembling in the held, 
they held their meetings at a house in the village. Mason 
died in the year lOOiV; but it was not till about L740 that 
the sect became extinct." 



Sir William IIahivkii. — Was he buried in Bedford at 
all or not ? This » query is continually recurring to my 
mind, and I have come to the conclusion, notwithstanding 
the inscription on the monument to his memory in St. 
Paul's Church, and the entry of his burial in No. 2 of the 
register books there, that he was not. There is no doubt 
that the entry of his burial is an interpolated one, as it does 
not occur in No. 1 (the original) book of burials at all, and 
is, as I have said on page 9, in a handwriting of a much 



2S 



later period and in fresher ink than the other entries, and 
lias yet another peculiarity in it which I Lad not noticed 
before ; the actual entries of the month are : — 

157;$. — ffebruarij Thomas Leache, bapt the xxvith daic; 
Mary beckett bapt, the ixth of februari ; Katheren Paten- 
ham and John Williams baptized the viiith daic; Bury'd 
Sr William Ilarpar Alderman and Lord Maior of London 
ye 27th. 

1574. — Marche Elinor Sutton bapt the xxixth of Marche ; 
John Williamson bapt the xxxth daie. 

Now it is a curious fact that this is, I believe, the only 
entry in this particular book of a burial, all the other 
entries of deaths are "deceased" not "buried," which fact 
induced me at first to style it an incorrect copy of the ori- 
ginal register book ; again, it says buried, on the 27th 
February, however the inscription on his monument says 
that he died on that day, and there is no doubt whatever 
that he died in London, how could he therefore have been 
buried in Bedford on the same day that he died in London, 
in those days of slow travelling? The entry itself conve- 
niently comes into a gap which was left between the end 
of the year and the commencement of the next, as my 
extracts show. I must mention here that my reference to 
this point on page !) is not quite correct. The quotation 
was made from memory, but now with the register book 
before me, the actual entry itself as given above only 
strengthens my view of the matter, viz., that Sir William 
Harper was not buried in St. Paul's, Bedford, at all. The 
inscription on his monument is as follows : — 

"Obit't 27° February 1573. A'no (ctatis suie 77° Hera vniler licth 
buried the body of Sir William Harper, Knight Allderman and Lorde Maior 
of the citie of London withe dame Margarett his last wife wch Sir 
Wiliiam was borne in this towne of Bedford, and here funded it gave lands 
for the maintenance of a Cramer Schoo/e." 



The question arises, on reading the above, by whom, 
and when was this monument erected to Sir William's 
memory. J lis last wife, after his death, married, secondly, 
Edward Thome, whose will was dated. 19 Jan. and proved 
20 Feb., 1582-3, and I am enabled now, through the 
research and kindness of my friend Col. Jus. L. Chester, 
to state that her third marriage with Edward Maxie, of 
Orsett, Co. Essex, took* place, at St. Alban's Abbey on 28 
Sept., 1583, the entry in those parish registers being as 
follows : — 

"1583. — Sep. 28 Edward Maxie and Dame Margaret 
Harper." From this dale we lose all clue to her subse- 
quent career ; neither her nor her third husband's wills are 
to be found, nor can we discover for how long after this 
she may have lived, and I think it not impossible that che 
above inscription was actually engraved during her life- 
time; such tilings have been done before now, and like 
many another epitaph, is rather a lying concern than 
otherwise, for i( asserts that Sir William Harper founded 
the Grammar School. Now be did nothing of the sort. 
The Grammar School was founded by K. Edward \ 1th, 
on the 15th August, 1552, by letters patent granting 
licence to the mayor, bailiffs, burgesses, and commonalty 
of Bedford, to establish a free and perpetual grammar 
school in the town of Bedford. It w as not until the year 
1566, 14 years later, that Sir William Harper's and Dame 
Alice's names are mentioned in connection with it, when 
an indenture was made between them and the Corporation 
of Bedford, which recited the previous letters patent, and 
stated, that the Corporation had erected and established a 
free school in the town called "Free School Mouse," &c« 
And further, that Sir William Harper and Dame Alice 
did grant for the maintenance of the school, and Other 



80 

charitable purgpscs, "The School House " and all the 
houses, &c, rooms and gardens of the said Sir William 
Harper, to the same adjoining'; and also thirteen acres and 
one rood of meadow land, lying in divers parcels in the 
parish of St. Andrew, Holborn, in the county of Middlesex, 
for all the above purposes. [See "Parry's Illustrations of 
Bedfordshire "~\ Concerning' the 13 acres and 1 rood of 
meadow land mentioned above, I have somewhere read 
that Sir William was fortunate enough to purchase it 
about a year before he endowed Bedford Grammar School 
with it for, what seems to us now, the ridiculously small 
sum of £180 sterling, 1 unfortunately did not make a 
note of this at the time I read it, and therefore am unable 
to give an exact reference. I agree with what the late 
Mr. John Gough .Nieholls says in his "Biography of Sir 
William Harper," published by the Middlesex Archaeolo- 
gical Society, in Vol. IV. of their Transactions: — k ' The 
value of his gift owes its extraordinary increase to causes 
that have arisen since his death, and which could never 
have entered into his imagination'." 1 conclude with a 
copy of his will : — 

In the name of God amen, The seaventh and twentie 
daie of October in the fyfteenthe yeare of the' reigne of 
or soveraigne Lady Elizabeth by the grace of God Queue 
of Englonde France and Irelonde defendour of t he fait lie 
&C. 1 Sir William Harper Knighte alderman tit the 
Oitie of London being of perfect myndc and memory, 
thankes be given to almightie God, doe ordeigne and 
make this my presente laste will and testament in manner 
and forme followinge : First I bequeathe my soull to 
almightie God my Creator and to Jesus Ghriste my 
Saviour and Redeemer and my body to be decently 
burved bv tin 1 elisor eci on of mviie Kxecutrix hereafter 



named, within the parrishe churche of St. Paull in the 
towne of Bedford. Item I geve to the worshipfull 
Company of the Marehant tailors for a remembrance of 
the good will .1 hare unto them vj/. xiij.y, mid. in ready 
money to make a Ouppe with all to remayn'e to th' use of 
the said Company. Item 1 geve to my vvellbelovid 
frindes Willm. Albany and Thomas Rigge, Thomas 
Muschampe, Humphry Stephens, Edwarde Thome, and 
llicliard Lcthera my wife's brother if they will take the 
paynes to be presente at my burial! at Bedford aforesaid, 
to every of them a blacke gowne. Item I geve and 
bequeethe unto my well belovid frendos Mrs. Muschampe 
wife of the said Thomas Musehauipe and to Mistres 
Ballinger wief to Mr. Gabriel.] Bal linger to either of 
them a black gowne if they will take the puin.es to be at 
my said burial 1. Item 1 geve to Paul Warner, William 
Malton bedie of the warde of Dowgate, Richard Richard- 
son and to Thomas AddamS if they will be presente at my 
buriall at Bedford aforesaido, to either of them a black 
cote. Item I geve to Tenne poo re men which shall be 
presente at my buriall Tenne black gownes va. iiij<7, the 
yard. Item 1 geve to my servaiites Philippe Colt on and 
David Bellett yf they happen to be dweliynge wth me at 
the tyme of my decease a black gowne and a cote and to 
every other man servant that shall happen to be dwellinge 
wth me at the tyme of my decease a black cute. Item I 
geve to every maide servante that shall happen to be 
dwellinge with me at the tyme of my decease a black 
gowne. Item I geve 40/. to be distributed to poor 
people of the Ward of Dowgate whereof I now am Alder- 
man. Item ] geve to be distributed by the discrecion of 
my Executrix the somme of fortie shillings. Item 1 geve 
to the poor people of St. Mary Wooluothes parishe in 



London where f now dwell the .soinme of Twentie shil- 
lings. Item I g#fe to Elizabeth Pettingale widowe the 
somme of xiiis. iiijd. The Residue of all my goodes and 
catties, Leases for yeares, plaite, monie, juells and house- 
hold sturfe, my buriall expenses, law ful debts and legacies 
being paid, I geve and bequeathe to my weilbeloved wief 
dame Margarete Harper whom I ordeigne and make hole 
and full Executrix of this -my last will and testament. 
And my dear frendes William Albany, Thomas Riggs, 
Thomas Muschampe and Edward Thome Overseers of 
this my last will ami testamont. In witnes whereof I 
have to this my last will and testament putt my hand and 
seall the daye and yeare above written. By me William 
Harper. Sealed Subscribed and delivered in the prcsens 
of these witnesses, Thomas Ramsay alderman, William 
Abraham, Cuthberte Buckle, William Golf ley notary. 

Proved at London G April 1574 on the oath of Edward 
Orwell notary public, proctor for dame Margaret Harper 
relict and Executrix (Reg. Prerog. Court. 14 Martyn). 

From this will, and from the licence granted by the 
Bishop of London to Sir William for his second marriage 1 , 
we gather that Dame Margaret's maiden name was either 
Lethers or Leeder. The marriage licence was granted 
13 Sept. 1570 for "William Ilarparc Knight" and 
" Margaret I^eedarc, spinster " both of the city of 
London. His first wife Dame Alice's maiden name was 
Tomlinson, she died on the 10th and. was buried in St. 
Mary Woolnoth's church on the loth October 1569, the 
entry concerning her burial being as follows : — 

" The xvth day of October 1569 was buried Dame Alice 
Harper, late wife of Sir William Harper Knight and 
Alderman of Loudon, and lyeth in a vault made of brick, 



the inouthe being before his pcwe (lore in the jNTorth- Isle 
of this ehercne," 

I suspect it will someday be discovered that Sir 
William was also buried in this vault. 

I). Gr. 0. Elwes, F.S.A. 



HERALD II Y. 
The following coats of arms, connected with this county 
are taken from a MS. in the library of Queen's College, 
Oxford, they occur, inter alia, under this heading — "Arms 
De la Tournay a, hi ville do Dunstaple Anno — V J Ed. Scdi. 
— dni U308." They have not to my knowledge hitherto 

•J J CD 

appeared in print : — 

F rem bra ml [of Pot'sgrove] — Gu. a cross or seme de 
cross-crosslcts or. 

Sr. .John de Pabcnhani — Barry of six B. and A., a bend 
gu. charged with three mullets or. 

Sr. John de Pabenham, son filz — Barry of six B. and 
A, a bend gu. charged with three mullets pierced or. 

Trayly [of "NorthiR] — Or a cross gu. between four 
martlets gu. 

Sr. John Rydell — Paly of six A. and Cf., a bend sa. 
Sr. Walter de Baa — -Gu. a bend A. between three 
plates A. 

Sr. John de Sathbury — Erm. on a chief gu. three rose-; 
or. 

Beauchampe — Gules fretty arg. 

Sr. Richard le Rous — Quarterly A. and S., a bend or. 
Sr. John Peyure — A. on a chevron gu. three fieurs- 
de-lys or. 

Sr. Ilauf Perot — Quarterly per fess indented or and B. 



34 



Sr. Willm. Yiige — Or a clievron vert. 

Sr. Roger do Heyham — Paly of six A. and B., on a 
chief gu. three escallops. 

Sr. John do Mortein — Erm. a chief gu. 

Sr. David do Flutewike — A. three lions passant gar- 
dant 8. 

Sr. Rauf.de Goldington — A. two lions passant B. 
Sr. — do Wahulle — Or three crescents gti. 
Sr. Piers Lorynge [of Chalgrave | — Quarterly A. and Gr. 
a Lend gu. 

Sr. Roger Peyure — A. on a clievron B. three fleurs-de- 
ty s F, A. B. 

NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS, 1088-1737. 

To the King's most Excellent Majesty, The humble 
Address of (he Mayor, Recorder, Deputy Recorder, 
Aldermen, BaylifPs, Burgesses, and Commonalty of our 
ancient Corporation of Bedford, in Council Assembled. 
May it please Your Majesty, We, Your most Loyal and 
Obedient Subjects, thankfully acknowledging the Goodness 
of God Almighty in placing You on the throne of Your 
Royal ancestors, do humbly offer our hearty Thanks to 
Your Majesty, for Your Gracious Declaration to all Your 
Loving Subjects for Liberty of Conscience, and for Y out- 
most Gracious "Intention of Royal Resolution to have the 
warne established by a Law, whereby the Church of 
England will be secured, and all Dissenters protected in 
the free Exercise of their Religion, and enjoyment of 
their Civil Rights. For the effecting so good and great a 
Work, we are resolved to endeavour in our several Capaci- 
ties the Election of two such Burgesses, to represent this 
Corporation in the next Parliament, as will concur with 



1830667 



Your Majesty's Gracious Purposes, signified in Your said 
Gracious Declaration. And we shall ever pray for Your 
long Life and happy Reign over us. In Testimony where- 
of we have hereunto affixed our Common Seal of this Your 
Corporation, the Eighth Day of May, in the Fourth Year 
of your Majesty's reign. — (1C88.) 

Stolen out of a Wagon at the Cock Inn in Wooburn in 
Bedfordshire, on Thursday night the 23 past, a Truss in 
which was ubo.ut £.105 in old Money, and other parcels of 
Money, in which was Ml Guineas, and one Broad Piece of 
Gold ; also one Piece of broad Allainode, and one Piece of 
Narrow Allainode Silk ; two Pieces of Black Silk Crape ; 
Half a Pound of fine while Thred ; one Piece of Linen 
Cloth, and other things out of the samo Truss. Also out 
of a Box, one plain Muslin Head Dress, and one striped 
Muslin Head Dress. And also out of a Bag, half a dozen 
pair of Roll Stocking, and IS pair of short Stocking. 
Whoever discovers the .said things to William Tims at the 
Cock Inn aforesaid, or to William ITunl at the Ram Inn in 
West Smithlield, London, shall have Lei ve Guineas Reward 
for the whole, or proportionable for what is restored. — 
(Feb. LG90). 

Lost a blade brown Mare about lo bands high, a blaze 
in her forehead, a whisk Tail, about 5 years old. If any 
Person have lost any such Mare about 3 weeks since they 
may hear of her at Mr. Davenports at the Tollbooth in 
Sniithfield, or at Mr. Riles at the Sign of the Windmill in 
Dunstable.-— (1697.) 

Lost out of the Grounds belonging to Bromham near 
Bedford, a black bald Colt, 3 years old, with a sprig tail, 
shod of all fours, lately docked. Whoever secures the 
said Colt, and gives notice to William Jones at the 
White-Hart Inn in Bedford, or at the Red-Lyon Inn in 



36 



Aiclersgate Street, London, shall have 20s. Reward for 
their rains. — (June 1697). 

On the loth of September next a Plate will be run for 
on Wandon Heath near Wooburn-Abhy in Bedfordshire, 
of £'20 value; -No Horse, Mare, or Gelding to run that 
hath ever run for above £100 a1 oik 1 time either in Plate 
or Match ; and to carry L0 Stone besides Bridle and 
Saddle, allowing- 2 pounds for the Saddle. Every Stranger 
must pu1 in 4 Guineas, every Founder one G.uinea, and to 
be shown the Saturday before they run at the Cock in 
Wooburn, and there pay their Entrance-Money. The 
next day a £10 Plate will be run for, and the Winning 
Horsc^ shall be sold for £10 to the Owners of the Plate; 
and every Horse that runs for this Plate must pay One 
Guinea Entrance-money, and enter when they please. — 
(1697.) 

Lost, an Order, ]NTo. 3179, Sir John Burgoyrie of Sutton 
in the Count)- of Bedford, Baronet, for £100 on Survivor- 
ships, on the Life of Lucy Burgoyne. Whoever brings 
the same to Edward Lambert, Goldsmith, in Lombart- 
street, shall have a Guinea. — (Aug. 1697.) 

At the Free-School in Dunstable, being a large conve- 
nient House, built for that purpose, in a very healthful and 
pleasant Country. Youth may (on easie terms) be well 
Boarded and Taught, viz. Writing; in all the several 
Hands, Arithmetiek, Vulgar and Decimal. Likewise 
Merchants Accompts, or the true Italian Method of Book- 
keeping, by M. GltATWiCK. Also Latin and Greek taught 
by a Clergyman, who lives in the same House. — (1.72.0.) 

Stolen or strayed on Tuesday night last the 29th of 
November, from William Partridge of Tillsworth in 
Bedfordshire, a bay Gelding about 14 hands and a half 
high, with a little White on his Off Foot behind, about (j 



07 



or 7 Years old, with a wlii.sk Tail. Whoever gives Notice 
of him, so that lie may be had agaim, shall have a Guinea 
Reward, and reasonable Charges. — (1720.) 

We hear that one Parks, formerly one of the Life- 
Guard, was lately committed to Bedford- Gaol, on suspicion 
of robbing the Huntington Stage-Coach. — (Oct. 1721). 

On Wednesday last, about L0 a -Clock in the Morning, 
the Bedford Stage- Coach was robbed within 4 Miles of 
that Town by one Highwayman, who look from the 
Passengers, their .Money, Watches, Rings, &c, and after- 
wards committed other Robberies on the same Road. — 
(Sept. 13, 17210 

Last. Monday 3 Passengers were robbed in a Bedford 
Waggon, between Brickhill and Dunstable, by three Foot- 
Pads, one of which came up to the Waggoner, and bid 
him stop his Horses, for he wanted to speak with one of 
the Passengers ; but he not minding him, the other two 
Rogues got over the Hedge, and swore they would, shoot 
him it' he stir'd one Foot farther. The two last got into 
the Wuggon, and rilled the Passengers of 07s. and a Box 
of Lace of a considerable Value. — (January 26, 1730.) 

On Saturday an extraordinary motion was made in the 
Court of King's-Bench against the Ordinary of a Church 
in Bedfordshire, for suffering the Monument of a Person 
to be pull'd down; and another put up in the Place. The 
Lord Chief Justice not being present, the Court took Time 
to determine the same. The next Hearing the Civilians 
are to attend, the Question being, Whether one Bishop 
has a right to pull down or deface in Churches what 
has been put up b} r the Licence of another. — (July 1737.) 

(It would bo interesting' to know the mime of this Church. Ed.) 



?>s 

SOUTHILL PARISH— Being at tlie present time 
engaged in taking rubbings of the inscriptions on some of 
the church bells in this neighbourhood for Mr. T. North's 
forthcoming work " Church Beth of Bedfordshire" I paid 
Southill a visit, where 1 found hung up on one of the 
walls of the belfry the following directions to ringers 
which T think are quite worthy of a nook in Bedfordshire 
Notes and Queries. j } Q q Klwes> 

Bules to be Strictly observed by every one who enters 
this belfry :— 

" We ring the Quick to Church, the Dead to Grave 
Good is our use. such usage let us have. 
He that wears Spur, or Hat. or Cap. or breaks a Stay. 
Or from the floor docs by a bell rope swav. 

Or leaves His rope down Careless on the floor : 
Or nuisance makes within the Door. 
Shall sixpence forfeit for each single crime. 
T : will make him careful at another Time." 

" Whoever Breaks or injures any of the Handbells shall 
make the Damage good." 

" We Gentlemen Ringers are nobody's foes 

Wc disturb none but those who waul too much repose 

Our music's so sweet, so enchanting to hoar 

We wish there was ringing each Day in the Year." 

"To call the folks to Church in time we chime : 
"Three seven minute peals stop one minute between, 
toll the Tenor four minutes, ring the Ting Tang three 
minutes. Total, + an hour." 

" When ]\Iirt.h and pleasure is on the wing we ring." 
" At the Departure of a Soul we Toll." 



■){) 

Ringers : Greorge Bryant, William Litchfield, Joint Litch- 
field, George Stace'y, Janus llandscomb, James Finding. 
John Hale, Sexton. David Dickens, Parish Clerk. 

In the church registers of this parish, which commence 
a.i). 1538, is the following entry : — Beds 22th Septemb : 
1058. Appointment of Mr. Win, Taylour as a Parish 
Register." Signed, J : Bedford. 

Was there at this date a Bishop of Bedford, or was the 
above signature that of the parish priest of that date ? 

In a vault in this parish church belonging to the Byng 
family is an inscription to the memory of Admiral Byng, 
as follows : — 

" To the Perpetual Disgrace 
of Public J ustice 
The Ilbnble. John Byng, Esq. 
Admiral of the Blue 
Fell a Martyr to 
Political Persecution 
March 14. 17~>7 when 
Bua\ kuy and Loyalty 
were insufficient Securities 
For the 
Life and Honour 
of a 

Naval Officer. 



Local Allusion. — In scanning the pages of " Musarum 
Delieiae," Vol. L, p. 21G, ed. 1817, 1 lighted on the 
following quatrain, which, as it relates to Bedfordshire, 
should find a corner in " Bedfordshire Notes (aid Queries." 
The work was originally published in 1656 : — 



40 



"Weomen are borne i n Wilsheire 

Brought up in Cumberland 

Lead their lives in Bedfordshire 

Bring their husbands to Buekingame 

And dye in Shrewsbury." "'Grub. 



Warden Pear. — In transcribing some heraldic notes 
relating to this county from an old MS. in the library of 
the British Museum I was rather puzzled what to make of 
the following blazon of arms formerly in Warden Church 
— " az. three wardens or." Were they churchwardens ! 
beasts, birds, or what ? Reading a book on heraldry a 
few days since, 1 find warden to be the name of a pear, so 
called from having been first cultivated at Warden Abbey, 
Beds., whicb bore three such pears as its arms ; the same 
arms were subsequently assumed by the family of Warden, 
in allusion to the name. It would be interesting to know 
if this variety of pear is still cultivated ; I cannot call to 
mind ever having heard of it. F. A. B. 

,). Bedfokd (l*(ige 30.) — There have been only two 
Bishops of Bedford, viz. : — John Hodgkins, consecrated 
Dee. 9, 1537, and Canon Walsham How, consecrated last 
year. Both were consecrated as Suffragans to the Bishop 
of London, and had no official functions connected with 
this diocese. The J. Bedford whose name appears in 
the Southill Parish Register was probably connected with 
a. family of that name, one of whom, Samuel Bedford, sat 
for the County in the Cromwellian Parliaments of 1654-56. 
He was brother of James Bedford, Hector of Blunham 
and Erith, in Huntingdonshire. The father of these 
two was Rector of Clifton, in Beds. 

7 June, 1880. F. A. B. 



41 



An account of John Iiodgkin, Suffragan Bishop will be 
found in "Notes and Queries" 5th s. xi. 367, & xii. 14, 
170-1. 

Leighton Buzzard. — 1 daresay that there is hardly any 
one aware that close on 235 years ago an extensive lire 
took place at Leighton-.Hu//ard. However, that such was 
the ease the following extract will show : — " IG45. 
July 23. Petition of the distressed inhabitants of Leigh- 
toii-Buzzarcl, Bedfordshire. By a lire which happened on 
the 7th .March last, great damage was done t<» buildings 
and property in the (own, amounting to 14,308/. 17s. 
Petitioners, who have been forward in all payments for 
Parliament, and have in consequence been mercilessly 
plundered by the enemy, pray that the House will grant, 
them a collection in London and elsewhere For their 
relief. Certificate of Justices of the Peace for Bedford- 
shire in support of preceding. (L. J., vii. 504.) " 

It would appear that this petition to the House of 
Lords was unheeded, for in the year 1047 another petition 
was made to the Upper House as follows; — 

" Petition of inhabitants of Leighton-Buzzard, in the 
County of Bedford. Pray that, in consideration of theii 
great losses by tire, about two years ago, and by plunder- 
ings during the war, 200/. per annum may be granted for 
the maintenance of their minister out of the revenue 
yet undisposed of belonging to the prebends of Lincoln, or 
the Dean and Canons of Windsor, who are the lords of 
the parish."* 

Judged by the estimated value of the property des- 
troyed, the fire must have been of a very serious character 
for so small a plaee. 1 cannot tind, however, that the 
prayer of the second petition was granted. 

■ * Hist, MSS. Coumiitssiuu, Vlth Report, I., 71,218. 



42 



One would have expected to Lave .seen some notice 
of litis disaster in tne parish registers, and doubtless it was 
there duly recorded ; but if my memory serves me right 
the registers for that period, i.e. 16.15-1653, are missing. 
Probably they were taken and produced in evidence in the 
Leigh Peerage Case, and, as is the usual fate of such 
documents, never returned : if so, they may yet be dis- 
covered some day amongst the archives of the House 
of Lords, or in some solicitor's office. Let us hope they 
have not been destroyed. -p ^ j» 



NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS, 1715-1762, 

The same Day, the Duke of Kent set out for his Seat of 
Wrest in Bedfordshire : Robert Shannon, his Grace's Foot- 
man, who some Days since was committed to the Gatehouse, 
for shooting a Waggoner thro' the Mouth, has been 
admitted to Bail, the Man being thought out of Danger. 
(July 15, 1721.) 

Doctor Sachoverel is gone from hence tor Bedfordshire, to 
purchase an Estate there, for which lie is to pay 2500/. 
(April 1715.) 

One Day last week the Manchester Carrier was stopp'd 
near Dunstable by a single Fellow on Foot, who presented 
a Pistol at him, and demanded his Money, on which 
the Carrier gave him Nine Shillings ; but the Logue 
said he knew he had Forty Guineas about him, and would 
have them or blow his Brains out, and accordingly took 
them and his Watch ; afterwards demanded the Carrier's 
Horse, but told him that he would hud another behind the 
Hedge, which he might take in lieu of it; and as he rode 
off, advis'd him to sue the County for his Money. The 



Carrier went to the Pi^ce to look for the Horse, but found 
none, and M as obliged to walk to Hockley, where he heard 
the Fellow had rode through a Foot-Pace, on which they 
pursued him, but to no purpose, for lie got clear off with 
his Booty. (Jan. ] 741.) 

On Friday (Dec. 1742), Sir Humphrey Monoux, Bart, 
of Wootton in Bedfordshire, Mas married to the Relict 

of the late Jones, Esq ; of Waltham Abbey in 

Essex. 

Anne Hocks, otherwise Hawkswell, otherwise HaritO 
Farfax, Spinster, otherwise Anne the Wife of A r incent 
Matthews, was tried upon an Indictment for harbouring 
and favouring the Escape of Gabriel Tomkins, who was 
executed, arid now hangs in Chains near Bedford, in 
Bedfordshire, for robbing the Chester Mail ; the Fact was 
plainly proved to the Satisfaction of the; Court, but upon 
her claiming the Benefit of the last Act of Grace, past in 
the (year) 1717, she was acquitted. (March .1751.) 

Thursday 7-Night some ignorant People assembled 
together at Layton in Bedfordshire, and proclaimed at 
tin 1 Market-Cross, Jane Massey and Catherine Hawkes, 
Witches; from thence they proceeded to^Luton, to act the 
same kind of Cruelty as was practised lately at Tring, but 
were prevented by several Gentlemen, who advised them 
to ret urn Home.— (May, 1751.) 

Sir Robert Cater, Knt. and Alderman of Cheap Ward, 
(who changed his Name from Kendal to Cater, and 
inherited the Estate of John Cater, Esq; in Bedfordshire, 
his Brother-in-law.)— (Died, 1739.) 

On Tuesday William Cripps was committed to the 
Poultry Compter, on the oath of John Baily and others, 
for breaking open the House of Mr. James Poulton, at 
Wrest in Bedfordshire, and stealing money and goods 



44 



to the value of £3$>. The brother of this person is 
now under sentence of death at Bedford for the same 
crime. — (March, J 754.) 

The following Robbery was committed near Luton in 
Bedfordshire last Week. A Woman with a Bundle was 
overtaken by a Man and a Woman and a large Dog, which 
they sot upon her, and robb'd her of the Bundle, and what 
she Inid, then stripp'd her naked, and tied her to a Tree ; 
the Dog soon after return'd back to the poor Woman, and 
tore her in a. terrible Manner ; when a Gentleman and his 
Servant riding along the Road heard the Dog bark, and the 
Woman crying out, they alighted, and went into (lie Field, 
where, with Difficulty, they whipp'd the Dog oil', and the 
Gentleman order* d his Man to mount; his Horse and follow 
him, which he did to an Alehouse in Luton, where were a 
Man and a Woman which the dog fawn'd on and lay down 
by; the Servant upon that got a Constable and secur'd 
them both, and sent, them to Bedford Gaol. — ( L755.) 

Last week a foot-match, for a considerable sum of 
money, \\;is run over the course near Bit- eatery between 
a Bedfordshire shepherd and one of the Hertfordshire 
militia nam, winch was won by the shepherd by half a 
mile. They ran five times round the two-mile course, 
which the shepherd performed in sixty-five minutes. — 
May, 1700. 

On Tuesday last as Thomas Falkener, Burton carrier, 
in Bedfordshire, was coming to town, he was robbed by 
two footpads of this side Hatfield, of about 20s. in silver. 
He begged hard for a shilling to pay turnpikes, hut, 
the thieves declared, that out of so small a booty they 
could not afford it, and then made oil. — (Feb., 1702.) 



Howe of Clapha^f, Co. Beds. — I should be glad to 
learn, whether there are any monuments to members of this 
family in Clapham church, or whether the parish registers 
contain any entries of the name. John Howe — an abstract 
of whose will I subjoin — was the eldest sou of Sir Thomas 
Rowe, Lord Mayor of London,-" and brother of Sir .Henry 
Howe. He died 29th Aug., 1585, having married 1st 
a daughter of Mr. Secretary Wilson, and 2nd Rebecca, 
daughter of Robert Brandon, goldsmith, of London, who 
survived him. He left one son, Thomas Rowe, who was 
under age at his father's death. "John Lowe, of (/lap- 
ham, Co. Beds., Esq. Will dated LO Feb., 158-1-5 ; proved 
at C.P.C. 2 Nov., 1580. Ho desires to be buried in the 
parish church of Clapham : divides the surplus of his 
goods between his two eldest daughters [those probably of 
his first marriage] : devises all his lands and tenements in 
Hackney, Co. Middx. (except those in tenure of .Margaret 
Foster and the fourth part of three acres in Glad's More, 
which he gives to his brother Henry Rowe) to Elizabeth, 
Judith and Sara his three daughters, the rents thereof to.be 
received by Rebecca their mother until they be 21 Or 
married ; remainder to his son Thomas Rowe. His wife, 
Rebecca, sob 1 executrix. Overseers, his father in law 
Robert Brand (Brandon) and friend Henry Rowe." The 
three 1 daughters married respectively John Fleming, of Co. 
York; John Shorwell, of Shorwell ; and ('apt. .Henry 
Seek ford ; t lie 1 son seems to have died young. — C. J. 
Rouixson. 

NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS, 1760-1780. 

We hear from Biggleswade in Bedfordshire, that as Mr. 
Scott, who kept the Black Swan in the same town, was 
returning home, on Thursday last, from Raldoek market, 



46 



being- on the box with^ coachman of his acquaintance, and 
the coachman driving furiously into the inn, the gate 
of which being low, and Mr. Scott not stooping enough, he 
was thrown off: with such violence, that he expired imme- 
diately. (.March 6, 1760.) 

To l)e Sold by Auction by Mr. Appleford, on Wednesday 
the 13th Day of January 1762, at the Duke of Bedford's 
Arms Inn in Dunstable, Bedfordshire, between the Hours 
of Ten and Twelve in the Forenoon, by Order of The 
Executor of Mr. Thomas Johnson, deceased ; The re- 
maining Part of a Lease for a Thousand Years, of which 
above Nine Hundred and Eighty-six are to come, of 
that valuable Bit or Quarry, called Tattinghoe, or Tat- 
ternole Quarry. And in the Afternoon .will he sold, all 
the Machines and Implements used in getting and raising 
the Stone ; a parcel of Stone already raised in the Bit, 
being of an exceedingly good Quality, and approved of by 
the ablest Workmen in the Kingdom, several thousand 
Loads- having been lately used of it at Wooburn Abbes', a 
Seat of liis Grace the , Duke of Bedford's, and at several 
other Noblemen and Gentlemen's Seats in the Neighbour- 
hood: Also several Chimney Bieces, ready finished, made 
with the same Sort of Stone : Together with some While 
and. other Marble in Black Chimney Bieces, ^e. Lor 
further Particulars enquire of Mr. Appleford, Auctioneer, 
at Ms House in I) unstable. 

N.B. — Whoever will give Notice to Mr. Appleford of a 
Dun Gelding, which was lost the 18th of October last, so as 
he may be had again, shall receive Half a Guinea. Reward 
and all reasonable Charges. lie was full fifteen Hands 
high, aged, with a Blaze down his Face, a quartered Boot 
before, several white Feet, a dark Lift down his Back, has 
been very much hurt with a Saddle, w hich on the near Side 



47 



appears like a Setfast, the Hair lias been dipt on both Sides 
near the Breadth of both I Lands. — (1762.) 

At St. Alban's, as he was going to Lis country house at 
Dunstable, Marshe Dickenson, Esq ; Alderman of Queen- 
hithe ward, Member of Parliament for Brackley in North- 
amptonshire, and Chairman of the Committee for Ways 
and Means. (Died, Feb., 1765.) 

They write from Bedfordshire, that a certain much 
vilified Nobleman, who has lately made great purchases in 
that county, is now become so popular, by the numerous 
works he is carrying on there, thai it is imagined nobody 
will soon have greater influence than his Lordship in those 
parts, and that the whole command of the county must 
shortly be transferred to him. — (Oct., 1765.) 

Tuesday last a County-Drover, having received £250 at 
a Nobleman's house the \\ r est cud of the town, went 
to a Public-house to count over the money, in which being 
observed by two men then present, they followed him 
as far as Dunstable in Bedfordshire, where they robbed him 
of all his cash, and left him with the following piece 
of advice, \ix. " Never more to display his money in a 
Public-house."— (Nov., 1705.) 

(17G5.) — .V few days since, a noted 1 Torse- Dealer, at 
Maiden, in Bedfordshire, having stolen a horse, and being 
taken into custody for the same, hanged himself in a lit of 
desperation. 

AVe are informed that the Earl of Bute has lately 
engaged home Ship-carpenters to build, from the timber of 
bis estate, the model of a first rate man of war, with 
a view to adorn the extensive canal now making at his 
Lordship's seat at Luton 11 oo in Bedfordshire. — (1766.) 

Monday, March 23, ( L707.) Yesterday morning died at 
Porter's-end in Bedfordshire, of the bruises he received by 



48 



the fall from his horse, the most hon. Francis Russel, 
marquis of Tavistock, only son and heir apparent of 
his grace the duke of Bedford, knight of the shire for the 
county of Bedford, and colonel of the Bedfordshire militia.. 

Monday, (April 6, 1767.) His grace the duke of Bed- 
ford has added £-i(M)(J per annum to the marriage settle- 
ment of the marchioness of Tavistock since the decease of 
her husband. 

Wednesday 8. Yesterday tie* honourable the earl of 
upper Ossory, was chosen member for the comity of 
Bedford, in the room of the late marquis of Tavistock. — 
(April, 17G7.) 

We are informed that there has lately been a survey 
taken of the road from Royston, thro' Baldock and Ilitchi.ii 
to Dunstable, and that next sessions an act of parliament 
will he obtained for making it a turnpike road ; by which 
means a communication across tin- country will be opened, 
very useful not only to gentlemen for travelling, hut also to 
all dealers in goods from Birmingham, Coventry, and 
Norwich, which ;it present are conveyed round by Loudon 
at a groat expence. — (Aug. L707.) 

On Sunday the 17th inst. died, after a, few days illness, 
the Rev. William Seele Maxey, rector of North-hill, Bed- 
fordshire, which he enjoyed 26 years. It is a donative, in 
the gift of the Grocers Company. — (Sept. 1780.) 



BEDFORD— St. Paul's Parish Registers. 
(Continued from Page '2o.J 

1G00.— March— Abrahame Wakfield bapt. xxvj. 

Aprill. — William Spencer buried the first ; ffrances 
leatham bapt. the vjt h. 



40 

Mail. — Karie Cbolbak bapt. the seugth ; Edward 

Hawkins bapt. the xviijth. 
June. — Elcebethe Acworthe bapt. the viijth. 
July.— Elcebethe Beacham bapt. xiijth ; John 
Joanes and Judcthe Skener marred the 
xxijth ; Sibell Fletcher bapt. (lie xxxth. 
August. — John Sharmau bapt. the vjth August 
Mr. Beckett hurried the viijth daie ; 
Anno Hawkins buried the xth ; Roffe 
Pleasenthin bapt. xxxth. 
Sept. — Mary Parradin bapt. the second ; Mary 

Beacham buried xxvjth. 
Octob. — Lawrence Grearie and Elcebethe AVaill 

marrid the xxvjth Octob. 
Novemb. — Martin Linford and Judethe Wilson 
marrid the xxijth ; Thomas ffisher bapt. 
xxxth. 

[Query : Is this an ancestor of Thomas Fisher the 
artist and author of " Bedfordshire Collections,"] 
Junu. Ll»00-01. — -Beman Kaston bapt. the viijth; John 
Chaphain burred the xth ; George Lane 
bapt. the xxiijth. 
1600-01. — ffcbruarij — Christopher Archer and Joan Coatts 
mairied the first ffebrij ; Judethe 
Bardell bapt . the ixth ; Margrett 
Acworthe bapt. the xith ; Jane 
Kendoll bapt. the xixth. 
Marche. — Marie Pecoke bapt. the viijth ; John 
Randes bapt. the xvth. 
1601.— Aprill— Sibell Maynard bapt. the xxvth ; Mother 
Harvie hurried the xxvth. 
Maij. — Thonias Hwese And Frances Thoydymaried 
the xviijth. 



50 



Jul)-. — Edward. Noake vicr. of St. Pawells Lured 
the xviijth July ; Thomas Thornton Lurried 
the xxvth. 

October. — Cicly Arthur bapt.. the ixth ; GaLerill 

Thornton burred the xth. 
Novemb.- — John Sharman And Wenefrid dale 
married the xxixth. 
1601-02.— ffebruarij— William Randea bapt. the vth ; 

Margarett Aeworthe bapt. the xith ; 
Robert Catlin and Elcebeth Grigs 
were marred the xxvth ll'eb. 
1G02. — October — John Beadell and Aloe Coper marred the 
xxvth daie Oct. 
Nbvemb. — Richard Plesentyn bapt. xxvijth. 
December. — George Parad [inc ?] bapt. the xiijth 
December. 

1G03.—Maij— William Acworth bapt, the ijth Maii. 

July. — Nathaniel! Medellton Lurried the second ; 

Thomas Gasken buried 4 da* July. 
Soptemb. — Urien Gascoyne and Anes George 

marred the fewer daie Sept. 
Octob. — Richard Croftes and Susantt Bradley 
marred the viijth daie Octob. ; John 
Arthur bapt. the xvijth. 
Decemb. — Mawd Arthur Lurried the xxijth. 
1003-01. — Januarie— Charles Catlin bapt. the vjth ; Mary 
Acworth bured xxjth ; barbaric 
Acworth Lured the xxvth ; Thomas 
Arthur And Amies "Wild man married 
the xxxth. 

fPebruarij .—Edward Elyott hurried the vth ; 

Doryty Acworth bured the xixth. 
Marehe. — John rasher Lapt. the fourth daie : 



51 



Richard Duckworth bapt. xiiij March 
and buried ivth August. 
1004. — Soptemb. — John Marvell and Elcebethe Mones 
marred the xijth daie Sept. 
Decemb. — ffxances Marvell bapt. the vijth daie 
Decemb. 

1G0G. — Aunis ffaldoe bapt. the xxiiijth Novemb. 

100G-7. — William Baskerheld and Joane Croott marred 

the xxvith Jan. [? 1604-5]. 
1605-6.- — John ffaldo and Marie Osborn maried the xth 

daie of ft'ebruarie. 
1007. — Amies ll'aldo bured the xvth daii Sept . 

[About this period the years in both books are very 
much mixed up, and for a few pages it seems 
almost impossible to make out the correct year.] 
1G10. — William Marvell bapt, the xvth April!. 
Elcebethe Marvell buried second Mai j. 
Roger llarpar and Dorty Newman marred the 
xxvij Aug. 

[ l ?)_AVas this some collateral descendant of Sir 
William Harper?] 
John Marvell and Alee Gent marred the viijth 
daie Novemb. 
[In the other book this marriage is given as taking 
place in the month of October, j 
JSTovemb. — Mighell Sibthup and Thomcsen Abbott 

mairred the xxixth. 
Thomas Randes bapt. xvth Dec, 
1(310-11. — Richard Lovelace and Dorty Sqyer marred the 
xvth Sept. 

1611. — Septemb. — Sarah Randes bapt. xxiijth. 

October— Thomas Marvell sone of John Marvell 
buried the xiijth. 



52 



1612. — Elizobctlio fafto bapt. the xxiiijth Dec. 

1613. — Thomas ffaldo bur. tlie xxxtli Aprill. 

1614. — Luke ffaldo sone of John faldo bapt. the xth day 

Aprill. 

Alee Lovelace bapt. xvij July. 

David ffaldo sone of Lewke bapt. xviijth Oct. 

Luke ffaldo's ^vifo buried the vith Nov. 

Kathreen Shelley bapt. Hie ivth and burred the 

xiijth 1 )ecemb. 
.1614-15. — Mary Lauds bapt. thp xxiiijth ffeb. 
L615. — Jacob ferecharoes and Ane Savage maried xitli 

April. 

Novemb. — Ursula Taylor, bapt tlie first Novemb. 
October — Judeth fferechards bapt. the xxth daie. 

[The above is a most envious name ; it might he the 
same as Fitz-Riohards^. 

Elcebethe ffaldo bapt. the xith Novemb. 
James Shelley bapt. xxiij Dec. 
1615-16. — Constance ffaldo bapt. xiijth March. 

Constance ifaklo burred xvth March. 

[In original hook this entry is baptised, hut it 
probahly should he buried j. 

1616. — John Marvell bapt. the xiijth April. 

1617- 18. — Robartt ifaldoo and Elcebethe Rcve maried the 

xvith ffeb ; Thomas ffaldo sone of Luke faldo 
bapt. the xvth daie and burrid the xviith Feb ; 
Constance faldo daughter of Hobart faldo bapt. 
the xvth March. 
1618. — Elcebeth Taylo 1 ' claught. of Eh. taylcr Gentt. 
bapt. viijth Sept ; Tho Bulla and Marie Mewell 
(? Marvel) maried the xxxth Septem. 

1618- 19. — tfebry— Tho. Croat sour of Thomas Croat and 



53 

iff'argrett Woodward daugl.it. of F. 
Woodward bapt. xiiijth ; Alee Harper 
Burried the same daie. 

1619. — April.— Ane faldo fill. Luke ffaldo bapt. tlie xtli. 

June. — Mary Shelley wife of \Vm. Shelley buried 
A'itli ; Thomas Newton and Aniie ffisher 
married the xiiijth ; Steven Luxford sone 
of Steven Luxford bapt. the xxiiijth. 

July. — Dan ell Mar veil sone of John Marvell bapt. 
the iiijth. 

August. — Ane faldoe daughr. of Luke faldo bured 
xivth. 

Octob. — Sibell. Lowther wife of Rich. Lowther 
burred the xxvijth. 
1619-20.— March— Richard Taylor sone of Richard Taylor 
gen I t. Lap! , the xxth daie. 

1620. — Maij— Married Mr. Slater and My la Mordants 

gentle woni a' the forth daie of May. 

1621. — A prill — Peter Bamford sone of Robartt Bamford 

baptized (lie one daie; Elcebethe Paradin 
[sic] feli Tho. paradin bapt. xvith. 
Maij. — Elcebethe ffaldo daught. of Luke faldo bapt. 
xxvith. - 

Olyver Ta) r lo r and Ursula Renolds marred xxx. 
xxx. Julij. 

Sept. — Humphre Taylo r sone of Richard Taylo r 

Gent. bapt. the xvth. 
Nov. — Buried Robartt faldo the xxth daie; John 

faldo sone of Robartt faldo bapt. xvjth Dec. 



Rowe of Clapham (page — There is no monument 
to any member of this family in Clapham church, nor docs 



54 



the Register afford any information respecting them, as tlie 
earliest book extant begins at 1696. The only fact I have 
been able to disco ver is, that John Rowe, arm., of Clapham, 
was High Sheriff for this county and Bucks., for part 
of the 26th year of Elizabeth (the year of his death), 
baying been succeeded for the rest of the year by Richard 
Charnock, arm., of Holcot, Beds. — J. W. Haddock. 



CURIOUS EPITAPHS. 
In the churchyard of All Saints, Leighton Buzzard, 
is the following quaint inscription : — ■ 

" Cease weeping parents 'twas my makers will 
That I should fall by Lightning in the field 
At God's command it struck, & then I fell 
I had not time to bid my friends farewell 
My Father ran, though lie could scarce]}' stand 
When he saw me lay burning on the Land 
Then with bis hands he put the Fire out 
Sayitnr dear Lord my Son is dead [ doubt." 



In St. Paul's Churchyard, Bedford, on a stone to the 
memory of EhV. h wife of Thos. Waldoek, who died 1825, 
is the following lugubrious couplet : — 

'" Pain was my portion, physic my food 
Groans my devotion, drugs did me no good." 



In the Church of St.. Mary, Everton, on a flat stone 
in the Cross Aisle over against the porch, was formerly the 
following 

" Here lyeth Mary Wright 
Chast true and kind 
Hid from our sight 
But never out of mind." 



I 
I 



55 



Note.— Only the 3 words (Mary, Wright, chast) are legible, 
ye rest almost quite worn out I [ J. Pomfret] had from the 
clerk's mouth who said she died aged about 70 years (as I 
take it a maid) a mean person, and the stone was ancient not 
laid out for her tho' it had no inscription till that of her's. 

(Lansd. MSS. 817, fo. 97.) 

F. A. B. 

BELL INSCRIPTIONS. 
In the Church of St. Nicholas at HocklifTe are three 
bells bearing the anus of England and France quarterly 
thereby showing that they were cast previous to 1603 ; 
they have the following inscriptions on them in the order 
named : — 

1. "0o* ^wjustuu %8Mt in gfe gcu" 

2. "jfcrorta Glioma am grxr twins/' 



The tower of All Saints Church, Chalgrave, contains 
3 bells on which are the following inscriptions: — 

I. " -f- HOI) SAVE OVR KING 1023," 

2. "#a.uitc SiTolae dDru pro gtobis/' 

3. "WILLIAM EMERTON OF WOOTTON FECIT 1775. 



WILLIAM WILLIAMSON 
WILLIAM SHAW 



CHURCH WARDENS. 



(Before this last inscription is the founders mark — an 
angular device of five points between two circles.) 

In the tower of Toddington Church is a tine peal of 
eight bolls all apparently recast about the end of last 
century ; the following inscription on the tenor bell is 
a fair sample of the rest : — 

"Thos. Mears late Lester Pack & Chapman of London 
fecit 1792. Thos. Hollis & Harry Osborn Church 
Wardens." 



56 



There is a Sanctu^Bell around which is — " Chandler 
made me 1665." F. A. B. 



Maiivell Family. — The following extractsare from the 
parish Registers of St. Paul's, Bedford, I am unable 
to identify them- with the family of which the poet, 
Andrew Mar veil, was so conspicuous a. member, but as 
there is a chance of their being connected, I .venture to 
send them for insertion, especially as the evidences of the 
poet's family are so meagre : — 

1604. — John Marvell and Elcebethe Morris married the 

xijth daie Septemb, 
1604. — ffxances Marvell, bapt. the vijth daie decemb. 

1607. — William Marvell, bapt. the xvjth Aprill. 

1608. — John Marvell and Alee Gentt marred the viijth 

daie Get, 

1608 —Elcebethe Marvell bur. the ijd Maie. . 
1614. — John Marvell baptized the xiijth Aprill. 

1616. — Tho. dulla and Marie Maruell married the xxxth 

Septom'r. 

1617. — Danell, sone of John Marvell bapt. the ivth July. 

F. A. B. 



MONUMENTAL BRASSES. 
The following ar*e a few that I have noted in the course 
of my researches are not appearing in Haines 5 Manual 
of Monumental Brasses, and which have escaped the 
notice of Fisher : — 

AltLESEY. 

i. "Hie Requiescat corpus Richard/ Edwards 
A rmigeri Qui obiit Secundi Die 
Octobris Anno Dni 1638 AI tab's suae 57." 



On a shield these arpis : — 

Per bend sinister sa. and.erm. a lion rampt, or. 

Crests — 1. An esquire's helmet proper surmounted by — 
2. A num's head sidefaeed in a helmet all proper, above 
this a plume of 3 feathers. 

Burke has this note on the family — "William Bed- 
ford, Captain E.I. Company, s. of the Rev, William 
Fuller Bedford, by Margaret, his wife, dan. of Richard 
Edwards, Esq., of Arlesey, assumed the name and arms of 
Edwards, by royal licence, 20, Nov. 1792, having suc- 
ceeded to the estates of his maternal uncle, Richard 
Edwards, who died 178!). 

Bedford. — St. Paul's, Inscriptions only : — 

ii. "Here lyeth buryecl the body of Robert Wal- 
ler one of the Aldermen and thrice Mayor of 
this towne who dyed y" 9th of October 1608 
being of y a age of Ixxiii ycres and also near vn- 
to this place lyeth buryed y e body of Mary his 
wife also deceased ye 31th of March 1606 being of 
age Ixxi yeres & had issue betwixt them vii 
sonnes and v daughters" 

nr. "Also 

Here lyeth bvried the bodie of William 
Waller the fift sonn of Robert Waller 
one oft/fe Aldermen of this Towne and Ivstice 
of the peace and hath beene thrice Maior who de- 
ceased the xii Ian vary 1636, beinge Iv Hi y cares 
of age and had no issue." 

* — SCVLP. 



* The monogram of the engraver is like the letters "ME " conjoined 
with a cypher or trade mark attached. 



58 



Oardington. 

iv. Cecill BussYj & Elizabeth his w., da. & 

coh. of Sir Gerrard IIervy l)y Dorothy d. 

& Coll. of JOTIN GaSCOIGNE. CECIL BlJSSY 

ob. 1 Mar., 1682, elf. betw. 2 ladies, arms on 
their mantles. * 

Carlton. 

v. Inscription to Joank Goddard ; 10 lines, 

mural 161 0. 

Fa rn dish. 

VI. Small brass plate on floor of Chancel to John 

Johnston Gen. .Rector 1625, — Aims — 
Quarterly. 

Kempston. 

VII. A small brass plate containing 7 male figures 
in dress of civilians, underneath, this inscrip- 
tion : — 

"Here lieth the bodie of William Carter, Gent., who took 
to wife | Marie the Daughter of Thos. A tinsel I Esq re by 
whom he had issue seven sones \ And ten Daughters. He 
died the first day of September 1605. Shee survivinge | 
in memorial of her affection to him living caused this 
monument to be made \ over him under . . she 
meanes." 

MlLB ROOKE. 

■ yii. An effigy of gxfet Mm, pw&t, full length. 

POTSGROVE. 

IX. Effigies of Richard Saunders, and J on an his 
wife with inscription : — 
" <&f %q x rtrmrti jprntir for the <j0ul.es .of gtctao ^iruuo^rs mb 
golnru I Mrs fonfe toljitfyt girbafb itrcn^o t\t mix oau 0f 
Ufitjl ivl fyt ntrc .of I ouv hxb yoh m h c xxsfr mt tata.c naahn 
& alh cmkn Qlju Ijmxt mtrcn/' 

* Query if this brass is still in existence. 



x. Effigies of William Saunders, and Isabel! his 
wife, mutilated inscription : — 
" %tit hdh W&xll'm %'<xmx[ders gent., the sou of Richard'] 
$im.nberfr; QuiXfSM xrf i{_he churches of Pott esy rove Sf Battlesden] 
anb $SSaMJ hh> to&ff to I/' 0 had three children, Thomas, Ellen, 
Anne] foluclr MilFm tft$[ted this life the xxvi day of 

Felry] in r>c \mt of n r lotto (£.ob m[v e Ixiii whose soul God pardon]"* 
ROXTON. 

xt. Inscription only. 
li ©rate po mix $oMs ffacic mxxaxte be Cljafuffiteruc qxii oh'xxt bie 
$'M\xti ixxxte festal JMimtiriis siuirti ;3oM. r ; gnjjff anno bni 
itulhno cca u twins aninu $;xa$hhhxx tows £bnm''f 
Stagsden. 

xii. Effigies of man & wife kneeling with shield 
over, and inscription. 

Thuexeigh. 

xii. Small brass to Edmond Date, 1590. 

TODDINGTON. 

xiv. Inscription to — ■ 

" Thomas CI aver Rector 
of Toddington was bvried 
the ninth day of 

September, 7654." 

* These brasses have been moved from their original place and are now 
neatly mounted on wood and attached one on either side of the nave. 
No.X. is a palimpsest of Flemish workmanship of the XlVth century, 
which still shows traces of having been worked in champ -leve enamel, 
some of the colouring and gilding yet remaining, A portion of the fillet 
is preserved showing the usual border of square and round roses, next to 
this is a portion of an inscription in bold Ldmbardic characters. The top 
right hand comer of the brass is occupied by an angel with outspread 
wings holding a scroll, in a quartrefoil compartment. Next to the 
inscription and round the edge of the inner plate are trefoil compartments 
filled with butterflies, birds, and monstrosities. These fragments appear 
to have formed part of a very large brass of exquisite workmanship, 
probably similar to the well-known one of Abbot Delamere in St. Albans 
Abbey. 

t This brass has recently been recovered from a stonemason's by the 
Vicar of Great Barford after an absence of 30 years ! 



GO 



xv. Inscription^"- 

"Here lieth inferred the body of 
Thomas Pennington gent, who 
departed this life the 74 September 
7663. 

On a shield these arms : — ■ 

[Or] . five fusils conjoined in fess [ar.] for 
Pennington. 

xvi. Fragment containing figure of a young girl 
and chrysom.* 

xvi r. In the South Transept a shield of arms; 
quarterly of (i : — 

1. — , a chevron — betw.. three plates. 

2. Barry of ten — and — , a lion ramp. — . 

3. — , three boars — 2 & 1. 

4. — a bend — 

5. — a fess between two chevrons. 

6. —a fret— f 

TlIRVEY. 

xvi ii. Heraldic fragment fastened to a mural stone 
from which the inscription lias disappeared; 
under window at East, end. Arms of a bache- 
lor — Mokdaunt quartering Le Strange, 
Brock" & De Alneto. 

ToiTEENHOE. 

xix. Inscription only : — 

°§ic '$ncd titMljamixs (titrtit quo bit 
jpr i'.AV htx mi' ate p'pirift' bran. 

* Now in the possession of Major Cooper- Cooper, Toddington Manor, 
t This brass in the chapel where the Pevre 'and Cheney families lie 
buried, but I cannot assign the coat. 



01 



Wymington. 

xx. On an altar Tomb of stone covered with a 
slab of Northamptonshire marble on the N.E. 
corner of the N. aisle is a small brass plate 
with 7 Latin lines to William Bletsoe. 
Arms & crest, date 1693. 

F. A. B. 

CURIOUS SURNAMES. 
The quaint examples that follow are taken from the 
Toddington parish registers : Drinkwatcr, Drawater, 
Copperwheat, Woptop, Atthews, Edmead, Edwin, Half- 
penny, Musket, Paternoster, (from Co. Bucks) Thunn, Fitz- 
john, Niggars. 

REGISTER NOTES. 

These that follow are transcribed from the fly-leaves 
of the Toddington registers : 

Surplice Fees. Every person above 16 years of age 
ought, to pay to the Rector for an offering 4d. at Easter 
yearly. Ye due I'or Marriages with banns is sixteen 
pence, with license five shillings, for a buriall eiglitpence. 
The Chancel maintained pt. by the Lord of ye Manor, and 
part by ye Rector. 

Clerks Dues. The office of Clerk and Sexton are in 
one person appointed by ye Rector who hath for his wages 
foure pence paid him by each householder in the parish, 
besides the accustomed dues for churching - - - - d 
for a Marriage with banns 4d. with license Is- buriall bell 
& grave Is. 4d. besides his basket t in Easter week. 

These are to certify, that according to ye ancient 
custome of ye parish of Toddington eight-pence was due to 
the Rector of y* place for every buriall. Ita est. Wm. 
Deerman his marke x. F. A. 13. 



CHURCH" NOTES RELATING TO BEDFORDSHIRE. 

The following collection of monumental inscriptions, &c, 
were taken by Francis Thynne, Lancaster Herald, in the 
years 1582-3, The greater part has never, yet appeared 
in print — those marked with an * have been printed in 
No. VIII. of Nichols's Bihliotheca Topographica Britanniea, 
4to, 1783. As these notes were taken previous to the 
period of the Commonwealth, when so many monuments 
of the dead, &c, were so ruthlessly destroyed by the Puri- 
tans, they will be particularly valuable to the genealogist. 
They havo been transcribed by me from a MS. in the 
British Museum entitled " Cott. MSS., Cleop. C. III.;" 
the writing, however, is so crabbed, and difficult to decipher 
that I have been compelled to leave a few blanks. The 
words within parentheses ( ) are additions made by 
myself, the spaces within brackets represent those left in 
the original MS. 

August 3rtf, 1880. F. A. Blaydes. 

Mommiontcs taken out of Bicileswade, or Byclyswade, 
or Biglcswade, Ao. dni. lo82, folio 2. 

u 3. He jiuTt $oh\\'i dSnbtrbni' nr. qni obijb [. . . .] ' Qa. 
gin. UJUS/MCi whose epitaph e is thus" : — 

(Here follow four Latin verses.) 

Next come 27 Latin verses from the tomb of John 
Rudyng, LL.B., Archdeacon of Bedford, 1400, died 1481, 
but as these verses are given in Gough's Sepulchral 
Monuments, Vol II., p. 272, I will content myself with 
giving the heraldry : — 

His amies are as in the margent, Gu. six escallops 
arg., in the fessepoint a crescent of the second, supported 
with two birds sillier standing upon two crosse-sheaves 



gold.* His worde over his amies is " §JI miw (5^ nvcdnlti" 
The crest over the amies is the Holy Lambe silver in 

the sun ? lounge distilling the same into a dyshe gules 

whereon is St. John's hedde siluer. 

In the great windowe where the altar stood are these 

amies : — ■ 

1. Gru. a saltire arg. impaling gu. a cross fleurie or a 
crescent for difference. 

2. Gru. a cross fleurie or, impaling chequee or and az. a 
fesse gules. 

John Iiedell of Dunstone & Alice his wyfe gave to 
Ilic. Enderbye and Alice his wyfe cert a in e land in Stratton 
dated Ao. 7 E. II. 

This writing for Redell's realey hathe tin's scuttone ; — 
on a saltire — five mullets — 

Layton- Biisakdk, f. 21). 2nd Sept. 1082. — In the 
churcho of Layton-Busarde in Bedfordshire, a fayr 
churehe and a reasonable great towne, and yet I found 
never an amies in the windowe nor any more than one 
epitapho \vYhe : is lliis : — 

" $f aror, djiirntiu prun tot tin safolcs of ^IvIIurm golnuonuf, 
pnt n kifyz ®hbt t gJte, mxh ghrrn bis Mfes, foHd] wlilliam tysto 
tht sib b;ur guipst* itr tin vnt of axxn lurb got>t> 3;U£ Cc:c:i %iii 
mx fata* scrtoTs Qtmui hxxxt xxxtt'tp*,' 

Tuddtngtone, in Bedfordshire, f. 8. 

♦ ; ipk \\xcd $bm\x\x$ |}£|)te [or Peyure in the window] qui 
jolujt gar, gin, MCfeis mhts nnimc propitiatnr kits." 

He is statelye burred there cutt out of whit marbell in 
his armor, about whose tombe are these scotions : — 

* I cannot find this coat in Pap worth. Mr. J. G. Nichols, in The 
Topographer and Genealogist," Vol. I., p. 65, blazons the coat thus: a 
crescent, within an orle of escallops ; whereas in Burke's Armory the 
arms assigned to lluding, Budinge, and lidding- are totally different. 



04 



1. Arg. on a chevron gu. three fleurs-de-lys or. 
(Peyvre.) <" 

2. Gu. a bond varrey silver & asur between six escallops 
or. (Beauple.) 

3. Quarterly arg-. and gu. over all a bend of the second. 

(LoiUNG.) 

4. Not tricked. 

" $ir \\xctt (* Margaret) £fjo.m;r peucr, emits xn't 

propittotur beat;," She is also very stately cutt out of 
raaruell about whose tom.be in a vaute of the walle are 
these armes : — • 

1. Peyvre impaling- Loring. 

2. LORING. 

3. Quarterly of 4, Peyvre & Loring. 

4. Peyvre impaling Loring. 

There is lykewyse an other fPeuer cutt onto of ffree 
stonne in anno' buried crosse-leggcd, one whose tombe 
are these armes and no writing: — 

1. (Arg.) on a chevron (gu.) throe fleurs-de-lys (or.) 
(Pk\ vkk,) 

2. Barry of 5 arg. and az. within a bordure gu. 
(? Arden.) 

3. Peyvre. 

4. As No. 2. 

Lanoforde, f.,103, 24 July, 1.583.— u jant gp. 
(Tluuna.'; jjunuou quonba' friaimts h>tim tccl'u qui .obijt xx\ hit 
rntmh grmnbrui gw. Qui, %$€ b m cuhxi an'.c propi'dur <Qtm"X. 



* She was d. and coh. of Sir Neill Loring, of Chalgrave, KM. 

t Thin is, I liave no doubt, the tomb of Nicholas, the father of Thomas 
Peyvre, who marr. Margaret, d. of Sir Thomas Arden, Kt. , 

X This brass is lithographed by Fisher, being No. 34 of his Monumental 
Remains and ^Lntiquitics in the County of Bedford. 



In I lie G lasso Windowes : — 

1. a chevron sa.betw. three bulls arg., horned or. 

2. Or, a cross gules bctw. four birds gu. 

3. Or, throe crescents gu, Odwell, or Oudell. 

4. Bendy of six or and az., on a chief gu. three ? ffcur- 
de-hjs arg. (? Trilled;). 

5. Arg. a chevron gu. bctw. three pellets. 

0. Az. a chevron arg. between three fleurs-de-lys or. 
(Brayer). 

A vicarage & a p'sonage, the p'sonage belonging to the 
queue being a manner. 

Thrc manners, one belonging to the Deane of West- 
mestcr, the other manners some tyme Odoll's now in the; 
lieyres of Ghitsvell and George (Jalnely's, or Cheyne hath, 
dyd during his life by his wyfe the mother of Chit well. 
Anthony Odel] baronne of Odell. 

IIenloe. — A vicarage, tins p'spnnage to the queue 
Lantonye, Ilolde.* 

Clyftone, f. 103b, 24 July, 1583. — There iyeth Sir 
Miehall [msIut ami his wyi'o cult oul in allablastcr with 
these amies : — 

1. Arg., on a chevron betw. three demi -lions ramp. gu. 
as many plates (Fisher). 

2. Az., on a chevron betw. three leopards' heads or a 
mullet sa. (Fro\y yke) . 

3. Arg., on a bend or three birds of the field. f 

4. Barry of four or & gu., on a chief az., two stags' 
heads cabossed of the first (? Baee:ndens). 

* There was a manor called Hod low LauthoDy iu tin's parish which, in 
1293, formed part of the possessioDs of the priory of LaDlhoDy, Dear 
Glouee.ster (Cart. 21, Edw. I.) 

f This coat should he — Arg., ou a head gu. three martlets vert legged 
or (Danveks). 



06 



5. , a chevron bolw. tlireo griftW heads erased — 

This one ys a fyslier is supposed to be Judge fysher 

called Sir jplino iyslier, and Lurried there also Sir Michsoll 

Sonne to the judge. 
In one windowe is : — 

+< OraU po au'a solfh; tushcr milxt ana fustic, h'xxx tt$xn he 
jcor' Smta ct &pxtih mot tim &or* 1509/' 

"(Drute .pro itn'n $oM:> fn sb cr nr. tilij g-licliadiu fnsTra" militia 
qui .obiit 24 fric gulii, aa, .b'.n'u 1028,"* 

About him are these amies : — • 

1. Az. fretty gu. three luces naiant or. [Margaret, wife to 
Sir Miehmlfy&hc>\~] 

2. Fish eii, impaling, az. on a chevron between three 
leopards' heads or, a mullet (sa Fkowyke). 

And other amies, but the plates gone, and seemed in 
this sort : — 

3. — , frettee — on a chief — a lion pass. — f 

4. (Or), a fosse undee (gu.) bctw. tlireo billets (sa.), 
a crescent for difference (Staxko'ruk). 

" (Or.ilc pro itiaburi .'Aotutis nup, u.voris VA\\\ t ^innfor.bc ct 
IlicljoLii iilii cor'm, ipti .obirruut %.v. Qui, 1440 qjm* nhxbm 
p ro p i ci etur beus," 

" prao for the solute of jsfr, cn'tillta' |ja numeraire, late tfirJn priest 
xif t|.ts pari:>h c r [hi it he (o'ebe bercseb iu the axrx of or, lor nob 1510, 
on bhou sololc $.e. f m^ Jnuic mztcrri" 

" JJijC jacct ^olj'.e:i |)ir(;oloi\ lie was a presto. 

" |ji.c Jn ret wlaftcrus , ; t)oUnbreb rpioubam rector htmr, ercfie q\\\ 
xuMjt hk &$x\Ute.t cV T - Qiti 1447, .cuius a'uc prop t'rtur beus." 



* This brass is engraved by Fisher in his "Collection of Bedf. Antiqui- 
ties" \ he gives the matrices of four shields — one at each corner. 

t Probably Clifford's coat— Gu., fretty or. on a chief of the second a 
lion pass, of the first 



07 



A p'sonage belonging to the lorde Saint John. Clyftone 
manor belonging to the lorde Saint John. Another manor 
belonging [. . . .] Long, sonnc to Sr. Richard Long. 

Two 1 J ridges. 

n )iiEFFERD, f. 104, 24 Julii, 1583 :— 

"(Orate pro an'abu:; idcbarbi (&iwbd (? Car vel e) .ct golj r c 
maxis ei us \\w\ obienmt 14 xamsh fcbruar' gtxr, £)m, 1480, qxxox* 
auab.ie; ,p ro p i'.chi i' hmr>" 

Arms, — , a chevron gu. betw. three birds — . 

Some tymo w'ch shefferd belonging to the Erie of Buc. 

Warden, f. 104. — Amies in the windowes : — ■ 

1. Az., three wardens or (Warden Monastery) . 

2. Arg., three eagles sa. (? Klrkton), 
o. Sa., a lion ramp, or (? Bromiiall). 

4. G u., a bend ar<>\ within a bordure engr. of tlie second 

' CD O 

(? Biekemore). 

5. Gu., a chevron arg. betw. three leopards' heads or 
(PCarvele). 

G. Gu., a fosse betw. si\ martlets or (St. A mono). 

No.Rr in L 10 I4>. — In (lie Chancel : — 

V V)ic jacct b'n':i '.Vob'e:.; barbc' prima:; macjUitct" ct .rector istius 
rcct'ie colhqiate ct funbate pro aiabu:; bn'i Job'i:; ^rardTirc militia 
it ycqinalot jciws uati ipu oXuit- ultimo bic gvtlif Qo, pni, 1422, 
0Vs bcro $olr r is U-ranUnc xJbiij bic g.vouj gt.cr, Quit 1401, ct 
gjcrjuiafbits 18 bie q.ctobvi:;, £\o, £Uu\ 14.02, " 

" pk facet b'u'ii ,iloi}cru:; be £amlu4cue rfptmvbam 

be ;i.cn rat rio b'ni regis (iBb.toa.rbi rpti .obijt 2". nouas gntutartj 

jet qui bauc ca p cllam nobipcr constnmt cuius an'.e pronicictur bcus," 

u |Jk jaect b'.u'.s MilFw's ^oo:UaV! ipion.baut rauoutrufi tahnmn 
.catticbralcm .^oubiut rt ^jcreforb,e .ct rector Ijupe; cccl'ic qui .ob.iji 12 
bic IJoueinbrt:; guy* put. 1389 cuius a'.ue propi'idnr ten a." 

" pk jacet Jllr, J.!i.clja.r.bu;j Sctbe rutp, rauouinu; rccFie ratbe- 
bralii; Lincoln c ct rector cxrl' t e yarorbialt:; b.c jHjuUlimibounc ct JUr, 



OS 

toafnnamvc Ccrlhpi hi ITorjinilucU qui olnjt 8 hk, ortobns $.o\ 
5»i» $$<&C$€*Iin athts au'e g'jrlctur bnis/' 

" Sfe .jaat (^liialxctljr $ohfxt% mxg f wmx (Oobfrcn annuini 
.quonbam .uxor (£ftIF.t (Tditfovbe armineri ct una fili;ir' llixlrolni 
<£miirsfjorb'.c ar* que obijt 1 6 bic men si:; mar.cij ^o. Qui |g€C(£feii 
ruins irw'je ^nnu'rfur bens/' 

Arms. — 1. Chequee (or) and (ax.) on a fosse (gu.), a 
crescent (or) (Clifford) impaling, — , a chevron — . 

2. !S T r. 1, impaling gu., fretty or, on a chief of the 
second a lion pass, of the first.* 

"|}k facet 3i)cuneus o v >obfrciv qui ouijt m\ .bic men sis marfij 
So* 9uu d Jobanuc uxor ejus ruin:; aTs proui'rtnr 

.brus," 

f. 105 pnnc for the solute of Stomas bn (fig. of a deer 
lodged contour nee) Mil (i.e. Underbill) anb Jjjarfjar.et Ms 
lunfc, father anb mother tor g.oTm.c bn (ut supra) Jill sonu tnnrc 
of this Mhtyt lu'rh Sdjomas bccYo the 20 banc of ,Moucmbn\ 
gtCCCCImMii, anb the saib gfarpTctt the 20 .of ^euicm'bcr in 
the ncre |ftCC££€si.u, one luhosc solutes '^esus babe merrne," 

Arms — (Arg.) a chevron sn. betw. three trefoils slipped 
(vert. Undkkiiii.i.) Impaling — a fosse — between three 
lions pass. — . 

In. the glasse windowe is Traylye in his cote armour, 
one his brest — Or, a pleyne crosse gules between fowre 
birdes of the last, but his shield and his sholders only haue 
— or, a pleyne cross. His wyfe hathe on her brest tin; 
crosse with the birdes and in her hande one a scoconc 
(scictcIi : eou) containing this: — ■ 

Aifi. a cross arg., impaling or, a cross gu. 



* I have seen this coat elsewhere blazoned thus: — Arg., fretty sa., on 
a chief yules a lion pass, or, tor Meperlshale. As blazoned in the text, 
the euat is, by Papworth, assigned lo Twyford. 



GO 



The Colledge boloirgpetlic to Sir Thomas Browne, who 
married one of those heyres, who had p'te of the said col- 
ledgo and boughte the other two p'tes. 

In the glasse vvindowes be these armes : — 

1. ■ — , a chevron or, between three cups arg. 

2. Az., a chevron between three stags- heads, couped 
arg., impaling Chequeo arg. and sa., an inescutcheon sa., 
charged with a ? linn ramp arg. 

3. Gu., on a Lend arg. three trefoils slipped (vert 
Hauvey). 

Sandye, f. 105b. 21 Julij 1583. 

" i) i c inert i'ob'e:; ijerlepole una:; rpioniumt uvuu'drovum c:w- 
ctlhih veqnt et rcxtar [wins wd'xz, 'ax taV'xz be Iktal/w Citmbrif 
nn no iv p reb cu ba riws prebend hz [oithinfou in zccl'm* rath ebnili • 
'gjmfvxbu qui obijt 7 hit nob ember, ^o, g.m, $J€i&€-C-mix txxim 
an'e propi'etur tas inn en," 

In the glasse windowes — 

" ©rate nro ;iu':i tcUlFiu ^angstonc ft ^hrqiirete cou:;orti:; cuts," 

'•(Ovate pro iw'a iTbom'r gurphtc dim istius zccV'xz xtciox qui 
Imnx ffiirstrra* Km et bitriari tv.it sjlpssib." 

Anns — (Ju. a frettc arg. (Bkauciiamp). 

Wuestijxgwoktii, f. 107, 27 Julij 1583. 

" Orate $w wxx'xx $o{j'is JJorhu qd otijt 0 dr ^rpfembn:; 
;Jo, 0 l d. ^Hpbiii .cuiit!) ;ui'f ijropi'etur/' . . . • . • 
" (Ouujqui:; txh qui training te jperlrcje plo ra, 
jln q'tr ens rraq' q'jbxs u 'me .ora\" 

[8 sonncs, 2 daughters.] 

Two manners, one called [••••] belonging to the 
queue, the other called [••••] belonging to the Lord 
Saint John. 

A peonage, the enher lance to George I*o . . clerk of 
Pottone. 

In the glasse windowe, these armes — 



70 



Arg., a chevron betwvthree birds sa., impaling a/., on 
a chief dancette or lliroe annulets arg. 

Cakayne ITatley, before called Hately Port, f. 107 b, 
27 July, 1583. 

"Orate pro a'i'abus SStill'm (toLanue in, Qoxoihtt ft J'iatcnn.c 
iwwrw .rju.s qui jpuimu Mill'inns obijt 12 hit frbruar, gur. Qni, 

O.^fcb i i , r * 

[2 soiines, 2 daughters, j 

44 Die jaret 3ol/es (lorkanue qui o b i j t 22 bir menses )}\:u\ ;-^o. 
put, $$£C(£feis .ft 3ba uxor dur; que obijt urimo bi.e .'.vunij ; : Ao, 
JQui, ^tCCCfefii rt §.o, reoui regis |}« Jbi, octabo quor r a'i'aba:; 
.p'^u'ctui' him" 

[5 sonnes, 5 daughters.] 

Arms — Arg'., three cocks gu., an annulet for difference. 
(Cockayne). 

In the windowe the ragged si a If c is gules, the felde 
asure : — 

Cokayne impaling Az., a rag-god staff e gu. 

41 |jtc jnxci $oVt$ Corhanne, nr. rt (L : lUnWthir ft Ifoltanna vtxoxts 
riu:; qui quibnu ^oli'eis obijt in bic $ci. jAibaui p rot ho mar' anodic 
'2'2 bif m'fusifi >ulij c Ao. £hii, |Vt C (C (C (!* if , quor' a'i'abus prapiitur 
bfiis." 

[3 sonnes, one daughter.] 

Arms — 1. Cokayne impaling , a chevron- betw. 

three roses . 

2. Cockayne impaling- (gu.) a fesse betw. three salt ires 
(arg. Boyvell.) 

**■ ®f %b r t rbarntc jpntnc for tlrr sxrifolf of u-b tnonbe d'ocliannf 
rfsqnifr anb d-IUabftlj hi:> Junfe h'djtz djinuoubx htuusfo tl).e tbirb 
banr .of J?rptcmbiT in the ncrr ntst't lorb.c g|t§sfr n.u.c ixflpH jsxjMjcs 
gcfJUfj Ij aire nicrqie," 

[xij sonnes, 4 daughters]. 

Arms — 1. Cockayne. 



7 J 



2. — , a chevron — tew. three P padlocks.* 

"%Yxt \i\.c(i ggfarpria ^amivicbe bibna .ijuonbaiu us or SB'altm 

^imgrixlj arnupvt ciMs rt jumnar' ,?t'onbou qxxi obijt Hi bie jauuar, 

$a< Jhti, $$C(£C<!fe .cuius a'i'e jj.jr," 

. Anus — (Arg.) six billots (sa.) 3, 2, and 1. (Langrich) 
impaling Gcyronny of eight az, and arg. 

"game .Hlaric be grim gist nci gbesus be sa ame cut mm&" 

Suttone, 0. 109. 27 July, 1.083. 

In the Northe Chapell— 

" 'l)c\'c licth the bobne of £>ir 11 o b c rf CafTmtc |imrjb.t hit lorbx 
rlmfie gusto of (L r no,!anbe luho tecscb the xbi of ^ejateiuber §)wjo» 
Qui. Sjjgixxib, anb of Jliuuc Qmxt bis fo.ijfc anb before Jfcoiffe of 
(Thomas jJunionne rsrjuiiaV 

[His wife was the daughter of Bowells of Hertfordshire.] 

Anns — Per chevron (or and az.) three lions pass, 
guard, in pah- (counter changed) ; a chief (arg. Catlyn.) 
impaling (Arg.) on a chevron betw. three boars' Loads 
(sa.) as many escallops (or.) within a bordure (vert) 
bezant^e (Bowles.') 

" Vine lit'tb burred unbrv this stone the bobne of SNnrciaret 
inifoonne onln baurjljfcr of dluvmas ^urrjonne, esrniier, aubitor jof 
the buchne of Lancaster, lorbc of fbis .Hlanuor of button anb 
pal roue of this ebuviije lo'che ^lanjaret btcess.cb in her bironnntic 
the ~7 bane of c Hlane anb of her aeje the 23 in the ncre ^UJllsbii," 

Aims — Grii., a chevron (or) betw. three talbots (ar) ; 
on a chief embattled arg. as many martlets (az. 
Burgoyne). 

In the North side of the Chnrche : — 

u (Of no'r rbarntic ,pranc for tbe solutes of iTbomas ^urcjomie anb' 
(!:luabetb bis tonfe u/rbe frbmuas be.eeseb the 9 bane of ^urrust inc. 



* There must be an error in the blazoning of this coat, as metal upon 
metal ia very unusual. 



the ncre of or fa rbe rjobbc $Jl§I$s.b.i one toljosc fjotule anbr ;tll $st:utx 
saMes Jfmrs [wbx m&zcyrz"* 

In. the Chaneell : — 
(Orate pro au'a §'iri .iloberti Coles quonbaut rci'toris hnim 
tcd'xc (jui jotfrijt 15 bic nouenibris ^o, pin. 'itlDmii. 

" £\cr, Jlut, %$€€€€l$xbm ntense Suuij in fc:>t.o j?.c, gom.fj.ixrj 
jolrijt b'mi SEtiU'imiJi pattou, |>fjctox be ^ultoiu 

In the midle of the Ohurche : — 

** %)ic i;i ret Thomas IWirrjau nc ct gUina uxor cius qui M[t 2 bic 
(Dctobris ^UCo.'C Cxlbii c\m Jt'nx p'p'cietur beus." 

" (Orate p. a'i'abus JVohcrti ^l.ixtel quonbaut nr.cvr:itoris fitirpulx 
bilte callais el Isabella ujeoris suit qui quibc' ilobrrtns obiil 8 bic 
i'rbruar' ;^o, ,11 ui, IllHiii qnor a'i'abus p'nictur beus," 

Dunstaplk, ff. 110, 110b. 29 Sept. 1583. 

In the bodye of the Church 

f 1. " 'inc jacxt ii'aurcnlius pi got loolman uup'bc JOunstaple 
luolmannx qui obijt ;> bic mxnsiri tcbruar' ^o, ,Dni, 3,UC(C( r (C( .et 
recjui ttflfa i). 29, ct ;Alici;c uxoris rins quor' a'i'abus u'p'r for." 

[0 sonnes, (> daughter,"?, Laurence Cantlow his sonne-m- 
lawe ; this Piggott and Sr. Johne Holme made the 
V\ indowo ct' Hie N r ortho i le. ] 

| 2. $)ic v'olilliam fjjtul'so sibi quaui soxinbi't ct ;AHs: ,Hhr~ 
more sub buro ; roiuiutat sors generaUs tffer 8-v.cs, bto quiuos hie 
HiitoffS feitur habere per sponsas biuas. Jims (j is detnens miserere." 

f M (Of uor ebarntic nrji u for the soiules of iV\c, piufolbe anb 

* Engraved by Fisher iit Collection of ■ lied f. Antiquities. 

The epitaphs marked f arc to be found in Nichols's Bip. Tup. Brit., 
No. VIII., pub. 17S3, but as that work is scarce and the reading's vary, 
as noted below, I have thought it desirable to give them in full. 

1. Nichols gives 4 sons. Inser. gone in 1714. p. 219. 

2. In the Digby pedigree, p. 42, this Alice is c alled " Marmore" ! an 
obvious error, as "marmore" must here be translated marble. This 
curious epitaph was first published in " Hakewell's Apology, page 253,'' 
and since by Willis in his Appendix to JIc(intv 1 a Citron, do iJun&t., p. 730, 
and Fuller's Worthies, p. 119. 



73 



JDbrgartt bis lunfe fo'ni t\ ic. biucscb th r 23 of j'Tobembrr in the 
jtew of o r i'orb gob $l(G€£(T(£xbi on folios* sofoles Sffsus babe 
mcrcne/' 

[4 sonnos, 7 daughters.] 

Arms L. — (Az.) a chevron (or) surmounted of another 
(of the field) between three doves (ppr. Pinfold, granted. 
18 Oct., 1501). 

2. — a chevron between three maseles . 

t " |.>ntijc for tbr s.o.fotcs of |li.cbolas purlieu t!: luabrtb ano^l'tce 
furs foiucs lubo becescb tbc - banc of ianuar' Ao. ?J) D.v.vt," 

[Jj sonnes, daughters. ) 

44 (Of nor cjinritc pran for \bt riololc of e'-lnnor Tirnnr:; the (onfe 
of^Hr. ,vobn ^l) en ncfi citizen anb grocer of jf.on.bon Lo rbr e : Innor 
oirb flic banc of 3julii in tire nci'C of o'r lorbr gobbe ^UO.wv^i." 

" ;i)ir jaeet tlic'u.s penfon qui obijt lrt bic marrbij Ao. 0ni. 
$|l§I$i.b rt (!; fitabctb uxor cius quor' " &c\ 

44 |)ic jnxet j£aumitius Uatboch qui obijt 1~ bic brrrmbri:; ,Aa. 
pni, gJCCCC'Ixb rt Jiatberina uxor cuts quor' " &e. 

[ sonnes, 6 daughters. J 

" pranc for tbr solutes of Solui (Tcrsalf? Cater anb 3fowc I) is 
l»i)fc iVcbc .Hilmr brrrrifb tbr 7 ban of iVanuar' in tbr near of o'r 
lorbr qobb jj) p.viii our to bo solutes £tinv;, batvr mrrrnr," 

[ 0 soil lies. ] 

| u prane for tbr soujlfs of Uobert '.Aire anb €litabrtb aub 
^qnr:- bi:< luiucs lo'be tjbt b.er.eseb tbr f ban of .September tbr near 
of o'r lorbr ^tltUbiii our lubosc «iolotcs Jf.csus babe utrrrnr." 

f 44 ilir facet .i'nb'c:; prbber qui obijt ti bir wntsts Auepuitt ,Ao. 
pni, i?.UC(C(L\( l.viii rt .yiargarctta rt £|jtiitiJMs ft 5ip.es usoxm eius 
quor' " &u : — 

f 3. it) ic jacet |licfioIaits Tanr quoubam presbiter trateruitatis 
t $'ei golr'is i.laptista be Dunstable qui obijt s'ro'bo bie meusis 
beeembris Ao, Dni. ^ICd'Cofti.v rt §^ncs f his quor' " &c : — 

3. In isi<'liols the reading' " quondam //v-A/m." 



74 



4. " J3.cn: Inrth 3'olmr 'Anbrlnr anb ^Agucs his luni'c Co 7 h c $qJiu 
hereneb the 23 banc of fcTxr* §o, gni, £HOsuiii," 
[one sonne, 5 dans.] 

44 00 us han par tssi jrnssa nitre lirTme be GDIrpt bi ? toosecsttas 
#rifs !) jours be ,f &e. 

'\'|krc Iktlj >'mbn wtcltomu other foirsc rafha (^olomrkinn anb 
( r lirabctb his tonfc tu'rlje .iohnc bere. r >eb the 8 bane of .^annav' ^Ao- 
pui. HIDmi* oar luhose :;oluIe:; 3fcs.us halve mrrrne," 

( () sonnes, & 0 da us. J 

f 5. 44 J.) ere lieth 3ohn glunt anb (!:.lUauct|i .bis tonfc iu'elrc 
Sofrvrr bereseb the sx bane of 0 Anrill in the nrre of o'r lor.be jjl.iju 
one (.noose sotulcs ^esus banc mere tie." 

[8 sonnes, 7 dans.]. 

G. There is also buried Gcrvas Markham last prior that 
was in the Abbey©. 

Two tayres iV freannde and lammas day merkett upponiio 

wendesdaye one freiday w'elie tlicy lykewyse call a fayre 

is a gret merkett for fyshe in sinner so that the londons 

come thither w 1 .! 1 their fyshe'. 

A priorye nod a fryer — the hospitale of Xt. Jesiis* for 
the ] kkhv, 

The eros.se built by ed. L & the que' died 24 Ed. 1, a 0 - 
L79D fmc.) 

The towne was some tyme a wallc and belonging to a 
towne called halton regis then the kinge gave a walle 
called Biickwell to halton regis in exchange of the walle 
where dimstable now stahdethe. likewise he made p'cla- 
mations that whosoever wolde come and build here for 



4. Nichols gives a fragment of this in. sc., but no date, p. 224. 

5. The date in Nichols, p. Ml is 1500, p. 218 it is 1502. 
G. He was buried Sept. 23, 1581. 

* Those words " Xt. Jesus " have been crossed out. in the original MS. 
There was a hospital at Dunstable dedicated to S. Mary Magdalene, 



xij- d -- the acre might. - -the p'clamation was because he 
wolde have them in safete thou w'che he desired because 
the place was so theiysh that none eolde escape wy'out 
robbing wheruppon desirous to have the same made a quiet 
place he made that proclamation above sayed then he 
causeth a, post to be sett in the grownde and his (? horse) 
to be fastened wV} a staple thereon w'ehe caused to be 
watched lest a aye sholde steal e yt away yet was not the 
same so w a rely but ia the even yt was stelloa by a wydowes 
soaae of halton regis, then the king serching by art who 
bad donne yt in the end it fell out to be in Bedfordshire 
then in halton regis lastly in a widdwe's (? house) wher- 
uppone serche being made and ao aiaaae founde in the 
bouse but the widdowe and her daughter they supposed 
that they did not steale hut in the end when contvnuall 
watche was made about e thatt house her said, soane called 
Dune came thither in the night and was apprehended who 
confessed the facte and theruppone being brought before 
the hinge he promised to shewe the whole matter so that 
he might have his lyfe and the lyfes of his associates 
p'dom-d wh.'; the kiage granted wheruppone he showed to 
the kiage the manner how he stole his ring and the cave 
where he reymayned that none might fyade hym when tin', 
kiage sending his meune thither to vewe the same they 
founde his renins furnyshed with 1 morses and other things 
mete for a notorious theife then in the encle the king 
p'doned hym and he being a goodly t'ellowe was made the 
king's nieaao and the other became keremenne for wh.*: 
cause the kinge to make this place of sure passed after the 
proclamation made to builde there called the towne Dun- 
stable as the place from whence Dun had stolen the ring 
from the staple in constideracon (I" cummemorac on) 



76 

whereof the towne pynctli it si aplo for their amies, this 
the clerke of the towne enformed me of. • 

Two. miles and more west of Dunstable sprinkethe 
icknell hedd svh.^ reeneth a Iitle streamc w'ch. 4 : eomethe 
from the eampet springes in chiltron li files the well hedde 
ariscthe in ehiltorne hilles and goethc to the fore saide 
house. 

Donstable standetho uppon the highe waye of flcnell 
xxx miles from londane. 



BEDFORD, -Nr. Peter's M.aktin. 

Mortuaries. — Amongst the papers in the custody of the 
rector of the above parish is one headed, "A true and 
perfect Terrar of the parsonage-house, and parsonage of 
St. Perter .Martin in the town of Bedford, <Slc, taken by 
direction of the Lord Bishop of Lincoln A.D. 1709." 

Among other dues payable (appears by this Terrar) to 
the Minister of St. Peter's, mort uaries are thus mentioned: 
— 11 Mortuaries are paid— ten shillings for every person 
that, dies possessed of a personal estate left above the "value 
of Forty Pounds; and so in value according to the statute' 7 
[21 Henry 8]. 

" This Terrar is kept in the Archdeacon's Registry at 
Bedford.'' " J. 1 look." 

The latter gentleman was, 1 conclude, the rector, at that 
date; where was the Archdeacon's registry? 

I). G. 0. K. 



t i 

CURIOUS KPlTArilS (ii, 54). 
On a mural tablet in Di xstam.e Gliurch, to the memory 
of Wm, Chew, who died 13th March, 1712, is the following 
satirical epitaph : — 

" Here Lies the body of "William Chew, 
That when alive was beloved by few; 
JSTow where he's gone, or how he fares, 
Nobody knows, nor nobody cares." 



Luton. — On a brass (now gone) to the memory of John 
Ackworth, who died 17th March, 1518, was the following 
quaint medley : — 

tl (0 mint boh a e'er thou be, v.\mox |g'.orii. c i slwjfof 1 rouble the 
$01 loheu thou Irxfit tarnn :it 
benici h 
jftjaxs sup era fc 
gVufo so . - : - i&nxbt cjrrbns 
(!&rp m.ortifi annuo txris 
3>ffiu .wcrrjif : i'.i o n (jfl|i v : sttrrrir $f.4H,'V 



In the N. Transept, on a stone to the memory of Daniel 
Knight, is this rhyming epitaph : — 

■ • " Here lyeth the body of Daniel Knight, 
Who, all my life time lived in spite. 
Base flatterers sought me to undoe, 
And made me sign what was nut true. 
Header take care whene'er you venture, 
To trust a canting false, dissenter, 
Who died June 11th, in the Gist 
year of his age, 1 75G. 

¥. A. B. 

V 



78 



In the elm reli yard at Turvey, on a plain altar-shaped 
tomb is a brass inscribed as follows to the memory of John 
Richardson : — 

"Here lyeth John Richardson under this wall, 
A faithful true .servant at Turvey Old Hall, 
Page to the first Lord Mordaunt of fame, 
Servant to Lewis, Lord Henry, and John : 
Payneful and careful and just to them all, 
Till death took his life. 
God have mercy of his soule. Amen/' 

In the church at Pavenham are the two following : — 
" Under this place lyeth inter'd the Body of Jo — Frank- 
Ivn, Esq,, he departed this life the 23rd day of February, 

MDCCXLV1U. 

I was a Stranger in this place 

As ware my Father.- all, 
And at the AGE of Forty-nine 

The Lord for me did call/' 

"Near this place lieth the Remains of John Brown, 
who died July 8, 1807, aged oM years. 

Peace ! Tis the Lord Jehovah's hand 

That Blasts our joys in death 
Changes the Visage once so dear 
And gathers back the Breath." 
" Also John Brown, his son, died Oct. 15, 1807, aged 6 
months. 

This lovely bud — so young so Fair — 

('ailed hence by early doom, 
Just, come to shew how sweet a Flower 

In Paradise would Bloom." 

(The above air all from Hurra/ '* " Hid. of the Wilky 
II ton/ red ") . 



79 



ruinous CUSTOM. 

In this parish (Tilsworth) and also at Stanbridge a 
curious custom prevails which 1 never remember to have 
observed before: — At the celebration of lToly Communion, 
in the first named parish, the males communicate first, 
and the women last, while in the latter parish the reverse 
is the ease, the women communi eating* first, and the men 
last. It would be interesting to know if this custom, is 
observed elsewhere in the County. 1 may add that at 
Tilsworth the men and women sit apart at Church, while 
in Stanbridge Church they sit together. F. A. B. 

CENTENARIANS (i, 21). 

(I. 20.) From Mr. W. Marsh Harvey's Ilist. of theWy 
Handled, 1 extract the following inscription on a grave- 
stone in the churchyard of Bromham, erected by direction 
of Lord Trevor : — 

<l Jn memory of — Joan Birt widow — who was born at 
Biddenham — in this County in the year — 1055, died in 
I his parish— Augt. 2d 1770." 

JOHN BUNYAN. 

The following references are extracted from the indexes 
of the 1st 5 series of Not oh and Queries. 

Notes \nj> Queries, 1st S. 

Banyan John. His descendants, ix., 223; xii., 401. 
Did he know Ilobbes Y ii, 518. " Emblems, 5 ' vii, 470. 
Manuscripts, ix, 101, 129. " Pilgrim's Progress/' early 
editions, viii, 222. Portraits, ii, 476; Hi, 89. "To lie at, 
the catch," vi, 50; vii, 132 ; x, 133. " Visions of Hell," 
iii, 70, 89, 289, -107 ; iv, 139. 



80 



2nd S. 

His Bible and grave, i, 235. Descendants, i, 81, 170. 
Cabinet, iii, 171. Was lie a Gipsy ? iv. 405 ; v, 15, 
318, 380 ; vi, 07. " Pilgrim's Progress " not copied from 
" The Pilgrimage of the Soul," viii., 208, 372, 402, 
Original of it, ix, 195, 229. First edition, ix, 383. 
Works falsely attributed to him, viii, 371. Burial Place, 
viii, 400. Print of his chapel, viii, 110. Portraits, ix, 
245, 332 ; x, 171 ; xii, 08, 100, 210, 447. " Profitable 
Meditations," xi, 80. Bunyan Pedigree, ix, 09, 170. 
Banyan (Thomas), son of the Dreamer, x, 307. Bunyan, 
(Win,), "An Effectual Shove to the Heavy-arse Christian/' 

vi, 80, 190; vii, 181, 342. Bunyan, (Oaptn. Win.), 
not iced, xii, 289. 

3rd S. 

Bunyan, (John), his Baptism, iii, 494. "A few Sighs 
from Hell," iii, 320. Meeting House in Southwark, iv, 
120. His flute, iv; 430. Biography, v, 455. Inscription 
on his tomb, v, 474. " Pilgrim's Progress," dramatised, 

vii, 458. Story of its original, viii, 40. >l Meditations on 
the several Ages of .Mao's Life," x, 229. 

4th S. 

Bunyan, (John), and Francis Uuarles, vi, 471, 579. 
' ' Pilgrim's Progress," first edition of, ix, 191. 

5tii S. 

Bunyan, (John), his occupation in Bedford Gaol, i, 483. 
His " Den," i, 483; vii, 245. * < The Pilgrim's Progress/' 
ii, 8, 39, 49, 162. His Parentage, ii, 25, 40, 421 ; iii, 13, 
130, 198, 241. His compeers and predecessors, ii, 104, 
171. Tlis gold ring, ii, 126, 314. His imitators, ii, 148, 



SI 



213, 336, 397; iii, 38, 09. His birth-place, ii, 28(5. 
"The Pilgrim's Progress," editions of, iii, 64, 115, 209, 
426. His clock, iv, 105. His " cat," iv, 369, 474., and 
Massilon, v, 46., and the spiritual body, viii, 266. " Pil- 
grim's Progress," third part of, viii, -169; ix, 36, 21S. 
His Bible, xi, 106. Death of his descendant, xi, 120. 

I). Gf. C. E. 

TILSWORTH.—ln the chancel of the Church of All 
Saints, Tils worth, are two large canopied tombs; the one on 
the north side, commemorating the Fowler family, Formerly 
lords of the manor, appears to have been built for the 
reception of life-size figures under the canopy ; but there 
are no traces of any having existed. The insription is as 
follows :■ — - 

"Here lyeih the body of Gabriel Fowler, Esqr. who departed 
this life the 16th day of Agvst A no. Dni 7582. who tooke to 
wife Elizabeth one of the daughters and coheaires of Roger 
Moore of Bvrsiter in the Covnty of OAford Esquire by whorne 
he had issve Richard, Mary, Agnes, Elizabeth, and Jane, Mary 
the eldest davghter hath cavsed this inscription to be set vp, 
And hath likewise bestowed yearly for ever The somme of five 
povnds towards the maintainance of a preaching Minister in 
this Chvrch of Tilsworte, that shall make a Sermon ye first 
Svnday of every month in the yeare and shall beginne the 
third of October 1624."* 

Over the canOpy is a .shield carved in stone (no tinctures) 
surmounted by a Crest — an owl (arg.) dneally crowned 
(and membered or). 

Dexter .side.— 

1. (Arg.) Three wolves' heads erased (gu.) within a 
bordure (of the second) charged with eight castles (or). 
Fowler, Co. Oxford. 

f This (•uJowiiicnt has been lost for a uonsidernbU' period. 



2. Ermine, on a ('anion (gu.) an owl (arg.) Barton. 

3. Barry of live (argt' and gu), on a cliief (or) a lion 
pass, guard, (az) Englefield. 

4. A r uir (arg. and gu.) ? Gresley or Gernon * 

5. (A/.) on a chevron (arg.) betw. three lions pass, 
guard, (or) as maimy crosses moline (sa.) Fowler 
charged with an inescut chcon,— (gu. ) a fosse betw. four 
sinister hands couped (arg.) CI u ate r m a yne . f 

Impaling. — 

I and 4. (Arg.) a fosse indented (componee sa. and gu). 
betw. three mullets (of the last). Moore, of Bicester. 

2. a fosse between three. annulets ? — 

r'i. Barry oifive erm. and (gu.) a crescent for difference 
Hussey of Dorset. + 

On the south side of the altar is the Chester monument, 
with life-size figures of Sr. Henry Chester, Knt., his 1st 
wife Judeth, da. of Mr. iBank worth, of Bow Lane, London, 
and son Robert ; at the hack under tin; canopy is a long 
Latin inscription, and below is the following: — 

"Here vnder lyes bvried the body of Sr. Henry Chester 
Kn/ght | of the honourable order of the Bath created to that 
dignity e | att the coronation of or. Soveraigne lord King 

* I should be glad to have this quarter identified;, it is generally 
attributed to Gernon, of Lavington Gernon, in Wilts., but both the 
family and locality arc involved in obscurity. In tin 1 Visitation of 
Oxford, ilarl. Society. , Quatermaiu is there said to impale the above 
quarter for Gresley. 

t Should be dexter hands. 

% Should be barry of six, the arms of Agnes Hussey, wife of Roger 
".Moore. She appears to have afterwards remarried to Sir Edw. Saunders, 
Kt., Chief Baron of the Exchequer (Chief Justice, K. 13., 18 Nov. 1599), 
as Gabriel Fowler, in his will, dated 1G Aug., 1682, appoints the Lady 
Saunders, his mother-in-law, overseer of his will. The brass to Roger 
Moore in Bicester Church, tool, states that his wife Agues was buried 
there also, but no allusion to her second marriage. 



S3 

Charles the 2 and \ also the boc/yes of Jvcleih his first wife and 
Robert his only son by the | Wisdome care and prvdence of 
the said Sr. Henry Chester the family | was restored and 
advanced and therefore his grateful nephev /sic J | Sr. A nth on ie 
Chester of Chicheley Baronet! hath consecrated this \ monu- 
ment to his memory as an eternal testimony of honovr \ love 
and thankfulnesse he dyed on the 30th ofdvly 1666." 

Over the tomb is a shield, carved in relief in stone and 
painted, of six quarters as under :— 

1. Three rams' heads erased arg. horned gu., within a 
bordure of the last. Chester. 

2. Ax. fretty arg,, a mullet for difference. Cave. 

3. Gu., three mullets arg. 

4. 8a., on a bend fleurie count er-ficurie or, three. . 

<TU. BrOMT EEETE. 
o 

5. Erm., on a bend arg. three ? dolphins' heads su. 
langued gu. 

(i. Arg., three? moorcocks a/., legged and beaked gu. 

Crest, a ram's head erased arg., horned or. 

f>th Nov., 1880, F. A. Blvvdes. 

EXTRACTS FROM THE PARI SIX REGISTERS. OF 
TILS WORTH. 

1653. Oct. 25. — John, sonnc" of Richard ffouler was 
borne. 

1650. Jan. 21. — Richard, so.nne of Richard fowler was 
borne. 

1650. Feb. 21.— Ellin, dahther of Richard ffouler was 
borne. 

1617. Feb. 0. — Mary, dahter of Richard ffouler uas 
borne. 



Si 

1660. Apl. 16. — Richard and Thomas, the sonnea of 
Richard ffowler was borne. 

Gathered for Mr. James Meivell's brief two shillings two 
pence. Henry Harrison's brief k 2s. 6d. The. Brice collector. 

Gathered for Luthiana 00—02 — 1. 

1657. — Richard, the somie of Richard ffowler deceased. 

1658. May 5. — Mary, the dahter of Richard ffowler 
deceased. 

1659. June 1. — Robert Chester, ye sunn of Henry 
Chester Esq-i*. Deceased ye .1 * day of June 1659. 

J 605. May ? — Richard fowler buryed. 
1666. Aug. 1. — S. Henry Chester was buryed the 1 day 
of August. 

1668. Oct. 25. — hennery, son of hennery fowler was 
bapt. 

1672. Dec. 31. — Sara, the da, of hennery ifouller was 
bapt. 

1673. Sept. 7. — Mary, the da. of Jasper hilyer was bapt. 
1673. Sept. 20.— Widdow ffouler was buryed. 

1(>7o. June 13. — Sara, ye da., of hennery ffonlcr was 
buryed. 

L()7(i. July '*)<>. — Sara <v_ Mary the daughters of Hennery 
tfoule.r was buryed. 

1678. Aug. 9. — Mary, the da. of Henry fowler was 
buryed in wollon. 

1 678. Nov. 17. — Mary, t he da. of Zacryas Gray was bapt. 

1679. Sept. 14. — Mary, the da. of Henry Fowler was 
bapt. 

1680. Aug. 1. — Mary, the da. of Henry fowler was 
buryed. 

1715. Oct. 14. — Richard ye s. of Joint & Ann Fowler 
Bur. 



85 



1716. Oct 30.— William, tlie son of William Varne}', 
Gent, and Katherine his wife bapt. 

1719. Oct. 20.— Sarah, wife of Riehd. ffowler of Dun- 
staple, Brazier, Buried. 

1719. Feb. 20.— Em. Tuckey, Da. of William Yarney, 
Gent, and Katherine his wife, Bapt. 

1721. Oct. 1C— Elizabeth, wife of Edward Kcrrell in 
ye Precincts of White Friers, London, was Buried. 

1721. Feb. 10.— Isaac Mayling, Gent. J'uiricd. 

1724. Apl. 16. — William Nichols of London, Grocer, 
and Elizabeth Tuckey of this Parish married. Licentifi. 

1724. Sept. 18. — Thomas Pren.tise, yeom. and Mary 
Tuckey, spinster married. Lica. 

1725. Apl. 27.— Tho. ffowler, Batchr. Buried. 

1726. Aug. 2. — George Yarney Labr. & Agnes Williams, 
spinster, both of this Parish married (Banns). 

1726. Nov. 27. — Catherine wife of Wm. Yarney, gent, 
o' Dunstable. 

1726. Dec: 2. — Jonas King o' London Buried. 

1727. Sept. L0. — Thomas Prentiss, yeom. buried. 
1727. Dec. 10. — Anne, wife of John Fowler Clarke was 

buried. 

1729. Dec, 9 — Charles Chester Ayre, Gent, buried. 

1730. Nov. 2. — John Fowler Clarke was buried. 

1.730. Mar. 1. —William Fowler of Ivinghoe Aston & 
Elizabeth Culverhouse of North all marr. 

1734. Jan. 4. — John Metcalf, a Butcher Iniried (he was 
found dead in the fields). 

1730. Apl. 4. — Mr. William Tuckey ye elder, buried. 

1730. Apl. 9. — Mr. Goldsmith of Luton and Lvlizabeih 
Lawrance of ye sd. parish, mar. p. L. 

• 1737. Gel, 2. — William Yarney $ Ann Koxou married, 



Sti 



1739. Dec. 5. — Elizabeth, wife of John fowler buried. 

1742. May 5. — Mr. John. Grier from London and Miss 
Ruth Grroomc of Dunstaple, married by J accuse. 

1716. May 20, — Mrs. Tuckey, widow buried from Tod- 
dington. 

1710. Oct. 30. — Jno. Fowler, and Alice Lawranee from 
Dunstaple married. 

1750. Aug. 20.— Mr. Richard Partridge, and Rebecc'ah 
Fowler both of Tilsworth, married by License. 

1700. Fob. 8. — Buried, Mr. William Tuckey. 

1763. Dec. 21.— John Fowler laid in the Churchyard. 

1787. Sept. 26. — Rev. Robt. Fawkner (dissenting 
Minister) A: Mary Ansted, by license. 

1768. Oct. 11. — Thomas Knight, & Mary Fowler both 
of this parish, by Banns. 

177o. Sept. 2. — William Fowler of the parish of Har- 
penden, in the County of Hartford, Batchelour, and Kran 
Gibbs spinster, of this Parish were uiar. by License. 

1770. Oct. 10. — Joseph Iremonger, of the Parish of 
Hempstead, in the County of Hertford, batehelor, & Mary 
Oney of the parish of Tilsworth, spinster, were mar. p. 
1 accuse, 

1782. Oct. 29. — Thou. Fain of the parish of Flitwick, & 
Alary Iremonger of this parish p. License. 

In the churchyard is a stone with the following remark- 
able inscription. It is an object of curiosity to all visitors, 
and probably has been frequently coined, though I have 
never yet seen it in print. ".Master" Ilorne, the old 
parish clerk, told me that; he was one of the first, if not 
the first, to discover the body of this unfortunate woman, 
whose identity has never to this day been discovered ; nor 
was the murderer ever discovered. It appears that the 



87 



murderer and his victmi were seen to walk in the direction 
of Blackgrove wood, which is within sight of Tilsworth 
Church. I have been told, however, that a man named 
Evestalfc confessed to the murder on his deathbed. He 
had been tried, I believe, on suspicion, but there being' no 
evidence to convict, be was acquitted. 

" This Stone was erected 

by subscription 
TO THE MEMORY OF 
A FEMALE UNKNOWN 
found murder'd In Blackgrove wood 
AUG. loth L821. 
Oh pause myiriends and drop a silent tear 
Attend, and learn why 1 was buried here 
Perchance some distant earth bad hid my clay 
1 f I'd outliv'd (he sad, (lie fatal day. 
To you unknown, my ease not understood 
From whence J came, or why in Blackgrove wood 
This truth's too clear and nearly all thai',- known 
1 there was murder'd ! and the villian's tlown 
May tiod, whose piercing eye pursues his (light 
Pardon the crime, but bring the deed to light. 

F. A. Bl.AYDKS. 

CURIOUS ENTRIES IN P APISH REGISTERS 
(ii, (SI). 

The following extracts are from the Registers of 
Houghton Conquest, ami from (he (juaintness are worthy 
of publication. 

" Thomas Bullord clerk of the parish of II ought on dyed 
the 3 of April 1626 in the evening on w'eh night the 
church was Robbed the thcVes broke in at the window of 



88 



ye church and with an Iron Coulter they brake up the 
vestrie Dore and did steak' and carye away A new surplesa 
and abnnes diaper cloth, vsed for the communion table and 
they brake up two locks of the poores mans box and 
carried away suche mony as tliey found in (he Boxe." 

George Abrey slayne by Rich. Elkynburyed 0 Januarie 
1G08. 

Mem. — That an agreement was made in the year 1725 
between Dr. Zachary Grey Hector of Houghton Conquest 
and the parishioners of Houghton aforesaid that the said 
Dr. Zachary Grey shall not. for the future be under any 
obligation whatsoever to keep either a Bull or a Boar. 

The seuerall inscriptions upon the live old bells were as 
followeth : — 

1. Sr. Edmund Conquest, Si-, ffrancis Clarice, Mr. Thomas 
Archer, Mr. Thomas Audio) l(>o ; >. 

2. Lord Ailslmry, Lord Ashburnham, Bcucdt. Conquest 
Esq., Thomas Armstrong Esq., Ktheldreda ( kmquest, Henry 
Pearee, Thomas Impey. 

o, A \ e Maria ! t 1 ratui Plena ! 

4. Vive diu sed vivo Dei, Deus omnia videt, 1 026. 

5. The Trinity have mere}' upon me. Margaret Con- 
(j uest. 

Trinitata Sacra hat hac Campana beata. 

These live bells were run into six by Thomas Russell of 
Wooton in the year L724. 

An. Doni. 162 a [the great plague.] 

Buried in the 1)7 parrisshes with in thewallsof the ci tie 
of London of all deseased 14340 wherof the plague— !iH)7. 

Thomas Archer person of Houghton gave Ten Pounds 
to the making of a Ifyfl Belle in Anno Dom. 1620, A prill's 
prime. 



so 



Mr. Beverly look posot'on of the Church of Houghton 
Conquest and Rouge his Bells the 7th day of Jim being 
wisson Sunday. 

The following are from the MSS. of the Rev. Thomas 
Archer sometime Rector of Houghton Conquest. 

"The Prayer of the Chiirche of Houghton." 
0 Lord Blesse all .such with longe life, health, Joye, and 

Rest 

That gi ues ought. to the Church, the high wayes and the 

poore man's Chest 
0 Lord glue them plentye, peace, and spending 
And J leaven Blisse at their ending. Amen. Amen. 

God loueth a cherefull gever 
111 Tithers ill Thrivers 
pay Cod's part first 
and not of 1 he woarst. 

Memorandum. — That in Anno 1625 one B.onion of Elsto 
and u other Y chjiuiiiyc ol' Rookes neasls in the Bery wood 
lVound o Rookes in a nest all white as milke and not a 
black fether on t]iem ther bills wer while ther il'eete read, 
and. one of these rookes Sr. Kdmond Conquest kept alyve 
and 'another of them was given to Mr. Leigh of Cad well by 
Bedford. F. A. B. 

Obits. — The following notes arc taken from the MSS. 
collections of the Rev. Thomas Archer, sometime Rector 
of Houghton Conquest, and are headed — "A commemora- 
tion of the names of worth ic persons deseased with the just 
tyme when many of them, dyed." I have selected those 
relating to this county : — 



90 

fo. 55)1). Thomas Archer borne in St. Edmunds Burie 
12 Aug. 1554. 

fo. 60. Gulielrnus Conquest, gener. nlius Joannte obijt 
15 Decembris 1591. (The date in the Parish Register is 
25 Bee. 1502;. 

Etheldreda Conquest uxor prefati Gulielmi obijt 7°. die 
februarij 1501 (1592 in Register). 

Obijt Iieni'icus Birch do Maldean, gener. die Mart-is 
Januarij 29. Anno dom; 1508. 

Obijt Domina Isabella RatlifTc de Elstow, die marcurij 
octabo Maij vigilia Ascentionis .Domini Saluatoris hora 
prima post meridiem Eiusdem diei me presente Anno Dom : 
1504, Reg. ReginaQ Elizab. tricesimo sexto, concion' habita 
per me Thorn: Arch;, Text — 27 Math., vers 57 ''And 
when the evening was come (Iter cam a Jii*-h ma 1 of jLrimathia 
named Joseph " — vt'sequiter. 

Hi chard us Conquest fact us miles in Anno 1603, Anno 
primo R. Jacohi. 

Obijt Robertas Ilewet, goner, de Milbrook 12 die Junij, 
et seprdtus erat apud Amphill 18 Junij, Anno ICQ] con- 
cione hub. p. mo Tlvo : Archer, Text — 1.8 Math., vers 23, 

Obijt Maria Ilewet, gener. vxor Gulielmi Huot de jNLil- 
brook, Armig. Septimo die Junij, Anno dom: 1602. 

Mr. Richard Duncoinbe, gent., a- wortliie sea captayne 
was buryed. in Houghton Chancel 13february, Anno Dom : 
.16.13 ; concione habita p. me T. A. 

fo. 60b. Obijt Magister Edmondus Ilewet, Rector 
ecclesiie de Maldean in Com : Bed : decimo quinto die 
Septemb : Anno Dom : 1507, Reg : Elizabeth 30 ; concion' 
lunch' ibi habita p. me The : Archer ; Text — cap 55 Isay, 
vers 6, " Take the Lord while he may be fownde." 

Obi jt Magister Johannes Hammond, Rector Ecclesiie de 



91 



Maldean, in comit : Bkl : 23 februarij, Anno Dom : 1003, 
Regis Jacobi primo ; concione habita p. me Tho : Archer; 
Text — Luke 3, vers 9, " The axe is note layd to the roote of 
the Trees" 

Obijt Mr. Thomas Glover, Rector Eeclesise de Maldean, 
in com : Bedf : , 30 die Deeemb : , L611, Regis Jacobi 
Nono ; Text — Math. 9, of Jayrus' daughter raysed from 
death to lyfc. 

Obijt Magister Edwardus Snagg, Rector de Marston 
Moiirton, in Com : Bed : , 3 die Junij., in vigilia Pentecost 
Anno Dom; 1508, Regina) Elizab : Quadragesimo ; con- 
cione ibi hab't 5 p. me Tho : A.; Texl — " cupio dissolui et 
esse cum Chris to." 

Obijt Mr. Thomas Aldrich, vicarins eoclcsia) de Wil- 
shamstead, vicossimo septimo die maij, Anno Dom: 1598, 
Regime Elizabeth Quadragesimo; concion' habit- p. me 
Tho: Archer; Text — 3 genes' " In the sweat of tide face 
shalt ye eat Tliye Bread till thou retourne to the y earth out of 
the ivch. thou wcrt taken, because ye art dust Sf to dust shalt 
ye vclourne" 

Obijt Mr. JNoke, vicariusde Bedford pauli, July 3, 1600 ; 
concione ibid' p. me Tho: Arch:; Text — John 5. " Sy u 
no more least a worse thing com to the" 

Obijt Venerabilis vir, Magister Jacobus Bill, Rector de 
Sutton, quondam vieemagistr 5 collegij Trinitat' in Can- 
tabrg : ct mei amicissimus, 27 die Septembris, Anno Dom : 
1600; concione liabita apud Sutton p. me Thorn : Archer; 
Text — "27 Matthew vers 57, of Joseph of Ariinathia burring 
the bodie of Christ. 

Obijt Magister Rogerus Hudson, vir do Coople, 3 die 
Januarij, 1007; concione ib'm habit 5 p. me Tho: Arch; 
Text— 1 Cor, cap. 15, vers 51, 11 We shall not all dye but 



9^ 

we shall all be changed m cupiomcnt on the T winding of an 
Eijer 

Obijt Magister Ricliardus Reynar, Rector de. Mepsall, 
in Com : Bcdf : , .19 Septemb : , Aimo Dom : 1613 ; coil- 
cione ib'm habita p. me Thorn : Archer ; Text — Cor. 9, 
" Sic ciiri'ite lit convprehendatis" In anIiosu place I suc- 
ceeded person, presented ther vnto by out' Soueragne Lord, 
Xing James, my most gratious Lord, and 1 his most vn- 
worthy Chaplaine ; And I was Instituted in to the Redone 
of Mepsall in November, Anno : 1613. 

Obijt ]\Ir. William Stoner, Rector de Asplye ' Guics in 
Comit : Bedf : , septiino die Septemb :, Anno dom : 1617 ; 
concione ibi habita ]). me Tho : Arc : Text — 2 Sam., cap. 
14, vers 14, "for we must needes due and we ar an water 
spilt in the ground tech. cannot be gathered vp agayne." 

Obijt Mr. Ilumphredus Moror, Rector do Maldcan, in 
Comit: Bedford : 27 Deccmbris, Anno dom : 16.14. 

Mr. Ricliardus Leueroek, vicarius do Wotton, obijt .16 
die Deceinbris, Anno dom: 1599; concione habita p. me 
T. Ar: , Tc\t — Acts 7, " ford lag not this bpmie into ther 
charge. And aoe he fell asleepe" 

fo. 61. Obi j t Magister Nathaniel Gilbie, Magister llos- 
pilij S'ti Johannis in Bedford, 8 July, apud London, Anno 
Dom: 1616. 

Obijt venerabilis. vir, Magister Thomas Brightnian, 
diuini verbi sincerus concionator. Rector do Ilawns in 
('omit: Bedford, 21 die Augusti, Anno Dom: 1607, at 
whose funeral! preached Mr. I). Buckley. This Mr. 
Brightman died most sudden^ being well and dead in less 
then a quarter of an hour. In his life tyme lie writ a 
learned conimentarie of the Reualation of St. John, also he 
writ vpon Rcclesiastes, & the cantikles. 



03 

Obijt Magister Griiliejmus Sage, Hector do Toddington, 
in Com : Bedf. : publicus verbi dci concionator, Sexto die 
August i, Anno Dom : 1598, ot Regni Regime Elizabeth 
Q.uadragesimo. 

Obijt Mr. Eobertus Eislie de Wilshamstead, 19 August 
1623. 

Obijt Mr. Nathaniel Kitchiner, Rector de Gravenhurst, 
1G die Novcmbris, Anno dom : 1621. 

fo. 62b. j\lr. John Marburie, of Warden, Esquiar, was 
buried at Warden the 5 day of September, Anno Dom: 
1615, in whose place, some Twentie Two yeeres before, I 
preached at the Buria] of his worthie father, Mr. Thomas 
Marberie, Seargant of the pantrie to Queen Elizabeth. 
Text — Hebrews, cap. 9, vers 27, " It is appointed into (ill 
■man that they shall once dye, and after that com met h the 
judgment" 

Obijt Venerabilis vir, Richardus Conquest senior, Miles 
Indubitatus patrohus de Houghton, 28 Novembris, Anno 
dom : 1617 ; coneione habita per me Thomam Archeri die 
solemni/ationis eius fcuneris, 18 deeemb : Text — 32 of 
Deutronomiej vers 29,." Oh that men wear iri.se, Then 
would the// inderstand this and they would consider ther latter 
end." This Sr. Richard was buried in the Tom.be in the 
chaunchell wher his wife had beene Buried before in 
Anno 1602, Maij 7. 

fo. 62b. Obijt Mr. Johannes Leigh de Cawdwcll, prope 
Bedford, Armiger, 25 die Marti j, Anno dom. 1620. 

Obijt Mr. Willielmus Ilewet de Milbrooke, Armiger, 19, 
die Marti j, Anno dom. 1620. Obijt Anno ifttatis Nona- 
gesimo Tertio. 

Obijt rionorat : dom : Ilenricus Comes Cantirc, 31 
Jan uar ij apud Wrest inter horas 5 et 6 po' meridiem, 



04 



Anno Dom : 1614, Reg : Real's Jacobi duodecimo Anglian, 
(videfol. 44 6.) 

Obijt Horiorut : Dom : Carolus Gray, Comes Gantiao, 27 
Septembris, apud Blonham, inter horas 10 et 11 nieridia' 
Anno dom: 1623, Anno Regni Regis Jacobi Anglice 
vicessimo primo* lie dyed on Satterday. 

Obijt Magister Robertas Rislie, vicarius do Wilsliam* 
stead, 19 Augusti, Anno dom : 1623. 

Obijt Magister Thomas Anscell de Barford, Armiger, 29 
Augusti die Veneri hora seeunda auto meridiem, in Anno 
L623, Reg: Regis Jacobi vicesimo prime. 

Obijt Edwardus Fisher, gencr : , de Ampliill, 20 March 
1022. 

Obijt domina Susanna Loiigdeville, vxor Micluel Londe- 
ville, militis, qnao fuit filia Caroli Comitis Gantiie, in die 
s't;e Lucioo, 13 decemb : An: dom : 1620. Buried at 
Blonham. 

£o. 63 b. Richard Conquest was twice high shrieve 
of the Countie of Bedford, videlic' 19 Regime Elizabeth, 
et anno tlie 39 of Elizabeth, and lie was knighted in Anno 
. 1603. 

Mr. George Roderam of Summaris in Bedf shire, 
Esquiar, John Dyve of Bromham, Esquiar, Nicholas Luke 
of Coople, Esquiar, and William Boteler of Bidcnham, 
Esquiar, the 4 worthie gentleman wber in ther Tymes 
twice high shrieves in Bedfordshire. 

Sir Edmond Conquest, Knight, was high shrieve of 
Bedfordshire in Anno dom : 1618, Reg : Regis Jaeobi 
decimo sexto. 

Lewis Dyve the sonne of Mr. John Dyve of Bromham, 
Esquiar, was borne the forth day of November, being 
Soneday, and was baptized the xxvth of November, being 



05 



St. Catherine's day, Anno dom : 1599, Resmi Reffinte 
Elizabeth Quadragesima seeundo. Sponsores, Doniinus 
Oliuerus St. John, Dom : de Bletsoe et Eranciscus Good- 
win, Armiger, qui Representauit sine deputatus erat 
Horioratisimi Domini Dom : G rey de Wilton, et Magistra 
Boteler do Bidnam, substitus Honor atissimoo Domi-nte 
Couaitissfc de Warwick. Concione habita tune temporis 
apud Bromham, p. me Thomam Archeram. 

Charles Conquest, filius Edmund i Conquest, Militis, 
Katua 4 die Septeinboris, baptizatus 14 die Septembris 
1615. Sponsores habuit Carolina Comitem Caiitia), 
Richardus Conquest, militem, senioreni, et dominam 
Cheanie, uxorem Thomie Cheanie, militis. 

fo. 64. Sir Edmond Wilde, Knight, and Mistris 
Dorothie Gierke were married the 28 of Juno, Anno 1017, 
Reo'iii Regis Jacobi decimo Quinto. 

Edmond Wilde, the sonne of Sir Edmond Wylde, 
Knight, was borne the 10th day of October, being Satter- 
day, in the afternoone, and was baptized the 29 of October, 
Anno dom : JOIN, Beg. Regis Jacobi decimo sexto. 
Sponsores, Edmondus Conquest, Miles, Eranciscus Gierke, 
Armiger, et Judith Conquest, generosa. 

fo. 07 b. Obijt Thomas Hillarsdean de Amphiil, Miles, 
19 Junij, Anno dom: 1623, Anno Regis Jacob: Vicesimo 
primo. J iuried at Els toe, by Bedford. 

Obijt Mr. h'rancisous Nicols of the great parke, the 
vjth of September, Anno dom : 1021. Sepultus apud 
Amphiil. 

Obijt Mr. Christopherus Wilson, yicarius do hawns, 
publicus vcrbi Dei predicator, 29 of September, Anno 
dom: 1024. 

Obijt Yenerabilis vir, Ilumphrodus Winche, miles, 



96 



vims Justitiarum Regis,, ad placida aiidienda et determi- 
nanda, Quarto die ffebruarij, Anno doni.: 1624, dominus 
Regis Jacobi Angliae, ffranc :, et hibernii vicesimo secundo. 

Mr. ffrancis dillingham, preacher, and minister of Will- 
dean departed this life the 25th of ffebruarie, Anno dom : 
1624. 

Obijt venerabilis vir, Mr. Nieholans Ilidde, Miles, 
Vicesimo die Marti j, anno dom : 1624, apud A liberie in 
comitatu 1 [arfordie. 

fo. 68 b. Sir ffrancis Clerke was high, shrive for the 
Countie of Bedford in a part of anno Dom : 1623 And in 
a part of 1624, and Kinge jeames king of great Rrittano, 
fraunce, And Ireland being this yeore in his progress in 
Bedford shire graced him with the degree of knighthood 
1624, in July. 

fo. 69 b. Obijt Venerabilis vir, Tliomas Snagg, Miles 
de Marston Mourton, quinto die ffebruarij, Anno dom: 
1626, et anno Regis Caroli Secundo. This knight dis- 
inherited his eldest sonne, Mr. Thomas Snagg, in his lyfe 
t Vine. 

Obijt venerabilis vir, n'raneiscus Ventris, Mites, de 
Campton, deeimo Tertio. die Marti j, Anno Dom : 1 G2(i, et 
Anno Regis Caroli Secundo. This knight also is reported, 
before his death, to have disinherited his eldest sonne, Mr. 
ffrancis Ventris. 

Mr. Lewys Leigh of Cawdwell in Bedford, Esquiar, 
departed this lyfe the 26 of June, Anno dom : 1629. 

Mr. Thomas Awdley, the youger, sonne and here vnto 
Mr. Thomas Awdley, Esquiar, and eounceler at the law, 
departed this Lyfe the 29 of Aprill 1680 and was buryed 
in the chauncell of Houghton the 30 of Aprill 1630. 
This Thomas Awdley, the younger, M as borne the -J day 



!)7 



of december, anno Dom ; I'D 04, Regni Regis J acobi secundo 
(vide f 61. 64a hoc libvo): 

Mr. John Smith of Bromham, eommissarie and official 
ifor the Archdeaconry both of Bedford as also Buck'amshire 
departed this lyfe at his howse, called Baynards Castle in 
london, the Tenth day of Aprill, Anno dom : 1630. 

Sir Henry Astry of Ilarlinton in the County of Bed : 
Knight, departed this the 25 of Aprill, Anno dom : 1630. 

Mr. ffrancis Raulinson, person of Toddington in Bed- 
fordshire departed this lyfe the xvjth of August in Anno 
Dom : 1630. 

Mr. Michael Grigg, a Draper in London, was this yeare, 
1630, high shrive for Bedfordshire, 

fo. 70 b. Mistris Jane Conquest, daughter of Sr. 
Edmond Conquest, Knight, departed this lyfe (lie xiiijth 
of September, Anno dom ; 1.630. 

Sr. Edward Gostwick of Willington, in tin 1 Coimtie of 
Bedford, Knight, and Baronet, departed this liefe at his 
howse in Willington the 20 of September, in Anno dom : 

1630. 

fo. 71. Sr. ffrancis Clerke was married to M. Anne 
Concpiest the 26 of Novembr. 101)3. 

Sr. Edmond Wylde & the Ladie Dorothie Conquest 
were married the 23 of June 1617. 

Emond Wyld, Esq., borne the 10th of October, being 
Sa.tterday, in the after noone, and was baptized the 24 of 
October, 1618. 

Sr. Edmond Conquest high shrieve, 1618. 

Richard Conquest, the sonne of Si'. Edmond, was borne 
the 26 of September, 1597, which is 66 yeares since. 

For permission to make these interesting extracts 1 have 
to thank the Rector of Houghton Conquest, the Rev. E. 



98 

Bowling, in whoso custody the Archer MSS. arc, who very 
kindly afforded me every facility for so doing'. 

F. A, Blaydes. 

LEIGHTON BUZZARD.— In searching over the , 
parish registers of Draughton, Co. Northampton, last week 
I came across a spelling of the above name, which is now 
to me. The subjoined extracts arc an example : — 

"William Seayre, of Laighton debuzard in ye County 
of Bedford and Alice Orpin* daughter of John Orpin and 
Margaret his wife were marryed the third day of ffebruarie, 
1643." 

u Hannab Seaire daughter of William Scare of Laighton 
debuzard and of Alice Lis wife was^ baptised the second 
day of Janu'arie, J (i l l/ 5 

Buzzard is, of course, a. corruption of Beaudesert, the 
etymon of which is beau (isxart, Norman French for a line 
or largo clearing, a term generally applied to a piece of 
land reclaimed from a forest and brought into cultivation; 
and to con firm this it appears that in the time of 
William I. Leigh ton was situated in the midst of a large 
forest. That the nana 1 is at h ast nearly GOG years old is 
proved by an entry 1 had the opportunity of seeing 
recently in a MS. parchment volume, formerly belonging 
to the. Diocesan Registry of Lincoln, but now preserved 
in University Library, Cambs. It is there spelt under 
date lot'*.) in contemporary writing " Ley gh tone Busard." 
Of the many ways of spelling this name, 1 certainty think 
" Beaudesert " the best, as it conveys some idea of the 
meaning and derivation of the nana;, the corruption 
" Buzzard is both ngly and misleading. F. A. B. 

* This Alice Orpin was doubtless da. of John Orpin, Kector of 
Praugliton, who was buried Feb. 17, 1656. 



99 

CURIOUS EHTIII«PS m PARISH REGISTERS 
(ii, 61 ; iii, 87). 

1058, Nov. 14. — Thomas Matthew died the 12 ill day of 
November and was buried the 14th day of November 1G08 
in his garden Late taken out of his orchard. 

1603, Oct. 8. — Ann White widow buried in thequakers' 
burying place by Edmund White, ye Anabaptist contrary 
to law, 

1603, March 13.— Gidielmus Shakespeare de Fancot, 
sepultus erat. 

1719, Dec. 31. — William Norman put in ye ground, 
being an Anabaptist. 

1725, March 21. — Bernard Stoniford, Bricklayer hurl'd 
into a grave. 

1727, A ug. 30. Harris, Widd. hurl'd into ye ground. 

1727, Jan. i). — Olney's child hurl'd. into ye ground. 

1728, A ug. 20. — Mary Shaw, Widdow, hurl'd into ye 
ground. 

1730, May 25.— -James son of a young w who lodges 

at John WatiTs's at llerno. She calls herself by ye name 
of Mary Arnold & sais ye name of ye child's Father is 
John Deverill. I am told they both came from Winslow 
in ye County of Bucks or thereabout. 

1737, Jan. 20. — Ann, 1) ater of Alary ye wife of John 
Quaringdon wo * thought fit to get marry' d to one Daniel 
Search Sc burying him is now marry'd as is said to one 
Samuel Burton by whom she has this Dater Ann Baptis'd 
Jan. 20. Her .Husband John Quaringdon now living in 
ye Towne. 

.1738, May 29. — John, a male child laid and found in a 
Neighbour's cart conditionally baptis'd — this child is about 
6 months old. 



TOO 

1743, June 17. — r Elizabeth, daughter of John & Jane 
Willison of Hem Daryman, Baptised. N.B. — This child 
lias 5 compleal fingers on ye right hand beside ye Thumb. 

1701, Sept. 6. — Samuel Harris hurl'd into the ground. 

"17(.)0, June 7. — Isabella Louisa Grimaldi, an infant, 
baptis'd. 

(The ahove f from Toddington Registers, appeared in Notes 
& Queries, 5th 8. XII. 85). 

1684, July 29.— Buried, Edith, the beautifull da. of 
Bub. and Ann Jefferey. (Turvey Registers). 

1761, Dee. 16. — John Mawbey, Publican and Sinner, 
buried. (Ilarrold Registers). 

1609, June 2!). — John Sylvester, the sonne of a Boaging 
Woman who sayd she had a husband called John Syl vester, 
bap. 

1762, Aug. 3. — Thomas Bailey, shoemaker, buried, died 
mad, occasioned by the bite of a mad dog. (Odell 
Registers), 

(These four extracts are from the History of the, Willey 
Hundred, by )] r . Marsh Harciaj). 

1671, Dec. 17. — llenery Wood, chyrurgeon of Ridge in 
Hertfordshire was buried who died at the Cock being a 
nnm was buried Jan. 4, 1672. 

1706, Dec. 23.— Elizabeth, a child found at the sign of 
the George, bapt. buried Feb. 3. 

1728, March 23. — John Cotton Esq. (a gentleman yt 
died upon ye Bead) was bur. (Ilocklift'e Registers.) 

1538. — The iij daye of februarij in the yeare aforesayde 
was Buried the brotherhed p'sto of houghton Begis named 
Richard Whyt. 

1539. — The V day of Aprill was buried Mary Why- 
chyrehe Widdowe sit (? sith) time going from door to 



101 

doore Asking tlie charitie & Almes of people for Christes 
sake. 

1541, May xviii. was a man buried come out of Bullayne. 

1549, Nov : the 25 day was buried a mayde yt dyed by 
the way soddenly. 

1559, The 25 day of July was buried one that wente by 
ye way (i.e. <i vagrant). 

1571, Dee. 20 was buried a Nurse child named Anny. 

1573, The .23 day [ ] w as buried a wenche named 

Elizabeth win was going- to Wales & dep. at t'house at 
Wra, J >ynes. 

1074, The 13 day of Marchc was buried a young man 
foundc slayne at Puddell Brydge wth his legs bounde and 
sore wounded upon bis lied and face and was named at bis 
buriall John. 

1667, Memorandum yt when Mr. Brandreth was ap- 
pointed to sit in ye seat where the coat of amies bangs on 
ye wall It was not intended to exclude Mr. Hocklif nor 
bis successors from .-it Ling there with Mr. Brandreth. 

1672, March 1. — John Melmoth interr'd sine fustis. 

1771, .July 5.— .Mrs. Proctor who was unfortunately 
kil'cd in the Manchester Masheen (? coach) below Chalk 
Hill. 

1788, March 2. — John Weeselbe (Lord Lonsdale's 
Huntsman at Puddle Hill). {Houghton Regis Registers.) 

1736, Jan. 16. — Othello, a black servant to the lit : 
Honble: Lady Howe and about the age of 12 years was 
baptized. 

(Battlesdcn Registers.) 

1760, Dec. 4.— Bury'd Master Toby. 

1773, May 8. — Baptized, Bedford a Negro Boy aged 
about thirteen years. ( Sircatley Registers.) F. A B. 



" Husband of." In the History of 1 lie Willey Hundred, 
8.v. Odell page 372, 1 note that on the tombstones the men 
are described as husbands of their wives; ex. r/r., Edw. 
Coleman, husband of Frances, &c. Can anyone tell me if 
this custom is prevalent ? I have only noted one instance, 
and that is at Tot tern hoe. F. A. B. 

Old Postal Arrangements. — in the appendix to the 
5th Report of the Royal Commission on Historieal Manu- 
scripts is the following, which I give as showing what the 
postal arrangements were two .centuries ago. 

On the cover of a letter. — "The respective postmasters 
on the road to Wolverhampton are required to forward 
(his letter with all possible diligence 1 as they will answer 
the contrary, it being for his Majesty's special service, 
Whitehall, 12th Jan. I6?|, 9 at night, hast, hast, post hast. 
"Monmouth." — Received in Barbycan past 10 at night, 
Dorothy Askew. — Then come notes of its Inning been 
received ai 12 at night.— At St. Albans 1.0 in the morning. 
—At Dunstaple at about 5. — At Briekhill at 8. — At 
Daventry past J .—At Coleshill at 8." F. A. B. 



COOPER MSS.-— In page 520 of the History of the 
Willey Hundred, Mr. Harvey states that the above MSS. 
were purchased in 1817 by Sir Gregory Osborn Page- 
Turner, Bart, from Mr. Thomas Fisher for the sum of 
£200. Is the whereabouts of these MSS. now known? 
They may have been included in the sale at Battlesdcn in 
Dec. 1823, but as I have not a catalogue of that sale I 
cannot speak for certain. I should be glad it anyone 



103 



possessing a catalogue of ^ ha t: sale would kindly lend it to 
me, or I should bo glad to purchase a copy. 

F. A. Blaydes. 

D U N STA B L E -01 JITIJARY. 

In going through the "Annates Prioratus de Dunstajolia" 
(Vol. iii. of the "jinnahs Monastiei" published under the 
direction of the Master of the Rolls, 1806) I have noted n 
great many "obits" <\c., some of which, marked with an 
asterisk, being of local interest may prove useful to the 
genealogist, historian, &c. I give the dates as recorded, 
and cannot answer for their being in all cases Correct. 

R A. 11 

1204. G[odefridus de Lucy], Bishop of Winchester. 

SufTredus, Bishop of Chester. 

Alienor, Mother of the King. 
3205. Geoffry de Caueei, in September. 

* Thomas, formerly Prior of Dunstaplc. 

Hubert, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Savarious, Bishop of Bath. 

1206. William, Bishop of Lincoln, in the month of May. 
Henry, Bishop of Exeter. 

1207. Simon, Bishop of (hosier. 
Robert, Archdeacon of Huntingdon. 

1208. Walterus, Archbishop of Rothomagc-usis. 
Philip, Bishop of Durham. 

Geoffrey, Bishop of Coventry. 

(Adam), Abbot of Chertsey ; (Robert de Reading), 

Abbot of Ramsey. 
(Robert de Melun), Abbot of Malmesbury ; and 

(Eustace), Abbot of Eynesham. 



104 



1210. (Roger do Lacy ^Constable of Chester. 
* Robert tie Brayorook. 
William, son of Alan, (fill us Alani.) 
Robert Brown, & Adam Malberbe died at Rokesac 

and buried there. 
Geoffrey of Norwich, seized at Dunstaplc by 
("William do Longespee) Karl of Salisbury, 
imprisoned at Bristol and died there. ■ 
1210. Malgerus,. Bishop of Worcester. 

1212. * John of Studham. 

Walter the cellarer was killed. 

(Ilelias), Abbot of Reading, in the month of July. 

1213. Gilbert (do Glanvill), Bishop of Rochester. (Some 

authorities (jive the date as the 24/// June, 1214J 
John, Abbot of St. Albans. 
— prior do Ilerford. 
— ■ Abbess of Elstow. 
(Sarah do Walebar), Abbess of Barking. 
John, Bishop of Norwich, ob. in Pivtaria. His 

bones were conveyed to his cathedral. 
II ugh de Gournay, niortuus est in Victuria. 

1214. *Huoh de Bovcs of Iloimhton, submersus est. 

Eustace (Archdeacon of Richmond, Treasurer of 
York, and Dean of Salisbury), Bishop of Ely. 

Geoffrey de Mandeville (Earl of Essex), ludendo 
pei-cmsit. 

(Isabel) widow of Geoffrey de Mandeville m. 
Hubert de Burgh, and dying a few days after 
was buried at Canterbury. 

1215. Oct, 10, John, King of England, died tit Newark 

and was buried in Worcester Cathedral, between 
the bodies of St. Oswald and St. Wulstan. 



105 

* — Count of Perch e, at the battle of Lincoln. 
Eustace, the Monk, killed at Canterbury. 

1216. * John cle Wohille. 

Alardus, Dean of St. Paul's, London. 
Giles, (de Braose), Bishop of Hereford (suce. by 
Hugh, the Dean). 

1217. Sylvester, Bishop of Worcester, Mice, by William, 

Archdeacon of Buckingham. 

1218. * John of Houghton made Archdeacon of Bedford on 

the dea tli of Alexander. 
Otho (IV.), Emperor of Germany. 
(Eudes III.), Duke of Burgundy, 
At Damietta, M agister Thomas de Noyun, Magister 

Alexander de Can t tin, et magister Radulfus de 

Bondebury. 
Simon de Montfort, at the seigc of Toulouse. 
Robert de Gaugi, at St. Neots, "infernali igne per- 

1219. Hugh (de Mapenore), Bishop of Hereford, succ. by 

llugh Koliot. 
* William Marshal, in thi' month of May. 
Nemericus (Aimcry de S. Mauro), Master of the 

Temple in England, buried at the IMew Temple. 
At Damietta, the Earl of Winchester, & B(ald"\yin) 

de Yehr. 

1220. Adam, Dean of Salisbury. 

(Saier de Quinci), Earl of Winchester. 
Baldwin de Yer (vide supra). 
(Thomas), Abbot of St. James, Northampton. 
(Alexander), Abbot of St. Augustine's, Canterbury. 
Guy, brother of Simon de Montfort, killed by (he 
Albigenses. 



10G 



Simon (do Mont fort) -ki lied at the seige of Toulouse 
(vide supra, sub. an. 12.18J. 

* Peter do Nerbonne (of Scyenhoe) . 

1:221. Philip do Ulecote, Seneschal, diod at Etampes. 

(William do Albini), Earl of Arundel diod in I taly, 
his bones were brought over to, and buried at 
Wymundham. 
Ulian do Cheinde. 

Magister Johannes, Archdeacon of Oxford. 
1222. Earl Robert do Wer. 
*Eohesia do Wahul. 
Hubert do Burgh marries Margaret, da. of William 

the Lion. 
Guariniis, dean of Berkhampsted. 
Matilda do Say. 

William, Abbot of Westminster. 
Robert, Abbot of Burgh. 

Thomas, Prior of (Morton), & Walter, Prior of 
Morton. 

(BaniOlphus, Bishop of Chester. 

* (Walter Loring), Abbat of Malmcsbury. 
*. . . d Pirot. 

* William of Studham. 
*IIugh, (Hector) of Toddington. 

(Adam, Abbot of Melrose) murdered by the Earl 
Caithness. 

122;]. Constantino Fitz-Athuli, hanged. 

(Simon of Apulia), Bishop of Exeter. (Recorded 
■ ! twice — pp. 79, 80.) 

(William of Cornhill), Bishop of Coventry. 
(Hugh), Bishop of Carlisle. 
(Matthew), Abbot of Bardeney. 



107 



* William of Stodham (vide supra, sub. an. 1222). 
Brother Richard Brown. 

Philip (Augustus), King of France, at St. Denis. 

William, Bishop of Coventry. 

Ralf TIarcng, J udge. 

Half, Abbot of Westminster. 

Roger de Ash burn c. 
1224. Fawkcs de Breaute dies at St. Ciriac. 

(William de Albini), Earl of Arundel. 
122"). * William Marshal, jun., marries (Eleanor), sister of 
Henry III. 

John (de Fontibus, Abbot of Fountains, co. York), 
Bishop of Ely, succ. by the Archdeacon of 
Norwich. 

*E . . ., Prior of Ncweidiam, succ. by Hcrvey, 
Prior of Oseney. 
(William), Prior of St, Ncots. 

, Prior of Huntingdon. 

, Prior of Sucre. 

Hugh Bigod, Earl (of Norfolk) , whose wife (Maud, 
da. of William Marshal, E. of Pembroke), im- 
mediately m. (William) Earl Warren. 
John de Boville. 

Robert Ferrars (? Wi E. of Derby). 

Prior of Risselep. 

Theobald de Waloines. 

Sr. Roger de Cantilupe, Kt., convicted of treason, 

and hanged. 
Englebcrt, Archbishop of Cologne, murdered. 
1226. (William de Longespee) Earl of Salisbury. 
Richard, Bishop of Durham. 
(Simon), Abbot of Reading. 



108 



Pandulf, Bishop df Norwich, succ. by Magister 

Thos. do Flam vi lie. 
(Hugh), Abbot of St. Augustine's, Canterbury. 
(Alexander do Holdernesse), Abbot ofBurgh. 
(Louis VIII.) King of France, dies at Auvergne. 
(William do Joinville), Archbishop of Rheims. 
(Guy II.), Earl of St. Paul's. 

Benedict, Bishop .of Rochester (Bur. Dec. 21), succ. 
by Henry (do Sandford), Archdeacon of Can- 
terbury. 

* Magister John of Luton, John of Linley, and Wil- 
liam de Mandeville. 

1227. March 25. Honorius III., Pope. 

Raymond de Burgh, nephew (nepos) of Hubert de 
Burgh., Earl of Kent marries (Christiana widow 
of Wm. de Mandeville, Earl of Essex) ; and his 
da, Margaret de Burgh marries (Richard de 
Clare), eldest sou of the Earl of Gloucester. 

* John de Tattenhulle, (? Totternhoe). 

1228. Stephen (Langton) Archbishop of Canterbury. 
■ Abbot of Bittlesden. 

*Nich<>]as, I)ean of Luton. 

* Simon Passelaw. 
*Eichard Pirot. 
*John de Hyde. 

Simon — anachorita. 

1229. Eustace, Bishop of London, succ. by Roger Niger. 
G(eoffrey) Bishop of Ely, succ. by Hugh (de Burgh 

de Northwold), Abbot of St. Edmond's(bury). 

* Alexander, Prior of Cauldwell, succ. by William, 
Osbert, Abbot of Leicester. 

Abbot of Welbeek. 



109 



(Henry of London), Archbishop of Dublin, suce. 
by Henry, the King's Treasurer. 

1230. (Gervase), Bishop of St. David's, 

William do Braose, taken and hanged by Llewellyn, 

, Prior of Chaucombe, sacc. by — : 

Prior of Oseney. 
William de Whitchurch, and Richard de Stanford. 
(Gilbert de Clare) Earl of Gloucester. 
Raymond de Burgh. 
Maurice de Gaunt. 
Nigel de Mowbray. 

1231. Richard (Grant) Archbishop of Canterbury, at 

Rome. 
* William Marshall. 
*IIugh de Steppingley. 

William de Sauniur. {? Somerics) 

Reginald, Archdeacon of Middlesex. 

William de Mu scamp, Archdeacon of Derby. 

Hugh, Abbot of Ramsey. 

Waller de I lidun. 

William de London, King's Justice. 
Ralph, priest of Norwich. 

1232. John, s. of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, an infant. 
Ralph, Earl of Chester. 

Alan Basset. 
Henry De Oily. 

1233. Robert, Rector of Marston, (eo. Line.) 
Richard, Abbot of St. Edmund's (bury), suce. by 

Henry, Prior of the same place. 
H(cnry), Abbot of Dor ley, suce. by Ralph, sub- 
Prior, 

F errand, Count of Flanders, 



110 



(Richard dc Villa)<Abbot of Thornton. 
(William), Prior of Cuckford. 

1234. Richard Marshal, in Ercland. 

Hugh, Bishop of Hereford, sticc. by Magistcr Half, 
Dean of his church. (Recorded twice in .same 
year:) 

Philip, Count of Boulogne. 
Robert (III., Count of Dreux). 
Henry, Abbot of Dcrley (vide, supra). 
(Robert do Henreth), Abbot of Abingdon. 

, Abbot of Roucester, (eo. Staff.) 

, Prior of Cuckford. (vide supra) 

Brian dc Lisle. 
Hugh de Newtown. 
*TLonias de Totternhoe. 

1235. Hugh, Bishop of Lincoln, succ. by Robert Gros- 

seteste, 

H(enry Sandford), Bishop of Rochester. 

William (de Truinpington), Abbot of Sr. Albans, 

suee. by (John), Prior of Hertford. 
(Alan), Lord of Galloway. 
Brother "Walter. 

Gilbert Marshall marries Margaret of Scotland, 
1.236. ■ William, Bishop of Worcester.. 
Thomas, Bishop of Norwich. 
*Hu,gh de Ba. 
(Matilda, da. of Geo.f rey • Fitz-Piers Earl of. Essex, 
and widow of Henry de Bohim), Countess of 
Hertford; 

(Thomas dc Merleberge), Abbat of Evesham. 
(Henry de Longchamp), Abbot of Croylaud. 
, Abbot of Walclon (ITarl MS. Titus D. xx. 



Ill 

gives — Robert flying- in 1231, and Richard his 

successor in 1241). 
Thomas do ]\I ulctolio. 
12l>7. Richard, Bishop of Durham. 

John (le Scot), Earl of Chester. 

1238. Joanna, Queen of Scotland. 
*Theobald do Leittona (? Leighton) 

John do Witehurehe, 

Alexander, Bishop of Coventiy succ. by Hugh de 

Pateshull. • 
Henry, Prior of Morton. 
Hugh, Archdeacon of Colchester. 
W illiam " filius Warini." 
Robert, Archdeacon of Lincoln. 

1239. William, elect of Valentia. 

* (Isabella, da. of Wirt. Marshal, wife first of Gilbert 

do Clare, and then of Richard of Cornwall), 
Countess of Gloucester. 
Jordan de Botlesford. 

John do Bassingham, succ. ' in baronia de Wahulle' 
by Sacr do NVahull. • 

1240. Llewellyn, (Prince of Wales). 

* Eustace, Vicar of Chalgrave — " disceMit." 
Edmund, Archbishop of Canterbury, "in Bitrgonia, 

,s(j)/i/ttix a-pud Puiiti'iudciun" , 
CI filbert) Marshal. 
1211. (Hugh do Pateshull), Bishop of Coventry, at Pot- 
terspury. 

1242. * Richard do Morins, formerly Prior of Dunstaple, 
April 9th, succ. by Geoffrey do Pari on. 
William do Marisco drawn and quartered. 
Jordan. Yicar of Newbottle, Nov. 21. 



112 



* William of St. Mary's Chureh (Dunstable), .March 

11th. 

Robert de Tenbrugge. 
*Richard, Earl (of Cornwall) ma. (Sancbia of Pro- 
vence), the sister of the Queen, within the 
Octave of St. Martin, at Canterbury. 

1243. (Raymond Berenger), husband of the Countess of 

Provence. 

* John de Norton, farmer, of Caddington, April 10th. 

1244. * Hubert de Haya, July 24th. 

, the son of Simon of Eddlesborough, killed 

by robbers. 

•William, Prior of Caldwell, after Christmas, succ. 
by Prior Eudo. 
12-Jb. (Robert de Bingham), Bishop of Salisbury, succ. 
by William of York, elected Dec. 8th. 

* Roger de Eltesdone, vicar of Studham, succ. by 

Walter de Kemesey, chaplain. 
Richard (de Barking) Abbot of Westminster, Nov. 
18th; 

*John, son of Jordan (P de Bottlcsford) married at 
Studham, Sept, 29th. 

* Simon de Eltesdone married th e widow of Giffard 

de Tyringham. 
Alexander do Swereford, Half Brito, M agister 
Robert de Lisle, Canons of St. Paul's, London, 
all died between Michaelmas and Christmas. 
1247. William de Valentia married ('Joanna), da. of 
Warine de Montchensy. 

* Walter, Prior of Newnham, May 2Gth, succ. by 

Walter de Chalvertone, canon of the same place, 
installed June 18th. 



113 



* Michael de Qiwftdorio, William Brito, miles, Bald- 

win Poleyne de Cadington, et John de Clifford, 
killed in a brawl at Newenham. 

Simon Seutteraisun of Buklcshore, within the Oc- 
tavo of the Purification. 

William de Trippelawe, s.p. February. 
* Dominus Adam do Luton, Abbot of Woburn March 
12th, succ. by dominus Nicholas, Abbot of 
Medmenham. 

1248.*Robort Vicar of Patshull "in initio autunim" succ. 

by Richard, Rector of Stopping-ley, who died at 
Newenham before his institution, Nov. 29th. 
Peter Yitelli, an Italian, was then presented to 
Steppingley. 

*David Rufus, of Flitwick, Ft., in the autumn, bur. 
at Wardon. 

Simon of Eddlcsborougli; Oct. 28th, bur. at Dun- 
staple Priory before the cross. 
12 !•!). (Alexander 1 1 ), King of Scot laud, "anfp aulumnum." 

1250. Frederick (II), Late Emperor, Deo. 13. 
William de Cantelupe, the second. 
William de Raleigh, Bishop of Winchester. 
Jolm de Cohham, " ante Pcisc/ta." 
Geoll'rey Dispenser* " statim post Pascha." 

* Paul Peyvre, " in ehdomada Pentecost cs." 

1251. Walter de Denton, on Dec. 25th. 

1252. Robert Passelawe, June 24th. 
Robert de Martivals, Prior of Laund. 

1253. Robert Grossetcste, Bishop of Lincoln, at Buckden, 

Oct. 14th. 

Sylvester, Bishop of Carlisle, Feb. 2nd., In a fall 
from his horse. 

lo 



114 



Richard de Tyngetfes, parson of Maswortli. 

1254. H(ugo), Bishop of Ely, Aug. loth. (Re died 

Aug, 6). slice, by W(illiam) do Kirkeney 
[Archdeacon of Coventry, and Chancellor], who 
died in 1256. 

* Walter de Chalverton, Prior of Newenham, succ. 

by Stephen one of the canons. 
William de Cantilupe, the third, Sept. 25th. buried 

at Studley Sept, 30th. 
Gilbert deSegrave, in the prison of Reginald Pirns, 

in foreign parts. 
Peter Chacepore, on Christmas Eve, in foreign 

parts. He was keeper of the King's wardrobe. 

1255. Walter de Gray, Archbishop of York, in the month 

of April, 

Eva, Wife of William de Cantilupe, the third, 

July 20th. 
Warine de Mountcheriscy, July 20. 
Magi ster Thomas Valensis, Bishop of St. David's, 

succ. h) ( liicluird de Carreu). 
William of York, Bishop of Salisbury, " circa 

prhicij)ium Quadra gesinuv" .succ. by Giles de 

Brigepor. 

M25G. Geoffrey do Beauehamp, Rector of Brickhill, " post 
Pascha" succ. by N. sou of William de Grey. 
*Domma Johanna de Peyvrc, at Leyham, bur. at 
Woburn. At whose funeral her husband, John 
do Grey, exhibited but little honor and reverence, 
1258.. Philip Level, King s Treasurer. "Dec. 25th. 

Richard de Lincoln, " dcricm" at Dimstaple, in the 

Octave of the Epiphany. 
(William do Clare), brother of Richard, Earl of 



115 

Gloucester ; Richard (de CrokcsleyeJ, Abbot of 
' Westminster, and many others poisoned at 
Winchester. 

Henry de Lexington, Bishop of Lincoln, succ. by 
Richard de Graveseiid. 
1200. Fulk Basset, Bishop of London, succ. by Henry de 
Wegham, Chancellor of the King. 
Frater Radulfus, " conversus uoster apud Stodhtcm, 
occisus est pro jaw. ecclesicn nostra?" 
*1200. William de Beauchamp, senior. 
John, Vicar of Ashbourne. 

Laurence, Abbot of Burton, July 20th, succ. by 
John de Stafford, one of the monks* 

Aymer de Lusignan, Bishop of Winchester, at Paris 
Sept. 29th. 

*John de Crachele, Archdeacon of Bedford, the 
King's Treasurer, Sept. 8th, succ. by Peter de 
Aldeham. 

1202. Henry de Wengham, Bishop of London, in the 
mouth oi' ,) uly. 
* Richard, Earl of Gloucester, poisoned at the table 

of Peter de Savoy. 
Baldwin, Count de Lisle (i.e. Baldwin de Redvers, 

Earl of Devon). 
Ingleram cle Perci. 
*W(illiaui) de Beauchamp, poisoned (vide supra). 
Ralph de Studham (vide supra), and Richard do 

Dodingstone, canons. 
(John de Caux) Abbat of Burgh, Treasurer of the 
King, at Lande. 
P263. W. de Waterford, canon, Sept. 29th. 
P2(J5. Simon (de Montfovt) Earl of Leicester, and H(ugh) 



116 

Dispenser, slain/at the battle of Evesham. 
1 207. Eyles de Dunstaple, Ambrosias, Michahel, and other 
thieves perished miserably. 

1270. Peter de Nevill, knight, hanged at Bridgcnorth. 
Henry de Albemarle, knight, hanged in Fiance. 
John de Lymonges, knight., hanged for theft. 

* Gregory de Caldwell, knight, died a1 Newgate. 

* John de Suthun, clcricim, killed at Oxford. 

* I high de Caldwell, banged. 

Richard de Offenthone, hanged at London. 
(Hi esc last ,siv urc described as Khj i , oi>//c/;s). 

1271. Richard, King of German}', brother of the; King of 

England and Earl of' Cornwall died in the month 
of February, and w as buried in IFayles Abbey. 
J 272. Edmund (Earl of Cornwall), son of the King of 
Germany marries (Margaret), sister of Gilbert, 
Earl of Gloucester. 
Hubert, Parson of Rushden, succ. 1>\ Robert of 
Scarborough. 

* Walter de Cadeiidon, Prior .of Caldwell, sometime 

Canon of Dunstaple, succ. by Matthew. 
Henry III., King of .England, Nov. 10. 

* John, Vicar of Hailing ton for twelve years, succ. 

by Win. de la Mare. 

* William le Rus, Prior o f Newenham, Michael, one 

of the canons there succeeded him. 
1273. * John de Rothleforde, sou of Jordan, at Eastertide. 

* George de Cantilupe, Nov. 1, being just of age. 

One half of his lands descended to Eudo la 
Zouche, whose eldest sister (Milesent), was his 
wife; the other half went to (Johanna), sister 
of the said George, and widow of Henry de 
Il.asti.n2U 



rionry do Sandwich, Bishop of London, succ. by 
M agistor John tic Cheshulle, Dean of St. Paul's. 

* Eleanor (do Montfort), (widow of William Marshall, 

Vj. of Pembroke), Countess of Leicester, ob. in 
Franco. Her manor of Luton descended to tlie 
heirs of William Marshall. 
Simon do Patoshull, at Eastertide. 
1274. The wife of Benedict Juvcnis, committed suicide, 
or as the Chronicle quaintly says — " Sponte 
prawipitacit se in puteo, et obiit. Et quid nolumnus 
earn (til witter e ad sepalturam. Ilo.spitarii nos 
itnplac-itqverunt. Compommius cum tvs, quia 
w tiuiiiiniiis eorum pficilegia" 

* Simon (do Eton), sixth Prior of Dunstaplo, Nov. 

22nd. He was Prior 11 years and 9 months, 
succ. by William le Breton, Nov. 25th. Re- 
moved by Oliver, Bishop of Lincoln in 1280. 
Beatrice, and Margaret Queen of Scotland, sisters 
of the King of England, the former buried at 
Reading. 

127<j. Richard de Stratford, canon, died at the hour of 
High Mass, and buried immediately on account 
of dropsy. 
Pope Gregory X. 

Michael Tony, who fought against the King at the 
battle of Lewes, was hanged. 

1277. * Bartholomew Young-man, of Dunstable. 

Walter do Morton, Bishop of Rochester (Oct 27th), 
succ. by (John do Bradfield). 

1278. * Simon del Ho (Simon de Luton), Abbat of St. 

E dm end's. 

1279. Walter, Giifard, Archbishop of York, succ. by 

Magister William, dean of York. 



118 



Brother Robert (KiHvarby) formerly Archbishop 

of Canterbury. 
Richard, Bishop ' of Lincoln, in Advent a Domini, 

succ. by Magister Oliver (Sutton) then dean of 

Lincoln. 

John de Cheshulle, Bishop of London, succ. by 

Magister Richard de Gravesend, then Arch- 

• deacon of Northampton. 

Nicholas, Bishop of Winchester, succ. by John de 
Punteyse. 

(Richard do Carew), Bishop of .St. David's, succ. 

by Magister Thomas Beke, King's Treasurer. 
John de 1 [ertford, canon, died and buried at Rokesac. 

* William de la Mare, parson of Ilarlington, in the 

month of October, succ. by John de Radnor, 
who resigned on his institution, and was succ. 
by Walter de Ludford. 

1280. Rope Nicholas III., Aug. 25th, succ. by Martin IV. 

1281. * Roger, Abbot at Woburii, succ. by Hugh de Soul- 

bury. 

1282. *Ralf de Ilarrold, canon, died at Bradburne, and 

buried there Sept. 28th, 
Brother Philip de Marston, in clamo nostra dceen- 

tissime est humatus. 
Thomas, Bishop of Hereford, succ. by Richard de 

Swinfield. 

* Richard de Bra dwell, Archdeacon of Bedford, in 

the month of October, succ. by magister John 

Hoke. 
William de Valencia. 
Luke de Tani. 
Roger de Clifford, junior. 



119 



Llewellyn, Prinze of Wales. 

1283. * Michael, Trior of Newenham : Jolm do Bedford 

one of the canons succ. in July. Eodem anno 
q.icidam ex serm'entibus Johannfa Duraunt junior fa 
de Dunstable spoute se precipitavit in ptdco ipsius 
JoltcmniSy et tnortuus est. Et postquam visits est 
a coroibatoribus,p)'ojectus est iu forea extra rillam; 
<scd Ilospitalarii earn hide extraxevunt y et in. emmi- 
■ ten's condiderimb. 

(John Bradfield), Bishop of Rochester, (Apr. 23rd), 
succ. by Thomas do Iiiglethorp, Dean of St. 
of St. Baid's (and Archdeacon of Middlesex, 
consecrated Sept. 26th). 

(Hubert of Holy Island), Bishop of Durham, succ. 
by Anthony Bech. 

Nicholas Basse, of Kensworth, hanged for felony. 

(Richard do Ware), Abbot of Westminster, King's 
Treasurer, succeeded by John de Kyrkeby. 

1284. John de Dcrlingtoii, Archbishop of Dublin. 
(Robert Wickhanipton ), J > t shop of Salisbury, succ. 

by Waller Scammell. 
Brin ee Alphonso. 

Lawrence Dukct, goldsniith, of London, killed in 
the Church of St. Mary-le-Bow whither lie liad 
fled for sanctuary. 

Charles (of An j on), King of France. 

Bope Martin IV., succ. by Honorius IV. 

1285. Philip III., King of France, of dysentery, at the 

seige of G erona. 
Philip do Aynhoe, found killed in the fields of 

Faringho near the Hyde. 
William de Wykewane, Arclibishop of York, died 



120 

at Pontignac, oh his way to Rome, and there, 
buried, succ. by John lc Romeyn. 
Alexander (III.), King of Scotland. 
* Aimery.de St. Amand, " cctpifalis dominiis do fend o 
Pi/roth in Pullmhullc." 

1286. (Hugh de Balsham), Bishop of Ely, succ. by John 

de Kyrkeby, Treasurer of the King's Exchequer. 
*Dominus Peter Loring (of Chalgrave), in the month 
oi January. Qui super omnes progoiitores suos 
speckiUus nos ft mew it. 

1287. Pope Honorius IV., succ. by Nicholas quintus (sic. 

for qtifirtitsj. 
Will iam de Mountchensy. 
Stephen (de Berksted), Bishop of Chichester. 
Henry de Brandeston, Bishop of Salisbury. 

1288. * William le Bretun, Prior of Dunstaple., at Rokesac, 

buried at Dunstaple. 
(Reginald de Maidenketh), Abbat of Waltham. 
Richard de Clapwell, ' Frater. 1 

1289. * Alexanderc le Bantero of Dunstaple, murdered at 

K< /us worth. 
*(Avelina), wife of John Duraut, senior. 
John de Kirkeby, Bishop of Ely, succ. by William 
de Lutha. 

Johanna, 2nd da. of .King Edward married to Gil- 
bert (de Clare), Earl of Gloucester, Apr. 30th. 

Margaret, 3rd da. of King- Edward married to John 
of Brabant. 

1200. Pereival Romanies, Archdeacon of Buckingham and 
Prebendary of Aylesbury. 
Queen Eleanor dies Dec. 28th. Her bod)' remained 
at Dunstaple one night, in memory whereof a 



121 



cross was erected in tile market place. 
Roger, Abbat of St. Alban's, Nov. 1st. 

* Brother Stephen, Curate of Flitwick, died, and 

buried at Rokesae, succ. by Geoffrey de Marston. 
John de Pateshull. . 
Adam de Bradewen, " naticus prioris." 

1291. Eleanor, Queen-dowager of England, buried at 

Ambresbury. 
Alphonso 111., King- of Array in. 
(Margaret), daughter of the King of Norway, heiress 

of Scotland. 

* Thomas, the head porter of the Priory. 

*John Hok, Archdeacon of Bedford, succ. by Roger 
de Rothewell. 

* Thomas Painter, of Houghton. 

* William le Newebodde at flitwick. 
*Simon Pyrot of Pulloxhill. 

* Roger, " cat'octantis, de eadent." 

1292. Pope Nicholas Y. 

Robert Burnel, Bishop of Bath, and Chancellor. 
John de Pecchani, Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Rhys ap Meredith hanged for sedition. 

1293. Simon le Constable died in prison. 

1294. (.John I), Duke of Brabant, at a tournament at Bar. 
Bonus de Clare {recorded again under date 1295). 
William de Montfort, Dean of St. Paul's, London. 
(John de Sandford), Archbishop of Dublin. 
Laurence de Ludlowe, a celebrated merchant, 

drowned. 

Robert, parson of Catesby, "Dominica JPalanarum" 
succ. by William de Catesby, his nephew. 

1295. Thomas de Turbeville, hanged for treason. 



122 

Roger, Bishop of Lichfield, succ. by Walter de 

Langton. 
Bonus de Clare (ride supra). 

Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, t gennanus i of 

Bonus de Clare. 
William de Valentia. 

* John do Wodullc. 

Simon de Pateshull, junior, " nondum mile*." 

* Walter de la IT aye, (Escheator of Ireland) commits 

suicide. His property in Pulloxhill descended 
to his heirs, by Matilda his wife, one of the 
heirs of Faldo. 
1296. Edmund, (Earl of Lancaster). 

Hugh do Vycnne seneschal of the said Earl. 

* Thomas de Bray, Knight. 

Richard, son of Richard Earl of Cornwall. 
*Pavid de Flitwick, the third, Knight, succ. by 

David his son by his wife Lucy. 
*John de Mortem, Knight, whose son and heir 
married (he daughter of Richard de Rothwell, 
1367. Dominus John Bracebridge, Knight, at Dunstaple. 
1369. Queen Philippa, wife of Edward III. 

Lord Thomas Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, at 
Calais 

1381. Symon (de Sudbury) Archbishop of Canterbury, 
and Robert Hales, Prior of St. John's London, 
murdered, June 14th. 
John Ball, ' saccrdos,' an insurgent .drawn, hanged, 
and quartered. F. A. B. 



LEIGHTON BUZZARD. —A discovery winch 
lias excited a deal of interest among local antiquaries 
lias recently been made at Leighton Buzzard, in the 
house for many years owned and occupied by the late 
Misses Willis, in the High Street. The house is at the 
present time being converted into a shop, and Mr. Thomas 
Gibbs, the contractor, removed an old canvas screen 
from the west wall in the front part of the building, when 
there came to light a full-length and life-sized water- 
colour portrait, drawn upon the wall, of a public bellman 
of perhaj)S from 150 to 170 years ago. The picture is that 
of a comely-looking and well-proportioned man of thirty 
to thirty-five years of age, about six feet in height, and 
clad in the livery of public office, in the style peculiar to 
the time of the reign of Queen Anne. When the rem- 
nants of a thin coat of w hitew ash and the accumulated dirt 
of ages had been removed, the face and upper portion of 
the figure M ere found to be in an excellent state of pre- 
servation, and the general outlines and surroundings very 
distinct. The bellman, or town-crier, is represented with 
his right hand uplifted, holding aloft the symbol of his 
office, while in his left hand is clutched a long staff, set 
upon the ground. lie wears a three-cornered hat and 
wig, long blue coat with scarlet facings, braid, and yellow 
buttons, knee breeches, and buckled shoes ; and just in the 
rear of him sits a large white dog. There appears on one 
side of the picture a Corinthian pillar, with cap, which 
evidently forms one portion of the original frame to the 
portrait. Unfortunately, before the discovery was made, 
a Avail had been built up so as to prevent search being 
made for the other side of the frame, although certain 
marks are visible which seem to indicate the edge of it 



124 



outline.. The house lias boon in the possession of the Willis 
family, as a private residence, over a hundred years. That 
it is a portrait of a bellman of the " good old times " there 
can be no doubt ; and it may be conjectured that it repre- 
sents one who secured for himself an honoured distinction 
among those who caroused at the " Cock/' when the present 
shop premises formed one of about seven or eight hostelries 
standing in the High Street. An attempt is being made 
by Mr. Piggot, of High Street, to obtain a good photo- 
graph of the picture. " The Antiquary, Vol. III., No. 15, 
p. 111.] 

HARROLD. — Among the briefs in the parish regis- 
ters of Stock, Esssex, now in course of publication, is one 
relating to Ilarrold, as follows : — 

"May the 14th, 1665." 

Memorand. There was collected in (lie parish church 
of Stocke by Robert Bundoeke churchwarden uppon a 
bricfo which came from Harold in the county of Bedford 
one shilling i& sixe pence." 

AMPTHILL. — The following notes are taken from 
the appendices to the "Reports of the Hoy id Commission 
on Historical Manuscripts," from which 1 propose giving 
extracts relating to this county, from time to time. They 
are, of course, notes in brief, but 1o those interested the 
references indicated will give fuller details. 

"1625. Petition of John Soal to the House of Lords, 
praying for the establishment of his right under the Crown 
* to the Honour of Amptbill in the County of Bedds.' (not 
traceable in L. J., endorsed 29 Marti j 1625 on which day 
no Parliament was sitting.)" {2nd Report, p. 10(>.) 



125 



1606 Aug. 1.5. QuoGn Anne was staying' at Amptliill, 
as shown by a letter of her's dated from thence to the 
Duchess of Tuscany ( Penes Rcr. Fes. Hopkinson, L.L.D., 
Maleern Welti, Co. Worcester. 3rd Report, p. 261. 

"1624-6. March 21. Petition of .Mary Sole, wife of 
John Solo, warrener of His Majesty's Warren of Amptliill ; 
the warrener's house and petitioner's goods have been 
seized by the townsmen of Amptliill under a decree of Sir 
Francis Bacon ; and she and her husband have been im- 
prisoned; prays for redress" [Calendar, House of Lords ', 
4f/t Report, p. 7.) 

" 1626, May 16. Petition of Thomas Symson of Ampt- 
liill, Berks, (sic) that he may be reinstated in ( lie possession 
of a house and garden at Amptill which lie held under Lis 
Majesty but of which John Morgan, in his absence, 
'obtained a copy of the hold.' " Cat. House of Lords ; 
Ibid. p. 11.) 

" 1640-1, Jan. 16. Petition of Benjamin Bhodes of 
Amptill Beds., on behalf of the parishioners there; com- 
plains of Hugh Reeve, Parson of Amptill, for his popish 
doctrines mid practises, and prays for enquiry. Annexed 
Articles against Peeve, whereby (amongst divers other 
things) it doth plainly appear that he is at heart a popish 
recusant. See L. J., IV. 170." (Gal. House of Lords ; 
Ibid. p. 41.) . 

"1640-1, Jan. 27. Draft warrant to the Sergeant at 
arms, for the arrest of Hugh Peeve, parson of Amptliill " 
(Cat. IIuu.sc- of Lords; Ibid. p. 45.) 

"1642, April 30. .Petition of Edmund Wingate, in 
behalf of the inhabitants of Amptliill, Bedfordshire; by 
an order of the 23rd of February 1640-1 (L. J., IV. 170) 
Hugh Peeve, late parson of Amptliill, for holding popish 



126 



doctrines, was deprived of kis ecclesiastical livings, ordered 
to make recantation, and to leave the vicarage house, on 
doing* this he was to receive 10/. per annum out of the 
parsonage, which a noble person of the parish freely offered 
to discharge ; Reeve still maintains two of the tenuis that" 
he had recanted, converses with papists more than ever, 
and refuses to give up the vicarage house ; petitioner 
prays that the annuity may he transferred to the present 
incumbent, as it is unreasonable (hat Reeve should take 
any benefit under the order which he has contemned. 
L. J., V. 34. Annexed — Affidavit of Edmund Wing-ate in 
support of preceding." {Cal. House of Lord's ; 6th Report, 
p. 19.) 

Amongst the MSB. of W. M. Molyneux, Esq., is an 
account book of Sir Anthony Browne's daily expenses on 
a journey from Ampthill, Go. Beds., to Doncaster, Co. 
Yorks., and back — 1536, October 17, to December 15. 
7th Report, p. 601.) F. A. B. 

THE ItADCLIF MON UMENT IX ELSTOW 
CHURCH. 

At the time that Elstow Church is undergoing extensive 
reparation it may be well to draw attention to the old 
Radclif monument on the east wall, and give as much of 
the inscription as can be made out, which is as follows :— 

"HERE LYTHE BODIES OF SI' HVMFRE RADCLIF KNIGHT 
AND DAME | ISA BEL JI IS WIFE Well si' IIVMPHREY WAS 
SECOND SONNE OF ROB | KRT E OF SUSSEX AX 1) ELIZABETH 
DAVGHTER OF HENRY DVKE | OF BVCKINGIIAM AX D SAYI) 
ISABELL DAVGHTER AND | SOLE IIEYR OF EDM HARVEY ESQ 
AND MARY WENTWORTH | HIS WIFE THEY HAD 1SSYE 2 sONNS 
THOMAS DECEASED— | EDWARD YET LIVINGE 1 DA \'G 1 ITERS 



127 



MARY ONE OF THE GEN | TKfAvOMEX OF TILE PRIVY C1IAMBYR 

TO Q ELIZA FRANCES MARRIED | TO HENRY CHEK ESQ SOME 

TIME SECRETRY TO HER LAT MAJES= | COVNSEL ESTABLI SHED 
IN YC [NORTH.?] ELIZIBET MARRIED TO HEN OWEN ESC] | 
MARTHA MAR I El) TO . . . WICIILY ST HYMPHREY DIED ( ' 
THE 13 DA V OE AVGVST 1566 . . . AGED | 57 AT YG 
TME OF [HIS DEATH?] AND DAM ISABEL HIS | WYFE [bVRIED] 
ONCE . . . 

The rest of this interesting inscription is impossible to 
decipher. In Bedfordshire Notes, published by the Beds. 
Archaeological Society, at pp. 201 and 225, there are two 
copies given of it, neither of them, however, being nearly 
so complete as the above, and they also slightly chffer in 
one or two particulars ; for instance, Martha the fourth 
daughter is called Mary, and her husband's name Wichley 
is given as Wieklay, Elizibet is spelled in the ordinary 
way, eve. The son Edward Radclif, on the death of his 
somewhat distant cousin Robert Radeliff, the 5th Earl of 
Sussex of that name, without issue, in 1629 succeeded as 
the GiU Earl, and on his death in LG41, without issue, the 
title became extinct, and his sister Frances or her issue 
were his heirs, and her son Robert Cheeke disputed for 
sometime with the Mildmay family as to their right to be 
Barons Fitz Walter, they claiming- the Barony through 
Frances, dan. and eventual heir of Henry Radclif, the 
2nd Earl of Sussex of this famiiy, whilst Robert Cheeke 
claimed that the barony was merged in the earldom of 
Sussex, the claim was decided in 1-669 in favour of Sir 
Henry Mildmay. 

1G March, 1881. D. G. C. EL WES, F.S.A. 

[The two sous of Sir Humphey were ; —Thomas, who ob. 8. p., and 
Elwaiud who m. Jane, da. of Sir Francis Hynd or Hide of Madiiigley, 



128 



Co. Cambs., Kt., and widow successively of William West of Mars- 
worth, Co. Bucks, and of John Catesby. Of the four daughters, Maky 
dots not appear to have married ; Francis was wife of Henry, s. of Sir 
John Cheeke, Elizabeth, was wife of Henry Owen of Wootton, Co. 
Beds. Esq., & Mabtjia, was 2 wife of William, s. of Edward Gostwike of 
Shefford, Co. Beds. Dame Isabel died the 8th of May, 1591, (of. ante, 
p. 90.) Ed.] 

INDEX OF REFERENCES to articles 

IN THE 

" GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE" 

RELATING TO BEDFOItDSHI RE. 

By the kindness' of a gentleman, Mr. J. Gr. Paynes, of 
London, J am enabled to present the readers of this column 
with a valuable list of references to articles in the Gentle- 
mail's Magazine relating to this county, alphabetically 
arranged under parishes. Many of the articles are by 
writers of repute, and extremely interesting. To anyone 
interested in the history of his parish this list cannot but 
prove of great utility, as by a glance he can now see where 
to find what he wants without having to wade through an 
interminable number of volumes. I have not, in all eases, 
been able to identify the initials attached to the articles; 
it would, however, add to their interest to discover them. 
Any additions or corrections will be thankfully received 
by the undersigned F. A. Blaydes. 

AMPTIIILL.— Particulars of old oaks in the park, with 
plate of same, vol. 66, pt. ii., p. 611. 1796, 
Epitaph in church of, by F. Scpway, vol. 87, p. 394. 
1817. 

Copies of three inscriptions in brass which had been 
removed from the original, stones and preserved in 
the Town Ghost at, vol. 86, pt. ii., p. 105. 1.861. 



129 



Note from churchwarden to shew the church of, vol. 50, 

p. 373. 1780. 
Notes upon, with etymology of name, by J. D. Parry, 

vol. 32, n. s., p. 479. 1849. 
Simon Fitz-Petcr, itinerant justice, attempts to bring 

Philip cle Brois, Canon of Bedford, to account for 

murder at, vol. 7, 3rd s., p. 308. 1859. 
Extracts from Haines's Manual of Monumental Brasses, 

vol. 10, p. 380. 1859. 
Pennies of Henry II., found at, vol. 12, p. 458, and vol. 

13, p. 57: 1802. 
Mistletoe found on the locust tree at, vol. 1, 4th s., p. 

72. I860. 

ARLESEY.— Fire at, on October 10th, 1803, vol. 73, p. 
1178. 1803. 

ASPLEY GUISE.— Extracts from Haines's Manual of 
Monumental Brasses, vol. 10, p. 380. 1861. 

AST WICK. — Enquiries as to the origin of the name and 
other particulars, by T. S., vol. 73, p. 33. 1.803. 
Etymology of, vol. 73, p. 1198, 1803, and vol. 74, p. 
924; 1804 

BARFORD (LITTLE).— Nicholas Rowe, dramatic pout, 
born at, vol. 86, pi. ii., p. 314. 1816. 
Extracts from Haines's Manna/ of Monumental Bretsses, 
vol. 10, 3rd s., p. 380. 1801. 

BAP FORI) (GREAT).— Extracts from Haines's Manual 
of Monumental Bi'asses, vol. 10, p. 380. 1861. 

BARTON. — Extracts from Haines's Manual of Monu- 
mental Brasses, vol. 10, 3rd s., p. 386. L861. 

P> ATTLES DEN. — Etymology of, by T. F. (Thos. Fisher), 
vol. 91, pt. i., 3rd s., p. llo. 1821. 



130 



BEDFORD.— Charge against the Corporation of, re the 

Harpur Trust, vol. 29, p. 629. 1751. 
Election of a Mayor for, vol. 39, p. 458. 17G9. 
Sentiments of a freeholder for conducting the county 

hospital, vol. 71, pp. 615 and 899. 1801. 
Account of the gaol, by James Neild, vol. 77, p. 1186. 

1807. 

Account of public library, by Thomas Fisher, founded 
1700, vol. 87, pt. ii., p. 135. 1817. 

Settlement, books, and state of tin? library, vol. 87, pt. 
ii., pp. 13(5 and 078. 1817. 

Decision respecting the admission of Jews to (he Cha- 
rity, vol. 88, pt. ii., p. 271. 1818. 

St. John's Hospital, by 1). IT., vol. 71, p. 319. 1801. 

Infirmary, state of, vol. 73, p. 909. 1803. 

Offa, the King of Mercia, buried at, vol. 8(5, pt. ii., p. 
314. 1816. 

Violent storm in July, 1801, at, vol. 71, pt. ii., p. 659. 
1801. 

Consecration of Trinity new church, vol. 10, n. s., p. 
194. 1841. 

Enlargement of St. Peter's Church, and description of 

the works, vol. 24, p. 631. 1845. 
Consecration and description of St. Cuthbert's Church, 

vol. 28, p. 30g. 1847. 
Notes on the present state of, by J. D. Parry, Vol. 31, 

p. 598. Yol. 32, p. 28. 1849. 
First Suffragan Bishop of, in 1537, vol. 32, p. 30. 1849. 
Antiquities found at, vol. 32, p. 183. .1849. 
John Howard's examination of the prison at, sol. 33, 

p. 9. 1850. 



131 



Victory at " Bedicandford " in 571, vol. 36, p. 30, p. 
300, 1851. 

Ancient weapons from the Castle of, vol. 42, p. GO. 
1854. . 

Bunyan confined in the jail of. Was Bimyan a gipsey ? 

vol. 4, 3rd .s., p. 80. 1808. 
Chair in which Shakespeare is supposed to have sat 

when presiding at club meeting at, vol. 4, 3rd. s., p. 

183. 1808. 

Philip do Brois, Canon of Bedford, accused of murder, 

vol. 7, p. 308. 1800. 
Extracts from Haines's Manual of Monumental Brasses, 

vol. 10, p. 380. 1861. 
Monumental brass to Simon de Beauchamp in St. Paul's 

at, vol. 10, p. 310. 1804. 
" OiVa Pox Mere : " coins of, found at, vol. 10, p. 204. 

1800. 

Silver coins of Charles EI., King of Naples and Sicily, 
found at, vol. 1 , 4th s., p. 0 I. tSGG. 
BEDFOB BSHIB E.— Its History, vol. 34, p. 07, 1701. 
Origin of the name uf the River Ouse, vol. 34, p. 07. 
1701. 

Ly son's Vindication of his History of, vol. 77, p. 405. 
1807. 

Controversy upon forming canal from Bedford to the 
Grand Junction Canal, vol. 83, pt. i., p. 14. 1813. 

Compendium of its History, vol. 8(3, pt. ii., p. 31 3. 18 10. 

Great storms and floods in September, 1707, vol. 07, pt. 
ii., p. 881. 1707. 

Ancient division of County into Hundreds, vol. 08, pt. 
ii., p. 00. 1828. 



132 

Sale of Mr. Marsh's collections for, vol. 102, pt. ii., 
p. 161. 1882. 

Heport on the Library , vol. 5, n.. s., p. 192. 1836, 

Paper read before Cambridge Camden Society on orien- 
tation of 25 churches in, vol. 21, n. s., p. 408. 1844. 

Date of its division into a separate county, by " W. 
Chapman," vol. 22, p. 154. 1844. 

First 'General Annual Meeting of the Bedford Archaeo- 
logical Society, vol. 29, . p. 528. 1848. 

Abstract of paper read by Mr. Inskip upon relies found 
in, vol. 30, p. 518. 1848. 

Coins found in, vol. 33, p. 520. 1850. 

Lithographic view of, by Emanuel Mendez de Costa, 
vol. 90, pt. i., ]». -112. 1820. 
BTDDENTfAM,— Eomau Vases found at, vol. 30, n. s., p. 
518. 1818. 

Bxtracts from Haines's Manual of Monumental BraHtes, 

vol. 10, ord s., p. 387. 1801. 
BIGG LESW A 1 )!•;. ( 'ollege to llol\ Trinity at, vol. 34, 

p. 62. 1764, 
Croat Fire at, vol. 55, p. 480. .1785. p. 507, 1785. 
Fire ball seen at, vol. 73, p. 473. 1803. 
Fashioned Stone found at Roman Encampment at, vol. 

39. n. s., p. 639, 1853. 
Account of, with description of Church by C. C, vol. 

100 ii., ]>. 19. 1830. 
Skeleton in armour found near, vol. 94 ii., p. 269. 1824. 
Seal of Christopher Sutton Prebendary of, vol. (i, 3rd s., 

.108. 1859. 

Extracts from Haines's Monumental B)'(Ikhch } vol. 10, p. 
387. 1861. 



BLETSOE. — Margaret B^auford mother of Ken. VII., 
Born at, vol. 80 ii., p. 314. .1810. 
Account of, with plate of Mansion and description of 
Chirr eh, by It. (.J., vol. 01) ii., p. 745. 1?!)!). 
BLUNHAM.— Fire at South Mills 13th Sept. 1800, vol. 
70, p. 970. 1800. 
Extracts from Haines's Monumental Brasses, vol. 10, 
p. 387. 1801. 
BROMHAM.— Epitaphs in Church, by F. Sepway, vol. 
87, p. 3.05. 1817. 
Sir Lewis Pyve, Biographical Memoirs of, by J. Gr. N. 
(John Goiujh Nichols), vol. 99, pp. 20, 124, 202, 321. 
1829. 

Extracts from Haines's Monumental Brasses, vol. 10, 

3rd s., p. 387. 1861. 
15th Century Brass in Church of, vol. 24, n. s., p. 03. 

1815. 

BUSIIMEAD. — Priory of Black Cannons at, vol. 34, p. 
G2. 1701. 

CADDINGTON. — Extracts from Haines's Monumental 
Brasses, vol. 10, p. 387. 186L 

CARDINGTON.— Short account of Cross at, with plate 
of same, by W. Parslow, vol. 07, p. 200. 1797. 
Etymology of by T. F., vol. 91 i., p. 410. 1821. 

CI LICKS ANUS. —Francis Osborn, Miscellaneous writer 
born at, vol. 80 ii., p. 311. 1810. 

CLAPIIAM. — Action, as to whom the small tithes be- 
longed, vol 88 ii., p. 271. 1818. 

CLIFTON 1100.— Synod held at, vol. 22, n. s.,p. 105. 1844. 

COCKAYNE IIATLEY.— Account of Mansion, Church 
and Monuments therein, by Matt, llugeley, vol.71, 
p. 1183. 1801. 



134 

Monument to James Hat ley of, vol. 87, p. 396. 1817. 
Description of Church (by II. K. Bonney), vol. 9.1, p. 
116. 1821. 

COPLE. — Epitaph in Church by F. Sepway, vol. 87, p. 
394. 1817. 

(AVood End) Seat of the Luke Family, vol. 77, p. 407. 
1807. 

Account of Monuments in Church of, by F. Sepway, 
vol. 85 ii., p. 39-1. 1815. 
CRANFIELD . — Fire at, vol. 46, p. 332. 1776. 

Coins found in the Church during the restoration, vol. 
29, n. s., p. 528. 1848. 
DUNSTABLE,— Priory of Black Cannons at, vol. 34, p. 
61. 1764. 

Brief account of Palace with a plate of same, by Gr. 0. P. T. 

(Sir G. 0. Page-TimicrJ of BatUcKclcn, Bart.), vol. 

86, p. 393. 1816. 
Plate of carved foot to reading- desk in the Vestry, by 

P. Q., vol. 74, p. 305. 1804. 
Sketch of trade token of Edward Tiplady of Dunstable, 

by Leon'd. Welsted, vol. 67, p. 825. .1797. 
Epitaphs in Churchyard, by D. II., vol. 76 L, p. 216. 

1806. 

Remarks upon, by D. II., vol. 71 L, p. 320, 1801. 

Sentence of Divorce between lien. VIII. and Catharine 
of Arragon pronounced, at, vol. 86 ii., p. 313. 1816. 

The first recorded theatrical representation in the King- 
dom at, in 1110, vol. 86 ii., p. 313. 1816. 

Elkanah Settle rival of Dry den born at, vol. 86 ii., p. 
314, 1816. 

Sermons preached at, Commemorative of the Charities 
of Mrs. Ashton and Mrs. Chew, vol. 75, p. 574. 1805. 



135 

Etymology of, by T. vol. 9 I i., p. 410. 1821. 
Proposed restoration of Church at, vol. 29, n.s., p. 528. 
1848. 

Coronation of Anne Boleyn by Crannier, from .Dunstable, 
vol. 1, 3rd s., p. 194. 1850. 

Stone Cross at, vol. 15, p. 342. 1804. 
EATON BRAY.— Biographical Notice of Dr. Mead, cele- 
brated Physician, vol.24, pp. 95, 141, 261, 510, 577. 
1754, 

ELSTOW.— xVbbey of Benedictine Nuns at, vol. 34, p. 
01. 1764. 

Epitaph in Church of, by V. Sepway, vol. 87, p. 301. 
1817. 

John Bunyan born at, vol. 80 ii., p. 314. 1816. 
Abbey Seal of Eliz. Boyvillc Abbess of, vol. 71, p. 310. 
1801. 

Questions respecting the. Priory at, vol. 4 n. s., p. 338. 
1835, 

Arms of Elizabeth Hervey Abbess of, vol. 17, p. 346. 
1812. 

Account of, with plate of Priory Church, and Hall, by 

D. A. Briton, vol. 00 ii., 3rd s., p. 105. 1820. 
Inlaid brass effigies at, vol. 18, p. 31. 1805. 
EVERSHOLT. — Account of new ►Schoolhouse with plate 

by John Martin, vol. 15, n. s., p. 384. 1841. 
EYEWORTJL— Brief history of, with account of Church 
and Monuments in same, with sketch, vol. 73, p. 1005. 
1803. 

FELMERSHAM. — Marsh, Rev. Thos. Orlebar, Naturalist 
and Antiquary, notice of, vol. 102, p. 281. 1832. 
Restoration of Church, vol. 32, n. s., p. 183. 1849. 
FLITTON,— Epitaphs in Church, vol 87, p. 395. 1817. 



136 



Monument to Earl of Harjjwicke in Church of, vol. 77, 

p. 408. 1807. 
Account of Monuments to the Grey family, in Silsoe 

Chapel, Wrest Park, with view of Flit ton, vol. 91, 

p. 393. 1821. 
FLITWICK. — Account of a Flit wick token or medal by 

James YVyatt, vol. 17, 3rd s., pp. 504, 538. 1864. 
GRAYENIIURST (Lower).— Epitaph in Church of, by 

F. Sepway, vol. 87, p. 394. 1817. 
Smallest Church in Bedfordshire, vol. 32, n. s., p. 480. 

18-19. 

HARLINGTON.-— Epitaph in Church of, by T. F., vol. 

91 i., p. 410. 1821. 
IIAYNES. — Epitaph in Church, by F. Seaway, vol. 87, 

p. 394. 1817. 
Thomas Archer preached before King" James on 30 

July, 1605, vol. 02 ii., p. 1163. 17i»l. 
IIOCKL1FFE.— Etymology of, by T. F., vol. 91 i., p. 

410. 1821. 

HOUGHTON CONQUE&T & REGIS. — Origin of the 
names, by (i. O. P. T., vol. 80 ii., p. 393. 1810. 
Etymology of, by T. F., vol. 01 i., p. 410. 1821. 
HOUGHTON CONQUEST.— Epitaph in Church, by F. 
Sepway, vol. 87 ii., p. 3.96. 18 L7. 
Extracts from Registers of, by 1*. N., vol. 64 ii., p. 
1103. 1794. 

Notes upon Houghton House, and date of same, by J. 

1). Parry, vol. 32 n. s., p. 480. 1819. 
Possession of Baron Hugh de Gournay, vol. 8, 3rd s., 

p. 435. 1800. 
HUSBORNE CRAWLEY.— Treasure found at, in 1228, 

vol. 102 i., p. 145. 1832. 



137 

KEMPSTON. — Account of Saxon Antiquities found at, 
by James Wyatt, vol. L6, 3rd s., p. 316. 1864! 

Saxon fibula found at, vol. 18, p. 724. 1865. 

Glass Vessels found in Saxon Cemetery at, vol. 17, p. 
52. 1864. 

KEYSOK- - Cannon ball ploughed up at, vol. 32, n. s., 

p. 183. 1849, 
LEIGIITON BUZZAIID.— Cross at, remarks upon, by 
D. II., vol. 71 L, p. 321. 18.01. 
Fire at, 20 January 1810, vol. 80 L, p. 175. 1810. 
Ironwork on Church door made in 1293; vol. 36, n. s., 

p. 417. 1851. 
Proposed restoration of cross at. vol. 36, n. s., p. 418. 
1801. 

Gallery in Church erected 1634, vol. 7, 3rd s., p. 60. 
1859. 

Etymology of, by T. F., vol. 91 i., p. 410. 1821. 
Convent of Foreign Monks at Grovebury^ vol. 34, p. 01. 
1761. 

Hospital Subordinate to one in Pieardy, .at Farle iiear, 
vol. 34, p. 62. 1764. 
LIDLINGTOJnT.- — Leaning tower of Church, and notes 
upon same, by J. I). Parry, vol. 32, u. s., p. 481. 
. 1841). 

LUTON.— Fire at Luton IIoo, vol. 41, p. 188. 1771. 
Short account of baptistery with plate, vol. 48, p. 505. 
1778. 

Fine old portico at L. IIoo, vol. 52, p. 479. 1782. 
Mansion at, begun in reign of Edwd. IV., by T. M. 

(TJws. Marsh}, vol. 52, p. 432. 1782. 
rtemarks upon L. IIoo, by I). H., vol. 71 i., p. 320. 

1801. 



138 



John Pomfret, poet, born at, vol. 80 ii.., p. 314. 1810. 
Fire at (Seat of John Sowerby), 25 Feb. 1808, vol. 78, 

p. 208. 1808. 
Electioneering treat given by Marquis of Bute at, vol. 

77, p. 774. 1807. 
Epitaph in Church of, by F. Sepway, vol. 87 ii. p. 299. 

1817. 

Curious phenomenon on 22nd Sept. J 810, at, vol. 80 ii., 

p. 879. 1810. 
Magnificence of the Mansion ( Luton IEoo), with list of 

pictures, by E. M. S., vol. 87 ii., p. 5. 1817. 
Luton IIoo Destroyed by Fire, 10 Nov. 1848, vol. 20, 

n. s.,.p. 018. .1818. 
Sale of Estate, vol. 28, p. 82. 1845. 
Roman coins found at, vol. 14, 3rd s., p. 888. 1803. 
vol. 1, 4th s., p. 213. 1800. 
MARSTON MORTEYNE.— Epitaph in Church, by F. 
Sepway, vol. 87, p. 895. 1817. 
Notes upon, by J. D. Parry, vol. 82, n. s., p. 482. 1849. 
MAUTjI)EN.— Description of altar tomb, by " Fpraewd- 

soeryie, n vol. 80 ii., p. 105. 1816. 
MELCHBi )ITRNE.— Preceptory at, vol. 34, p. 01. 1704. 
Account of Preceptory of the order of Knights Hospit- 
tallers in England, vol. 2, 3rd s., p. 008. 1857. 
MEPPERSHALL— Epitaph in Church, by F. Sepway, 

vol. 87, p. 394- 1817. 
MILLBROOK. — Copy of inscription under figure of a 
priest by " Fpraewdseeryio," vol. 80 ii., p. 105. 1810. 
Account of, with plate, by 1). A. Briton, vol. 98 ii., p. 
201. 1828. 

Account of Church and Tillage by J. D. Parry, vol. 32, 
n. s., p. 480. 1849. 



139 



Manor of, leased to Hugh de Stockton, vol. 5, 3rd s., p. 
371. 1808. 

MILTON BE YEN.— Etymology of, by T. P., vol. 91 i, 

p. 410. 1821. 
NOETHILL.— CLurcn made collegiate temp. lien. IV; 

vol. 34, p. 62. 1764. 
Short account of Church, with plate, by W. P., vol. 68, 

p. 205. .171)8. 
Roman remains-, 2 skeletons, glass vases, &c, found at, 

vol. 24, p. 65. 1840. 
Painted glass in Church, by I). II., vol. 71 L, p. 321. 

1801. 

POTTON.— Great Fire at, August 1783, vol. 53, p. 708. 
1783. 

Doggerel rhyme of gift of Manors of Sutton and Potton 
to Sir R. Burgoyne, vol. 80, pp. 34 & 520. 1810. 

PULLQXHILL.— -Mine of gold said to have been dis- 
covered at, vol. 34, p. 58. 1764. 

RIDG MONT.— Queen Elizabeth died at (mentioned in 
the Houghton Conquest register), vol. 64 it., p. 1163. 
1794. 

SANDY. — Roman Station at, vol. 32, p. 28, 1840. 

Roman coins found at, vol. 34, p. 58. .1704. 
SHEFFORD. — Roman Antiquities found at, vol. 30, p. 

518. 1848; vol. 23, p. 206. 1845. 
SHILLINGTON.— Epitaph in Church, by F. Sepway, 
vol. 87, p. 305. 1817. 
Cold coin found at, vol. 76, p. 21*6; 1806. 
Etymology of, by T. F., vol. 91 i., p. 410. 1821. 
SOTJTHILL. — Allowance in Churchwardens' accounts for 
killing sparrows, vol. 87 ii., p. 136. 1817. 



1.40 



STEPPING LEY. — Notes upon, by J. 1). Parry, vol. 32, 
p. 480. 1849. 

STEYING TON.— Account of, witli East Elevation of 
Church, carvings in wood on the seats of the Nave, 
and sketch of brass to Thome Salle, byT. Fisher, vol. 
82, p. 9. 1812. 

Churchyard cross at, vol. 9, 3rd a., p. 3G1. 1800. 

Licence to crenellate granted by Edwd. I., vol. 1, p. 
209. 1850. 

STOTFOLD. — Account of, with plate, and frescos on 
walls of church, vol. p7 ii., pi 401. 1827. 

SUTTON. — Account of, with description of Church and 
Monuments therein, by M. II., Vol. 80. p. 33. 1810. 
Epitaph in Church of, by F. Sepway, vol. 87, p. 395. 
1817. 

Memoir of Montague Bnrgoyne of, \ol. 5, n. s., p. 550. 

1830. vol. 11, p. 11:0. 1839. 
TEMPSFORD.- Fortifications at, by J. D. Parry, vol. 

32, p. 2S. 1849. 
TlLBllOOK. — Window in Church similar to one at 

Wootton, vol. 32, n. s., p. 481. 1849. 
TODDINGTON— Short account of, with plate of Church. 

by J. S. B., vol. 73, p. 1005. 1803. 
lias relief at, sketch of, by A. M. S., vol. 02, p. 817. 

17D2. 

Thomas Archer preached before King James, 24 July, 

1008, vol. 02 ii., p. 1103. 1701. 
Inscription to Sir Thos. Cheney in Toddiugton Church, 

vol. 08, p. 837. 1800. 
Bronze elephant found at, with plate of same, vol. 14, 

n. s., p. 003. 1840. 



141 



Bronze steelyard weight dug- up at, vol. 14, 3rd s., p. 
49. 1863. 

Etymology of by T. P., vol. 91 i, p. 410. 1821. 
Epitaph in Church, by E. Sepway, vol. 87 ii., p. 299. 
1810. 

Ring with a skeleton found at, vol. 11, p. 143. 1861. 
TURVEY. — Silver Roman denarii found at, vol. 0, p. 
397. 18.50. 

WARDEN.— Abbey of Cistercian Monks at, vol. 34, p. 
61. 1764. 

Sketch of remains of Abbey, v illi brief account of, by 

II. Walter, vol. 85, p. r>77. 1815. 
Danish Encampment at, vol. 30, p. 519. 1818. 
WESTONING .—Sketch of figure found in. pulling- down 
farmhouse at, by A. M. S., vol. 62, p. 817. 1702. 
Polished stone Colt found at, vol. 16, p. 336. 1864. 
WILDElNf. — Rude bridle-bit of iron found at vol. 4, p. 
184. 1858. 

W ILL I N G TON . — E p i t a ph in Church, by E. Sepway, 

vol. 87, p. 395'. 1817. 
WILSIIAMSTEAD.— Epitaph in Church, by E. Sepway, 

vol. 87, p. 395, 1817. 
WOBURN. — Account of coffins discovered at Woburn 

Abbey, with plade of inscription on lid of one, by 

" Rustico," vol. 19, p. 103. .1740. 
Remarks upon portraits at, by D. II., vol. 71 i., p. 321. 

1801. 

Account of annual sheep shearing meeting at, vol. 60, 
pp. 703 & 1108. 1700. vol. 71, p. 005. 1801. 
vol. 74, p. 588. 1804. vol. 80 i., p. 659. 1810. 



" Foxe's Book of Martyrs ^ and " Erasmus's Paraphrase 

on the Gospels " mentioned in the inventory of Church 

goods at, vol. 18, 3rd s., p. 2, I860. 
Review of Parry's History, and description of; vol. 102 

i., 144. 18132. 
Review of P. F. Robinson's account of, vol. 98 i., p. 

.329. . 1828. 

The Queen's visit to, on 2nd August 1841, vol. 10, p. 

308. 1841. 
Stone cross at, vol. 15, p. 342. 1864. 

WOOTT.OiN".— "Wooden Porch at, and notes upon, by J. 
D. Parry, vol. 32, p. 481. 1849. 

WRESTLING WORT] [.—Topographical notice of, toge- 
ther with account of (he Church, by "Richmondiensis," 
vol. 85, p. 404. 1815. 

WYMIFGTON,— Epitaph in Church, by F. Sepway, vol. 
85, p. 395. 1817. 



COPLE. — The following quaint announcement, taken 
from the Gentleman's Magazine, is worth recording in this 
column : — • 

"April, 1731. — The son of Mr. Graves of Baldock in 
Hertfordshire (a laU 14 years of age) to Mrs. Lake /I. of Sir 
Samuel Lake, a maiden lady aged 70." 

If tins marriage really took place, such a blending of 
crabbed age and youth is, to say the least, remarkable. 



1 13 

FOlM-LOBE. 

On May-day eve it appears to be tile custom at Tilswortli 
for some of the young men of the village to go round to 
tlie different ' houses and leave a branch of May for every 
maiden in each liou.se sticking in the ground or leaning 
against the building. The following verses are also sung 
on the occasion : — 

To-day, to-day is the first of May, 

The spring time of the year, 
And if you please on another day 

We'll taste of your strong beer. 

And if strong beer you have not got 

We'll be content with small, 
We'll pledge thee well against that day 

And give God thanks for all. 

A branch of may I have you brought 

A ud at your door it stands, 
It is but a sprout, but it's well budded out, 

It is the work of our Lord's hands. 

Arise, arise, you pretty fair maids 

And view your may so gay, 
Or else you'll say on another day 

We brought you. not your may. 

I have a purse in my pocket 

Tied with a silken string, 
We'll thank you for some silver 

To line it well within. 



144 



This custom being so different to any other that I have 
observed, I made enquiry and ascertained that it has been 
followed from time immemorial. I believe it is usual, as 
indicated in the last verse, to go round on May-clay and 
collect for a feast ; at any rate I was not applied to to line 
the purse, so only speak from hearsay. 1 have slightly 
altered the lines to make them more grammatical. 

F. A. B. 



AMPTHILL (iv., 124). — December 22nd, Lo?l. 
Lease upon surrender of -Mary, Robert, and William 
Ilewett, junior, of Parkmead Meadow pared of the lord- 
ship of Ampthill for their three lives, rent £8. 

December 2Lst, 1CJ !. Grant to Alex. Erskinc son and 
heir of Viset. Teuton odE the chief stewardship and keeper- 
ship of Ampthill House and Parks in reversion after the 
said Viscount and Lady Elizabeth his wife, 

September 24th, 11x14. Grant to Wm. Hamxyer of the 
oinee of Keeper of AmptliilJ honour for life. 

LUiH. Petition of the Keepers of the. Parks to the 
King praying for payment for charge of repairs of the 
Lodges, pales and fences. 

2S February, 1 ( J-J7. Petition of Hugh He vo parson of 
Ampthill to ArcUbishon Laud. Petitioner has received 
the certificates of the christenings burials and marriages 
within the County of Bedford above 28 years and was 
appointed so to do by the now Bishop of Lincoln ami three 
proceeding Bishops for the ease of the county, the said 
certificates to he delivered into the Bishop of Lincoln's 
office at Buckden according to (anon. Beseeches that he 
mav receive the said certificates as formerly. 



145 

BIGGLESWADE, B821-2, Feb. 24. Draft of "An 
Act for the repair of the great road and highway to 
London from the North part of England between Big- 
gleswade and Baldock." The road is so worn by carts, 
wains, and drifts of cattle, &c, that it is almost impassable, 
though the adjacent inhabitants give their labour for its 
repair according to statute; tolls to be levied for repair of 
the road. Endorsed, Lecta la, 24o Feb., 19° Jac, on 
which day Parliament, according to the Journals was not 
sitting. Bill not mentioned in Journals. (CaL House of 
Lords, on! Report, j>. 27 .J 

1642, Nov.-2. Affidavit of John Howard (and copy of 
same) that Thomas Michel! refused to pay the rent due 
from bin] to Lambert Osbolston tor tin- impropriation of 
Biggleswade, in the County of Bedford. L. J., V. 420. 
Annexed : — 

Copy of order referred to in preceding. 7 July 1(541. 
L. J., IV. 304. In eAemo. (Ibid. 4/7/ Report, p. 56.J 

1(344-5, Feb. 13. Petition and answer of Jeremy 
Stephens, clerk, touching the prebend of Biggleswade. 
Petitioner was presented and admitted, and performed the 
cure, and preached and paid tenths, &c, in the absence of 
Mr. Osbaston, who was supposed to have deserted the 
kingdom. Petitioner prays that he may not be called 
upon to restore any part of the profits, the rat hoi' because 
the prebend was bestowed upon him for Iris chargeable 
service to the kingdom in printing and publishing the 
first volume of the English Laws, Constitutions, and 
Decrees for the first live hundred years before the 
Conquest, a work begun by the learned knight, Sir Henry 
Spelman, to whom petitioner was appointed assistant, in 
his great old age. Further prays that if the House is not 



146 



satisfied with this answer . lie may have farther time 
allowed him, and may be heard by Counsel in the matter. 
See L. J., VII. 185. Annexed:— 

Petition and addition and answer of Jei'cmy Stephens, 
touching the prebend of Biggleswade. In addition to the * 
great work oh Ecclesiastical History and Laws previously 
mentioned, petitioner lias undergone great charges and 
pains in the public library at Oxford, with Dr. James, the 
keeper thereof, and Dr. Prideaux, J)r. Twist and other 
principal divines, who were emploped at first by Sir 
Thomas Ilodley and Archbishop Abbott to compare the 
popish editions of the Fathers with the old books and 
manuscripts in all the libraries and colleges; which work 
continued many years, and twelve large volumes, or tomes 
being exactly collated, the popish corruptions, additions, 
detractions, and falsifications committed in them arc dis- 
covered. All these volumes were transmitted into peti- 
tioner's hands, and. he lias already printed divers treatises 
out of them, and has much more in readiness to be printed, 
al his great charge and labour. 'The prebend was given 
to him as a reward and encouragement for proceeding in 
his work, the charges about which are much more than 
the profits of the prebend during Mr. Osbaston's absence. 
Part of the first fruits being paid into the Exchequer, the 
money can hardly be recovered, and an extent is sent forth 
for the rest. Prays that, the matter may be referred to 
some judges, and further that Mr. Osbaston, who lias a 
legal course by action of debt to recover his rents against 
the tenants, may be left to the ordinary course of the law. 
(Ibid, Uh Report, p. 47. J 

BEDFORD.—" 1640-1, Feb. 8— Petition of John 
"Wallinger, church-warden of St. Paul's, Bedford; pre- 



147 

■ 

sented James Whitacres, deputy- registrar of the ecclesias- 
tical court there, for a fame of adultery, and Giles Thome, 
Parson of St. Mary's Bedford, for not praying for the 
King; for which Whitacres and Thorne presented frivolous 
articles against petitioner in the ecclesiastical Court ; 
where by the contrivance of Sir John Lambe, Dr. Pock- 
lington and Dr. Sibthorpe, petitioner lias been, imprisoned 
and put to great expense and loss: prays that the parties 
may be called upon to answer. 55 (House of Lords Caf.) 

"1641, July 12. — Draft order upon a petition of John 
Wallingcr of Bedford, for Sir John Lambe and others to 
appeal' and answer. 55 ( Ibid.) 

" 1041, Aug. 7. — Petition of James Beverley, Esq. [to 
II. C] ; Sir \\ r m. Dryers and Petitioner are two of the 
commissioners in the county of Bedford for the execution 
of the Late Acts for the rebel' of the north parts, and 
speedy raising of money tor disbanding the- army, and act 
together therein ; Sir Win. Bryers has shown partiality in 
several cases which petitioner enumerates, underrating 
some and surcharging others, and has refused petitioner 
access to the assessments to the poll money, and publicly 
affronted him; prays for consideration of these charges. 
0. J , II. 243." (Ibid.). 

"■1642, Aug. 27. — Charge against Gyles Thorne, 
minister of St.* Mary's Church, Bedford, for speaking 
blasphemous words, with list of witnesses to prove the 
charge. L. J., V. 326. 

Annexed—Extracts from Thome's sermons/' (Ibid.) 

11 1642, Aug. 30. — Petition of Justices of the Peace and 
inhabitants of the town of Dedford. Pray for the removal 
of Giles Thorne, parson of St. Mary's there, a turbulent 
and profane person, who used to persecute in the High 



148 



Commission Court those who/lesired to abstain from pro- 
fanations, and now sets up divisions and factions in the 
town. L. J., V. 3t$2. 

Annexed:- — Affidavit of James Elsbey that in a sermon 
at the church of St. Mary', Bedford, Mr. Giles Thome,* 
the parson, spoke in favour of confession, J Ot h Sept. 1642. 

Aug. J30. — Order committing Gyles Thome to the Fleet. 
L. V. 332." (Ibid.) 

" L642, Oct. 12.— Petition of Giles Thorne, clerk, 
Petitioner has been seven weeks committed on account of 
objection taken to some passages in his sermons; the case 
has been partly heard, and lie prays that a speedy day may 
be appointed for the further hearing, or that lie may be 
hailed. L. J., V. 397. Annexed : — Another petition of 
Thorne to be bailed. 1.4 Feb. 1642-3." (Ibid.) 

.'" 1642-3, Feb. 14, — Petition of inhabitants of the 
parish of St. Cuthbert\s, Bedford. Mr. Thorne, parson of 
St. Mary's, Bedford, some years since engrossed into his 
hands the rectory of St. Cuthbert over the head of the 
incumbent, who was then living, since which time he has 
taken the profits of both- the benefices, but wilfully neglects 
t he cure of petitioners' souls, having only Kept one drunken 
curate to officiate in both churches. Pray that Mr. Thorne 
may be compelled to afford a sufficient maintenance out 
of the profits of the rectory to Mr. Iloidden, a godly and. 
painful minister. L. J., V. 005. 

Annexed : — ( Certificate signed by the churchwardens and. 
other inhabitants of the parish, as to the truth of the 
allegations contained in preceding petition." (Ibid.) 

" 1644-0, March o. — Petition of Giles Thorne, clerk. 
His wife is sick even to death, and desires to see him. 
Prays that after above thirty months' imprisonment, first 



] [ <d 

in the Fleet, now in El^TIouso, lie may have a, month's 
leave on bail to go to Bedford to see his wife and advise 
for her recovery. Noted, Read, nothing done." (Ibid J 
" 104(3-7, . Jan. 20.— Petition of Giles Thome, clerk, 
Petitioner, who was committed by their Lordships four 
years and four months since, prays that he maybe allowed 
six weeks' time, upon sufficient bail, to go down into the 
country to visit his distressed family, to advise for his 
wile's recovery, who is very weak and earnestly desiring 
to see him, and. to labour with his friends for some mean 
subsistence for himself and family. L. J., VIII. 090." 

(Ibid:) 

"1040-7, Feb. 17. — Application for an order fur Dr. 
Aylett to institute and induct Robert Marshall to the 
Rectory of St. Peter's, Bedford." (Ibid.) 

"1047 [May]— Petition of Giles Thorne. After five 
years' imprisonment the House lately gave him six weeks' 
liberty on bail ; lie had hoped in that time to have pro- 
cured some maintenance from his friends, but he finds they 
have much ado to support themselves, and he has therefore 
been obliged to return to custody. Prays to be discharged, 
or to have some relief allowed him out of his own means. 
Thome was discharged 23rd Aug. 1047. L. J., IX. 399." 
(Ibid.) 

"1047, Aug. 23. — Petition of Giles Thome, clerk. 
Petitioner is now in the sixth year of his imprisonment, 
and nothing against him but what is contained, in the 
annexed copy of his commitment, lie prays the House to 
release him, or to allow him subsistence out of his own 
means to preserve him from perishing. L. J., X. 399. 
Thome was discharged. 



100 



Annexed : — Copy of order,, of 30th/ August 1642 for 
Tliorne to stand committed to the Fleet prison till the 
pleasure of the House be further known. Thorn e was 
committed on the evidence of one witness for speaking 
blasphemous words. L. J., Y. 332." (Ibid.) (For fur- 
ther ittceomifo see " Walker's Sufferings of (lie Clergy " ed. 

1714, p. m.) 

EXTRACTS FROM THE CALENDARS OF STATE 
PAPERS; DOMESTIC SERIES. 

Rloci.kswaih:, 1750, May 10. — Certificates of Thomas 
Pygott and George Fysshe, Esqres, charges for furniture 
of armour, "weapons Sic within the three hundreds of 
Byckolswade Y r ixhamtry and Clifton. 

1034. — Brief for Defendant in a cause in the Court of 
Arches of Osbaston Yersus \\ i d < > \s and Executrix of John 
Sutton Clerk, brother and executor of Dr. Sutton for 
dilapidations at Bickleswade. The brief sets forth 
defendant's accounts as Kxeeutrh: of John Sutton. She 
had received £92 13s. (id. and paid £102 8s. 4d. 

1035. — Brief in a cause in the Court of Arches of 
Lambert 0 sboldston Clerk, prebend and parson of the 
appropriate parsonage of Bricklcswade against Elizabeth 
relict and executrix of John Sutton the previous incumbent 
for dilapidations of the Chancel of the Church of Bygles- 
wade and of a barn belonging to the parsonage. 

1038. — General statement of charges of misconduct 
brought against Bishop Williams of Lincoln in reference 
to each of the 1 places he holds in the Church of England 
viz. as Rector of Walgrave Co. Northampton, Residentiary 
of the Church of Lincoln, Dean of "Westminster, and 



Bishop of Lincoln. [le \im never been at Wal grave since 
lie was made a Bishop, whereat the whole county murmurs. 
As residentiary oh' Lincoln he is charged with omitting to 
remedy certain great grievances affecting Bigglesworth 
Co. Bedford, which is a prebend belonging to the church 
of Lincoln worth £400 per annum ; although presented 
by the inhabitants at least 20 limes and viewed by the 
Bishop himself there is no reformation. Mr. Lambert 
Osbolston is tin 1 prebendary of this place. Sir "William 
Fish the tenant. 

December 24, 1660.— Petition of Thus. Margets to the 
King to con-firm by patent the change of the Market at 
Biggleswade Co. Bedford from Mmulay to Wednesday as 
approved by requisition in 1654. 

January, 1061. — Grant to Thomas Margotts of a weekly 
market at Biggleswade Co. Bedford, 

Knotting, 1634-6. — Articles exhibited b} r Walter 
Walker official commissary lor the .Archdeaconry of 
Bedford against Anthony Bourne and Edmund Hewitt 
Churchwardens of Knotting. It is objected against them 
that they were bound to prevent all manner of profana- 
tions of the Church of Knotting; and further that they 
knew that upon Shrove Tuesday in tin; years 1634, 1635, 
and 1.636 in the chancel of the said church in or about the 
sacred place wjiere the communion table stands there were 
lighting cocks brought thither and cock fightings there 
held and many persons assembled to behold the same and 
to bet and lay wagers thereon, and particularly that 
Bourne and Hewitt and a son of Bourne and Mr. Alvey 
Minister of Knotting were present as actors and spectators 
and laughed and sported thereat and most profanely 
abused the said consecrated place. 



152 

Bedford. — December Ipth, 1591. — Commission to 
Oliver St. John and four others to enquire concerning the 
foundation of St. John's Hospital Bedford, hy Bobcrt de 
Parrys as to who are his heirs and whether the hospital 
lias not reverted to the Crown by the death of the Master 
and all the religious brethren. 

December 1, LoCJf). — One Colmer a drover dwelling near 
Bedford declared that he heard reports of a rebellion in 
Cornwall and Devonshire and that the Karl of 15 dford lias 
been appointed for the appeasing thereof. 

1628.— State of the Church and Hospital of St. John the 
Baptist in Bedford with petition of the Corporation of that 
Town that there may be no further proceedings against, 
them in respect thereof except only by course of law. 

February 10, 1635-0. — Bcceipt of Sir William Russell 
for .£130 paid by Francis Banes ter, Doctor of Physic, 
Mayor of Bedford, in part of £3000 ship money charged 
upon county of Bedford by writ of 4th August last. 

February t8, 1067. — Pctith n of John Bubb prisoner at 
Bedford gaol to the King for pardon. He acknowledges 
the justice of the sentence of death pronounced against 
him at the Assize at Leighton. 

30 June 1 667. —Warrant to High Sheriff to reprieve 
John Bubb. 

February 24, 1662,— Presentation of Francis YVil ford 
D.D. to the Archdeaconry of Bedford void hy the promo- 
tion of Dr. Hacket to the Bishopric of Litchfield and 
Coventry. 

July 30, 1667. — Warrant for Dr. Theo. Dillingham to 
be Archdeacon of Bedford void by the death of Dr. Francis 
Wilford. 

Bedfordshire. — February 16, L009. — The Council to 



Sir Henry Fanshaw. l).y*ections to fell 2l)0 tons of timber 
in Bedfordshire for repair. of the great bridge at St. NeOts. 

October 4, 1603. — Warrant to Sir Robert Dormer, 
Master of the Hawks, to preserve the King's game in 
Bedfordshire, and to punish offenders. 

August 5, L61G. - -The King to Lord St. John and other 
Knights and Gentlemen in Bedfordshire. Requests them 
to remedy the decay in game in those parts on penalty of 
his heavy displeasure and of his withholding his presence 
from those parts which be has usually visited every second 
year for sport ing. 

March 8 3 1017. — Warrant for. payment of £200 over and 
above £880 already deli vered for repairing St. Neots Bridge. 

January 16th, 1024. — Secretary Conway to High Sheriff 
of Bedfordshire to recover one of the King's hawks lost 
near Hoy stem. 

December 4th, LG28. — Dispensation for Sir Anthony 
Chester to be absent out of the County whereof he is 
appointed 1 1 igh Sheriff. 

July 11, 1.(134.— Copy of note given by the Chancellor 
of the Bishop of Lincoln to Archbishop Laud of various 
things out of order in that diocese. The following is the 
final entry: — ''That sort of people (hat run from their 
own parishes after affected preachers are themosl trouble- 
some part of jtlie ecclesiastical inquisition, especially in 
Buckingham and Bedfordshires where they find great 
abettors of this their disorder. The new Recorder of 
Bedford questioned at a Sessions one of my apparitors for 
troubling, as he said, these godly men and there delivered 
publickly that if men wore thus troubled for going to hear 
a sermon when their minister at home did not preach it 
would breed a scab in the Kingdom." 



Eaton. — May 20, 1580. — Okl'ers and resolutions taken 
at Eaton touching the obstruction of the river Ouse near 
St. Neots by four mills newly erected by John Webstere 
in the Parish of Barkford, and by other ancient mills in 
the occupation of Pafe Place. 

Eye worth. — 1580, — Suit of Francis Fortescue son of 
Henry Fortescue for a licence of alienation and sale of the 
Manor of Aywortke, granted by King- Henry VII I. to the 
said Henry Fortescue and the heirs male of his body. 

dune 13, 1664. — Warrant for a grant to Stephen Ander- 
son of Eyeworth Co. Bedford of the dignity of a baronet. 

June 28, 1004. — Grant to Stephen Anderson, Junr., of 
the dignity of Baronet with the usual discharge. 

Pudding ton. — August 1588. — Articles drawn up by the 
Karl of Font for examination of Thomas II ill, touching 
bis opinions in Matters of religion and of his obedience to 
the church of Home whereunto lie refuseth to make 
answer. 

Sutton. — June 4, 1505. — .Patent exempting John Bur- 
goyno aged 00 and blind t'rpm being called upon to 
execute the otlice of Justices of the Peace. 

December L GO I . — Petition of Sir Roger Burgoyne Bart, 
to the King for leave to reside 1 in Warwickshire where his 
family live, although chosen Sheriff for Bedfordshire, 
also a grant of the Xing for him so to do on condition of 
his not; neglecting the public service. 

Weestti no worth. — December 4, 1591. — Lease to 
Thomas Lake of the site of the .Manor of Wrestling- 
worth for 21 yours, rent £21 6s. 0^d. 

Tempseord. — November. 14, 1007. — Presentation of 
Thomas Noke to the benefice of Tempsford void by resigna- 
tion of George Eland. 



155 



February 22nd, 1623. — Secretary. Conway to the clerk 
of the Signet To draw a presentation for the King- to 
the parsonage of Tempsford. 

August 10(50. — Petition of Anthony Tluish M.A., for 
the Rectory of Tempsford void by decease of Mr. King. 

No.ktimll. — October Hi, 1602. — The King (to the 
Grocers Company) recommends Robert Oordell for pre- 
sentation to the Rectory of Northill which is in their gift, 
lie being a man of extreme reputation for the pains lie has 
taken in the city. Presentation of Mr. Cordell to the 
Rectory. 1 

Mkppeksii all. — May 16, 1601. — Names and addresses 
of 16 fugitives taken by the' Ship Lion in Tilbury Hope 
with note that the plot of conveying them away was 
made by Linton of Mepsall in Bedfordshire. 

February 0, 1635. — Petition of Jeremy Meade of 
Mepersal Co. Bedford to Archbishop Laud. Timothy 
Archer D.D. , lately complained to the Archbishop that 
petitioner bad erected in the church of Mepersal a high, 
seat or pew with banisters, to the prejudice of the parish-, 
ioners. The seat in question is uniform with the seat 
wherein the wife of. Dr. Archer sits and with the other 
wainscot seats and is no inconvenience to the parishioners. 

Shillington. — May 7, 1501. — Grant of Pardon to Br : 
Lr : Henry Wilcoeks of Shillington for having feloniously 
harboured and entertained William Snagg and Henry 
Finch, the murderers of William Column. 

November 25, 1603. — Lord Cecil to the Steward of the 
Manor of Shillington. Directs him to enrol all leases 
within the said Manor with Ralph Ewens, her Majesty's 
Auditor. 

Odlll. — September 0, 1084. — Abstract or brief account 



of tlie proceeding's of Sir Nathaniel Brent, Vicar- general, 
during his Metropolitical Visitation of the diocese of 
Lincoln. 

Bedford was visited On the 26 August, where Peter 
Buckley, Hector of Odell, was suspected of Puritanism 
and suspended for non-attendance at the Visitation. He 
came to Sir Nathaniel afterwards, and confessed that he 
never used the surplice nor the cross in baptisms, lie was 
to appear before the .High Commission on the first court 
day in November, if he reformed not before. 

Ampthill was visited on the 80th August. 

Hockliffk, November 8, 1605, — Examination of John 
Story servant to Percy. Proceedings of several conspira- 
tors — Percy and Wright passed in haste through llookliffe 
on November 0 where Story was awaiting them with relay 
of horses. 

Luton, June 17, 1618. — Sir Robert Napier and Art. 
Crawley to the Council. The Town of Luton is much 
inj ured by pulling down fair dwelling houses with making 
houses and erecting in (heir place cottages for (lie poor 
for the profit of certain, private persons. Also list of per- 
sons who have destroyed their houses. 

November 17th, 1623. — Grant to Sir Robert Napier 
Bart, his son and his brother of: the King's right to the 
tithes of Chiltern Green with the ad vow-son of the Vicarage 
of Luton. 

23rd February, 1662-3. — Certificate by F. Rowley 
registrar that the estates of Sir Robert . Napier of Luton 
were sequestered 21) April 1644 for his going to tlx 1 King's 
quarters and not returning after 10 days notice and that 
he was discharged by order of Parliament J 4 September 
1647. 



157 

Biggleswade, February?! 5, 1663. — List of Traitors, 12 
names of Military Men, Operatives, &c, headed by that of 
Lieut.-CoL Miller of Bigglesworth Bedfordshire. 

28 January, 1664. — Examination of — Galium, Cordey 
asked him if he had taken the oath and told him there 
was a plol in hand for the good old cause ; he wished him to 
carry a letter to Miller of Biggleswade. and offered to prefer 
him as a soldier; declined because In.' had taken the oath. 

December, 1665. — Petition of John Miller io Lord 
Arlington to order the Deputy-Lieutenant of Bedfordshire 
to send up their charge against him or else to liberate him. 
After having been a year prisoner in Windsor Castle was 
released on hail and restored to his house at Biggleswade; 
and after quietly remaining there; a month was seized by 
a [tarty of horse, on warrant from (he Deputy-Lieutenant 
and sent to Bedford gaol where lie has remained ever since; 
this is owing as he believes to the displeasure of some 
eminent person. 

May 28, 1666. — Petition of John Bubb, prisoner in 
Bedford gaol, lor Pardon is condemned to death because 
grappling with a person who picked a quarrel with him, 
the man fell and hurt himself with his tobacco pipe and 
died a month after; Annexed — Examinations of Richard 
Gregory surgeon of Eversholt, Dorothy Sparkes of Wobiirn 
Co. Bedford Surgeon and four others to the effect that 
Bubb did not first provoke the quarrel with Edwards and 
that the wound inflicted on the latter was mortal. Taken 
before the Marl of Bedford and the other referees. 

Whitehall, May 23, 1666. 

Todimngtox, J une, KilS.— Brief in cause of widow of 
Thos. Cheney v. John Crofts in reference to the reversion 
of the Manor of Toddington. 



158 



September 8, 10^9. — Grant to -Robert Brett of lands in 
Heme and Toddington accrued to his Majesty by the 
attainder of Win. Brett his brother for felony. 

November 30, 1632. — Bond of Robert Hill of Todding- 
ton and another for £300 for appearance of Benjamin 
Eldred before the Council upon 3 days notice. 

Tura ey, April 30, 1008.-—Grant to Thomas Parker late 
of Turvey of pardon for sheep stealing'. 

March, 1028. — Account of Bishop Smith of Chaleedon 
and of his ordinary places at Turvey v illi notices of the 
priests principally employed by him. 

Amptiiill, August, 1000. — Statement of the request of 
the Earl of Elgin and Lord Bruce to be restored to the 
office granted to Lord Elgin, of the Stewardship of Ampt-* 
hill. Honour, Bedford, with the herbage and pannage of 
three park's therein of which lu i was deprived during the 
usurpation; or to become the King's tenants "in case the 
land cannot be imparked again. 

Amptiiill, July, L001. — Grant to John Ashburnham of 
the deer of Ampthil) Great Park, ami I irog borough and 
Beekring's Parks, Co. Bedford ; the King disparking the 
said parks and discharging the keepers and their servants. 

Barton, August P^, 1 002. — Warrant tor a presentation 
of Thomas Crawley, D.D., to the Rectory of Barton. 

Bahton-'in -tiik-Qi .ay, July 20, 1000. — Petition of With 
Sclater Schoolmaster of Barnel to the King for tin? Peetory 
of Barton-in-the-Clav, was (wire in imminent danger of 
life in the canst 1 of the late King. 

August 7, 1000. — Petition of John Norton, a conform- 
able minister and loyal subject to the King, for reference 
to the Lord Chancellor and others of the case between him 
and 'Slaughter who on pretext of a vacancy has got a 



159 



warrant for the Rectory of 'Barton, Co. Bedford, his father 
purchased the manor conceiving the advowson to be ap- 
pendant, and presented him thereto eight years ago on 
death of Dr. Moore. Wit h reference thereon to the Lord 
Chancellor and others — Annexing i. — ii. Certificates by 
Lord Bruce and three others and by Dr. Rich. Ball and 
five others in favour of the petitioner. 

Bedfordshire, tool, 26 December, R.O. — (The date of 
this letter its quid' uncertain.) John Ruddle to Lord Mount- 
joy — Has inquired in the county who it was thai brought 
Venison through Royston on Wednesday last. Learns 
that Thos. Gates, servant with Sir Hen. Parker and his 
hunt carried some and that Sir Henry was five days in 
Northamptonshire and Bedfordshire with 12 horse or more 
before lie returned home. 

Cheshunt, St. Stephens Day, 
Hoi. p. 1. Add: Endd : 

Busiimead, July, 1660. — Pet i I ion of W illiam, son of 
William Gery, late of Bushmead, For the place of Com- 
missioner of K .ye iso, Hi-> lather lost his whole Instate by 
adhering to the late King; was himself plundered to his 
shirt, and imprisoned for following Sir George Booth and 
was recommended to His Majesty by General Montague at 
Breda, 

Clifton, April 17, 1662. — Dispensation to Nicholas 
East, M.A.j Vicar of Pinchbeck, diocese of Lincoln to 
hold also the Rectory of Clifton Co. Bedford, being about 
30 miles distant. 

Clophill, March 26, 1628. — Confirmation of assign- 
ment made by Sir John Walter, Sir James Fullerton, and 
Sir Thomas Trevor to James Beverley the younger, Francis 
Duett and Matthew Denton of the Manor of Clophill and 



160 



Caynhoe, Co. Bedford, parcel- of the I Ton or of Ampthiil. 

Leighton Buzzaud, A uffu-stlGGO. — Thomas Lord r^cisrli. 
Baron Stoneleigh. For a letter to the Dean and Canons 
of Windsor Tor renewal of his lease of the lordship of 
Leighton Buzzard which he .sold to Col. Okey, who had 
bought the reversion, but is incapable of it as being one of 
thi' murderers of the late King. — Annexing — i. State- 
ment of the case of Lord Leigh relative to the above-lands, 
that he sold his lease very disadvantage* msly to Okey the 
traitor, Rich. Mead and two others, rather than buy the 
reversion; and that Mead and (he others try to obtain 
a new lease by surrender of the old one, without acquaint- 
ing the church with the right of the Duke of Yolk to 
a fourth part thereof as being the estate of Okey. — ii. The 
King to tin 1 1 )ean and ( 'hapter of Windsor. Cert a in lands 
in Leighton Buzzard belonging to tliein tic remainder of 
the lease whereof was sold by Thomas Lord Leigh to John 
Okey one of the Judges of the late King, have by his 
attainder devolved on the Crown and were granted to the 
Duke of York, ami by him transferred to Lord Leigh. 
Recommends his Lordship as a former tenant and also 
a person of eminent loyalty tor a renewal of. the; lease 
which Rich: Mead, one of the purchasers of the present 
lease, attempts to obtain. 

Marston, June' 1), 1591. — Presentation of Richard 
Sawyer, M.A., to Marston Parsonage. 

Houghton Conquest, June 1662. — Petition of Samuel 
Lee, M.A., to the King for a dispensation to hold the 
Rectory of Houghton Conquest with the vicarage of 
Chaddesley-Corbett Co. Worcester not above 40 miles 
apart with Leave to change either for any other within 24 



161 



miles — Suffered during the late wars as a strict maintainor 
of church discipline. 

August 8, 1662. — Grant of dispensation to Samuel Lee 
to hold both of the above with a clause of permutation of 
either fur any oilier living within 24 miles distance. 

Wobtjkn, 1587, January 1.1. — The Countess of Bed- 
ford's declaration of the assurances for her jointure; with 
the answer of the Countess to certain surmises touching 
the sale of the goods belonging to the late Earl of Bedford 
at Chenies and Woburn. 

1587, March L9. — Bridget Countess of Bedford to Lord 
Burghley. Particulars of the assurances of her jointure 
made before her marriage with the late Earl. She had 
dealt most honorably towards the creditors of the. late 
Earl, and had not annulled any of the leases or ads made 
by him. Complains of delay of performance of the 
covenants of her settlement. 

March 1633. — Secretary Wmdebank to Justice of Assize 
of Bedford as to repairing highway between Hockley and 
Woburn. 

Battlksdkn, April . G, L633. — Sir Edward Buncombe to 
Sec. T. Windebank acquaints (he secretary that he has 
ever been careful to keep that road in sufficient repair and 
intends to lay yearly. on the same 400 loads of gravel and 
stone. He is also at an extraordinary charge in the repair 
of two other great roads in the way for Ireland, in the 
parisn of Battlesden. J. Gr. E. 



BEDFORDSHIRE— The names of the nobility, 
gentry,. and others who contributed to the defence of this 
country at (lie time of the Spanish invasion in L588 : — • 



102 



Walter Luke, Gen. 21 die Mareii , £25 

John Ikirgoyne, Armiger. 25 Mareii 40 

Richard Charnoek, Armiger. 2G Mareii . .- 40 

William Duncombe, Armiger. Eodem 40 

Philip Johns, Gen. Eodem 40 

John Clerk, 31 die Mareii 25 

Kichard Harding, Armiger. Eodem 25 

Ilenrie Fairie, primo die Aprilis 25 

Thomas Cheyney, Gen. 7 Aprilis . . . . 40 

William Adams, Gen. Eodem 25 

Thomas Hawcs, Senior, Tanner, Eodem 25 

William Audeley, 9 die Aprilis 25 

Thomas Parratt, Gen. 10 Aprilis 25 

Thomas Ympie, 1.1 Aprilis 25 

Christofer Estwick, 12 AprilLs . 25 

Henry Lodge 1 , 11 Aprilis . 25 

Robert Grigg, Yeoman. 14 Aprilis 25 

Hichard Crawley, Yeoman. 15 Aprilis 25 

Nicholas Denton, Eodem 25 

William Stone, Armiger. 10 die Aprilis 50 

Thomas Spicer, alias Alder. JS die Aprilis 25 

George Keaynsham, Armiger. Eodem 50 

Frauncis Farrer, Gen. Eodem 25 

Humphrey Fitzwilliam, Armiger. 24 Aprilis. 25 

John Catesbie, Armiger. quinto die Maii 25 

Ilenrie Edwards, Gen. 10 Maii 25 

John Crawley. 22 die Maii ' 25 

William Gierke, Gen. 20 die Maii 25 

John Davie, Gen. 20 die Maii ' 25 

Oliver Skroggs, Gen. 0 die Jiinii 25 

Mathew Hanscombe, 21 die Julii 25 

Georu-e Barter, the 31 of July 25 



163 

George Smythe the same daye 25 

Roberte Bellamy th' elder, the 3 of August 23 

(The above list k taken from the Grenville Collection, 
No. 1149, in the B. M. Printed in 1798 from a MS. 
dated 1588). 

J. G. 11. 

NOTES ON BEDFORDSHIRE MARSIIALLS: . 

I forward the following notes derived from wills proved 
in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury in the hope that 
some local genealogist may bo able to assist me in further 
identifying the persons mentioned, and perhaps render it 
possible to trace their relationship to others of the same 
name in other' counties. . The oldest will of a Bedfordshire 
Marshall I have met with is that of "William Marchall 
"dwelling wHn the place of the blaeke freres of Dunstaple 
in the Countie of Bedfford, gentilman," dated 8 July 1531, 
He bequeaths to I he mother church of Lincoln Id., to the 
parish church of Todington '20s. Mentions, his late wife 
Alice, his father Joh.ii, and mother Joan, llis daughters 
Dorathe and Margaret. Mary, Jane, and Alice daughters 
of his son Richard Marchall. Devises farms at Chaltoiij 
etc., to son William Marchall. Mentions, daughter Eliza- 
beth Brockas, her late husband John Brockas, Esq. and 
their children Mary Brockas and Robert Brockas. (Jives 
residue to wife Mary, and appoints her, and son William 
Marchall executors. My good lady of Wilsherc to be 
overseer. Proved by relict Gtli February, 1531. (U> 
Thower, Vol. i.). A pedigree of Brockas will be found in 
Berry's Hampshire Genealogies, p. 91. " My good lady of 
Wilshere " was Elizabeth daughter of Thomas Howard, 



104 . . 

Duke of Norfolk, and wife of Sir Thomas Boieyne, K.Gr., 
Earl of Wiltsliire. 

William Marshall devisee of the farms at Chalton may 
ho identical with "William Marshall of Ilitehen, co. 
Hertford, yeoman," at which place a numerous family of 
the name appear to have resided. His will is dated 15 
May, 1573, and was proved by Aimys his wife and sole 
executrix, 3 June, following 1 . (Peter 20.) lie mentions 
his daughter Johan, under age'. Devises tenement in 
Chalton in parish of Ipolits, to Edward Laurence the son 
of William Laurence late of Gosemor my brother deceased. 
.Also mentions, the children of John Draper late of Chalton 
which he had by my sister ; the four children of William 
Laurence late of Gosemor deceased, viz. William Laurence, 
Annys Laurence, Margaret Laurence-, and John Laurence; 
Johan Braye and Kirehin Braye (he daughters of Thomas 
Braye which he; had by Johan his wife my sister. 

William Marshall, the elder, of Hippolets, co. Hertford, 
yeoman, apparently a member of this family, made his 
will 2o December, 1621, lie names, sou and heir William 
Marshall, executor; 2nd sou liobert Marshall ; 3rd son 
Christopher Marshall; 4th son John Marshall; 5th son 
James Marshall ; daughter Grace Marshall ; Alice my 
wife. To Mr. Marshall minister of. the parish of flippo- 
letts 10s. Codicil dated 26 December, 1.024. Proved by 
within named executor, 24 February, 1624. ((Mark 20.) 

James .Marshall fifth sou of this testator was a citizen 
and Merchant Taylor of London, in his will dated 10 
August, 1625, and proved by Jane Marshall his relict and. 
executrix 10 November, 1626, (Hole '12(0 he mentions his 
late father William .Marshall of Ippoletts in Co. Hertford, 
yeoman; brother William Marshall of Ippoletts aforesaid; 



i<)5, 

son William Marshall; twoA'laoghters Rebecca and Sara 
Marshall ; brother's John Marshall and Christopher Mar- 
shall. 

Robert Marshall, perhaps the brother of this testator, 
had a (laughter Elizabeth, wife first of Ralph Radcliire of 
Ilitchin, and secondly of Thomas Norton. His arms were, 
Gules, oh a fess Argent between three Maseles Or as many 
lions' heads erased Azure. See Cttssan's Iferts., Parts vii. 
and viii., p. 66 ; Le Neve's Knights, p. 214 ; Berry's Kent 
Genealogies, p. 130 ; Herald and Genealogist, iii. '277 ; and 
Genealogist, v. 125. 

Edward Marshall of Ilitchin, another of this family, 
made his will 10 May, 35 Elizabeth.. He mentions his 
sons Thomas Marshall and. John Marshall, both underage; 
wife Alice; daughter Alice, wife of William Abbot my 
son in law ; their children William, Thomas, Abraham, 
Marye Abbott, and Joane Abbott, who are legatees of 40s. 
each ; daughter Elizabeth Marshall ; daughter Joane ; 
and appoints sou Edward Marshall sole executor. lie 
proved 21) .May, 1593, (Novell II.) 

My next note of a Bedfordshire Marshall is the will of 
u William Marshall parson of Marston, eo. Bedford," 
dated 10 February, 1558. To be buried in the chancel of 
the Assumption of our blessed Lady Marston nigh unto 
my mothers grave. To my niece Beatrix Frevell a cup 
of silver double gilt. Ilaselden Bury my nephew, and 
James Hut ton his father in law. Devises his house at 
Royston, co. Cambridge to bis sister Jane Ilaselden. 
Nieces Elizabeth and Beatryce (Ilaselden?) Cosen 
Edward Chambers. Samuel Peto and Elizabeth his wife. 
William Polo. Maude Marshall, widow. Francis M ar- 
shall, and Dorothy his sister. Robert Frevell, gentleman, 



is one of the witnesses. Proved 9 March, 1559 (Mel- 
lcrshe 20). There were other Marshalls connected with 
Royston ; an account of one family who had property 
there, and who were of St. Dunstan's in the West, London, 
will ho found in Jaciftx Itvliquary, for April, L881. 
William Marshall of Royston, the first of whom I have 
found any notice connected as with that place, made his 
will 8 February, 1000. He desires to be buried in the 
church of SS. John Baptist and Thomas Martyr of lioj r ston 
before the altar of the Blessed Mary of Piety. Devises 
to wife Elizabeth tenement called "Marshall at the well " 
in the town of Roy t son till son William is of age, re- 
mainder to daughter Johanna. Mentions Agnes my w ife's 
sister. Appoints Clmslnphcr Grene, Robert Mxirshall my 
brother, and Robert Hall of Royston executors. Wit- 
nesses: — Thomas Taverner my confessor, John Sutton, of 
Mylrede, and James Rogerson of Royston. Proved at 
Lambeth by Robert Marshall, 26 November, 1507. 
(Adoane 29.) 

1 lind no further mention of Bedfordshire Marshalls 
till a much later date than this. Mr. Robert Marshall 
appears to have been Minister of St. Peter do Morton, 
Bedford, from 1047-1000, during which period several of 
his children were baptized there, viz. : — William, 24 De- 
cember, 1648; Margaret, 7 April, 1050 (buried 18 May 
following); John, 22 April, 1051; An, 30 April, 1654; 
Robert, 25 March, 1050; Elizabeth, 9 November, 1057; 
and a child of his still-born was buried 20 April, 1000. 

There may have been people of this name at Luton. 
James Marshall of Harpenden,* in co. Hertford, yeoman, 

* See Stroud "Journal" of 2 August, 1879, for notices of Marshalls 
who held land at Luton and Harpedon. 



107 



in his will dated 30 December, 1719, devises his lands at 
Luton, co. Bedford, and lands at Ilarpenden to wife Anna 
fur life, she to pay my brother Phillip Marshall £16 a year 
for his life; the said annuity to be paid after deeea.se of 
said Phillip Marshall to my cousin Phillip .M arshall son of 
my brother Phillip Marshall for his life. Lands before 
mentioned to cousin Phillip Marshall after decease ol ! my 
wife, remainder to his children if he have any. Devises 
lands to churchwardens and overseers of Wheathampstead 
and Ilarpenden to put out poor men's children apprentices. 
Wife Anna sole executrix. Mr. Thomas Marson, juur., 
of Luton, grocer, and Hugh Smith, of St. Albans, Maltster, 
to assist executrix. Proved by Relict, 10 Julj r , 1722. 
(Marlborough 142.) 

William Marshall of Hitchiii, Herts., and Mary llarvy 
of St. Giles Cripplegatc, were married at St. Mary Alder- 
inanbury, 18 ^November, 1714. 

The Marshalls of Ippolits appear to have remained at 
that place till a later period than that previously mentioned, 
and their last representative to have died in the Fleet, 
lie was Nicholas Marshall of the parish of St. Puleker's, 
London, who in his will undated, desires to be buried in 
Ippoll.it s churchyard at south side of Chancel. Mentions 
his- wife Saray. Appoints John Doe trustee. Mentions 
also, my daughter Ann now wife to John Stevens; my 
son Josiah Marshall, and his children; granddaughter 
Mary Marshall daughter to my son Mathew ; my grand- 
children, sons and daughters of Danill Gootteridge, who 
is mentioned as deceased as also his wife ; William Mar- 
shall my grandson son of my son Christopher (dead but 
his wife living) ; grandson William Marshall, son of Wil- 
liam Marshall executor. December 9, 17.'i7, appeared 



168 



William Marshall, senior, of £he parish of St. Marv White- 
chapell in the co. of Middlesex, gentleman, and Ann 
Stevehton wife of Thomas Stevonton of the parish of St. 
Sepulchre, London, and swore that the will was in hand- 
writing of testator who died 'J December. December 10, 
17o7, appeared John Winner of the parish of St. Andrew, 
Undershaft, merchant, and deposed that he knew Nicholas 
Marshall late of the- parish of St. Sepulchre, but in the 
Fleet prison, London, deceased, and swore to the inter- 
lineations in the will. This will was proved by William 
Marshall, the younger, the sole executor, 12 December, 
1 737. (Wake 280.; 

The above notes of Bedfordshire Marshalls are all I 
have. I shall he glad of any further memoranda your 
correspondents may be kind enough to supply. 

George W. Marshall-. 



"ARLESEY,"— Mr. Ashhurst— His case was par- 
ticular- "Ho eould net comply with the- New Impositions 
in tin- Aet of Uniformity ; ami therefore would have 
quitted his living- hut was rather advised to continue in 
it and did so without molestation, lie was old and his 
Vicarage small, even below competency mid he had been 
episcopally ordain'd. Judge Brown was his Patron, 
Parishioner, and great friend. The whole Parish was 
well affected tor his Worthy Behaviour amongst them 
and entirely unde r the influence of the Judge and another 
gentleman who also was his great Friend. And so though 
he was legally silene'd he contined in his church a Non- 
conformist. Ife read pari of the Morning and Evening 
Service, viz. Confession Scripture Hymns and Cread and 



1G9 



some of the collects. lie was u considerable scholar and 
an hard student to the last. Greatly esteemed and loved 
by all sober Persons who knew him, for his extraordinary 
Piety. Humility meekness and self denial and Integrity. 
His contempt of the world and contentedness with a very 
small income much below his worth M ere very remarkable. 
He took for his small tithes just what his Parishioners 
were pleased to give him. He much bewail' d the Degen- 
eracy of t lie Age. He lived to be very old. Mr. Head 
of Ilenlow his near neighbour and old intimate Friend 
preached his funeral sermon and gave a large enconium of 
him which he well deserved." — From Edmund Calamy's 
"Account of Ejected Ministers after the Restoration in 
1660, by or before the Act of Uniformity," Vol. '2, page 

93. J. a. p. 

A LIST OF BEDFORDSHIRE GENTRY, 14:33. 

It may interest some of your readers to see a list of the 
Gentry of Bedfordshire as given by that worthy antiquary 
Thomas Fuller, D.D., in bis "History of the Worthies of 
England," MDCLXIL It is headed :— 

" THE NAMES OF THE GENTRY OF THIS 
COUNTY, 

ReTUIINEI) BY THE COMMISSIONERS IX TIL)' TWELFTH 

yeah of King Henry the Sixth." 

The Commissioners were : — William Bishop of Lincoln, 
John de Fanhope chevalier, John Wenloek Armig., John 
Gascoigne Armig., the two latter being Knights for the 
Shire. — 

Fuller, in his quaint way, says, even at the early date 
of his work, concerning the Gentry : 



"170 



"Hungry Time hath made 'a Glutton's Meal on this 
Catalogue of Gentry, and hath left but a very little morsel 
for manners remaining ; so few of these are found extant 
in this shire, and fewer continuing in a Genteel Equipage. 
Amongst whom I must not forget the Family of the 
Blundels, whereof Sir Edward Blundell. behaved himself 
right valiantly, in the unfortunate expedition to the Isle 
of Ree." 

J give the names in alphabetical order as being of more 
use for reference than in the promiscuous way they appear 



in his list. 

Aeworth, Humph. 
Alford, Ado. 
Attehay, Johan. 
Bailli, Thomas (do Hough- 
ton). 

Bailli, Valentin (de Luton). 

Bald oo, Johan. 

Billingdon, Hugonis. 

milingdon, Hugo. 

Biondell, Tho. 

Boeher, Will, (do Heidow). 

Bochell, Will. 

Bollock, Robert. 

Boteler, Johan. (do North- 
zele). 

Boughton, Johan. 

Broudleto, Henrici (Cheva- 
lier). 

Broughton, Johannis. 
Bushemedo (Prioris do). 



1). G. C. Ei.wrs. 

Clialdewoll (Prioris de). 
Chamberlain, Thy. 
Chekesond (Prioris do). 
Chopper, Tho. (do Turvey). 
Clerk, Radulp. 
(Joke, Johan (de Crawley). 
*Coldington, Johan. 
Conquest, Johan" (do Hough- 
ton). 

Conquest, Joh. de Houghton. 

Cruker, Stephani. 

Davfey, Robert (junioris). 

Dunstable (Prioris de). 

Enderby, J ohan. 

Etc well, Hon. 

Falwell, Radulph. 

Ferrour, Johan' (de Bedford). 

Filbrigge, Simon (Chevalior). 

Fitz, Johan. 

Fitzgeoiirey, Johan . 



? Goldington. 



17] 



Fyse, Johan. 


Milward, Will 




Gervys, Julian' (do Maldon). 


Molso, Will. 




Glove, Johan' (junioris). 


Mordant, Robert: 


! . 


GIovj, Johan' (junioris). 


Morton, Johan. 




Godfrey, JIen. 


Morton, Thorn. 




Grecell, Johan. 


Nunham (Prioris 


do)/ 


Ilaile, Will, (do Ohitin.gdon). 


Palmer, Will. 




Hallo, Johan. 


Peeko or Pekke 


, Johan' 


Harding, Nich. 


(junioris). 




1 1 asselden, 1 lugonis. 


Pekke, J oh. (junioris). 


Hertushorne, Jolian. 


Pekke, Thom. 




Hoo, Thos. 


Peoke or Pekke, 


Thom. 


Jakes, Thomas. 


Peeko or Pekke, 


Will. 


Kene, Will. 


• Pekke, Will. 




Kiggle, Jolian (do Toding-. 


Pestell, Johaii' (d 


e Nunham) 


ton). 


Pel ifer, Johan. 




King, Joliannis (do Harrow- 


Pikot, Will. 




den). 


Potter, Johan. 




Lancelin, Will. 


Preston, Chri. 




Lancelin, Will. 


I 'urvey, Thos. 




Uueoln, lvicli. 


Purvey, Will; 




Lonnde, .1 olian. 


Purvey, Will. 




Lonnde, Tho. 


Radwell, Julian. 




Lonnde, Walter. 


Ragon, Johan. 




Low, Nich. 


Ragon, Thom. 




Imdsopp, Will. 


Ragon, Tho. 




Lyo, Hon. do. 


Ratele, Robert. 




Lye, Hen. do. 


Ratull Roberti. 




Maningham, Thom. 


Raven hull, Nich. 




Manntell, Hen. 


Rede, Will. 




Marham, Will. 


Rokeston, Tho. 




Marram, Johan. 


.1 loxton, Tho. 




Meppershale, J ohan. 


Sampson, Rich. 




Merston, Rich. 


So well, Hon. 





Sewell, Johan. 

Shptfold, Will. 

Sileham, Will. 

Spencer, Jolian. 

Spencer, Thorn, (de Geton). 

StaUlow, Julian. 

Stepeing, Math. 

Stokker, Tho. 

Stratton, The. 

Taillard, Walteri. 

Trought, Will. 

Turvey, Julian' (de Turvey). 

Valence, Robert. 



W.uitO, Julian 

A Ya l e ., Will. 

Warden (Abboti de). 

AVarner, Rob. (de hi Hethe). 

Warner, -Rob. 

Wanton, Tho. (Chevalier). 

AVhite, AVill. (de Luton). 

William, Tho. 

Wingate, AVill. 

Woburn (Abbotis de) et sui 

eelararii. 
\Tpping, Will. 



LUTON ,— In the Third Report of (he Royal Commission 
on Historical Mauuscrij/ts is a detailed description of an old 
MS. relating- to this town, now in the possession of the 
Marquis of Bute., As the MS. is an important one, I 
cannot do better than quote the description in full. 

" A folio of 'Jl'*> leaves of vellum in the old oah boards 
covered somewhat recently with calf leather, and com- 
prising two MSS : — 1. The Book of the Fraternity or 
Gild of the Holy Trinity of Luton, in Bedfordshire, con- 
taining the annual accounts of the Masters and Wardens 
of the House from \\) Hen. VIII. to the feast of St. Michael 
next after the accession of King Edward YJ. 2. A MS. 
entitled on the last page of the previous MS., k Ilea re 
followeth the Courte Rolls of the Mannor of Luton, from 
the xth year of Edward the 4th to the 5th and Gth of the 
Iiaigne of Kynge Phillipe and Queene Marye." This 
heading is substantially repeated on the 1st page of the 
second MS., with the addition " to the first of Elizabeth." 



I / O 

There is only one roll beloinging to tlie reign of Eclw. IV,, 
two to Henry VII., and tliere are a few during the early 
part of Henry VIII., but from the 25 of Henry VIII. the 
series appears to be nearly it' not quite complete, and is of 
considerable interest with reference to the history and 
topography of Luton and its hamlets. The rolls comprise 
lists of homagers, presentments; admissions, &c, chiefly in 
Latin, bul with an occasional mixture of English. Now 
and then we meet with a quaint entry : — Juratores predict i 
volant quod servi adult i wtius parotide non debent ludere ad 
trovulaa et ad discos sab pena incarserationis in cipjns per 
spatium unitix diei et nocti.% 

The Book of the; Fraternity or Gild of the Holy Trinity 
is an especially interesting MS. as throwing light on the 
history of prices and wages, and the magnificence of the 
feasts of our ancestors. The book is written in hhiglish 
in ordinary hands of the former half of the L6th century, 
and the account s are arranged under t he following heads : — ■ 
Receipts, Payments, Allowances to the Wardens for Wages, 
Masses, &e, ; Stondyng Dyrges, Dyrges of C-asweltes, 
[Expenses at the ttest, miscellaneous items, Payments, 
Reparacions. At the end of each year the accounts are 
balanced and the surplus entered thus (Folio 9) : "All 
tltiny* content; arid payd. .Left dill in the Box lxiijft. iijs. 
\\ijd. oh." 

Then follows a memorandum of the goods handed over 
by the outgoing wardens to their successors. 

The "Receipts" consist of 1st the balance '-in the 
ffraternity box ; " the yearly contributions of the brethren 
and sisters on the feast day, varying from £07 to £1G, 
mono}' received in payment of debts, by way of gifts, and 
by the sale of superfluous provisions, &c., " Rentys of 



174 



Assise," or assessed rents, and " The fferme Rentys," or 
rents paid by leaseholders, which amount on the average 
to £25 per annum. 

The heading- "Payments" occurs twice in the yearly 
account. The first entry under this head relates to " The 
owt Rentys," or rents paid by the fraternity for lands held 
by them, of 'which the yearly average is about 35s. The 
seeond includes items which throw and interesting- light 
on the history of the guild and the history and ancient 
state of Luton Church. For example : — 

Item payd to ij lernyd men of the law for e 

our charter over seyng- at London and for iiij'^ iiijV. 

Thomas Manynham costes. Fo. 7. / 
Item payd for pentynge of the clothe before \. 

the trinite and the fringe and the settynge ! vi sl - vi<7. 

up thereof. / 
Item payd for a boke at London to wrytc 

the const iticeones in. 
Item pavd for the constiteeions wrytings 

bow the in luiglis and I .aim. 
Item payd for mendynge of Iheawter clothe 

of the brother Auter. Fo. 24. 
Item paid for wryttyng of -a cowpy of the 

olde charter. 
Item paid to Thomas Xenl for horde to mend 

the setys with in the ehapelle and sett-vug 

up of the candlystykes upon the bevm. 

Fo. 39. 

Item payd to Thomas brother for peyntynge \ 

of the beym afore the brotherhed auter. ! xiyL 
Fo. 39 b. ) 



iiij//. 
hi \<l. 



175 



Item payd towards the organys making. ) 

Fo, 57. j J 

Item payd for the ij standartts for the hersse \ 

ij"- di. (2^1bs. of wax) and the makyng [ xviijV. 

of the same. 
Item payd for xi\ u - wex lor trenytie lyght 

Fo. OS h. 

Item to Wyllyam Barbour fur making of \ 

the tivnyte lyght and the Standarttes j xx</. 

agcynst the brotherhed day. 
Item for kevcryng of the Register.* ijs. 
Item payd for an awter cloth ij oils and di. j ... 

in lenght and the making thereof. Fo. 87. \ XX11 I " 
Item payd for hollooyng of tin' same clothe i j'/. 

Item payd f or harnes f or a sogear. Fo. loGh. ixs. vid. 
Item payd to the same sogear in money. ijs. vid. 

Under the heading " Allowances to Wardens," a year's 
payment for "Jim's masse and our lade masse/- is set 
down at' 8s. (fo. 72k) ; and under " Stondyng Pyrges," or 
payments lor the annual dirges of benefactors, in respect 
of houses and lands, there are such entries as the follow- 
ing : — Payd for Joint AUartfa dy rye for //>;■ house, that 
Thomas Wij( • hoMtjSj ijs. vi'/. Item for Syr Jolt n Lambert* 

p*kt for iiij 'acres of la ml hi. Jfaymlen fkl, ij*. ixd.ffo. 
G26), " Dyrgea of Cas#eites/' or payment for dyrges of 
personfi apparently recently deceased, vary from 2s. Id. 

*. Now in Lord Bute's possession and mentioned immediately aftor 
th«' present MS. 

Mr. IT. Gou<jh has for some time past been engaged by the Marquis 
of Bute in preparing for publication the above described Register and 
Book of the Fraternity, and I understand Unit the work is now Dearly 
accomplished.- -3£d. 



ITG 



to 2s. 7d. It is unnecessary to point out the genealogical 
value of such entries. The " expenses at the ffest " show 



36st of such ite 


mis as the followin 


o ' . 


Whole. 
Malte. 


Beyf. 
Moton. 


Spyce (including 
dates, almonds, 


Beyr. 
Braying. 


Lamniys. 
Wyne. 


raisins, sugar, 
&c). 


Bakyng. 


Weneger. 


Sal to. 


Greys. 


Werges. 


Ffvshe. 


Pygges. 
Capons. 
Wood. 


Egges. 

Trenchers. 

Spoonys. 


Mynstrelles. 

Butlers. 

Cokys. 


1 urners. 


Butter. 


Hastelars. 


Chekyns. 


Mvlke. 


Cheys. . 


Rabbets. 


j lone. 





From the miscellaneous items 1 made the following 



extracts : — 

Item payd to Henry Jacson for hewying and ) 

makyng of xiiij form vs. ) 

Item payd to Wyliiam Nyeolson for sawing j 

of the same formys. ) 

Item payd to Henry Jackson for beyng ) 

porter. ' j 



xvijV. 
iifjtf. 



Item payd for a gelebag and a strencr. vd. 



Item payd to Richard Croud tor beryng \ 

the banner afore the maystur and the > [jd. 
wardens. ' 

Item payd for lyverys at, London. iiij.v. viijV. 

The heading " Peparacions is also instructive on the 
rate of wages and the price of materials, For example: — 



Item payd to Thomas Geyr and his rutin a s 

day, for mcndyng of the barnc doris. J viiu?, 
Fo. 7. 

Item payd to Thomas Tole for X m 1 of tylis. 
Fo. 7 b. 

Item payd to Thomas Perot de by scot for ij ) 

loods of sand. J xvirp/. 

Item payd to ij tylers and ther ij men for 1 
vij days worko and. di' and ther borde. ) 1X ~' 
In the memorandum of goods mention is made yearly of 
certain articles of silver. In the account for 1540 there is 
an erasure in the place where the plate lias been previously 
entered, and in the account for .1546 it disappears alto- 
gether. The Fraternity was dissolved by Stat. 1. Ed. VI., 
and its possessions were in the following year granted to 
Randolph. Burgh and Robert Beverley. On the first leaf 
of the M.S. there is this memorandum : — "Xchurch Hants. 
August 24, 1780. To the Right IIon ble - the Karl of Bute, 
with Gustavus Brandcr's most respectful compliments." 

Register i um si ve liber tiundatoruni magi stror vim eustodum 
fratrum et sororum fraternitatis sive gilde Sancto individue 
Trinitatis ae beatissime virginis Marie ccclesie perochialis 
de lu)' ton in com. Bedford. 

A small folio MS., embracing a. period from 1475 to 
154G, written in bold black letter by various hands during 
the hitter part of the 15th century, and the first half of 
the 10th, and illustrated with numerous illuminations, 
which exhibit the progress of this department of art during 
the 70 years over which the register extends. 

It is the same MS. of which mention is made in the Book 
of the Fraternity, but its present binding of olive green 
morocco is of the date of J Limes 1., with the royal arms 

1 1 




178 



impressed oil the sides. It contains genealogical infor- 
mation relating to families of Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire, 
and other counties, and coupled with the Book of the 
Fraternity offers a rich mine to local antiquaries. Notices 
of this MS.- have appeared in Dr. Ingram's Memorials of 
Oxford, and in Shaw's History of the Chapel in Luton Park, 
In 1 1 1 o TopoyrapJdea Jh'itanaiea, Vol. IV., Nos. 3 and 4, 
p. 53, Gough says tlvat " this curious manuscript was pur- 
chased August 8, 1778, of Messrs. Leigh and Sotheby, at 
the auction of JMr. 1 1 ingest mi, bookseller, by Mr. James 
Matthews; who disposed of it to Dr. Ducarel, by whom it 
was presented Dee. 8, 1771), to Thomas Astle, Esq., who 
has since presented it to the .Earl of Bute." Gough, how- 
ever, is wrong in speaking of this MS. as containing the 
annual accounts of the Gild, lie evidently mistakes it 
for the Book of the Fraternity." 

F. A. B. 

LOPING FAMILY OF CIIALGRAVE. 

Strangers visiting Ohaljrrave or more properly Teh- 
worth, which is a hamlet within (lie parish of Chalgrave, 
would probably arrive at the conclusion that they had 
seen a parish without a church, and such an idea might 
easily bo formed, for the Parish Church is situated at 
the confines of the parish close to the hamlet of Chaltou, 
and is fully a mile from the village. The only houses 
near the church consist of two cottages, and a farm-house 
which is supposed to occupy the site of the ancient resi- 
dence of the Lorings, a family of note who were seated 
there as early as the XI 1. century. The proximity of the 
church to this site would lead one to suppose that this 
family were the founders, and a search amongst the old 



Registers at Lincoln would probably confirm this view. 
The church is dedicated to All Saints, and, as we learn 
from that, valuable record the Dunstable Chronicle, was 
dedicated a.d. 1219, 

"Mt indie Sanctis Crack ab eodem (Robertas Lichmorensk* 
EpiscopusJ dedicate est eeelesia de Chugruee, cam annua re- 
mksione vitjinti dieram " (Citron. Duust'., Amntlcs 2Ionas- 
tiei, rot. III., p. 56, lS(>(i.j This church was at that time 
attached to the Priory of Dunstable, and. in the following 
year 1220, in the month of October, the Vicarage was 
established and. taxed by Hugh II., Bishop of Lincoln. 

"Vivaria ecclesiae de Chatty rave valet qumque nutreas et 
dimidiam ; totalis eeelesia quindecem. Dicta verb viearia 
consistit in toto eilteragio, et manso presbeteri cum ejardtno, el 
majori crofta ex parte oecident in, qitte est quatuor (icrarum." 
(Ibid. p. 59.; 

The same Chronicle records two presentations to the 
vicarage, viz. : — 

"Modem anno (1273) dedimus vieariam de Chethjrave WaU 
tero dc Radenhore ; </ tUtlfridus Lornige cam recusant. 
(Ibid. p. 260J 

" Eodem anno (.1204) Rieurdus tie Northwoode, subdia- 
conus, ad nostrum praesentationon vieariam nostrum de Chal- 
graice est assecutas, etc gratia domini episeopi (Oliver Sutton) 
speciedc" (Ibid, p. 39.1 J 

And in 1273 the Priory accorded the privilege of a 
chantry in the parish church to (lie Loring family : — 

"Eodem anno (127'')) conccssimus can titan gratiam (i.e. 
quod habeetnt suo perpetuo cantariam) celeb ran di domino Retro 
Lc Loring apud Chalgrare, et Retro filio suo." (Ibid. />. 267.) 

But my object in writing this is chiefly to direct atten- 



180 



tion to tli o two handsome alto tombs which still remain 
in the Church. They arc placed respectively on the north 
and south sides of the nave under the second bays west of 
the Chancel. Each tomb has the recumbent figure of a 
knight in armour boldly carved in stone; and though the* 
hand of time has all but obliterated every trace whereby 
these may be identified, sufficient clue is left at any rate 
to identify the. family, if not the individuals. And here 
the utility of the study of Heraldry is manifest, for to the 
superficial observer these tombs offer no trace of identifi- 
cation, but to one at all acquainted with the laws of 
heraldry, the surcoat with which the figures are clothed at 
once reveals that the monuments belong to the Loring 
family. Certainly the arms are not readily detected, being 
of a very simple character (as they mostly were in the 
early days) — quarterly, over all a bind, or correctly 
blazoned thus — Quarterly argent and gules, a bend of the 
second. Doubtless this surcoat was horaldically coloured 
once like the rest of the shields round the sides of the 
tombs were formerly. 

Some members of the family appear to have borne the 
bend engrailed, teste Lansd. MSS. 864, fo. 2. Arms of 
Loring — Quarterly Ar. and Gru. a bend fusilly of the 2nd, 
— alii f a bend engr. sa., but according to a MS. (No. clviii) 
in the Library of Queen's Coll., Oxon, the Arms of S r 
Piers Lorynge are there entered as — Quarterly Arg. and 
Gu., a bend of the second. 

Mr. J. G. Nichols, in the Topograph er and Genealogist, 
Vol. I., p. G(i, after describing the tombs and assigning 
them to temp. Edw. III., says, in a note, " Though 
Edmondson gives this coat for Loring of Bedfordshire, 
Lysons (p. 66) unadvisedly says 'it must be observed 



181 



that none of the shields, of which there are several on 
the tombs, exhibit the arms of Loring.' The identity of 
the coat is proved by the Roll of Edward II., 8vo, 1828, 
p. 34," ■ 

The Lansd. MSS. above quoted gi ve as the Crest — Five 
feathers issuant out of a. Bason or; this agrees in some 
respects with Powell's description of the crest as carved 
on the tomb, and with the cresl assigned to Loringe in 
Burke's Armoury, though for S r Nelc Loringe he gives a 
different version of the crest, owing probably to inaccurate 
observation, — The leaves of a plant issuant from a flower- 
pot ! 

Leland (I quote second-hand) refers to the family in 
these words: — "There lay also buried in this priory 
(Dunstaple) one Nigellus Loring, a nobleman of Bedford- 
shire, and a great benefactor to the priory. This Nigellus 
made three cantuaries in the paroch church of Tuddington 
in Bedfordshire, about two miles from Dunstaple, and 
there, as 1 here say, lye buried sum of that stokke. 
There lyith also a nobleman called bTtzneele, a benefactor 
(o (he priory." ( I tin. VI. p. 72). 

Now it is quite possible that S E Neil Loring may have 
been buried at Dunstaple Priory, though T. incline to the 
belief that he was buried at Chalgrave, but as for the 
chantries at Toddington, there is evidently a mistake here, 
as we know from the Chron. Danst. that the family had a 
licence to erect a chantry at Chalgrave, and we also know 
that some of the family were buried there. If then, instead 
of Toddington Ave substitute Chalgrave we shall be nearer 
the truth, though in any case the distances, as given by 
Leland, are incorrect. 

1 am afraid, owing to the defacement of the shields, it 



will be a matter of difficulty>to exactly identify these 
tombs, as there arc no impaled shields left ; the blazoning 
also is rather doubtful in some cases. 

A description of tliese tombs, is to be found in Powell's 
Topographical Collections for Bedfordshire in the British * 
Museum; Add. MSS. 171-56, dated 10th Septr. 1811, in 
which, after giving a brief description of the Church, he 
says: — "Nevertheless it' contains two monuments of the 
finest sort belonging to the great family of Loving. On 
the south side of the nave under the second arch from the 
Chancel is an altar monument — the sides quite plain with 
three suspended small shields on each side, and one at the 
head and foot, on each side of which are the remains of 
painted figures of saints; above the cornice is a slab on 
which lies at full length a finely carved figure of a knight 
of Ldw. 3 or Rich. -2nd time, rather a small man with a 
surcoat of [inns — Quarterly - - - and gls. a bendlet gls. — 
over his plate armour ; gorget of mail, ami also the under 
surcoat ; remains of sword mid dagger. At his feet a finely 
carved lyon well preserved. His head rests on hishelmet, 
on which is his crest— -a handle of small feathers sable 
curiously knotted together and exquisitely carved. From 
some appearances about the capitals of the columns of the 
arch under which this monument lies, I thought there 
might have been a w canopy over it. 

Opposite {i.e. under the second arch from the Chancel 
on the north side 1 ) the monument just described is an altar 
tomb largei', the sides adorned with three large shields set 
in gothic circular 4 foil work and small compartments of 
panels of little gothic arches — at head, and foot one shield, 
on which lies a statue which at first sight seems gigantic, 
but when measured is 6-2 or 3 inches in height ; the dress 



pretty near similar to the other -"-the surcoat charged with 
the same anus; the helmet deprived of its crest, which, 
however, I found lying in the Chancel, and is the same 
bundle of feathers, but the feathers interlaced together 
longer. The dagger on his left side is particularly perfect 
— the upper part of the scabbord adorned with a. gothic 
pinnacle. This whole statue, as' well as the opposite one, 
has beei) richly painted and gilt. At his feet is a large 
dog of the greyhound sort. Against the pillar is a bracket 
for a figure of a, saint to whom he was addressing himself. 
There seems to me- evidently to have been a canopy both 
from the corner of the altar part and the pillars. On the 
two side panels are six .shields suspended,, and one at the 
head and foot — a painted figure between each." 

Under a sketch of the tomb last described are written 
these words : — 

" Original paint very visible. — This of ye two 1 take for 
Sir Neil, Kt. — No charges on the ;.i shields on its sides." 

The following are the arms tricked in this MS. I 
cannot, however, say to which tomb they belong, as the 
.MS. is rather confused on this point. Those marked with 
an asterisk are also given in the Topographer and Genealo- 
gist', Vol. 1., p. 6G, but even there Mr. Nichols fails to 
specify the particular tomb. 

(On one tomb.) 

*1. Quarterly (Arg.) and gules, a bend gu. (loring.), 
fat the head. J 

*2. Gules, on a chief a lion pass. 

On the remaining five shields the charges are all effaced. 
(On the other tomb.) 
*1. Quarterly — and — , abend — . (lokjxg.) 
fat the head, embossed. J 



184 



2. Quarterly — and gu., a bond gu. (loring.) 

( at the foot, painted.) 

3. i\W described. 

*4. — a chief indented gu. 

5. — a fesse between two chevrons — . (? sr. maur.) 

6. Quarterly — and gu., a bend — . (loring.) 

*7. Gu. on a eliief — , a lion pass, (sa.) (? peerot.) 

*8. Quarterly (Arg.) and gu. a saltire eiig. . (? hloyon.) 

Nichols writing in 1846 says, alter describing the four 
shields marked*, "Also four others now blank." 

Unfortunately 1 am unable now to verify these shields 
(supposing the charges are still discernible) as the tombs 
are boxed round with pews, which render free access 
impossible. 

The earliest mention t of the family I find as hereunder : 
"Chalgrave, que fuit hereditas Kogeri le Loiiereng, 
postmortem ejus fuit in manu Piiii.irri de Windesore 
v. annis et dimidio, pro C. et iij marcis, quas dictus 
Piiilippus dedit Simoni de Bello-Campo, scilicet Domino 
feodi, ut haberet custodiam dicti terre, cum heredibus 
Hogeri : xviij annis post mortem Piiillippi, Amaurius 
susccpit eandem custodiam per Dominion Ilegem, ad 
eundem terminum, et jam tenuit per ij atmoset dimidium. 
Petrits, heres predicti Hqgeri, crit xij annorum ad proxi- 
mum Pascha. Villa predicta cum pertinentiis, valet xxij 
libris et v solidis, cum instauramento quod ibi est. 
Domina Akina habet inter x libratas. Preterea Wil- 
lelmus Lohareng redclit manerio j sprevarium sorum ; 
et Willelmus films IIugonis, j libram piperis. Et si 
iij C. oves apponerentur, redditus manerii posset crescere 

t In "Domesday" one Albert of Lorraiue held the manor of Chal- 
grave ; puHrtibly this may be the same family. 



185 



in lx solidos." (Rot all de tfominabus et pueris et puellis de 
donatione Regis in ■xii comitatibus : de itinera, Ilugonis de 
More wich, Itudulfi llurdae, WiUelmi Vavassur et Magistri 
Thome de llvwv\>nrn ; Anno 81 Regis Ilenriei II. US'). 
Curante Staccy Grimaldi, Land ;, 1830. J 

From tin's abstract of inquisition wo learn the following 
facts : — That Chalgrave was the inheritance of Roger 
Loring, that the said Roger was dead ante 1185, the date 
of this inq., that lie left issue, that Peter was his son and 
heir, and would be 12 years old on Easter day of that 
year. It will be observed that a William Loring is men- 
tioned in this inq., probably he may have been another 
son of Roger Loring's. This Peter, it would seem, was 
living in 1 200, for in the Dunstable Chronicle it appears 
that he was defeated in a suit against the Priory; and 
again in the year 1273 the Prior of Dunstable conceded to 
Peter le Loring and to Peter his son the privilege of a 
Chantry at Chalgrave. Here we have the first mention 
of Peter, the grandson of Roger ; and Peter, the son, 
would now be 80 years of age. It w^uld probably be the 
grandson who, according to Hot. Hund. 7 Edw. I., held 
part of the Bedford barony lands In the parish of Sharn- 
brook of Willm. de Monchensi. The Dunstable Chronicle, 
under the year 128G, records the death of Sir Peter Loring 
in the following words : — 

" Modem anno (1286) mortuus est dominus Petrus Lorenge 
mouse Januario ; qui .super omnes progenitores suo* speeialus 
nos amacit " (p. 260). 

This obit, I take it, must apply to Peter, the grandson 
of Roger (though it is singular that, the Chronicle should 
be silent respecting the death of Peter, his father), for it 
can hardly apply to Peter, the father, as it would bring 



his age up to 113 years, i may here note that a Peter do 
Loring was Knight of the Shire in 7 — 10 Edw. II. 
(1313-17); but 1 am not yet able to assign Lira a place in 
the pedigree. 

From the foregoing notes and with the help of the 
Heralds' Visitations I have put together the following 
brief pedigree of this family : — 

Roger Le Loiiereng of Chalgravo, Inq. p. m.., dated 

1185. mar. and left issue of whom — 
Peter Le Loherkng was his eldest son and heir, aged 

about 12 years at the date of tlio above inq. lie was 

succeeded by — 
Sik Peter Le Lorengek or Lorixge his son and heir 

who mar. Joan, da. and heir of IUoeteyne (' ) and 

dying in the month of January 1280 was succeeded 

by— . 

Sir Roger Loring his son and heir who married Cas- 
sandra da. and heir of Reign old Porrott and had — 
Sik Nr.ii. Lou i so, K.ll., {- ) his son and heir. Sir Neil 
mar. Margaret da. and heir of Sik Raphe Beauple 
or Bewple by Elizabeth da. and heir of Sir Allen 

Bloyon of Cornwall, Kt., and of his wife da. and 

heir of Si a Piers !N ansittt of the same county Kt. ( j ) 
Sir Kiel dying 13th March lo85-o' without male issue, 
left two daugliters Iris coheirs, one of these — 

Isabell mar. Sir Robert de IIarington, 3rd 
Baron IIarington (who died in 1405) a quo the 
Barons IIarington by Writ of Summons. ( :1 ■) 
Margaret the other da. and coheir mar. to Thomas 
Fever or Peyvre of Toddington, eo. Bedf. who 
died 22 Sept., 1420 (*•) and left issue— 



187 



Mary Pevek da. and heir whose first husband 
was Sir Richard St. Maur, jun. Kt., son. and 
heir of Richard Lord St. Maur. ( 5> ) Their 
only da., Alice, a posthumous child mar. to 
William Zouciie, 5th Baron Zouche of Hnr- 
ringworth, and carried the Barony of St. Maur 
info that family. ( 3 ) By her second husband 
John BuoughtoS she left a son John Brough- 
ton who was grand-father of Sir Robert 
Broughton Kt., whose son Sir John B rough-ton 
of Toddington Kt., mar. Anne, da. and heir 
of Sir Guy Sapcote and left infer alia a da. 
Anne w ho became the 2nd wife of Sir Thomas 
O'keyney, K.G. Their son Sir Henry Cheyney 
of Toddington mar. Jane the seventh da. of 
Thomas Lord AVentwojitii, of Nettlested in 
com Suit'. 

I have extended this pedigree beyond the direct line in 
order to show the connections of the different families who 
trace hack through female descent Co the Loring Family, 
and it w ill be seen that some of the oldest and best families 
can be connected with this pedigree. Further research 
would probably bring to light many more facts bearing on 
the above, and some day, when I have more leisure, I 
shall hope to be able to follow it up ; meanwhile I have 
thought it well to put together in this shape what material 
I have available, so that anyone interested can work up 
the pedigree. I will now proceed to give references to 
other members of the Loring family whom 1 have been 
unable to identify 

1222.r— Walter Loring, Abbot of Malmesbury, died. 
(CI/ ron : Dunst : />. 77 J 



188 



1284. — An Alured Loreng appears as one of a jury. 

(ibid p. so?.; 

128G. — A writ was issued to Le Loring junior to restore 
lands to R. Ordway. (Ibid. p. 328 J 

1289. — The names of Alured and Neil Lorenge appear as" 
members of a jury. (Ibid. pp. 344, 353.J 

1293. — Alured Le Lorenger mentioned as one of a jury. 
(Ibid. j). 381 J 

1351. — A Simon Loring appears in a jury list. (Ibid. 

P . ;i-u 

1383. — A William Loring was prebendary of Biggles- 
wade, and also in 1388. (Le Neve* a Fasti.) 

1383. — A John Lorings was prebendary of Leigh ton 
Eecl., and died the same year, f Ibid. J 

1313-16.— Peter de Loring, Knigl.it of the Shire for Co. 
Bedf. (Browne Willi** Notilia Pail, p. 3. ) 

1391. — A Richard Le Loring mentioned in a Charter of 

Thos. <le Mouhray. (Dug. Mon. Aiigl. .v. v. Ne wen- 
ham p. 375. J 

1392. — William Somerwell, burgess of Bristol, left Xs to 

friar Walter Loryng. Will dated 6 Dee. 1392, 

proved 1G March .1392, & rcg. at tlie Bristol 

Council House. 
1442. — Date of will of John Loring, in Rous Register 

Somerset House. 
1534. — John Loryng cap. Eecl. de Seti. Andrew in 

Hertford June 23. fClutt. Herts. V. I, p. 169.; 
1550.— John Loryng died, and Thos. Ilaspenall, S. T. B., 

succ. him Nov. 22. (Ibid. V. II, p. 529 J 
The following are extracted from Parish Registers : — 
(Warden). 

1607, July 23, Michael s. of Thomas Loringe bapt. 



189 



1(J(M), May 3, David s. of Thomas Loringe bapt. 
„ „ G, David s. of „ „ . bur. 

1610, Aug. JO, Tho. s. of Tho. „ bapt. 
1613, Sept. 12, Eliz th - d. of 

1616, Aug. 4, Anne d. of Thomas „ „ 
1628, Oct, 6, Edward s. of Tho. „ bur. 
1632, Sept. 23, Thomas Loringe bur. 

(Carbingtox). 
1615, July 30, Johannes filius Michaelis Loreing bapt. 

(NoitTJIILI.). 

1602, Oct. 3, William s. of Thomas Loring bapt. 

(WlLSIIAMSTEAD.) 

1611, Oct. 23, Richard Loaring bur. 

1 may mention that in Toddington Church there is a 
small brass shield of six quarters, which I am unable to 
identify ; the last quarter is charged with a fret. Now 1 
cannot help thinking that it is in some way connected 
with the families above mentioned, but owing to the 
absence of tinctures it is impossible, without further in- 
formation, lo identity tho coats. A description of this 
shield will hi' found ante p. 60. it is just possible that 
this 6th quarter is intended to represent the arms of 
llarington — Sa. a fret nr. 

The following deed dated Mien : VIII. (1509), is a 
conveyance from William, Abbot of Woburn to William 
Lorying and others of a held in Arlcsey called Rosewyke. 
Probably the Loryilg here mentioned was connected with 
the Loryng.-s of Chalgrave. 

" Sciant })resent.es & futuri quod ego Willelmus Abbott 
de Woborne OhapeJl in Comitatu Bedfordia3 Dedi Concessi 
>Si hac presenti Carta mea Confirniaui Willelmo Loryng de 
Arlechehey in eodem Comitatu Nicholao Wylbon de eadem 



190 



& Micliaeli Collop de cad cm *Unum Clausum vocatum 1c 

Rosewyke iacentem in Campo do Arlechehey prcdieto 

Quequidem Clausum nupcr habui ex dono & feoffc'amento 

.Ilenrici Abbott de llusburne Crawley in Comitatu prcdieto 

ad hucsuperstitis habendum & tenendum- prediction Cltms-inn'* 

cum omnibus suis pertinenciis prefato \\ illolmo, Nicliolao, 

& Micbaeli hcredibus & Assignatis. suis ad usum prodietum 

Willelmi Loryng heredum & Assignatorum suorum imper- 

pctuum De Capitalibus dominis feodi illius per servicia 

inde debita et de jure Consueta. Et ego vero prcdictus 

Willelmus Abbott & bercdes mci predictuni Clausum cum 

omnibus suis pertmenciis prefato Willelmo, Nicliolao, & 

Micbaeli beredibus & Assignatis suis ad usum predictuni 

Contra onrn.es gentcs Warantizabimus <K imporpetuum de- 

fendemus per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium buic 

prcsenti Carte mee Sigillum inouiii Apossui biis testibus 

Jobanne Clyfton de Arlechehey prcdieto, Jobanne Smyth 

de eadem taylor, Willelmo Baldoke do eadem et Aliis. 

Datum Apud Arleebeby predictuni decimo die mensis 

( k'tobris Anno regni liegis Ilenrici oetaui post Conquestum 

A liglie prime." 

Powell in bis MS. also refers to a Hose Loring who in 

tbe xiith century appropriated the Cburcb of Chalgrave to 

Dunstable Priory, and to a William Loring of Ilailcs, eo. 

Clone, descended of a younger brother of tbe lion. Sir 

Neil Lorenge one of tbe founders of tbe Carter; 1 am not., 

however, in a position to confirm those statements, nor 

have I soon any mention elsewhere of Sir Noil having 

brothers. F. A. J>. 

1. Visitation of Bedf., 15SG. Cooke (by Glover). Queen's ('oil., 
Oxford, MS. CXI V., fo. 88. 

• 2. Thin Sir Neil Loring was ones of those selected by King - Edward for 



191 



the honour of knighthood at the ysstit utioii of the Order of the Garter, 
and occupied the 20th stall: 
•S. Burke's Extinct Yeeroge. 

4. See Ante, pp. G3, 64, for copies of the inscriptions formerly on the 
tombs of Thomas and Margaret Pever. The arms of Pever impaling 
Loring may ;-till be seen on a shield borne by one of the carved wooden 
angels in the roof of the nave of Toddiugton Church — the second on the 
north-east. 

6. Clutterbuck'a Hist, of Hertfordshire, Vol. II., p. 529. 



BEDFORD — 1531 [31 May], R.O. 
Letter to Sin John Dyvk. 

Wm. Cursun, Vicar of flic Friars Observants, Green- 
wich, to Sir Jolm I >y vc — 

Desires to be recommended to him and his wife. 
Thanks them both for their many kindnesses to the 
brethren. The King has sent their warden to remain at 
the Grey Friars of Bedford. Requests him to find out 
from the warden, or one of 'the brethren, how lie is treated, 
and whether his friends may resort to him or write to him. 
Knows no reason for the King's displeasure, "because he 
spake and answered the preacher being in the pulpit, in 
his sermon for which )w has been divers times before 
the bishops, and once before the Convocation. Fears his 
answer litis been misreported to the King. Wishes the 
King knew his virtuous and religious conversation, and 
the true heart he bears to God and his Prince. Does not 
think well to write or send to him till he knows the King's 
pleasure. Asks for an answ er by the next servant whom 
he is sending to London, or to the Court, which is now at 
Greenwich, and desires him to tell the warden to let their 
father have till he wants, for which they will find the 
money. Greenwich the WYnsday in Wysson weyk. Hoi., 



192 



p. 1, Add : To &c. ; Sir Jdfin Dyvc Knt. dwelling in 
Bedfordshire. End a : "This letter was delivered me, the 
last day of May by Thomas Rowthe, of Bedford, innholder, 
in the presence of Reynold Grey Esq., Sir John Patynson, 
Vicar of Bromham, and other of my servants." 

J. G. Raynes. 



AMPTIIILL. 

Privy Purse Expences of Henry VIII., by Nicholas. 

(On the 21st August 1530 The King was at Ampthill whore 
lie appears to have remained until about the 3rd September 
when he went on to Hertford passing through Ilitchen 
where he gave 40s. to the Friars of that place.) 

Payments in August 1580. 
It'm the xxj daye paid to a s'vnt of 

Maister Bncley's s'vnt, for bringing 

of hawks and greyhounds to the 

King's grace to Antyll xls. 

[t'ni the same daye to Robert Acton 

the King's Sadler for bringing of 

ij. white skynnes to Antyll vjs. \\\)d. 

It'm the xxv. daye paied to the kep' 

and his wif at 'An tell for flashing 

and to ij. other men that holpe to 

ffisshe . x*. 

It'm the same daye (xxvij.) to Thomas 

the fote man for that lie layed out 

at Antell by the King's Coihanndet vs. 
It'm the hist daye paied at Antel to 

John Elys Maister of the King's 

myne at lantrissen in Walys in 



193 



glamorganshire xxiij//. xvAp. vjd. to 

be employed upon the said myne . . xxiij Li. xvjs. v]d. 
It'm the same last daye paied At 

Antell to Edmond lynde for his 

wages due at Michaelmas next 

comyng, after a grote a daye .... xxxs. yd. 

It'm to. James the henne taker for his 

quartoi 1 wages due at the said tyme 

next comyng , xlvs. 

Yet Payments in Seftjsmbre 1530. 

It'm the furste daye paied to a s'vnt 
of Sr. Robert Aleys in Rewarde for 
bringing a greyLounde to the King 

at Antell. . . vijs. vjd. 

It'm the same daye paid to Giles 

grome of the Crosbowes for so 

moche by him layd out aboute the 

mending of the King's net , vijs\ vjV. 

I Tin the same daye to Peter fawcons 

for his lyveray Cote xxijs. vjd. 

It'm the ijde daye to the ij. keepers 

of the great parke at Antell in Re- 
warde xiijs. iiijd, 

It'm the .same daye to the keper of 

the little parke there in Rewarde. . vjs. viijd. 

It'm the same day to the keper of the 

parke of Brokborowe in Reward . . vjs. viijc/. 

It'm the same day paied by the King's 

comaundement at Antell. to a s'vnt 

of my lady princesse for her use to 

make paystyme vvt all xLi. 

W 



191 



It'm 1 ho -same daye to Peter>Taberet 

and John Bolenger the King's myn- 

strells by wayc of Rewarde at Antell niyLi. 
It'm the same daye to Robert Shere 

keper of the King's pryvate begles 

for his monetlie wages when due . . vs. 
It'm the same daye to Richard Am- 

sham for vij. yards and di. of Coton vjs. iiijr/l 

Sumnia partis. . . . xvijX/. xvs. xjd. 
It'm the iijde. daye paied to the friers 

of Loehen by way of Reward .... xls. 

(In September 1531 there are the following entries J — 
It'm tbe xj. day paied for a carte to 

cary the houndes from Grafton to 

Antyll after xv. myles ijs. yjd. 

It'm the same daye. (xv.) paied to the 

keper of the great parke of Antyll 

in rewardo xiijs. iiijrf. 

[t'm the xv. daye paied in Reward to 

the keper of (lie title pare of Antyll vjs. viijrf. 

It'm the same daye paied to liaukyns 

the fawconer for hawks mete as 

dothe appere by his bille xvjs. \i\yl. 

It'm the same daye paied to Willi'm 

Locke for certyns silks bought by 

the King's grace at Antyll IxxL/. vjs. 

It'm the same daye paied to the same 

locke for a bronehe wt an Amatas 

in it \L(. 

It'm the xvj. daye paied to one that 

brought the stag from Antyll to 



195 



Knebworthc f . vs. 

it'm the same day (i.e. 3 October 
1531) paied for a carte to eary the 
King's hounds fro Antyll to Wal- 
tham vs. 

It'm the vij. daye paied for a carte 
for the King's hounds fro Antyll to 
Knebbeworthc vs. 

(On the 23 rd July 1032 the King was again at Ampthill, as 
appears by the follo wing entries) — 

It'm the xxiij. daye paied. to A s'vnt 

of Maister Spenser that brought a 

greyhoundo to the King to Antyll 

in reward vijs. vjd. 

It'm the same daye paied to a s'v'nt of 

maister Spenser for bringing of a 

lauret to the King's grace Kewarde vs. 
It'm the same daye paied to A s'v'nt 

of Maister Ink's in rewarde for 

bringing A present of mete to the 

King's grace at Antyll vij*. vjV. 

It'm the xxv. daye paied to a s'v'nt 

of Sr. Robert Alee in Rewarde for 

bringing dieses and aples to the 

King's grace at Antyll vs. 

It'm tne xxvj. daye paied to a pour 

chiolde that the King's grace heled 

of his sickness vij-. vp/. 

It'm the same daye paied by the 

King's comanndement A Antyll to 

Browne the m' chant for so moche 



1'JG 



money As lie dud Wynrfo of the 

King's g race at shot in g as aperith 

by his bill xxijX/. xs. 

[t'm the xxvij. daye paied to King 

the hosier for v. payer of ho sen fur 

Maister henry Knevet at vs. a payer xxv*. 
It'm the same daye (xxviij.) paid to 

the ij. kepers of Antyll parks in 

rewarde by the King's comandet . . xv*. 
It'm the xxix. daye paied to Robt. 

alee for tlic hire of x. men by the 

space of iij. days draw ing the King's 

pondes in Antyll at viijrf. a man 

ev'ry daye xx*. 

It'm the same daye paied to Lumfrey 

Kaynezford removing wt the carte 

wt hounds from Antyll to Grafton ij*. iiij(L 

It'm the same daye (i.e 29th August, 

1532) paied to henry Byrde for 

making prycks at Antyl and at 

Grafton by the King's Comannde- 

ment < vjs. 

ELSTOW. 



(Extracts from Nicholas's 'Privy Purse Expenses 
of Elizabeth of York/ &c.) 

September 1502. 
It'm the same day (xiijth) to John 
Duffyn for his costes riding from 
Woodstock to Antell by the Queue's 
commanndement from Antell to 
Thabbesse of Elstowe from Elstowe 



107 



to Ilerauld for a buk for the pro- 
fessing of a non ne of Elstowe forsaid 
and from thens to tlie eourte to Sr. 
Giles Brigges place by the space of 

vij dayes at xd. the day vs. xd, 

August 1502. 
It'm the iijth day of August delivered 
to Thabbesse of Elucstowe by thands 
of John Duifyn for the costes and 
charges of litle Anne Loveday at 
the making of hire nonne there . . \]Li: xiijs. myL 

Amongst the Receipts appears the folhiving entry :~— 

"Here ensuen the Beceiptes of Bychard Decons from 

the xxiiijtli. day of March Anno xvijmo. unto . 

Fee Farms, 
Termino Pasclic 
Of the fee ferme of the towne of Bed- 
ford xLi." 

J. G. R. 

(Extracts fiiom Madden' s 'Privy Purse Expenses of 
the Princess Mary.') 

ELSTOW.— Mens' Deecmbr. A 0 xxix. II. viij., Page 48. 

It'm geuen to the Abbessc of Ilclstowc 
s'u'nte* bringing Silk to my lades 
grace vs. 

DUNSTABLE.— Mens' Septembr. (1543). 
It'm to crabtre for goyng to Dunstable 

owin from Grafton to Dunstable . . xiijV. 



* Servant. 



198 



It'm gevin to the Icings boy.es at 

Dunstable vi j, s< yjtf. 

It'm in reward gevin to officers of 

thowshold at Dunstable iiijZ*. 

It'm reward gevin to the gard and 

other at Dunstable iiijZ/. xiiijs, xd. 

Mens' Nou' (1543). 
It'm geuen to the prince mynstrels at 

Dunstable xxvs. 

AMPTIIILL. — Mens' Septcmb. 1543. 

It'm gevin to the king's footmen at 

Ampthill a buck & , xs. 

It'm to the quenes footmen the same 

tyme a buk & V U' S - v\d. 

It'm gevin to my lorde p'vy seall ser- 
vant for way ting of hir grace from 

the More to Ampthill . c.6'. 

Mens' Oetobr' 

I t'ni geuen to my lady of Darby ser- 
vant corny ng to Ampthill. vij6\ yjcL 

It'm geuen to my lady Dormar ser- 
vant bringing chose to Ampthill . . vs. 

It'm payed to mr. Cheehcster for his 
Costs sent from ^Ympthill to Asshe- 
rige to the prince grace for ij. Dayes iij.v. iiij. 

Mens' Nou' 

It'm geuen to Besse Cressy f at her 

goeing from Ampthyll sycke .... xs. 

It'm geuen to m* Mary mychaell at 



t This Besso CroBsy appears to have been a Sempstress. 



100 



Ampthyll r xxs. 

It'm geuen to m* Nurce servant 

comyng to Amptliill to my lades 

grace , . ' vijs. vjfl 

Tt'in delyu'ed unto Besse Cressy at 

the King's comyng from Amptliill vs. 
It'm geuen to Twinebrockes of the 

Keehin the same Daye the Kings 

ma'tie. removed from Amptliill . . viijrf. 
Mens' Decembr' 
It'm geuen to Bottone of Amptliill 

where Bessy Cressy whas syke. . . . vs-, 
It'm pd. for hir Cosies from thens to 

Oking xv. vjd, 

J. G. R. 



DELIN QTJENTS' ESTATES. 

A Duplicate of the several Delinquents' Estates 
which vi\E Decimated wrniix the Countv of Bed- 



FOltl), A. 1 >. 1055. 

£ s. d. 

Richard Conquest of Houghton Conquest, 

Esqr. 120 00 00 

Sir .Thomas Leigh of Laighton Bcuzard .... 135 00 00 
Owen Brest of Ilowney in Southill Parish, 

Esq r - 45 15 00 

William Palmer of Hill, Esq r - 48 19 00 

Francis Crawley of Luton, Esq r - 25 02 00 

George Blundel of Cardington, Esq 1 ' 11 00 00 

Sir Lodowick Dier of Collweth, hart 44 00 10 

William Geery of Bushmead, Esq 1 - 50 00 00 

John Russell of Wooburne, Esq 1 '- 01 00 00 



200 



£ *. (I 

Edward Russell of the Same, Esq 1 ' 50 00 00 

Richard Farmer of Westning, Esq r - 12 00 00 

Mr. Fettiplace of Little Barford 13 00 00 

Mr. Ililsden of Hockley 09 10 00* 

Richard Taylor of Clopham, Esq 1 '- 90 00 00 

Henry Osburne of Chickson, Esq 1 - . . . 10 00 00 

Mr. Audley of Bigleswadc 02 04 09 

Sum Total £CG8 00 11 

(From 11 Thurloe State. Paper*," Vol. IV, p. 513.; 



HENLOW. 

Letter ok William Bedford. — "Mr. William Bed- 



ford to Secretary Thurloe. May it please your Honor, — 
Haveing sett on foote an humhle address to his highnesse 
in our country, which 1 doubt not but will be signed by 
the generality, I have taken the boldnesse to send you a 
eoppv of it here inclosed. It was at our general] quarter 
sessions agreed unto by the whole bench : wee sent to the 
Corporation to joyne with us, or to send by themselves, 
which they resolve to doe — Capt. Wagstaffe, myselfe, and 
another gentleman are to present it about the beginning 
of the tcarme, hopeing by that to get our copyes returned 
from all parts of the country. I fin do the country gene- 
rally very well satisfied in his late highnesses disposall and 
noe regret t towards the old family. The Cavaleeres with 
us very quiett, and much dasht att his highnesses peaceable 
entrance, and also does not seme to have the least hopes. 
They were much afraid least they should lane been 
secured agayne. Sir I humbly beg your pardon for this 



201 



boldnessc I shall pray the"' Lord to perfect his mercy in 
your recovery and remayne — Your Honor's most faith full 
Servant W. Bedford. Henloe, in Bedfordshire, 12th 
October, 1G58. 

" Sir if it bee not too much confidence in me to put you 
to such a trouble, I beg of you that if others, who stood in 
such a relation of office as I did, bee put in the list of 
mourners alt the funerall of his hire highnesse, you would 
remember me as an old servant and officer." f Ibid., Vol. 

VII., p. 438.; J. G. R. 

A CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF THE SHERIFFS 
OF BEDFORDSHIRE. 

Those from 17 Q. Eliz. to 22 Car. I. are taken from 
Fuller's Worthies of England. Previous to t he year 1574 
the counties of Bedford and Bucks, were united under one 
Shrievalty, and the names of those sheriffs who exercised 
jurisdiction over the two counties may be found in Lips- 
combe's History of Bucks, and in Berry's Count)/ Genealogies. 
Mr. W. Marsh Harvey, in his History and Antiquities of 
the Willey Hundred, has also published a list of sheriffs 
from 1574 to 1878, but as this work is an expensive one 
and therefore not easily accessible, I think the following 
lists (transcribed hy Mr. J. G. Raynes from MSS. in the 
British Museum) may prove interesting to readers of this 

publication. F. A. B. 

KEG : ELTZAE : 

Anno. 

16. (Ralph Astry Esq., Harrington). 

17. Ge. Rothcram Esq., Farley. Vert 3 Roebucks trip- 

ping or, a Baston Gul. 

18. Job. Barnardeston, Sewelbury. G. a Salter Engrailed 

Arg. 



202 



19. Go. Kenesham, Tempsfordr' 

20. Joh. Spencer Esq., Cople. 

21. Nich. Luke Esq., Woodend. Ar. a Bugle horn S. 

22. Hen. Butler Esq., Biddenha' G. a fesse checkee Ar. 

& S. betw. 6 Cross- crosslets Ar. 

23. Jolm Thompson Esq., Crawley. 

24. Rio. Conquest Esq., Houghton* ■. Q. ar. & S. a label 

with 3 points. 

25. Lodo. Dive Esq., Brumham. Parte per pale ar. et G. 

a Eess Az. of the field. 
20. ( John Ivowe Esq. (of Claphani). 

I Ric. Charnoek, Esq, Holeot. Ar. on a bend S. 3 
crosses- crosslct. 

27. Oliv. St. John Esq., Ar. on a Chief G. 2 Mullets Or. 

28. Ric. Charnoek Esq., ut prius. 

29. Will. Butler Esq., ut prius. 

30. Rad. Astry Esq., Westoning. Barry wavee of six Ar. 

& Az. on a chief G. 3 Bezants. 

31. Oliv. St. John Esq., ut prius. 

32. Ge. Rotherani Esq., u! prius. 

33. Xpr. Hoddeson Esq. {Leujhton Beau done rt J . 

34. Will. Duncombe Esq., Battlesden. Party per ehev. 

Counter-Flore G. & arg. 3 Talbot's beads crazed 
counter changed. 

35. Nich. Luke Esq., ut prius. 
3G. Job. Dive Esq., ut prius. 

37. Will. Gostwick Esq, Willingto'. Arg. a Bend G. 

cottized S. 'twixt 6 Cornish chaughes proper on a 
chief or 3 Mullets Vert. 

38. Ric. Conquest. Esq, ut prius. 

39. Tho. Cheney Esq., Snndon. 

40. Edw. Ratelil'i'e Et, Elstow. Arg. a Bend Engrailed S. 



203 

*■ ■ 

41. Will. Butler Esq., ut prius. 

42. Joh. Croft Kt. 

43. Hie. Oharnock Esq., ut prius. 

44. Geo. Fraiicklyn, Malvern (itaverm in BolnhiirstJ . 

45. John Byve Kt., ut prius. 

JAC: REX. 

Anno. 

1. Joh. Dive Kt., ut prius. 

2. Joh. Leigh Esq. fLeighton Beaudesert J. 

3. Edw. Sands Kt., Eaton (-Bray). 

4. Fran. Anderson Esq., E worth. Arg. a Cheveron 

'twixt 3 cross crosslets 8. 

5. Tho Snagge Kt., Marson. 

6. Edw. Mordant Esq., Ockley. Ar. a Chov. between 3 

Estoyles S. 

7. Tho. Ancell Esq., Barford. G. on a Saltire or betw. 

4 Bezants a Mascel of tho first. 

8. Fran. Ventres Kt., Oampton. Az. a lucic between 2 

Bends wavy arg. 
0. Rob. Sandy Em}. (Mohort Napier, JCi/f., Luton JIoo). 

10. Wil. Beeeher Esq., llooberry. 

11. Kie. Sanders Esq., Marson. Parte per Ch. Ar. & S. 

3 Elephants' heads erazed counterchanged. 

12. Edw. Buncombe Esq., ut prius. 

13. Will. Ploiner Esq., Holme. Vert a ch. between 3 

Lions' heads erazed Or Billeted G. 

14. Bog. Burgoyne, Sutton. G. a chew Or between 3 

Talbots' heads on Chief. Embattled Arg. as many 
martlets S. 

15. Oliv. Luke Kt., ut prius. 

16. Edw. Conquest Kt., ut prius. 

17. Go. Keynsham Esq. 



204 

18. Fran. Stanton Esq., Birchmor. 

19. Will. Bryers Esq., Woodbury (or Upherry in Puttox- 

hill). 

20. Will. Hawkins Esq., Tilbrook. 

21. Fran. Gierke Kt. (of Tlie Grace, in Houghton Conquest). 

22. Math. Denton Esq., Barton. 

CAR: I. REX. 

Anno. 

1. Joh. Wingate Esq., Harlingto'. S. a Bend Erm. 

Cotized or betw. 6 Martlets arg. 

2. Edw. Gostwick Kt., ut prius. 

3. Job. Moore Esq. 

4. Antb. Chester (of Litlington). Per Pale Ar. & S. a 

ebev. betw. 3 ranis' beads erased armed or, witbin 
a border ingrailed roundly, all counterebanged; 

5. Micb. Grigg Esq. (of Dunstable). 

6. Will. Cater Esq., Kempston. Ermin. a Pile G. a 

Lion Pass. Gard. Or. 

7. Edm. Anderson, ut prius. 

8. Ja. Beverley Esq., Clapwell. Ermine a Rose gules, 
i). O. Winch Esq., Everton. 

10. Hum. Monoux Esq., Wootton. 

11. Rich. Gery Esq., Busbmede. 

12. Hen. Cbester Esq., ut prius. 

13. Will. Boteller Esq., ut ])rius. 

14. Will. Plomer Esq., ut prius. 

15. Rieb. Child Esq., Puddingto'. G. a Chev. engrailed 

Erm. 'twixt 3 Doves Arg. 
1G. Job. Burgoyne Esq., ut prius. 
17. Tho. Alston Kt, b. Wodhill. Azure ten stars Or. 
18. 

19. (Humphrey Fyehe (FysheJ, Esq., of Ickwett Green). 



20. Nich. Denton Esq. 
21. 

22. Math. Taylor Esq., Eaton (SoconJ. 



(Thefottoidng Lists are transcribed from Add. 213. 5832, 
fo. 183, in the- BritisJi Museum. J 

CHARLES I. 
1647.— 23.— Wm. Allen, Esq., of Goldington. 

1048. — 24. — Wm. Buncombe Esq., of Battlesden. 

CHARLES IT. 

1049. - — 1. — Itobert Lovet, of Liscombe, in Bucks. 
1650. — 2. — Win. Brycrs, Knt., of Woodbcry. 
165L— 3— Tho. Bromsall, of Blunham. 

1652. — 4. — John Huxley, of Eaton Dray. 

1653. — 5. — Henry Bigot, of Stratton. 

1654. — 6. — Robert Staunton, of Birchmore. 

1655. — 7.— 

1656. — 8.— (John Writs, Esq., of Heath) . 
1057.— !>.— 

1658.— 10 — 
1059.— 11.— 

1660.— 12.— (John Wells, Esq.) 

m'A.—l'S.—fEdmund Wylde, Esq., of the Grove, in 
Houghton Conquest) . 

1002. — 14. — (George Wynne, Esq.) 

1003. — 15.— 

1664. — 16.— 

1665. — 17. ■ — Tho. Snagge, of Milbroke, Esq., or Marston 
Morteyn. 

1666. — 18. — John Iluxlye, Knt., of Eaton Bray. Erin : 
on a bend cot. G. 3 annulets A. 



206 



1667. — 19. — Hen. MassingbSrd, Bart., of Braytoft Line. 
B. 3 Quarterfoils 0, on a chf. 0, a Boar pas 1 - B. on his 
shoulder a cross patee G. 

1668. — 20. — -.. . . . Delano}'-, or Delawney, Esq. 

1669. — 21.— Ralph Bovey, Bart., Longstow Cambs h 
and Wardon Abbey. — Y. 3 Bows in Pale or. 

1670. — 22.— Ric. Wagstalfe, Esq., of Ravensdon. A. 2 
bonds eng. : the lowest rebated at the Top S. 

1671. — 23. — lien. Brandreth, Esq., Houghton Regis, 
P. pale 0 & S. a chevron int. 3 Escallops Co'ch/d. 

1072. — 2-1. — Tho. Bromsall, of Blimham. B. a Lion 
rampt. 0. 

.1073. — 25. — Matthew Dennis, Esq., Kcmpston. G. a 
bend engr. .V. 

1674.— 26.— Rob. Bell, Esq., of Bedford. 

1075. — 27. — Sam. Reynardson, of Pulloxhill and Hal- 
lingdon, in Midx. 0. 2 chevrons, engr. G., on a Canton G. 
a Ala sole A. 

1676.— 28.— John Arnold, of Ampthill. (Mr. Smith of 
Wodeston calls him Thomas). 

.1677. — 2D. — Saml. Reynardson, Esq., ut prius. 

1678. — 30. — Tho. Snagg, Esq., ut prius. 

1679 — 31.— Win. Gostwick, Bail., of Wellington. A. 
a bend G. cot. S. bet ween 6 Cornish Choughs ppr., on a 
eh 1 0. 3 Mullets V.* 

1680— 32— Yilliers Chernock, Bart., of Holcote. A. 
on a bend S. 3 cross-crosslets A. 

1681.— 33.— Geo. Abbot, Esq., of Steppingley Park. 

.1682. — 34. — James Astry, Esq., afterwards Knt., of 
Westning. Barry wavy of 6 A. and B. on a eh 1 G. 3 
Bezants. 



207 

1683. — 35. — Wm. Daniel, Esq., Newbury in Silso and 
Flitton. 

JAMES II. 

1684. — 1. -^-Humphrey Fyshe, Esq., Ickwell Green, in 
Nortbill. 0. a Fesse Gr. on it a bend S. and on it 5 Mul- 
lets A. 

1685. — 2.— Tho. Halfpenny, Esq., Faldoe (in Ukjham 

Gob ioii J. 

1686. — 3. — John Crosse, Esq., Brainingham. Qrly. B. 
and A. in the .1 & 4 Qrs. a cross Molino A. 

1687. — 1. — John Wagstaife, Esq., ut prius. 

W JI AND MARY. 

1088. — -1.-— Ralph. Bromsall, Esq., ut prius. 

1089. — 2. — James Cater, Esq., Kempston. Erm. on a 
Pile G. a Li : pa : gu : 0. 

1690. — 3. — Wni. Botoler, Esq., Bidenham. G. a Eesse 
ebec. A. & S. int 0 cross-crosslets A. 

1691. — 1. — John !N ualc, Esq., Nether Beano, in Over 
Beane. 

1692. — 5.— Sam. Thompson, Knt., Wotton. 

1693. — 6. — John Eston, Esq. 

1694. — 7. — Steph. Anderson, Bart., Eyewortb. 

1695. — 8. — Win. Miller (Millard), Knt., Houghton 
Regis, Married his Mistress to whom he was eoaebman. 

1696. — 9.— Rob. Bell, Esq., ut prius. 

1697. — 10. — John Spencer, Esq., of Cowpall. 

1698. — 11. — Jobn de la Fontaine, Esq. 

1699. — 12. — John Burgoyne, Bart., Sutton. G. a 
ehevron O. int. 3 Talbot s, on a cb f embat. A. 3 martlets S. 



208 



1700. — 13.— Wm. Hillersden?Esq., Elstow and Colme- 
worth. A. on a chevron. 8. 3 bulls' heads cab. A. 

ANNE. 

1701. —- 1.— Tho. Bromsall, Esq., Roxton. 

1702. — 2. — Tho. Johnson, Esq., Milton Bryant. A. on 
a Pile 13. 3 Grift', lids. cr. A. 

1703. — 3.— Sam. Ongley, Esq., after a Knt., Old 
Warden. A. 3 Piles in Point G., on a Cant. E. the Sun 
in its meridian, ppr. 

1704. — 4. — Edw. Duncombe, Esq., Battlcsden, now 
Yorkshire. 

1705. — 5. — Edw. Snagge, Esq., Marston Morteyne. 
17.00. — 0. — John Huxley, Esq., ut prius. 

1707. — 7. — John Clarke, Esq., BidgmOnt. 

1708. — 8. — John Wright, Esq., Knotting. 

1709. — 0.— Wm. Chewe, Esq., Dunstable. 

1710. — 10.— Ralph Bromsall, Esq., ob. and Wm. 
Nicholls, Esq., succeeded. 

1711. — 11.— John Yaux, Esq., Whipsnade. 

i; 12.-— L2.— Tho. Emerton, Esq., Albury, Co. Hertford. 

1713. — .13. — Tho. Boswell, Esq., Over Beano. 

GEORGE I. 

1714. — 1. — Tho. Bromsal, Esq., ut prius. 

1715. — 2. — John Livesey, Esq., Pudington. 

171G —3.— Theophilus Napier, Bart., Luton. A. a 
saltire int. 4 Cinquefoils G. 

1717. — L— Wm. Smyth, Knt., Old Wardon. G. on a 
chevron int. 3 ( crosses J pate fiehe A. 3 Fleurs-de-lis B. 

1718. — 5.— Nicholas Luke, Esq., Woodend. A. a Bugle 
Horn S. 

1719. — 6.— Bob. Ilynde, Esq., Wotton. 



209 

^ ' 

1720. — 7. — Hie. Orlebar, Esq., Ilinwick House, in 
Pudino-ton. 

1721. — S. — Henry Brandreth, Esq., ut prius. 
17.22.— 9.--Robert Abbot, Esq., Steppingley. " 
1723. — 10. — Tlio. Aynscombe, Esq., Whipsnade. 
172-1— 11.— Tho. Garth, Esq., Harold. 

1720. — 12. — Joseph Johnson, Esq.; ut prius. 

1726. — 13. — Theophilus Dillington, Esq., Skelton. 

GEORGE II. 

1727. — 1. — Win. Coleman, Esq., Craufeild, Coleman of 
(Suffolk. A. on a Palo radiant rayonnee 0. a Li: ra : Gr. 

1728. — 2.— Benj, Rhodes, Esq., Flitwiek. 

1729. — 3. — John Napier, Part., ut prius. 

1730. — 4.— Wm. Lambe, Esq., Farndisli & Welling- 
borough, Co. North ton. 

1731. — 5. — Geo. Blundell, Esq., Cardington Manor. A. 
10 Billets 4. 3. 2. 1. O, on a Cant. 0. a raven ppr. 

172) 2. — 6. — Edw. Morgan, Esq., Cardington. 

1 733. — 7 .— 1 Liller.sden Pranke, Esq., lie the, in Leightoii 
Bozard. 

173 1. — 8. — Tho. Grome, Esq., Keysoe, Dunstable. 

173) .— 9. — John Crawley, Esq., Cadington, Stockwood. 
O. on a fesse G. int. 3 Storks, 3 cross-crosslets. 

1733. — 10. — Francis Jessop, Esq., Bedford. 
1737. — 11. — David Guilliaume, Tingreth. 
.1738.-12. — Oliver Edwards, Esq., Cardington, Citizen 
of London. 

1739. — 13. — John Franklin, Esq., Gr. Barford. A. on 
a bend B. 3 Dolphins naiant A. 

1740. — 14. — John White, Esq., Hoo Green, in Step- 
ingley. 

id 



210 



1 741 


-10. 


— John Lawson; junr., Esq., Barton. P. pale 


A . & S. a 


chevron co'eh/d. in the dextr. ch f an escallop Gr. 


174? - 




—John Miller, junr., Esq., Dunstable. 


1743.— 


-J i . 


-— Hamoud Crosse, Esq., AVestoning. 


1744.— 


1 Q 
~.Io. 


- — itic. J>cU, iLsq., ocdiorci. 


1 7 If) — 


1 Q 


Robert Ashwcll, Esq., Lcighton Buzzard. 


] 71 c — 




— Win. Gory, JCscj., Bushniede House. 


[747 


91 


174m 11 III 1Lw1P,av/1 
— JOlllL I L11J, IV'-q., I)C(LLOKL. 


1748.— 


-22 


-Tho. Crawley, M.B., Dunstable, 


1749.— 


-23. 


— Tho. Cave, Bedford, Merchant. 


1700- 


•24. 


—Harry Johnson, Milton Brian. 


1751- 


-25. 


— Tho. Gilpin, lloclif, Goldsmith in London. 


1702.- 


-26.- 


—Francis Heme, Esq., Luton. 


1708.- 


-27.- 


—David James, Esq.-, Ampthill. Seme de 0 


foils & a 


Li. rampt. Fatlicr R r of Woughton Bucks. 



1704. — 28. — Tho. Vaux, Whipsnadc 

1 70 5. — 29.— Jai ties Smith, St reat ley. 

1700. — 30 — John Capon, Leighton Bozard. " lie is 
now, 17(53, a Builder and Auctioneer." 

J. G. R. 

(Note. — The numbers preceding the name* refer to the 
years, of each reign. The words within pa rent '"hexes and in 
italics are supplied from Mr. Harvey' s Willey Hundred) . 

A LIST OF BEDFORDSHIRE KNIGHTS.* 
Knight* made — 

At ye Charterhouse, May 11, 1G()3. Sr. Oliver Luke. 

At Sr. John Fortescuc's, June, 1G03. Sr. John Dives, 
Sr. Thomas Snagg, Sr. Edmond Conquest. 



* Transcribed from " Warburton and Pomf rot's Geuealogicai Collec- 
tions for the County of Bedford ; Lauxdowne MS. 8S7, in Is. M. — En. 



211 

At Sr. George Farmour's, July, 1603. Sr. Eickd. 
Conquest. 

At White Hall, 3 May, 1607. Sr. Edward Gostwick. 

At White Hall, 27 May, 1007. Sr. Richard Conquest. 

At Bletsho, July, 1608. Sr. Alexander St. John. 

At White Hall, Jan : 7, 1010. Sr. Peter Osborne. 

At Ilounslow, 21 July, 1012. Sr. Robert Napper al's 
Sandy, Baronet. 

At White Hall, 10 March, 1616. Sr. George Blundell. 

At Bletskoe, July 21, 1010. Sr. Henry St John, Sr. 
Beauchamp St. John. 

At Kirkby, July 27, 1010. Sr. Win. Beeclier, Sr. 
Robt. Chariiock. 

At White Hall, 19 April, 1020. Sr. Lewis Dives. 

At Ampthill, 21 July, 1021. Sr. Win. Crawford.* 

At Bletslioe, 24 July, 1021. Sr. Francis Stanton. 

At While Hall, 30 Apr. 1022. Sr. Robert Napper, 
Junior. 

At Houghton Lodge, 20 J uly, 1024. Sr. Samuel Luke. 

In ye way between Blot shoo and Castle Asliby. Sr. 
Fran: Gierke de .Houghton Conquest, High Sheriff of 
Bedfordshire. 

KNIGHTS MADE BY CHAR : 1st. 

At White Hall, 20 April!, 1027. Sr. Wm. Bryers, of 
Pulloxhill. 

At Ampthill, 22 July, 1627. Sr. Geo: Russel de 
Rougeniont. 

At Ampthill, 23 July, 1027. Sr. Henry Austry de 
Woodend. 



* This name should be Crayiord," 



212 



At Theobald's, 19 Decern r ; 1028. Sr. William Ashton 
of Tingreth. 

At White Hall, 1 Jan: 1628. Sr. John Bracking of 
Eaton. 

At White Hall, Nov: 4, 1632. Sr. Francis Crawley 
of Luton, Judge. 

At Windsor, by Charles Prince of Wales May 20, 1088. 
Thomas, Earl of Elgin. 

At White Hall, July 4, 1641. Sr. Wm. Boteler of 
Biddenham. 

1041. July 18, Sr. Roger Bnrgoinc of Sutton. 

1641. Aug. 9, Sr. Jolm Roll of Milton. 

Dale ignota, Sr. Jolm Dimeoiribe of Battlesden.* 

CH ABLER II. 

1000. July 11, Sri James Beavorley, of Beynency, Co: 
Bedf. 

1000. July 1 6, Sr. Christopher Tin ner of M ilton Erneys, 
one of the Barons of the Exchequer. 

1000. <>ri. 20, Sr. Henry Hggot of Nether Gravenhurst. 
1600. Nov, 0, Sr. Edward Cater of Kempston. 

1660. Nov. 16, Sr. Win. Beacher of Howberry. 

1000. Dee. 4, Sr. Samuel Browne of Aiiesey one of the 
Justices of the Common Pleas. 

1001. Ap. 1 7} Sr. Geo: Blundell, of Cardington. 

1661. Dec. 22, Sr. John Moore, bro : of Sr. Hen : Moore 
of Fawley. 

1661. Jan. 21, Sr. John Keling of Southill. 

1002. Mch. 10, Sr. John Huxley of Eaton Park. 



* He was knisrlited in 1G4S by King CliurloH I. wlrile :. prisoner ut 
Curisbruuku, cf. Wootl?H Atlu.n. Oxoh. Vol. IV. ii, Ed. JJli- ; 



I0G8. Nov. 21, Sr. Win. Gostwick of Willington. 
KiTl. Ap. 30, Sr. F rancis Wiiigatc of Ilarlington. 
1678. Aug. 30, Sr. Wm. Franklin of Malverne.* 
1G78. Nov. 28, Sr. Wm. Millard of Houghton Regis. 
.1071). Oct. 20, Sr. John Keling of Sontliill. 
108;]. Nov. 20, Sr. James Astrey of Ilarlington. 
1700. Oct. 2-1, Sr. Thomas Bromsell. 
1712. June 23, Sr. Sam'l Onglcy of Warden. 
1710-10 . . . , Sr. George Ling of Southill, Bart., 
Sr. Win. Smith of Warden. 

F. A. B 

A LIST OF BEDFORDSHIRE GENTRY OF THE 
XVIIth CENTURY. 

A Catalogue of the names of Gentlemen of Quality that 
have .sold their Estates and are Quite gone out of Bedford- 
shire within les.se than the space of 00 years & a known 
truth by Si-. Robt.- Chcriiocke of llulleott. 
Mr. Abbiss of Stotiold. 

,, Aekworth of Limberry in Luton. 

,, Allen of Moggerhanger. 

,, An sell of Bar ford. 

.,, Ardds of Renliold. 
Sir Wm. Ashen of Tingrith. 
Mr. Astrey of Northill 

,, Audley of Houghton Conquest. 

,, Berry oi: Cranfeild. 
Sir James Beverley of Olophill. 
Mr. Blofeild of Flitwick. 



* Maverns, in the parish of Bolulmrst. 



214 

Lord Boteler of Higham Gubbiii, 

Mr. Bray of Wootton. 

Sir Wm. Bryers of PulloxhilL 

Mr. Button of Wootton. 

Lord Capel of Warden Abbey. 

Mr. Catesbye of Roxhill Maniior. 

„ Cat or of Ilenhold. 

„ Chase of Milton Ernesse, 

„ Geo. Cheyne of Stopsley, 
Lord Clie} r ne of Toddington. 
Mr. Child of Wimmmgton. 
Sir Richd. Chetwood of Odhill. 
Mr. Clerk of Wootton Pilling, 
Sir lira : Gierke of Houghton Conquest 
The Earle of Oleaveland. 
Mr. Geo : Conquest of Houghton Park, 

„ 8am : Cotton of Hinwiek Hall. 
Sir Wm. Crawford of Beckerings Park 

„ John Crofts of uf berry ( ZTphmj). 

„ John Crofts of Toddington. 
Mr. Delaune of Roxton. 

Duncombe of Lidliugton Park. 

„ Eades of Sea well fScweJl). 

„ Biehd. Edwards of Ilenlow. 

„ Emery of Arlesey. 

„ Est wick of Woot ton Woodend. 

„ ffarrer of Harrold. 
Sir John fferris of Caddington. 

„ Edwd. ffish of Southill. 

„ Win. ffish of Carlcton. 
Mr. ffifczgeoffcry of Crecors. 
Sir John fh'tzwilliams of Kempston. 



215 



Mr. Tho: fi'owlcr of Tillswortb 
„ Philip Garroway of Tingrith, 
Gascoyn of Carrington. 
Gostwick of Marston. 
„ Grey of Segenlio. 
Grigg of Dunstable. 
Hale of Stotfold. 
Harding of Asplcy. 
toir Gerard Harvey of ffenlake. 
Mr. Hawkins of Tillbrooke. 
Hewit of Millbrook. 
,, Hinton of Eversholt. 

Iremonger of Stanbridge. 
„ Jakeman of Billingtoii. 

Johnson Brockborough Park. 
,, Kempson of Tempsford. 
5 Earles of Kent died without Issue only this sixth 

remaines. 
Mr. Langford of Salford. 
Sir Tbo : ( now Ld.) Leigh of Leighton. 
Mr. Ley of Caudwell by Bedford. 

Lillingston of Lidlington Towne. 
„ Loyett of Elstow. 
„ Marborough (Marburie) of Warden. 
Michael of Totternhoe. 
Middleton of Brocksborough. 
]\Ioore of Leigh ton. 
Sir St. John Moore. 

Cha : Mordaunt of Oakeley. 
Mr. Nicholls of Ampthill Great Park. 

,, Norton of Sharpenhoe. 
Sir Robt. Nudigatc of Ilawnes. 



21G 

f ■ 

M r. Paine of Ihuldington. 
,, Palmer of the Great Park. 

Paradine of Bedford. 
„ Pi ggot < >f G ra vci il mrst. 
Sir fm. Plumnier of Hill, 
Mr. John Potts of Chalgrave. 
Sir Edwd. ftatdiffe of Klstow. 
Mr. Havens of lien low. 
„ Rolt of Clifton. 
„ Hookes of Clifton. 
Sir John Potheram of Luton, 

George .Russell of Pidgemoftt. 
INFr. Sadler of Aspley. 
Sir Bcaiichump St. John of Tillbrooke. 
Golden [? Edwin ] Sandys of Eaton Bray. 
Sir Arthur Savage of Carrington. 
Mr. Shepherd of Maiden. 

Ralph Snag of Kcmpston. 
Spicers of Marston. 
Uobt. Staunton of Beckcrings. 
Taylor of S to vent on. 
Sir Tho : Tirringham of Hinwick Hall. 

„ Nicholas Trott of Eaton Bray-, 
Mr, Vites of Pnlloxhill. 
\, Waller of Knotting, 

Watson of Little Park. 
„ Waverer of Claphani. 
Sir Humphrey Winch of Everton. 
Mr. Win gate of Wootton. 

Geo. Wyant of Moggerhanger. 



217 

Tliis lis1 was taken in ffebruary 1GG^. 
ifeb : 141 h 160^ was taken a List of the Gentleman 
now Remaining : — 

Sir Tho: Alston of Odhill. 

Mr. Stephen Anderson of Eyworth. 

Astray of Ilarlington. 
Sir Wm. Beechcr of Ilooberry. 
Geo. Blundell of Carrington. 

17. Mr. Boteler of Biddenham. 
15. „ Bromsall of Biggleswade. 

Sir Sam : Brown, a Judge of the Com'on Pleas. 
Roger Burgoyne of Sutton. 
25. Mr. Cary of Everton. 

Sir Edward Cater of Kempston. 
St. John Chernocko of Ilnlcott. 
Anthony Chester of Lidlington. 

6. Mr. Cheyne of Bramingham. 

7. Cheyne of Simdon. 
Cockaine of Cockaine Hatley. 

D. ,, Conquest of I lough ton Conquest. 
2G. „ Hen: Conquest Esq. of llawnes. 

„ Coppin of Market sell, now [of] Pnlloxhill. 
27. Cotton of Hinwick Hall, now Mr. Livesuy's. 

. Sir John Cotton of Stratton. 
24. Mr. Danief of Silsoe. 

„ Davies of Goldington. 
Dennis of Kempston. 
Denton of Barton. 

3. Sir Lewis Dives of Bromham. 

18. Mr. Dodsworth of Ridgemont. 

1. Sir John Dunconibc of Battlesden 

4. Lodwiek Dyer of Colmworth. 



218 

Mr. Edwards of A rlesey. 
„ ffisli of Ickwell. 
16. „ ffranklin of Malvern. 
2. Sir Edwd. Gostwick of Willingtoii. 
Mr. Granger of Shidlington. 

20. „ Halfpenny of 

Harvey of Ickwell. 
19. „ Harvey of Thurleigh. 

21. „ Hide of 

Ilillersden of Elstow. 
Sir John Huxley of Eaton. 
Mr. Johnson of Milton Bryan. 
5. Sir John Keiling Ld. Cheife Justice of Kings li 
Mr. Leigh of Leighton, 
Sir Sam : Luke of Cople Woodend. 
Humphrey Monoux of Wootton. 
„ John Napier of Luton. 
Mr. Orlebarr of Harrold. 

,, 0 shorn of Chieksand. 
Sir Win. Palmer of Hill. 
* „ Wm. rainier of Warden. 
Mr. Bolt of Milton Ernys. 
12. Saunders of Marston. 

22. „ Simcotts of Clifton. 

„ Snagg of Marston Park. 
29. Spencer of Cople. 

23. Squire of Eaton" Socon. 
8. „ Stanton of Wobum. 

28. Captn. Stone of Drockhorough. 
10. Mr. Stone of Ridgemont. 



* Query if these two arc not identical 



219 

*■ ■ 

13. Mr. Taylor of Clapliam. 

Thomson of Crawley. 
Vanx of Whipsnade. 
Ventris of Campion. 
Wells of Heath & Reach. 
Wing-ate of Ilarlington. 

The following- have sold their Estates since the list was 
taken by Sr. Robert Chernocke, & they are now in the 
Possession of those Persons I have sett ag fc them in the 
following List, viz. : — 

*Sir John Buncombe to Sir Gregory Page. 

Edward Gostwiek to the Duchess of Marlborough. 
Lewis Dives to Lord Trevor. 
„ Lodwick Dyer to- Mr. Rich d Ilillersdcn. 
John Keiling to Lord Torrington. 
Mr. Cheyne of Brammingham to Mr. Crosse a Brewer. 
Cheyne of Sundon to Win. Clayton Esq. 
Stanton of Wooborn to Sir Gilbert Pickering's Lady. 
Stone Of Ridgemont to Ralph Ratcliffe Esq. 
„ Thomson of Crawley to Mr. Williamson. 

„ Saunders of Marston to 

Taylor of Clapham to Lord Ashburnham. 



* It was Edward, eld. s. of William Dunoomb, by Jane, only da. of 
Frederick, Lord Comwallis, who Hold the Battlesden Estates, &e., to 
Dame Frances Bathurst, and Allen Bathurst, Esq. (afterwards Lord 
Bathurst of Battlesden), in 170G ; and in 1724 the Bathurst family sold 
the same estates to Sir Gregory Page of Wricklemarsh, Bart., having 
first obtained a special Act of Parliament enabling 1 them to do so. After 
a lapse of 1G0 years the above estates have again changed hands, having 
been sold by the representatives of Sir Gregory Page in January last to 
the Duke of Bedford. — En. 



11. 



14. 



220 . 

Mr. Wells of TTeath & Reach to 

Bromsall of Biggleswade to Lis Grand Daughter. 

fFranklin of Malvern to 

,, Boteler of Biddenham to Lord Trevor. 

Dodsworth of Hidgempnt to ffra : Lowe Esq. 

Harvey of Thurleigh to 

„ Hide to ...... 

,, Sim cots of Clifton to his Daughter. 

,, Squire of Eaton Socon to 

,, Daniel of Silsoe to Mr. Coghill. 
„ Gary of Evcrton to Mr. Astell a late S.S. Director. 
Ben : Conquest of Hawncs to Sir Vyn : Chernocke. 
Cotton of llinwick Hall to Mr. Livesay. 
Captn Stone of Brockborongk to the Duke of Bedford. 
Mr. Spencer of Cople to Mr. ft ra : Brace D ss - Dowgr. of 

Marlborough. 
Edwd. Snagg Esq. of Marston to ... 

(The foregoing lints are transcribed from Warburton and 
1\ nufn fs Genealogieai Collections for (he County of 
liedford — J>.M., LanscL MS. 887. The numerals before 
the names are so in the original. The only aid' rat ion I 
/nice made is Unit of arranging the names in alphabetical 
order to facilitate reference, — Ed.) 

SUN DON. — An interesting discovery has recently 
(March, 1882) been made in connection with tin's place 
which I will here chronicle. It appears that the Vicar, 
the Rev. G. II. Moxon had occasion to make some repairs 
in the floor of the Lady Chapel which forms the South 
Transept of the Parish Church. The floor is boarded 



over and some of tlie boards being very rotten, one or tun 
were removed, and in poking about in the loose rubble 
underneath the .Vicar discovered an old vault which was 
only loosely covered over with a stone slab. A ladder and 
lights were procured and a descent was made into the 
vault which is about 10 feet square and contained but 
two coffins; those were covered with black velvet with 
handsome brass furniture, and attached to the lid of each 
coffin was a large brass plate lof in. by 12 in. From 
rubbings which I took subsequently T am enabled to give 
the inscriptions, &c.j which are as follows : — 

On the furthest coffin — 

Tile Most Norle and Right Honourable 
Lady Charlotte Clayton 
Late Consort of the Bight Hon isle. 

William Lord Sundon 
One of the Lords of the Treasury. 
Gentlewoman of the Bed Chamber 
to I tun i vn: M vjt.sty Qi kkn Caroline. 
Died Janry. ye 1st 17 U. Aged GU Vlars. 

This is surmounted by a shield of anus over which is a 
coronet, and underneath is this motto, — 

Rrobitatem quam diyitias, 

The shield is supported by two griffins. 

The arms are: — Argent a, cross engrailed sable: between 
foui' torteaux, Sundon ; impaling — Gules afesse dancettee 
or between three escallops argent, Dyve. 

On the oilier coffin is this inscription :- - 



222 



The Most Noble and Right Honourable 
William Clayton Lord Sundon 
Baron Sundon of Ardagh 
in the Kingdom of Ireland 
and Member of Parliament 

FOR S' r MAWES. 

Died April 29th, 1752, Aged 80.- 

Tlic arms are the same as the above except that the 
coronet is surmounted by a knight's helmet over which is 
the crest — A dexter arm embowed, the hand grasping a 
dagger, the point to the dexter, all argent. The drawing 
of the heraldry, and also the mantling and engraving is 
very good. 

On referring to the History of the Wlllvy Hundred, I 
find that Lady Charlotte was daughter of .John Byve, by 
Frances, da. of Sir Robert Wolseley, of Wolseley, Co. 
Staff.; and granddaughter of Sir Lewis Dyve of Bromham, 
Knight. 

The outer shells of the coffins are much decayed, expos- 
ing tin; lead coffin inside ; t hese are also fractured and 
show the inner wooden shells. There are no inscriptions 
in the Chapel to indicate the place of burial, and the parish 
registers alone record the fact. 

It is rather strange that the opening to the vault should 
have been left so insecurely fastened ; it would almost 
seem to suggest that there was to be another body placed 
there, for which there is apparently sufficient room left. 
Lord Sundon, however, left no issue, and appeal's to have 
had no near relations, and I believe he died intestate. I 
would refer those who are interested in the matter to some 
interesting articles which have recently appeared in the 



223 



Luton Times, entitled " Sundon- and its Memories. By a 
lover of the past." 

F. A. B. 

According to Burke's Extinct and Dormant Peerage, 
under " Clayton/' Ralph Clayton, Esq., " descended, it is 
said, from the Claytons of Fulwood, eo. Lancaster," had 
three sons, John, William, and Richard, and as many 
daughters. The posterity of the first son became extinct 
in the male line, in the third generation. The youngest 
son died unmarried. William, the second sun, married 
Ann, daughter of John Huskc, of Newmarket, and was 
the father of Lord Sundon, who was apparently an only 
child.* 

In Le Neve's Pedigrees of Knights (published by the 
Harleian Society), p. 270, there is a short pedigree of 
Clayton, commencing with . . . Clayton, of Bulwick, 
co. Northampton, "carpenter or joyner, a poor man of no 
family/' whose name is sometimes spelled Cleeton (Or- 
ridge's Citizens of London and their Paters, p. 145). His 
eldest son, Robert, shorili of London, was knighted at 
Guildhall, 30 Oct. 1671. He was Lord .Mayor in 1079-80, 
and died in 1707. This Sir Robert Lad a grant of the 
very arms and crest which were borne by Lord Sundon, 
and seems to have been in some way of kin to him. He 
had a brother named William, of llambledon, co. Buck- 
ingham, whose son William was created a Baronet, 13 Jan. 
1731-2, which dignity is still existing. 

The following particulars respecting Lord Sundon are 
chiefly derived from Burke. As he lived about 80 years, 

* [There was an elder son, John, Bunt, at Newmarket, 7th May, 1*668, 
who died s. p. the 2nd Sept., 1691.— -En.] 



his birth [must have been about 1G72. In early Life he 
was a clerk in the Treasury, and in 1716 deputy auditor 
of the Exchequer. He also held the important trust of 
being one of the managers of the Duke of Marlborough's 
estates during his Grace's absence from England, and in 
1719 was chosen to represent the borough of Woodstock 
in the House of Commons. In 1727, and on at least one 
subsequent occasion, he was elected M.P. for Westminster. 
On 2 June, 17 o~), holding the same seat, and being one of 
the commissioners of the Treasury, he was elevated to the 
peerage of Ireland, as Baron Sundon, of Ardagh, go. 
Longford. . He died without issue, 29th April, 1752, 
being at that time M.P. for St. Mawe's in Cornwall. 

Charlotte his wife was daughter of John Dyve, or Dive, 
Escp, clerk of the Privy Council. A pedigree of her 
family will be found in Harvey's Hi-story of the Willey 
Hundred, alter p. 44. This lady was a special favourite of 
Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, through whose influence 
she attained a high position at Court, becoming eventually 
mistress of the robes to Queen Caroline, consort of 
George II. It was through the same influence that her 
husband was raised to the Irish peerage.. Lady Sundon 
died 1 Jan., 1742. 

I am informed that there remains in Sundon church a 
banner with the arms and crest of Buchanan, which ap- 
pear to 1)0 as follows : — Or, a lion rampant sable, holding 
ill his dexter paw an arrow, and in his sinister a bow, all 
proper; within a double trcssure, fiery , counter- flory, of 
the second. Crest: on a wreath, a sinister cubit-arm 
holding' a bent bow, and over it an escroll with the motto, 
PAR SIT FOliT VISTA LAB0I1I. These are apparently 
the arms of Buchanan of Drumhead, The crest is on the 



225 



sinister side of the shield. TKiS" banner is very much de- 
cayed. Lysons says that the manor of Sundon " was lately 
the property of Sir John Buchanan Riddell, bart., by in- 
heritance from 1 1 is uncle .Air. Buchanan, who purchased it 
of Lord Sundon's heirs." Sir John sold it, in 1803, to 
Mr. Cuthbert. 

II. a. 

Since writing the above I have discovered amongst the 
muniments of the Page-Turner family a pedigree of the 
Claytons, ancestors of Lord Sundon, differing in some 
particulars from Burke's account of the family. Having 
been compiled as evidence of title to the Sundon estates, it 
is presumably correct. The following is a verbatim copy 
of the pedigree as I transcribed it :— 

Ralph Clayton the ancestor lived at Woodditon in 
tin; County of Cambridge and there married on 2 d July 
1635 as appears by the Parish Register Book Mary Francis 
ami by her had issue : — 

T. JOHN, Baptized 12 Oct r 1636 at Woodditon as 
appears by the Parish Register. Which John married 
Mary Norgate and was buried at Woodditton 20 th 
Sept 1 ' 1683 and had issue by ids said wife Robert, of 
Bottisham in Cambridge gent baptized at Woodditton 
afores' 1 the 9 th August 1673 and who married at 
Duxford S* John's in the County of [Cambridge] on 
the 27 .February 1695 to Ann Jabram and was buried 
on the 15 th May 1718 at Ramsey in the County of 
Huntingdon and left issue by his said wife : — 
1. Rohhrt, a 1 latter in Southwark, baptized the 5 th 
March 1696 at Duxford S Johns ami who died 
without issue and was buried the 27 L]l day of 
January 1742 in S* George's Southwark. 



2. William, of Barton Mills Vintcr, baptized the 
15 th March 1699 at Duxford S* Johns and who 
married at Barton in Suffolk 24 June 1727 Sarah 
Short and was buried the 10 Aug. 1728 at Barton 
afs d and left only issue— Elizabeth who died an 
infant without issue and was buried 26 Ap'l 1735 
at Barton aiV! 

3. John, baptized the 13 th of January 1705 at Bot- 
tisham in Cambridgeshire, died in his infancy and 

. was buried the 29 th May 1705. 

4. John, of S* Bartholomew's the Less carpenter, also 
born at Bottisham afs (1 the 20 Ap 1 1707 and who 
died without issue and was buried in S l Bartholo- 
mew's Hospital 2 a April 1728. 

5. Ann, born at Duxford S* Johns July 16, 1098 
married to Tompkinson Cooper. 

6. Elizabeth, born at Duxford S l Johns M'ch 21 st , 
1702 married to W m Cole. 

7. L' u a Ni'ES, b«>rn at Bugden baptized 15 th Feb')' 1710 
mar' 1 to Will" 1 Hale. 

8. Margarlt, born at Bugden 15 th Feb'y 1710 mar d 
to Ja's Smyth. 

WILLIAM of Newmarket, Brewer, baptized at 
Wooddittoii afores' 1 25 April 1640 as app 3 by the 
Parish Register and the Registry of whose marriage 
with Ann Husk is entered in the Register of mar- 
riages of the Church of Newmarket S* Mary in 
Suffolk which was a Chapel of Ease in an Hamlet 
b'longs to the Parish of Wooddittoii but has since 
been consolidated with Wooddittoii. The s d Wil- 
liam was buried at Newmarket All Saints in the 



227. 



County of Cambridge the 14 th day of Aug 1 1717 
and Lad issue by the said Ann Lis wife. 

1. John, baptized in Newmarket S fc Mary 7 th May 
1668 and who died without issue and was buried 
at Newmarket the 2 ,L Sept r 1691 as the Parish 
Registers there will evidence. 

2. William, baptized at Newmarket S fc Mary the 9 th 
November 1671 as the Parish Register will evi- 
dence and who was afterwards created Lord 
Stjndon and died without, issue the 27 th April 
1752. 

III. AND several other children the Descendants of 
some of whom took out Letters of Administration 
to William late Lord Sundon and had distribution 
of his Personal Estate as his next of kin. 

From papers in my possession it would seem that the 
Sundon estates belonged to a Wm. Byrehe, who held them 
under a grant from the Crown, dated 25 August, 15.45. 
Previous to this they appear to have belonged to the 
Scrapes, one of whom, Roger le Scrape, and Baron Scrape, 
married Margaret, one of the daughters and coheirs of 
Robert, Lord Tiptoft. A pedigree of Byrch in The Visit- 
ation of London, Vol. I., ,131 (pub. by the llarleian 
Society), describes this William Byrehe as " Groome Porter 
to Hairy 8 (aid ye Clarke of the Exchequer" In 1590 
Thomas Cheyne acquired Sundon by purchase from Wm. 
Byrehe, and in the following year Letters Patent were 
granted confirming the purchase. The .Cheyne family 
held the property, and continued to reside at Sundon, for 
a period of 120 years when, in 1710, they sold it to 
William Clayton, afterwards Lord Sundon, who, dying 



22$. 

without issue in 1752, and intestate, the estates were in- 
herited by his three nieces and .co-heirs-at-law, viz., 
Elizabeth, wife of Win, Cole ; Frances, wife of Wm. 
Hale ; and Margaret Clayton, spinster. A few years later,* 
in 1768, William Colo, and Elizabeth, his wife (late 
Margaret Clayton), sold the estates to Archibald. Buchanan, 
of Ilampstead, Esq., which sale was confirmed by Act of 
Parliament 9 George III. Archibald Buchanan appears 
to have died cir. 1772, as his will is dated 28 .March, 1772. 
He married Jane, daur. of Robert Crichton, and left issue 
James and Rebecca. James Buchanan married and had 
issue. His eld. daur. and eventual heiress became the 
wife of Sir John Riddell, Bart., one of whose sons, Sir J. 
B. Riddell, in 1803 sold Simdon to a Mr. Cu'thbert, from 
whom it. w as purchased in 1818 by the executors of Sir 
Gregory Osborne Page-Turner, Bart., deceased, in whose 
family it still remains. 

B itch an an-Riddell Eamii . y . — The f < >ilo w nig additional 
genealogical (acts concerning this family are extracted 
from a Private Act of Parliament, dated 1790, in my 
possession. 

James Buchanan of Mark Bane, London, Merchant, 
married J am-:, d. of Robert Ci;i< uto\ She died. Jan. 
1782 ; will dated 20, Nov. 1780. By her he laid issue a 
son, — 

Archibald Buchanan of Sundon, died 1773, will 
dated 28th March 1772 ; and two daurs : — Rebecca, 
coheiress with her sister Jane who was the wife of 
Sji. John Riddell, Baiit., eldest surviving son of 
Sr. Walter Riddell in the county (if Roxburgh. Sir 
John died Kith April 1708 leaving issue three sons, 
viz : — 



220 

L Sir Walter Rii^jell ub. s. p. 7 th February 
1781 act: 17. 

2. Sir James Buchanan Riddeli, 2nd son, ob. 
Sept. 1783 infra letatem & s. p. at Brunswick. 

3. Silt John Buchanan Riddell 3rd son. Of 
ago 24th. May 1790. This Sir John married in 
1805 Francis old: dan: of Charles, Earl oe 
Romney and died in 1819 leaving issue. 

F. A. B, 

EXTRACTS FROM THE PARISH REGISTERS OF 
SUINDON* 

These appeal' to have been very irregularly kept, and it 
would seem as if it was left to chance whether any entries 
were made at all. The oldest register is in a shocking 
state of decay, and many leaves are missing altogether ; 
those that remain are so rotten from damp that it is difficult 
to decipher the writing, nut to mention that the leaves will 
almost crumble away in one's hands. There is nothing 
legible before the year 1594. With a good deal of trouble 
1 have been able to decipher (lie following entries relating 
to the principal families connected with the locality. I 
feel some satisfaction in Inning done this much, as I am 
confident that before very long even many of these will 
have become illegible, but had J time 1 should like to have 
transcribed, the- whole, or -rather what remains, of the old 
register, and so place its contents beyond the reach of 
accident. F. A. 1). 

15 — . Dionis Cheync was baptized 

1592 ye Esquire ....... 

* Additions in [ ] arc supplied from the " lii.shop'a Transcripts." 
Words iu italics arc: doubtful. 



230 



1505. Dorithea Cheny the Daughter of Thomas Cheny 
Esquire was baptised xijth of October. 

159(3. Robert Clieyne the son of Thomas Cheyne (was 
baptised) the xxviijth of October. 

1598. Catherine Chenye tbe daugliter of Thomas Cheny 
Esquire was baptized the last of March. 

1592 sou of Thomas Clieny Esquire was 

buried the xxiijth of January. 

1596. . . . ye daughter of Thomas Gmmye esquire 
was buried the xxii jth of Maye. 

1599. ifrancis Cheney the sonnc of Thomas Cheney of 
Braminger Esquire was baptized the xxixth day of October. 

1602. Edmunde the sorine of John Hardinge was bap- 
tized the 15th day of August. 

[1618. Frances the daughter of John Anderson baptized 
the 27th of May.] 

1620. Anne the daughter of Richard Spicer [gent.] was 
baptized the xvjth day of Januari. 

1622. Simon the son of Richard Spicer, gent., was bap- 
tised (lie Ttli day of March. [Bur. 8th March.] 

1621. Richard the son of Richard Spicer was baptized 
the xjth day of May. 

.1625. Elizabeth the daughter of Roberto Cheyne of 
Bramblehanger gent, was baptized the second day of 
September. 

[1627. Anne the daughter of Robert Cheyne gent., was 
baptized the 17th of April.] 

1627. Margaret the daughter of Richard Stone Esqr. 
was baptized the xxijth daye of Mayc. 

[1627. Thomas Norton yeoman was buried the 13th of 
September.] 



23L 



1627. Mary the daughter of Matthew Harding was 
baptized Oct. 

1628, Aunt 1 daughter of Hubert CheynC gent, was bap- 
tized Aprill J 7. 

1029. Thomas the sonne of Mr. Ralph Rotheram was 
baptized the xxiijth of February. 

1630. Robert the somie of Robt. Cheyiie gent, was 
baptized the xxiiijth of June. 

1630. Amye the daughter of Matthew Hardin ge was 
baptized Jan. 

[1.631. Francis Cheney gent., was buried the 31st of 
May.] 

1631. Ann Rotheram daughter of George bapt. the 1 of 
November. 

[1632. Elizabeth, d. of William Norton was baptized 
the 20th of May.] 

1(336. Willia' Cheney sonne of Tho : Cheney Esq. bap- 
tized May (lie 27th. 

1637. Ann Cheney daughter of Tho : Cheney Esq. Bap. 
{. 

1630. Marv the dafter of Thomas Cheney esquire and 
Anne his ( sic.) Mother was baptized the 2 of July. 

1643. Amies the daughter of John Duneombe and 

his wife was baptized Novemb. 17th. 

KiO(). Willa* Godfrey ye son of a Londiner was buryed 
the xxxth of Janii. 

1G12. Thomas Cheyne esquire buried the xjtli day of 
September. 

1615. ffrances Robinson son of John Robinson of How- 
end in the parish of Houghton Conquest was buried the 
9 of June. 



232 



1622. Simon the Sonne of Richard Spicer gent was 
buried the 8th day of May. 

1631. Frances Oh eyrie of Lymbrey in the pish of Luton 
gent, was buried the last day of Maye. 

1631. John Johnson, Clarke minister of Sundon buried 
the xxiijth of October. 

[1632. Ann daughter of Matthew Harding was buried 
the 29th of July.] 

1632. Thomas Cheney buried the xiiijth of September. 
1638. Henry Coquin (? Coluiyne) was buried the 13th 

of January. 

1600. John Ilardinge gent, and fracys Cheyne gentle 
were maryed the vijth of deceber. 

1605. Richard Page, gent and mart ha [Kempe] were, 
mariyed the xxth day of January. 

[1607. Thomas Bowstred and Jane Norton were married 
the 14th of November.] 

1608. Samuel! Bryan gent and Elizabeth, daughter to 
Thomas Cheyne esqr. maryed the xvth day of September. 

1609. Phillip Ancsell and Mabel! Ileisden married the 
iijth dai of febr. 

1609. Thomas Ileisden and Elizab: Ansell married the 
iijth daie of Febr. 

16.11. George Skull or : gcntlema' and Mrs. Jane 
Cheyne were marked the xviijtli day of Julie. 

[1619. Samuel Norton and Elizabeth Peacock were 
married the 24th of October.] 

1622. John Burre & Elizabeth Biggs Avere married the 
last daj r of October. 

1625. Richard Stone Esq. and Dorothy Cheyne gent, 
were married the eleaventh day of August. 



233 



[1625. John King and Anne Jforton were married the 
26th of January.] 

1653. William ffoster of Bedford gent, and Anne 
Win gate the daughter of John Wingate Esq. deceased of 
Harlington gent were married Septemb : 22th by John 
Lindall Doct 1 ' of Divinity b} r vertue of a license from the 
Archdeacon. 

1600. Robard Spiser borne the 10 of Jan. for Feb.) 

1654. Edward Spiser borne the 21 of agust. 
1660. Johne Spiser borne the 2 of iune. 

1660. Thomas Cheany deceased the 11 of agust. 

1662. George Rotheram sonne of George Rotheram and 
of iean his wife born the 18 of inly and was baptized the 
28 of agost. 

1663. ham son of George Hotheram was borne 28 

February and was . . . same month. 

1664. Mary Harding the wife of Willia' hording was 
buried the 24 day of february. 

1664. Willia duncorne and mary hobes was maryed the 
IS deeembiT. 

1665. George ye son of George Rateherain was baptized 
Jariu. ye 4. 

1666. George Eatharren the .-one (4' gorge Rath cram 
was Bered the 3rd of Noueniber. 

1666. Mrs. Mary Cheyne ye daughter of Tho : Cheyne 
Esqr. deceased & of Anne his wife was buried ye 3d of 
Octob. 

1669. George llcaile of Teb worth in ye parish of Chal- 
grave and Susan Chernocke, daughter of It . 
Chernock of skill was married ye 3 of June. 

1669. Valentine Stafford of Winchford in ye parish of 



234 



Chalgrave and Mary Prentice of Tillsworth were married 
ye 1st of Octob. 

1GG7. Thomas Ratharam the sonn of George Ratharam 
& of Jane Lis Wife wase baptised the 14th Daye of Sep- 
tember. 

1607. Edward the son of William Spicer & of Also his 
wife was buried the first of february. 

1668. Elzebth Robesson dafter of John Rohesson and 
Elzebcth his wife Baptized the 28 of October. 

1627. William Cheney son of William Cheney Elzebeth 
his wife Baptized the 14 of March. 

1669. Henry Rotheram the son of George Rotheram 
and Jean his wife Baptized Novembr. loth. 

1(570-1. Ralph Rotheram son of George Rotheram was 
baptized Feb : 1 6th. 

1670-1. Mary Sherly daughter of Richard Sherley and 
Elizabeth his wife baptized March 2nd. 

1672. Johnson of William Cheyne Esq., and Elizabeth 
Lis wife baptized June ye 28. 

1672. am Cheyne Esq. was buried April 23. 

1672. Thomas Wilford and Anne Cheyne were married 
Noveinb: 25th. 

1G72. Francis Corbett buri-d ifeb: 28. 

1673. Anue daughter of Thomas Wilford and Anne his 
wife was baptized jSopt 27th. 

1G73. Jane, daughter of George Rotheram and Jane 
his wife was baptized Jan : 21. 

1674-5. Elizabeth Hurst, gent, buryed ffeb : 15. 
. 1675. Mary Wilford daughter of Thomas Wilford and 
Anne his wife baptized Angst : 31. 

1G75. Anne Wilford wife of Thomas Wilford was 



235 



buried Septembr. 3rd. — non est mprtale quod opto A : W : 
1675. 

1675. Richard Rotheram son of George Rotheram & 
Jean his mother bap : Jan. 18. 

1677. Mr. William Cheyne was buried November 29. 

1678. Thomas, son of Thomas Wilford & of Anne his 
second wife was born March 31 an baptized Aprill 18. 

1679. Anno, daughter of Thomas Wilford and of Anne 
his wife was born January 28, and was baptized Febry : 
3. 

1682. Elizabeth Wilford was born October 24 and bap- 
tized October 31. 

1683. John helder other wayes Spicer buried October 
12. 

1683. Thomas TPiVford Minister of Sundon was buryed 
October ye 22th of which Allidavit was made October ye 
25th before Sr. ffrancis Wingate of Harrington & brought 
& Registered ye 27th of October 1683. 

1684. Ann Wilford buried January the 9. 

IT. Ilunghtoii erat inductus in ecclesiam Sondon Anno 
Domini 1684 p. A. Humphreys Rector de Barton, in agro 
Bedd. 

1686. Elizabeth Conquest bur. Feb. ye 7. 

1689. Thomas Clapwell (or Chapwell) in the Parish of 
flamsted and Susana Spicer of London weare maiyed Sep- 
tember ye 29. 

16 — . Francis Meredith buried . 

1697. William the son of Henry Crofts and Sarah his 
wife buried April 5th. 

1697. Thomas the son of Thomas Cheyne and Kather- 
ine his wife baptized July 9th. 



230 



1097. William the son of George Rclherham and Jane 
Ms wife buried Aug. 18th' 

§1697. Katherine Faldo the wife of Thomas Faldo Cler's 
of ye Parish Wymodeloy in com ITertfd. buried 21 Jan. 

1098. 8a rah- the daughter of Henry Crofts and Sarah , 
his wife baptized Aug. 8th. 

1698. Elizabeth the daughter of Thomas Cheyne Esqr. 
aim Katherine his wife baptized- Noy, 5th. 

1698. William Duncomb a quaker unfortunately made 
away with himself loth Sept. allowed to be buryed in ye 
churchyard in an unusual part of it without ye service. 

1699. Catherina the daughter of Tho. Cheney Esqr & 
Catherine his wife Baptized lObr. ye 6th. 

1717. Thomas Newland & Eliz. Cook mar. by licence 
October ye 12. 

1710. Mrs. Ampes Buried April 30th. 
1713. Mr. Rathoram Buried Jann. 3. 
1713. Mrs. Rathoram Buried March 19th. 
1715. Mr. King Buried Feby 15th. 

1720. Stevhen King a gentle Buried April 17th. 
17 11. Janewary ye 20 17 11 bured my onerebl leady 
Sondon wif of welam cleaton my onarabel lord. 

1711. Elizth, Conquest, widow buried may ye 3d. 
1748. Elizth. wii'o of Thos. Newland buried June 26. 

1748. James Rudd the son of John Rudd buried Decbr. 
12. 

1749. Burid Daniel the son of Daniel Black gentle June 
ye 14. 

*1706. Catherine ye wife of Thomas Cheyne Esq., was 
buried December 10th. 

1752. Buried The Right Honble. William Lord Sundon 
May ye 7th. 



237 

1755. Buried Tlio. NeWlahd; Gent: Febry. 10th. 
1755. Buried Francis Randlc, Gentleman July 6tli. 
1757. Tlio : Dove signs as Vicar. 
1759. Buried Hugh Cook Gent: March ye 3d. 
1759. Bupd. Diana Davr : of John and Ann Staford 
Oetr. 7. 

1781. James Hadow signs as Curate. 

1783. Baptized Emma, Daughter of Thomas Dicey 
Esqr. of Clay brook in Leicestershire by Anne his Wife 
Juno 30th 1783. She was born on Wednesday Jauy : 1st 
of the same year. 

1784. Buried, Grace, wife of the Rovd. Willm. Button 
July 26 aged 86. 

1784. Baptized, Clara, Daughter of Thomas Dicey Esqr. 
and Ann his Wife Oetr. 21st, 

1786. Buried The Reverend William Button, Vicar of 
Sun don November 21st, aged 84, 

1788. James Hadow signs as Vicar. 

1789. Baptized. George John, Son of the Rovd. James 
Hadow, vicar of this Parish, and Sarah his wife, Oetr. 8th. 

1791. Baptized Sarah Susan, daughter of (he liev. 
James Hadow and Sarah his wife, June 26th. 

1793. Buried. James, son of the liev. James Hadow 
and Sarah his Wife April 26th (Born on the 6th an 
privately Baptiz'd on the 23d of the same mouth). 

The following epitaphs are all in the Chancel : — 

Francis Corbett Gent., who dyed February 
ye 24th 167 J. 



238 



f IIere*lye the Bodies 
of Thomas Cheyne Esq 
wko departed this life 
April 20th 1717. 
Also 

* Catherine his wife 
who departed this life 
December 13th 1700. 



On the next are these arms : — 

(Arg.) a fesse (gu) frctty (or), between three bulls' 
Leads erased (sa., attired of the third), .KNIGHT ; im- 
paling — (Gu.) live lozenges conjoined in fesse (erm,), 
DEN HAM. 

§ Here lies ye Body of Catherine Faldo 
Daughter of Arthur Dunham younger 
son of John Deniiam of Mount Hill in 
Cornwall Bart, who was first married to 
David Kniuht (Citizen and Brewer of 
London by whom she bad children 
Where of one Catherine wife of Thomas 
Cheyne Esqr of tin's place lyes Here site 
was afterwards married to the lievn d 
Mr Faldo of Biddenham in ye County 
of Bedford. tSlie died J amy ye 18th 10!J7 
In the 56 th year of her Age. 



f Here lyeth | the body of | Elizabeth Daughter | of 
Thomas | Cheyne of Sundeii | Esq. | and Catherine his 

t Not recorded in the registers. 



239 



| wife | who died the 25 <*f | March ITuO aged one | year 
and six | months. 

t Here lyeth ye body of | Thomas ye 2d sonne of — 
Thomas Cheyne of Sundon | Esq : & Catherine his 
wife | he died } r e 31 of december | 1701 | aged 7 months. 

f Hero lyeth | the body of | Thomas | son of | Thomas 
Cheyne Esqr | and Catherine his Wife | who departed this 
life | Feb : the 12th | Ano 169J | being 6 months old. 

F. A. B. 



LEIGHTON BUZZARD, —The following cutting 
from the Leighton Buzzard Ob.sc rc cr may properly find a 
place in these pages : — 

Discovery of Ancient Coins.- — On Saturday last (Nov. 
26th, 1881), as workmen were engaged in digging near 
the foundations of the house in High-street lately occupied 
■by Mr. Pledger, and now being converted into a shop for 
Mr. llaskins, (lay came upon a small earthen vessel, of 
globular shape 1 , with conical lop and llattened bottom, 
containing eleven silver coins dated more than 100 years 
back. The vessel was entirely closed, except that a small 
aperture had been left in it apparently lor the purpose of 
inserting the pieces of money, which include one groat of 
the reign of Edward IV., two of the reign of Henry VII., 
four Edward III., groats, three silver pennies of the time 
of Edward III., and one other small piece of unknown 
date and value. The curious casket which contained these 
ancient coins was unfortunately broken by the workman's 
spade. 



t Nut recorded in the registers. 



240 



The material of whiefi the vase is made is clay, of pale 
red colour, and glazed externally. The vase itself is about 
4 inches in height, broader at the top than at the base, and 
the aperture for inserting the coins is a narrow slit, suclj 
as one usually sees in money boxes. F. A. B. 

JOHN BUNYAN. 

The following licence, being tin.- first of the kind granted 
after the Restoration, is printed in Thr Siiinlmj at, Home, 
10 July, 1880, p. 442. The editor was indebted for it to 
the late Sir Charles Heed: — 

Charles 11. (sign manual). 

Charles, by the grace of God, King of England, Scot- 
land, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, etc. 
To all Mayors, Bayliifs, Constables, and other our Officers 
and Ministers, Civil and Military, whom it may concern, 
Greeting. In pursuance of our Declaration of the 15th of 
March, 167 J, we have allowed, and we do hereby allow 
of a Room or Rooms in the house of George Ilamvett 
[P Ilarnnett], at Bedford, to be a place for the use of such 
as do not conform to the Church of England, who are of 
the Perswasion commonly called Baptist, to meet and 
assemble in, in order to their public Worship and Devotion. 
And all and singular our Officers and Ministers, Ecclesi- 
astical, Civil, and" Military, whom it may concern, arc to 
take notice hereof; and they and every of them Lire hereby 
strictly charged and required to hinder any tumult or dis- 
turbance, and to protect them in their said Meetings and 
Assemblies. Given [it our Court at Whitehall, the 2oth 
day of July, in the 24th year of our Reign, 1072. 

By his Majest} T 's Command. . 

Arlington. II. G. 



241 



In the Eiyht Report of tlie Royal Commission on Historical 
Manuscripts, p. 440, it is stated: that amongst the archives 
of the Corporation of Leicester is a memorandum dated Gth 
Oct. 1G72 of the exhibition by John Bunyan to the Mayor 
and Aldermen of Leicester of his licence to preach as " a, 
congregational] parson." — John Buiryan's licence beares 
dat e the 0th day of May, 1072, to teach as a congregationall 
p'son being' of that p'swasion in the house of Josias Iloug- 
head in the towne of Bedford, or in any other place, 
roome, or liou.se licensed by his Ma'tie. Memora'd, the 
said Bunnyon showed his licence to Mr Mayor; Mr. 
Avering, J\lr. Freeman, and Mr. Browne, being then 
p'sent the VI th day of October 1072, being Sunday. — • 
Ed. 

The Seventh lit port of the Royal Commission on Historical 
Manuscripts contains, on p. 1 02 of the Appendix, a notice of a 
document which it seems to me is of much interest in 
reference to John Bunyan The gentleman engaged in 
preparing the calendars of the manuscripts in the reposi- 
tory of the Ilouseot' Lords are dealing with the year LG(>0 
and with the month of J vine in that year. The King had 
not yet been in England a month when, June 'JO, 1600, 
the inhabitants of Yeavelden [Yelden ), like so many other 
persons at that time, approach the Upper House with their 
grievance touching matters of religion. They urge various 
complaints against William Dell, their rector, but it is 
only one of them that will occupy us on the present 
occasion. They allege that he " hath declared in the 
public congregation that he had rather hear a plain 
country man speak in the church that came from the 
plough than the best orthodox minister that was in the 
country; upon Christmas-day last, (KioO) one Bunyon of 

IS 



Bedford, a tinker, was countenanced and suffered to speak 
in his pulpit to the congregation, and no orthodox minister 
did officiate in the church that day." The petition was 
referred to the . Committee for Petitions, by whom it was 
dismissed on the 25th July, hut, of course the main subject 
of interest is the reference to John Bun van. The bio- 
graphers of the Great Dreamer speak of his position in 
life with a certain haziness which it is not easy to under- 
stand. Here we have distinct contemporary evidence, 
supplied by those to whom the fact was well known, that 
he was a linker. We are in the habit of saying ex nihilo, 
nihil jit, but it' the trade of a tinker be (1 do not. say it is) 
the " meanest and most despised in the land," then a great 
something come out of nothing 1 . The lower the origin of 
a man, the fewer advantages he has ; hence, so much the 
more wonderful and striking in every way is his rise to 
eminence. The mean origin of a great nam is not some- 
thing to be kept back, but to be truly and fairly stated, 
and no really great man ever yet was ashamed of his 
parentage and birth. Some of the statements in Chapter 
Sixth of the Hero of Elxtow may be corrected by the 
document now under notice, and 1 shall be glad to hear of 
other authentic contemporary references to the preaching 
of Bunyan in Bedfordshire villages. It is quite possible 
to have no sympathy with his theological views, and yet 
to feel a hearty respect for his sincerity, and to take a 
genuine historical interest in all the details of Ins life. 
William Dell, the rector complained of, was a remarkable 
man in Ins way, and at a future time I may -end you some 
notes respecting him. B. 1L B. 



243 



WIN GIT OF EVERT ON. 

In the Bedford-shire Tunes of the 30 th Sept., in an article 
on Everton, there i.s a copy of a M.I. in Everton Church 
to Sir Humphrey Winch, which states that his body was 
brought down, from London, where he died, and was buried 
in Everton Church. In G'Bryne's Representative History 
of Great Britain and Ireland, p. 74, I find it is stated that 
he was buried in Pembroke Hall Cloisters, Cambridge. 
I should be glad if any one who has access to the parish 
registers of Everton would kindly inform me if there is 
any entry of his burial there. He died on the 25th 
February, 1624. I should also be glad to know what 
relation, if any, Sir Humphrey Winch. of IIawn.es, Bart., 
was to the above. O'Bryne states erroneously that he 
died without issue; but lie left, apparently, 2 daurs., 
coheires, viz : 

Judith, who m. to Sir Humphrey Forster of Alder- 
niaston, Bart., and 

Rebecca, who m. to Sir Thomas L'awley, Bart. 

F. A. B. 

TODDI NGTON.-A List of Briefs. 

In searching the old parish registers of Toddingtou I 
came across an unusually long list of briefs which I trans- 
cribed and now give in externa. Briefs were letters patent 
issued by the Sovereign directing the collection of alms 
for special objects named in them. A reference to the 
list below will indicate the various purposes or objects for 
which they were issued. ; chiefly for the repair of churches, 
bridges, for losses by fire, shipwreck, oce. Unfortunately, 
though the idea of collecting money by means of briefs lor 



244 

charitable purposes waif" to be commended from the 
catholicity of its principle, like many other good tilings it 
came to be so much abused that they wore finally abolished 
in 1828, by Statute 9 Geo. IV. c. 28. Seven years pre- 
viously an attempt had been made to reform the abuses 
bat with little success. A correspondent to Note** and 
Queries states that they were sometimes charged upon the 
rates, nominal sums being- frequently contributed. Though 
briefs are now a thing of the past our Prayer Book still 
retains the order to read them as may be seen in the rubric 
immediately preceding the offertory sentences. These 
lists which are occasionally Found in old parish registers 
art 1 interesting both <<» the antiquary and the local historian 
as from them may be gleaned many facts not elsewhere to 
be found; the dates, also, of church restorations, &c, may 
bo appropriately fixed by reference to their contents. It 
will be noted that at the' time of the Restoration the 
Holy Communion was celebrated three and hair times in 
the months. V. A. B. 

Collected at Toddington in thoyoareof our Lord LG53, In 
August the sum'e of fourty shillings for the reliefe of the 
Inhabitants of Marleborough In Wiltshire who sustained 
the loss of foure score thousand pounds by tire. Tho : 
Aspin, Minister. 

1GG1.— Collected .for the Inhabitants ■ of 



Fakeman in Norfolk 0 : 3 : 11 

Collected for Milten Abbas in the County 

of Dorset 0 : 3 : 6 

Collected for the Inhabitants ot: Ponte- 

fract in Yorkshire 0 : 4 : 0 

Collected for ye repaire of >Sl. John 

Baptist's Church in Bedford 0 : b : 1 



245 



Collected for llmister' in the County of 

Somerset 0 : 4 : 10 

June 30, — Collected, for Henry - .Harrison, 

mariner 0 : 5 : 5 

July 14,— Collected for the Inhabitants of 

St. Dunstan in ye West 0 : 4:0 

Aug'. 21, — Collected for the Inhabitants of 

Buckingham . 0 : 3 : 4 

18, — Collected for ye sufr'crin by tire 

in Elmsly Castle, Worcester 0 ; 3 : <) 

11, — Collected for Kast Hagborne in 

the Comity of Berks 0 : 4 : 0 

4, — Collected for ye repairc of a 

church in Scarborough 0 : 3 : <> 

Sept. 15, — Collected for a fire in great 

Drayton in Shropshire 0 : 8 : <S 

Collected for ye parish of Condoner in 

Shropshire 0 : 4 : 4 

For. John de Kraino Iv ranisky 0 ; 4 : 10 

Collected for a tire in Oxford U : 5 : 1 

Collected for a lire in Bridgnorth in 

Shropshire 0 : 3 : G 

Collected for ye Collegiate church of 

Rippon in Yorkshire 0 : 3 : 0 

March i), — Collected for ye inhabitants of 

St. Martins in ye field in ye Strand . . 0 : 3 : 4 
Collected for Bolinbrooke in -Lincolnshire 0 : 2 : 10 
March 10, — Collected for - Noth'erutgha* in 

Lincol nosh ire 0 : 3 : 10 

1GG2 March 1, —Collected for the repair of 

the church in Grauesend 0 : 0 : 0 



24 G 



1663 June 28— Collected*- for Jo: Ellis of 

Milton in Cambridgeshire 00 : OG : 05 

Oct. 18, — Collected for Grimsbey a port 

Towne in Lincolnsliire . 00 : 05 : 06 

Nov. I, — Collected for the church <Si steeple 

of Harwich in Essex 00 : 03 : 08 

8, — Collected for the great loss by lire 

in Hexham in Northumb : 00 : 05 : 00 

Feb. 14,— Collected for the repaire of Withe- 
ham ch : & steeple in Sussex 00 : 04 : 04 

Collected for John Honner of Ilarlington 

in Bedfordshire 00 : 07 : 00 

28, — Collected for ye losse by lire in 

Grantham in Lincolnshire 00 : 05 : 04 

March 13, — Collected for the rebuilding- of 

the ch : and steeple of Sandwich*.... 00 : 04 : II 

1664 March 27, Collected for the inhabi- 
tants of Ilighington in the parish of 
Washingbrough in the county of Lin- 

colne 00 : OG : 00 

Maij 1", — Collected for ye inhabitants of 

TVeedon in Northamptonshire ...... 00 : 5 : 03 

Julij 3°, — Collected for the repaire of 

Thrapston bridge in Northamptonshire 00 : 04 : 00 
Julij 17, — Collected for ye inhabitants of 

Harold / suffered a losse by fire 00 : 05 : 00 

Aug. 14; — Collected for a losse by lire in 

Bronghin in Hertfordshire 00 : 04 : 05 

* This would St. Peter's Church, the Tower of which fell on the 
I3th of October, 16G1, and destroyed the South Aisle. The Aisle is still 
in ruins rind awaits re-building 1 , so that evidently tadhVient money was 
not raised by the Briefs for the re-building.— Ed. 



247 



Aug. 21,— Collected for JXen : Lisle of Gis- 

borou<?li in Yorkshire 00 : 04 : Oo 

Collected for Cowley and Rands of litle 

Brickhil . . 00 : 17 : 00 

Sept. 4, — Collected for the repaire of a 

church in Tinmoutk in Northumberland 00 : 03 : 04 
Sept. — Colled ed for Mr. George fiurre, 

Rector of Dowsehy in Lincolnshire . . 00 : 13 : 06 
Oct. 2, — Collected for John Smith of Eaton 

Socon in Bedfordshire Inneholder .... 00 : 04 • 08 
Nov. 6, — Collected for Cromer al's Shipden 

in the County of Norfolk 00 : 03 : 11 

Oct. 9, — Collected for Grace Carter of 

Roxton in Bedfordshire 00 : 013 : 09 

Jan. 1— Collected for Ed: Christian of - 

Grantham in Lincolnshire, Inneholder 00 : 05 : 01 
Collected for Northchurch in Hertford- 

shire . . 00 : 05 : 01 

March 19,— Collected for Jo: "Waylett of 

Hlford in the County of Essex 00 : 00 : 00 

IGtio Apr. I C>, — Collected tor ye repaires "t 

limingtou church in Southampton 

County 00 :. 03 : 03 

Apr. 23, — Collected for the repairs of St. 

Maries church in Chester 00 : 03 : 04 

May 19, — Collected for Will'm pierson of 

Bramble Anger in luton parish 01 : 00 : 03 

May 28, — Collected for ye inhabitants of 

stiHiiigfieet in ye East Riding in York- 
shire 00 : 00 : 01 

June 11, — Coll' for ye sufferers by lire in 

Cockshut in Shropshire 00 : 00 : 01 



248 



June 25, — Coll' for the ^uft'erers by lire in 

Flookburgh in Lancashire 00 : 07 : JO 

July 9,— Coll' for the inhabitants of shcriife- 

hale in Staffordshire 00 : 05 : 01 

Aug. 2,— Coll'' for the sick of the plague . . 00 : 14 : 05* 
Aug. 27 — Coll' for tho: Sloper of liar t- 

pury ill the County of Gloueestr : gentl' 00 : 10 : 11 
Sept. 6, — Coll' -for those that are visited with 

the plague. . . '. 00 : 11 : 06 

Sept 17, — Coll' for \V> lea of Monks- 

kirhy in Warwickshire 00 : 10 : Of.) 

Oct. 4, — Coll' for those who are visited with 

the plague . . 00 : .11 : 04 

Oct. 20,~Coir for the repaire of the liar- 
Lour of lenis., etc in Sussex * . . 00 : 07 : (Mi 

Nov. 8, — Coll' for those who are visited with 

ye contagious desease of ye pi' 00 : 08 : 10 

Dec. 0, — Coll' for the reliefe of those who 

are visited with ye plague 00 : 08 : 01 

Dec. 25, : — Coll' at ye Communion on Xt- 

inasse day (t M distributed) 00 : 0*5 : 0G 

Doc. 31, — Coll' for Tho : Inco of Woburne 

who suffer' d a losse by lire in Bedf . . 00 : 0(5 : 04 
Jan. o— Coll' for those visited with the 

plague . .\ . . 00 : 05 : 09 

Feb. 5, — Coll' for Hi chard Snag of litlington 

who suifer'd by lire 00 : 07 : 04 

March 7, — Coll' for those who are visited 

with ye plague . 00 : 06 : 03 

March 11, — Coll' for ye sufferin by fire in 

Chalbury in Oxfordshire 00 : 0(5 : 02 



249 



1 (HH) Apr. L, — Collected for Ilartlepoole a 

hauen Towne in Durham 00 : OG : 00 

Apr. 8, 15, 22,— Coll' for the poor of Tod- 
ding ton upon four Communion da yes 00 : 14 : 01 
Apr. 29,— Coll' for a lire in Slia dwell in 

the County of Essex . . . . 00 : 03 : .05 

May 13, — Coll' for the church of the parish 

of Clun in Shropshire 00 : 04 : 03 

June 10, — Coll' for Ro : Hamlin of Shefford 

Woodlands in Berkshire . 00 : 04 : 08 

July 22, — Coll' for the repaire of a church 

in Warborough in Oxfordshire 00 : 05 : 00 

Aug. 5, — Coll' for Roger Rogers of Doner 

in Kent Inneholder 00 : 00 .: OG 

Aug. 20,- — Coll' for Jo: Osborne merchant 

yt snifer'd by Wracks at sea 00 : 08 : 04 

Sept. 20,— Coll' for [ ] of Goldiugton 

in Bedfordshire .. . 00 : 04 : 00 

Nov, 1.1,— Vo\Y for tire sulferin by lire in 

Hinxun in Cmiibridgesliire 00 : 01 : 08 

Oct. 28,— Coir for Jo: Connel '& Jo: 

Budget of Cork in Ireland. . . .' 00 : 04 : 01 

Oct. 28, — Coll' for the poore sutferers by ye 

dreadful fire in London Aug. 31, Sept. 

1, 2, 3, 4 . .* . : 04 : 00 : 04 

Jan. 13,— Coll' for the sufferers by lire in 

Melcomb Regis in Dorsetshire ...... 00 : 04 : 04 

Feb. 10,— Coll' for 4 Inhabitants of Marston 

Morton in Bedfordshire 00 : 18 : 00 

March 3— Coll' for W'm Coale of Eking 

in IS T ort'olke 00 : 04 : 02 



250 



1667. Apr. 7, 14,— Coll' for the poore at 3 

Communions, Mar: 31, Apr: 7, 14 . . 00 : 11 : 02 

May 19, — Coll' for the sufferers by fire in 
Grindle in the parish of JLi ton in the 
County of Salop . .. 00 : 04 : 08 

June 30, — Coll' for a fire in Poole in Mon- 
mouthshire £3000 losse 00 : 04 : 00 

July 14, — Coll' for Bishop's Cliife in Deuon- 

shire 00 : 05 : 02 

July 21,— Coll' for Edw : Bubb (at Mr. 

Wingate's request; 00 : 11 : 07 

Aug. 2,- — Coll' for Worksop in Nottingham- 
shire 00 : 10 : 02 

Sept. 22,— Coll' for the pool- at Tod : at the 

Communion . 01 : 12 : 00 

Dee. 1, — Coir for a lire in loughborough in 

Leicestershire 00 : 09 : 01 

Feb. 23— Coll' for Hen : Daniel of Ainpthil 00 : 00 : 05 

LOGS, March 15, 22, 29,—- -Collected at three 
Communions for the poor of Todding- 
ton the summe of 00 : 10 : 0.1 

June 21, — Collected for the Captiues of Al- 

gier . .. .. ......... . .. . 00 : 01 : 05 

Nov. 1, — Collected^ for Lough borow in Lei- 

cest' 00 : 00 : 00 

Dec. 20,— Collected for Burcester in Ox- 

fordsh' 00 : 08 : 00 

1669. Jan. — Collected for thetford in Nor- 

folke 00 : 05 : 00 

1G70. Apr. 24,— Collected for Wing in ye 

County Bucs 00 : 05 : 00 



1678.— Collected for St T'aul's church in 

Toddiagton 2 : 3 : 6 

1700.— Coll' for Drury Lane fire 0 : 7:5 

Coir for Minehcad fire 0 : 3 : 10 

Coll' for Lancaster fire 0 : 3 : 1 

Coll' for Buckingham Church 0 : 2 : 8 

Coll' at Easter Communion 0:1-5: 1 

1810.— Collected for Audlem Church Che- 
shire 0 : 1 : 6 

Collected for Ilaworth fire Yorkshire ... . 0 : 2 : 3 

Collected for Trinity Hospital "Wilts .... 0 : 0 : 0 

Collected for Wrqckwardine Church Salop 0 : 4 : 0 

Collected for Edale Chapel Derby 0 : 0 : 0 



ST. PAUL'S CHURCH, BEDFORD, HERALDRY. 

It may be well in these days of so-called restoration — 
queiy whether renovation would not ho a better word to 
use — to make a note of some arms which were on the roof 
of the south transept of St, Paul's Church in this town 
before it was pulled down, mid also to enquire what may 
be intended to be done with the shields (which, thanks to 
the care of the churchwardens, are still in existence) here- 
after. There are eight of them, and for the sake of refer- 
ence let them be numbered as under : — 

1. On a black ground a paton argent over a chalice or. 

2. Sable 3 pears or. (Warden Abbey). 

3. Argent a chevon sable in dexter chief an annulet 
sable [? Bradley.] 

* The dedication of tho parish church is now generally ascribed to »St. 
George- En. 



4. Argent 3 piles in point gules [!' YYTishart:]. 

5. The dexter half unfortunately obliterated impaling 
— Gules within a border engrailed urgent 3 escallops or. 

0. Sable a salt-ire & chief argent on the hitter a pellet. 

7. Gules bezant ee, on a canton sinister ermine a martlet 
sable impaling Barry of six argent & sable, 

N. Argent ;i chevron between 3 mullets gules. 

Nos. 1 and 2 appear to belong to religious houses, the 
others are probably personal coats and may belong to 
benefactors to the church. The impaled coat on lS T o. 5 
isthesanie as that which was borne by the Shelton i'amily 
of Staffordshire. No u' is probably the coat of the Unices 
of Anandalc with a pellet lor difference. No. 7. The 
dexter eoat resembles very nearly that of the Zouche 
family, the only difference being the martlet sable on the 
Canton which may only be a mark of cadency. No. 8 
there can be little doubt is that of the Broughton i'amily 
of Toddington, one of whom, John Broughton, Esq., was 
High Sheriff for Beds, and Bucks, in 38, Hen. G and 
i) Kdw. 1, which was probably about the dale of the elder 
building, which has been replaced by the present southern 
transept. The eoat obliterated on No. o bears some re- 
semblance to a tree or a ragged stall'; if the latter, it 
might prove to be the same coat as that carved on one of 
the corners of the south porch, and is probably intended 
for the badge of the Beauchainp family. It seems a pity 
that these arms should be entirely lost sight of in con- 
nection with the south transept, and it is to be hoped that 
they will again before long find their way to the present 
roof of the said transept, as they are worthy to be pre- 
served and placed somewhere near their old habitat. 

11 Oct., 1882. D. G. C. E. 



253 



LEIGHTON BUZZARD.— The following are ex- 
tracted from a " Booke of fieiiies bcginoing Ano : Din: 
1GG4 at Miclemas " of the Court Baron of the Manor 
of Leighton. They are interesting as recording names of 
people connected with the neighbourhood, field names* 
names of streets, and old inns, and in .sonic cases mention 
is made of the town-lands. The entries extend over a 
period between 1GG4-1G71. 



Mu.'helmas Court 1GG4 








Mr. William Theed, Tho : Townsend 


It 


S. 


a. 


w r i 1 1 ii , . ,wi i>:,.m,..,i i v . ,i. 
William Ho <»'«•' and .UicuanL uooko. 

DO ' > 








ffeoffees for the Town-land at Bil- 








hngton, tine 


■1 0 : 


0 


: 0 


Mr. Samuel Ironside for a messuage and 






land at Heath late Rich : Thecd's fine 


10 : 


0 


: 0 


limothey Brewer tor a maul I -house 








and barne at the White-house in 








Leighton;, late Jonathan Sheppard's 










0.2 : 


0 


: 0 


W iutsu NTH)]-; Coi in LOG 


0. 




Mi'. Thomas Huxley for a messuage 








and cert a in e land in Billington Late 








Isaack Bennett, late Mrs. Ilillersdon's 








fine 


07 : 


: 0 


: 0 


John Hayes, gent., for a messuage 




and certaine land in Eggington fine 


30 : 


: 0 


: 0 


Of Mrs. Hillersdon for a Herriott 


03 


: 0 


: 0 


Mr. Wells of Wavendon for a Herriott 


04 : 


: 0 


: 0 


Att Michaelmas Court 1GG5. 






Mr. Strands Thome, and .Mr. Arthur 








Corbet t for a cottage in Leighton, tine 


02 : 


0 


: 0 



254 



John Wells of Leighton for Brigandihe 
piece cont. 10 acres, and 3 acres in 
Hollinden, and the little hill-close ly- 
ing in Eggenton, late Will. Andrewe's, 
fine , Oo 

Ait Whitsuntide Court 1GGG. 

Phillip Clarke for 2 acres called neither 
Packmans in Billington, fine 02 

Joseph Brandriffe for 2 acres of arr. laud 
at Broomehill late Adam Quarrie's, 
fine 0 

Mathewe Wilkes, Marke Wilkes, ftraneis 
Winton, John Marsh, William Horns-; 
by, John Deane, Thomas Moriden, and 
Edward. Elliott, ffeoft'ces for 2 closes 
giuen b) r Kdward Wilkes to theToyvne 
of Leighton, line 05 

JN I ICJ1KLM VS Coi'KT LGGG. 

Timothy Brewer for a messuage called 
the White Horse in Leighton by the 
surrender of Jonathan Sheppard, tine 4 

Richard ft'ryc lor a Cottage and back- 
side in ffriday lane, by the surr. of 
Anne Pardons, fine 3 

At Whitsun Court, 1GG7. 

Matthew Mead, gent., for a piece of 
ground at the gravel l-pitts in Leigh- 
ton, by the surr. of Will. Coles, fine 1 



255 



Jane Leach wield., SyrttOn Wood, and 
Jane his wife for one Cottage in Grigg- 
lane in Leighton, and 2 acres of arr. 
land, fine 2 : 10 

Sr. Richard Napier for 4 poles and one 
halfe in millfenn and 2 Cowes Com'ons 
in Summer Leyes in Bill, by the suit. 
of Richard Bennett, fine 01 : 0 

Att Witsun Couiit, 1GG9. 

William Pym of London for a messuage 
and 2 closes of Pasture and 100 acres 
of arr. and leye ground, and 3 acres of 
meadow in Kingsmead in Leighton by 
the suit, of John Wells, Esq., line . . 45 : 0 

William Pym for three Closes of 
Pasture called the Urchins in Kach 
[Reach] by the surrender of John 
Wells, sen., Esq., line 30 : 0 

At Wiiitsun Court, 1609. 

Thomas Symmes for a piece of Pasture 
lying on the backside of the Cock Inn, 
by the suit, of William Wyatt, line 01 : 10 

Richard Leach, Elizabeth his wife, and 
Richard Leach there Sonne for 2 little 
mead, called. Badcockes moore by the 
surr. of Will, and Tym : Brewer, line 05 : 0 

Jeil'ery Hagshawe for the Whitehorse in 
Leighton by the surr. of Tym : Brewer, 
fine 05 : 0 



Migiielmas Court, 1669. 

Samuoll Ironside for one peice of Land 
in Heath and Hack field called the 
Hook-hedge, peice being exchanged 
with Mr. Pym for Sedgers, Mr. Pym 
paying 60 li. to hoot 

William Pym for one Close of Pasture 
ground on Heath and Racli called 
Sedgers by the surr. of ]NI r. [ronside, 
fine 

At Wiiitsun Court; 1670. 

John Clarke for a messuage in Leigh ton 
called the Catterne Wheele, and nine 
acres of arr. land, and for a mcadowe 
at Rackley Nookes by the surr. of 
Phillipp Clarke his father, in crtrcnm, 
fine . 

William Malcutt for one peice of mead 
in Ivingsinead contayiiing twoo acres 
and one halfe acre, by the sun-, of 
ftrancis Wingatc Esq., tine 

Stephen Mosdell Esq. fur a messuage 
in the middle Howe in Leighton, and 
3 aercs of Land by the surr. of John 
Ewer, fine . . 

Edward Haimell for the Chappell Yard 
or Close on Heath and lluch, and .1 
acre of arr. land, being the tuwneland, 
the 'w ch discended to him from bis 
father, he being the surviving it'eoi'iVe, 
fine 



257 



At the Court heu,) at Michelmas, 1670. 

Jacob Pennington for a Cottage in ffriday 
lane and twoe Closes of Pastures in 
Leigh ton, by. the suit, of Christopher 
Burton and Sarah his wife, fine .... 5 : 0 : 0 

Sr. John Pye, Bara tt for seu'all mes- 
suages, Collages, and Lands in Eleath 
and Rach by the suit, of John Wells, 
sen. Esq., fine 100 : 0 : 0 

At Whttsun Court, 1671. 

Anne Vaux, widd. for a cottage in the 

Northend of Leighton by the surr. of 

lfrancis Thornes and Arthur Corbet 1, 

Esqrs., fine 01 : 5 : 0 

Anne Vaux, widd. for a shopp and loft 

ouer it in the Northend of Leighton by 

the surr. of Tyniothey Robinson, fine 0 : 10 : 0 
William Theed for oik- acre of laud in 

hale-peice by the suit, of lion. Ilon- 

nor for one and one orchard in \^est 

Bill, and 2 Cowes com'ons in Sum'- 

erleyes by the surr. of Rich. Whinatt, 

one Colt in little Bill. w tu a pightle 

and 2 poles in Sum'erleyes by the surr. 

of Will Man, by the death of Mr 

Will. Theed his vncle, fine 15 : 0 : 0 

Will. Hiliersden for a lierriott 07 : 07 : 0 

F. A. B. 



Ml 



/ 



( 2oS 

BEESTON.— The Allowing writ to the Sheriff of 
Bedfordshire, dated 13th Feb., 1277, to seize the lands of 
one, Roger Fuel, is transcribed from the original, in the 
possession of the writer. 

"Ed ward ns dei gratia Hex Angliae& fr'ranciae& Dominus* 
Miberniae vicecomiti Bedfordiae salntem. Precipimus tibi 
quod distringas Ptogerum Puel per omnes terras 
in balliva tua predict a. quod nec ipse nec aliquis per ipsuni 
ad ea manum apponat donee aliud a nobis inde habueris 
preceptum. .Et quod de executione ejusdem nobis re- 
spondeat. Et quod habeas corpus ejus coram p 

nostris apud Westni' a die Pasche in t res septimanas ad 
respondendum Johannae quefuit uxor Walteri de Ilunting- 
feld Chivaler de placita quod reddat ei rationabilcm eont- 
potum suuin de tempore quo i'uit ballivus suus in Beeston 
el receptos denarius ipsius Johannae ut dieit. Et ad 
audiendum judicium suum de pluribus defaleatioiiibus. Et 
habeas ibi lu>u breve Teste P. de Stonore apud Westm' 
xiij die ifebruarij Anno regni nostri Angliae vicessimo 
regni vero nostri ffranciae septimo." 
Endorsed— Gliomas de Dyneford sic : 

1 I\'iN' ; Atte hacche 

Joh'es I)en\ s 

Ric'us Rogger 

joh'es Michel. F. A. B. 

DUNSTABLE— Below is the transcript of a deed 
(pviie* me)' which is locally interesting, and therefore 1 
give it in e.vtcnso. It is the conveyance, in the year 
1502, of an Inn called the Swan from John Dyve tolloger 
Parkyns. Two other Inns are also mentioned ; the Lion 
and the Peacock, both being near the Swan. 



"Omnibus Ohristi tklelibus ad quo.s presens scriptum 
peryenerit Johannes Dyve* de Quynton Armiger salutem 
in Domino sempijcrnam Cum Johannes Parkyns de Dun- 
staple in Comitatu Bodfordiao liabuerit & pcrquisiverit de 
me prefato Johaurie I )yveunum tenementum si ve liospicium 
cum ffvonte ibidem vocatum le Swarme f situatum in vieo 
Boriali de Dunstable prcdicto ante altam Crucem + inter 
Tenementum sive liospicium leonis ex parti Australi & 
liospicium pavonis ex parte Boriali & Abuttat super 
Watlvngstretc versus Occidentem & super terrain Roberti 
Broughton militis versus Orientem habendum & tenendum 
eidem Johanni Parkyns heredibus & assignatis suis in- 
perpetuum De Capitalibus Domjnis feodi illius per servicia 
inde debita & de jure conseuto. Noveritis me predictum 
Johannem Dyve remisisse relaxasse el omnino pro me & 
heredibus meis imperpotuum quietam clamasse prefato 
Johanni Parkyns heredibus & assignatis suis imperpetnum 
to turn jus meura statum & clamium juris que unquam 
habui habeo sen quovismodo in t'ufuro habere potero in 
tot um predictum Tenementum sive liospicium cum ffronte 
& suis pertinenciis I la videlicet quod nee ego prodictus 
Joliannes Dyve nee heredes mei nee aliquis alius per nos 
pro nobis sea nomine nost.ro aliquid juris vol clamii in 
totum predictum Tenementum sive liospicium cum J/'rontr 



* Ob : s. p. 1,545. He was s. of Sir John Dyre of Bromham, Knt.,by 
Isab.cU, d. & eoh: of Sir Rafe Hastings, Knt. 

f An Inn called the S.wau, probably the same which was, in 1667, 
owned by a, William Fossey. In ' Uib : '/"/>";/: Brit : ' Part viii. in 
figured a representation of a token issued by William Fossey of the Swan. 

X This was one of the Queen Eleanor crosses erected in 1290, as the 
Chronicle of Dunstable informs us. Camden speaks of it as standing' in his 
time, but what, became of it is a matter of uncertainty. 



2 GO 

et suis pertinencis n§c in aliqua inde parcello de cetero 
exigere clamare vendicare sou reintrare poterimus nec 
debemus infuturum sod ab omne accione juris vel clamei 
inde simus exelusi inperpetiuim per presentes Et ego vero 
predictus Johannes Dyve & heredes mei totum predicttim 
tenementum sive hospiciurn cum ffronte et suis per- 
tinenciis prefato Johanni Parky us heredibus & assignatis 
suis contra omnes gentes Warcntizabimiis & defendemus 
In eujusrei testimonium buie presenti Seriptomeo sigillura 
m.eum apposui Datum viccssimo quinto die mensis inaij 
Anno regni Pegis benriei septum post Conquestum decimo 
septimo biis testibus Jobanne Leonard, .Henrico ifeyrv, 
Jobanne Ghirch, Jobanne Sterne, Jobanne Tersall de 
Dunstaple predicto & Aliis. F. A. B. 

TODDINGTON.---I , lie following is a translation of 
an ancient deed dated 1454, relating to lands in this 
parish. The original, which is in the possession oi' the 
Peetor, is in Latin, and has two seals pendent, one has a 
curious device like a rebus, which 1 am unable to make 
out. It belongs, I expect, to Thomas WVkelwode, the 
Peetor, as on the inside of a slip of parchment to which it 
is attached is very plainly written — " Thomas Wykkl- 
wode Rector kccl'ie parochialis de Todingdon." 
The other seal lias the monogram J. B. or T. B. As the 
deed contains many old field-names I have thought it 
worth transcribing in full. One word " cJiemcirs > I am 
unable to make out the meaning of, and an application to 
Notes and Queries has not resulted in any information.* 1 

F. A. B. 

* A correspondent suggests — " Should not this word bo ' cliemeer '? 
Cotgravo lias cfinnirr, the eldest or chief heir in a descent, who is to do 



201 



Know all Men present- and to come that We Thomas 
Wykelwode Rector of the parish Church of Todyngdon 
and William Grenefeld Warden of the Hospital of Saint 
John the Baptist of Todyngdon aforesaid have demised 
leased and by this our present deed have confirmed to , 
John Kegyll William Marehall William Baylly John 
Mason Thomas Baylly William Fodder John Bonde John 
Ghamberleyeri John Est and John Pekham, our one mes- 
suage with the croft adjoining in Fencote in the Parish of 
Todyngdon aforesaid and other the lands and meadows 
feedings and pastures with their appurtenances lying 
dispersedly in the Fields of Fencote and Todyngdon 
aforesaid. Whereof two roods of land lie together in a 
Furlong near Ohalgrave Church-style between the land of 
the Rector of Todyngdon on the one side and the land of 
William Chambeiieyn on the ether side and abut upon the 
croft heretofore of the Vicar of Chid grave. Also one 
half-acre of land lies upon the Longspert between the land 
of the Lord of Todyngdon on each side and abuts east and 
west. Also four selions of land likewise lie upon the 
llasels between the land of the Lord and the land of John 
Revo and abut east and west. Also two selions of land lie 
together there between the land of the Lord on each side 
and abut east and west. Also one rood of land lies 
there and is the headland near the land of William Redder 
and abuts east and west. Also two roods of land lie 
together near Swynescroft near the land of William 
1 'odder and abut east and west. Also one acre of land 



homage and bucIx other 'primaree' duties for the whole laud that i.s 
descended. Also in Hippeau's Glossuire du XUhne Siecle I find 1 chemo, 
ehemie, mosure do Lie ; chewier, premier de la faniilo." The context 
hardly seems to bear out this derivation.- En. 



lies there between tin*- land of William Pedder on each 
.side and abuts east and west. Also one halt-acre of land 
lies upon Otehill between the land of William Pedder and 
the land of John Chamberleyn and abuts south and north. 
Also three roods of land with the Choncirs ? lie together 
upon Crowelslade between the land of the Lord and the 
land of the Rector and abut south and north. Also one 
rood of land lies upon Crof thorn e between the land of John 
Chamberlain on each side and abuts east and west. Also 
one acre of land lies upon Bysmerehill between the land 
heretofore of John Yale and the land of William Pedder 
and abuts south and north. Also one half-acre of land 
lies there between the land of John Chamberleyn and the 
land of Ralph Wellys. Also another half-acre of land 
lies there between the land of John Chamberleyn and the 
land of Ralph Wellys. A ho one rood of laud lies at the 
bjldenstubbc; between the laud of Thomas Baylly and the 
land of William Pedder. Also one half-acre of land lies 
upon Tonfurlong between the Balke there and the land of 
Richard Twyrdlt and abuts east mul west. Also one other 
half-acre of land lies there between the land of John 
Chamberleyn and the way called iTiton-way. Also one 
half-acre of land lies upon Bardenhill between the land of 
John Chamberleyn on each side and stretches beyond 
Bardenhilway. Also another half-acre of land lies there 
between the land of John Chamberlain and the land of 
William Pedder and stretches beyond Bardenhilway. 
Also that half an acre of land lies upon Rynehill 
between the Hacchehe£"'e and the land of John Cham- 
berlain. Also another half-acre of land lies there 
between the laud of John Chamberleyn and the land of 
'Thomas Baylly. Also one acre of land lies there between 



26:1 



the land of William Pedcler on each side. Also one rood 
of land lies upon the Rye between the land of John 
Chamberleyn and the laud of William Mychell, one of 
the Swineherds of Todyngdon, Also one half-acre of land 
lies there between the land of John Chamberleyn and the 
land of William Pedder. Also another half-acre of land 
lies there between the land of Thomas Baylly on each 
side. Also another half-acre of land lies there between 
the land of John Chamberleyn on each side. Also one 
acre of land lies upon the Outwodefeld between the land 
of William Pedder on each side. Also three roods of land 
lie together there between the land of William Pedder on 
each side. Also one half-acre of land lies there between 
the land of John Chamberleyn and the land of William 
Pedder. Also one other half-acre of land lies there between 
the land of John Chamberlain and (he land of William 
Pedder — Also one half acre of land lies upon \Voodfur- 
long between the land of John Chamberleyn and the land 
of William Pedder — Also one acre of land lies upon Stony- 
ham between the land of the Lord and tin 4 land of William 
Pedder — Also one half acre of laud lies there between the 
land, of John Chamberleyn on each side — Also another halt 
acre of land lies there between the land of William 
Pedder on each side — Also another half acre of land lies 
there between the land of John Chamberleyn and the land 
of William Pedder — Also one half acre of land lies upon 
the OJded.owne between the land, of John Chamberleyn and 
the land of William Pedder — Also one acre of land lies 
near Blakchogge-gate between the land of the Lord and 
the land of John Reve — Also one half acre of land lies 
near the Quabbe between the land of William Marchall 
and the land of Thomas Wayte — Also another half acre. 



204 



of land lies (here betweorr the land of the Lord and the 
land of William Marchall — Also two roods of land lie upon 
the Grcnehill between the land of William Marchall and 
the land of Thomas Smyth and abut upon Enle — Also two 
other roods of land lie there between the land of Thomas 
Smith on each side — Also throe sol ions of land with a 
parcel of meadow lie together at Dcppyttys near the land 
of William Marchall and abut upon the Rector's meadow 
— Also one selion of land lies upon Hewrnorserse between 
the land of William Pedder on each side — Also another 
selion of land lies there between the land of William 
Pedder and the land of Thomas Baylly — Also one selion 
of land lies upon Shortbardenhill between the land of 
William Pedder on each side — Also one half acre of land 
lies there between the land of John Chamberleyn and the 
land of William Pedder — Also one half acre of land lies 
at the Endleslendes bet ween the land of John Chamberleyn 
and the land of William Pedder — Also two selions of land 
lie near the Oldcros between the land of William Pedder on 
each side— Also half an acre of land lies there between the 
land of William Pedder and the Churchwey — Also another 
half acre of land lies there hetw een the land of John Cham- 
berleyn and the land of William Pedder — Also another 
half acre of land lies there between the hind and meadow 
of John Chamberleyn and one acre of land lies at Frensh- 
manwa}' between the land of the .Lord and the Bector's 
land — ALSO we have demised to the aforesaid John 
Xegyll William Marchall William Baylly John Thomas 
Baylly William Pedder John John John and John 12 d of 
yearly rent, to wit, from the tenement called Pondes in 
TODYNGDON 6 ] yearly and from the tenement and one 
close late of William do Fancote in FANCOTL 4 a yearly 



265 



and from one aero of land lying near the Blakehegges late 
of Thomas Pulter now of Agnes Welde 2 d yearly and 
which messuage croft land meadows feedings pastures and 
rent with their appurtenances were formerly of Simon 
Umfray at that time of Dunstaple. MOREOVER we 
have demised and leased to the said Jolm William 
Marchall William Baylly John Thomas Baylly William 
John John John and John all those our lands and meadows 
which we have between a certain Plot of Land called the 
Parsonsdowne and the Outwoodbridge to wit, in the Meld 
east of Todyndon aforesaid as they lie between the ditch 
and bounds there placed TO HAVE and to HOLD all the 
aforesaid messuage croft land meadows feedings pastures 
and rents with all their appurtenances to the aforesaid 
John William Marchall William Baylly Jolm Thomas 
Baylly William Pedder John John Jolm and John their 
heirs and assigns for ever of the chief Lords of those Fees 
by the services therefore due and of right accustomed — 
IN WITNESS whereof we have to this our present deed 
affixed our seals— THESE BEING WITNESSES John 
Marchall William Chamberleyn John Reve Thomas Smyth 
Thomas Est and others. DATE!) at Todyngdon aforesaid 
on Sunday next after the feast of Saint Michael the 
Archangel in the 32nd year of the reign of King Henry 
the 6th after the Conquest of England. 



WINCH OF EYERTON. 
In reply to Query on page 243, I send the following 
extract from Foss' Biographical Dictionary of Judges, from 
which it would appear that Sir Humphrey Winch was 
buried, as O'Byrne states, in the Cloisters of Pembroke 
Hall, Cambridge. J. G. R. 



266 

"Winch, Ilumfrey of Everton in the Co. of Bedford 
was born about 1545 was called to the Bar at Lincoln's 
Inn in 1.581 became bencher there in 1596 & reader in 
1598. He sat for the last three years of Elizabeth's 
Parliament for the Town of Bedford. In 1616 be fell 
deservedly into some disgrace in consequence of condemn- 
ing and executing- at the Slimmer Assizes at Leicester no 
less than 9 women as witches on the evidence of a boy 
who pretended that he had been bewitched and tormented 
by them. The King on a visit to the town a month after 
tbe trial personally examined the boy discovered and ex- 
posed the imposture but too late to save the unfortunate 
victims of this absurd superstition. lie was buried in the 
('busters of Pembroke Hall Cambridge." 



GREAT BARFORD.— Extracts fkom the Parish 
Registers.* 

The registers of the above parish, which by the kindness 
of the Vicar 1 have lately had an opportunity of searching, 
contain many entries of interest relating to the families 
of Anscell, Carter, Fitzg eo efrey, Fitziiugh, and 
Franckein, who severally entered their pedigrees at the 
Heralds' Visitations., These I have carefully extracted as 
under. I may mention that tbe oldest register, which 
commences in 1563, has been somewhat mutilated, — the 
leaves containing the entries between 1582 and 1592 
having been cut out, and those between 1664-80 are also 
missing. It is said that the registers were mutilated to 

* All written within [ ] arc supplied from the Bishop's Transcripts; 



2.07 



conceal the evidence of*-a pre- nuptial birth about the time 
when a lawsuit was in progress to prove the rightful heir 
to some property in the neighbourhood. 

1563, July 1. Thomas Cooke et Agneta Slade nupti 
fuerunt [first entry], 

1508, July 20. Ilobertus Nokes ct Agneta Coop' nupti 
fuerunt. 

1504, June 14. Anna Anscell bapt : est. 
1504, May 2D. Ilogerus Courtney et Elizab : Feet 
nupti fuerunt. 

1507, Sept. 23. Oliverus Anscell bapt : est. 

1507, Nov. 9. Johannes ISToakes et Johanna Pick.at 
nupti fuerunt. 

1508, Jan. 29. Tho : Anscell bapt : est. 

1570, J une 21. Gulielmus Fitzhughe bapt : est. 
1570, July 5. Nieholaus Anscell bapt : est. 
1578, May 14. Elizab : Carter bapt : est. 

1573, July 23. Kobertus ffi.tzh.ugh bapt : est. 

1574, May 2. Johannes Enderbye et Joanna Boode 
nupti fuerunt. 

1574, Aug-. 8. Anna Carter bapt : est. 

1574, Feb. 7. Nieholaus Anscell sepu.lt : est. 

1575, Jan. 0. Johannes flitzhughe bapt : est. 
1575, Jan. 81. Nicholas Anscell sepult. est. 

1570, Sept. 4. Johannes Bromhall et Agneta Anscell 
nupt : fuer. 

1577, Apr. 25. Elizab : Bromhall bapt : est. 

1577, Aug-. 22. Gulielmus lily the et Alicia llitzgeilfrey 
nupti fuer. 

1577, Nov. 18. Richardus Nelson et Agneta Warden 
nupti fuei'. 

.1578, July 19. Juditha Bromhall bapt : est. 



208 



1578, Jan 20. Nicholas Malerie et Elizab : Anscell 
nupti fuer. 

1579, Sept. 24. Johannes ffitzhughe sepult : est. 
1579, Feb. 15. Anna ffitzhughe bapt : est. 
.1594, Aug. 20. Oliverus ffitziefferey bapt. 

1594, Oct. 16. Catharina Anscell bapt. 

1595, Aug. G. Susanna Fitzhugh bapt : est. 
1595, Sept, 29. Yrsula Fitzieffrey bapt : est. 
1590, May 3. iVnna Carter bapt : est. 

- 1596, Dec. 17. ffranciscus ffitzieffrey bapt : est. 
. 1597, May 28. Anna Carter sepult : est. 
1597, Nov. 7. Elizabetha Anscell sepult : est. 
1597, Jan. 28, Judith ffitzieffrey Bapt : est. 

1597, Feb. 26. Gulielmus ffitzhughe Bapt : est. 

1598, May 7. ffranciscus ffitzieffrey Sepult. 

1598, Feb. 21 . Dorothea Anscell bapt, 

1599, May 14. Margaret a ffitzieffrey bapt : est. 
1599, Sept. 25. Robertus ffitzhughe et Anna Worsley 

nupti fuerimt. 

1599, Oct. 11. Uulielmus, f, Roberti mtzhughe bapt 

1600, Aug. 20. J ana ffitzieffrey bapt : est. 

1002, Nov, 11. Vrsula, uxor TIlo : Anscell sepult : est 

1601, Feb. 28. Catherina ffitzhughe bapt : est, 
1 602, April 27. Thomas ffitzieffrey bapt : est, 

1602, Sept. 5. Elizabetha, filia Roberti ffitzhugh( 
bapt : est. 

1603, July 19. Thomas Anscell bapt : est, 
.1604, June 19. Elizabetha ffitzhughe sepult : est, 
.1604, Aug. 22, Elizabetha, filia Thomas Carter, generosi 

Bapt. 

1604, Jan. 16, Juditha, filia lien : ffitzhughe Bapt. 

1605, Apr. 7. Henricus, filius Thomae Anscell Bapt 



2G9 



1 606, May 25. AViUm's, filius Thomae Carter, gen : 
Bapt. 

1606, July 23. Thomas Pearce et ffrancisca Bromsall 
nupti fuerunt. 

1606, Nov. 1. Oliverus filius Roberti Bromliall natus 
est [Bapt. 18 Dec. 1606.] 

1606, Jan. 18. Elizab : filia Thome Anscell bapt. 

1607, Nov. 29. Thomas Carter, filius Thomae Carter, 
gen : bapt. 

1607, Feb. 26. Vrsula, filia Henrici flitzhugh bapt. 

1607, March 5, Thomas, films Thomae Carter, gen: sepult. 

1608, Feb. 19. Jana, filia Thomae Carter, yen : bapt. 
. [160D, Mch. 15. Richard Field yen. bur.] 

1610, Apr. JO. Jeradus ffitzieoft'erye sepult. 
1610, Sept. 19. Anna, filia Thomae Carter, gen : bapt. 
1610, Dee. 18. Johannes Allen, generosus, et Catherina 
Anscell nupti. 

1610, Fel). 26. Alexander, filius Thomae Anscell, 
Armigeri, Bapt. 

1G11, Nov. 17. .Maria, filia Thomae Cartar, generosi, 
Bapt. 

1612, June 30. Maria, filia Thomae Cartar, generosi, 
sepult. 

1612, July 27. Maria, filia Henrici flitzhugh, generosi, 
Bapt. 

1612, Aug. 7. Johannes, filius Johannis Allen, gene- 
rosi, natus ; Bapt : 9 Aug. 

1612, Dec 1. Anna, filia Thomae Anscell, Armigeri, 
Bapt. 

1.613, Aug. 22. Anna, filia Roberti flitzhugh, Bapt. 
161 u, Oct. 18. Robcrtus fisher et Elizabetha Carter 
nupti fii< runt. 



270 



■*. 1613, Nov. 20. I lizard us hassetus filius marine 
ffuller, viduae gencfosae, bapt, 

1 614, Apr. !) [8]. (franeisca, filia, Thomae Carter, 
generosi, sepiilt. 

f 1614, March. 25. Petrus, filius Greorgij ffitzieofery, * 
generosi, sepiilt. 

1616, Sept. 2. Georgius, films Gcorgij ffiTzeoffery 
militia, sepiilt. 

} 1616., Feb. 6. Hosa Ilirlston, generosa vidua, scpult. 

1617, May 4. Oliuerns, filius JNIngistri Thomae Cartar 
Bapt. 

1617, May 2D. Thomas Cokhaine generosus ct Doro- 
thea, filia Tliomae Anseell, armigeri, nupt, 

1617, Jan. 4. Oliuerus, filius Magistri Thomae Cartar 
sepul ( . 

1618, July 1. Vrsula, lilia Magistri Thomae Cartar 
Bapt. 

1618, Oct. 26. Vrsula, filia Magistri Thomae Cartar 
sepult, 

1618, iVr. 7. Georgius flitziooiVery, miles sepiilt. 

|| L()18, Feb. 28. Georgius llitzieoii'erye, generosus 
scpult. 

1619, Sept. 26. Botheramiis, filius llotherami Cheney, 
generosi B'apt. 

* A family of the name of 1 Mcnuei liassct were seated at Blunham. 
See their Pedigree in the " Visitations of lietlforthhirv," od. Hurl. See., 
1884, j). 159. 

t The year is doubtful. 

X She was da. of Thomas Anscell by Elizabeth his wife, d. and h. of 
Robert Wheatley. She married first to . . . Wolrich, and secondly 
to Hugh Hurlestou of Cardington, whose ancestors came out of Lan- 
cashire. 

|| The day of the month is uncertain ; it might be 23 or 28. 



271 

1619, Jan. 4. Susanna', tilia Mr. Thoniae Cartar, Rapt. 
1621, June 18. Thomas, iilius m'ri Thomae drury 
Bapt. 

[1022, June 10 Nicholas Day Clearke and Hilary Brad- 
ford nupt. I 

1(523, March 20. Maria ffitzieoffery., vidua, sepult, 

1623, Aug-. 21). Thomas Anscell, armiger, sepult. 

1624, Jan. 22. Samuell Barrow, generosus, et Judithea 
mtzieoffery, generosa, nupt. 

1624, Feb. 24. Rachardus mountneigh, armiger, et 
Katherina ffitzicotr'ery, generosa, nupt. 

1625, Aug. 16. Elizabetha, filia Johaimis Alloy n, 
generosi, Bapt, 

162-3, Sept. 8. Anna, filia magistri, Wooton Bapt. 

1627, Dec. 29. Domina Anna fhtzieofferie, vidua, 
sepal l a. 

1628, Jan. 13, Thomas Nevill se])iilt. 

1628, Jan. 23. Maria, uxor allein Shackspere sepult. 
1630, Apr. 8. G corgi tis Banden et plieninnah Shack- 
speero nupt. 

1630, Sept. '.'7. Anna, filia magistri Willielmi Cartar 
Bapt. 

1632, Sept. 28. Thomas, iilius Magistri Willielmi 
( Tartar Bapt. 

1 634, May 8. Francisca, filia magistri Throwgootl Bapt. 

1634, Aug. 31. Willielmus, iilius Willielmi Cartar 
generosi, Bapt. 

1635, Apr. 24. Gliuerus Smith [Viear] sepultus. 
1637, Sept. 3. Elizabeth Cartar, tilia Gulielmi (gen.) 

Cartar bapt. 

1637, Sept. 9. Anna Cartar, vxor Gulielmi Cartar 
[gen.], pulchorrima, nmantissima, sauvissima, sepulta fuit. 



1637, Nov. J 7. JancHanscombe, filia Roberti Hans- 
combe sep : fuit. 

1638, May 30. Thomas FTarpar et Katharina Lauman 
nupti fuerimt. 

* 1638, May 13 [June 9]. Elizabeth Anscell (gen.J 
religiosissmia, excelentissima, suavissima, sepulta fuit. 

1640, Apr. 4. Grulielmus Carter et Maria Spenser, 
(gen.) nupt. 

1641, June 10. Maria Carter, filia Gulielmi Carter, 
(generosi) Bapt. 

1641, June 12. Maria Carter vxor Gulielmi Carter, 
predict, sepulta fuit. 

1641, Get. 3. Thomas Shakespeare, filius Thomas 
Shakespeare bapt : fuit. 

1642, July 31. Robertus Ward el Vrsula Woodard 
nupti fuerunt. 

1643, Jan. 22. Grulielmus Shakspeare, filius Thomae 
Bapt : fuit. 

1644, March 9. Edward the son of George Allison, 
Bapt. 

1644, Sept.. I). Mr. William Carter buried. 

1645, Apr. cS. William Arding and Diana Pearee 
married. 

1646, March 29. Peeter ye son of Mr. Tuthill Bapt. 
.1646, Nov. 13. Margery llanseombe buried. 

1648, Feb. 4. Anne the d. of James Hunt, Traweler, 
Bapt. 

1619, Sept. 22. Anne the d. of Mr. ffeild Bapt. 

1649, March 11. WilTm Browne, gent., & Elizabeth 
Tuthill married. 



* The year uud month arc doubtful, the writnig beiug very uidistiuet. 



273 



1650, Nov. 19. Edmund the s. of Mr. Tulbill Bapt. 
165J, Apr. 11. Mr. Thomas ffitziefferye buried. 

1651, Apr. 22. Susan the d. of John Ilanscombe Bapt. 
1651, March 19. Elizabeth the d. of Robt. Ilanscombe 

Buried. 

1651, March 22, William Ardden and Elizabeth 
Dixsey Married. • 

1652, Sept. 19. . Mrs. Elizabeth Aimscoll, Widdowe, 
Buried. 

1652, Oct. 31. Mary the d. of John Ilanscombe Bapt. 

1652, Nov. 4. Mr. Thomas Carter and Mrs. Mary 
Anscell married. 

1658, Feb. 5. Robert the s. of John Ilanscombe borne. 
1657, Nov. 10. John Hunt Buried. 

1659, Sept. 25. Jeames Wyan, gent., maried the 21 of 
September and Mrs. Mary Creamer. 

1651), Sept. 26. Thomas Carter, gent., Buried. 
1(361, Aug, L William Denton and Elizabeth Harper 
mar. 

(The folio wing gear a til! 1680 ore wanting.) 

1681, I'd). 17. Mr. Water Capell Buried. 

1681, .March 21. John Wye, the elder, Buried. 

1682, July 31. Mr. George Favol] Buried. 

1682, Aug. 5. J ano the wife of the aforesaid Mr, 
George Favell Buried. 

1681, Sept, 15. Mrs. .Mary Foster (id's Auneell the 
youngest child of Thomas Auneell Esq.. deceased by 
Elizabeth his second and last wile deceased who was the 
daughter of Sr. William Beech cr of Ifoobury in the parish 
of Renhold in the County of Bedford also deceased) the 
wife of William- Foster of 'Bedford in the County of Bed- 
ford Doctor of Lawes and Chancellor of the Dioce: se of 



274 



Lincoln was buried in thelburiall place: of her Auce'sstors 
in tlie chancell of this parish Church of Great Barford in 
I lie County of Bedford upon Munday the fifteenth day of 
September. In.this instant year of our Lord one Thousand 
Six hundred eighty four. 

1086, Jan. 13. Richard Thorowgood cK: Elizabeth Parser 
maried. 

1087, Sept. 1. William fiostcr the second son of 
William ffoster of Bedford in the County of Bedford 
Esqr. and Barbara Ins wife the daughter of Nicholas 
Oudart Esq. deceased, whilst he lived Latino secretary to 
his late majestic King Charles the second, was buried in 
his Burial! place in the Chancell of this parish Church of 
Great Barford upon Thursday the first day of September 
in the year of our Lord 1087. 

1087, Oct. 13. Henry Shepherds and Mary Eston 
married by a licence. 

1687, Jan. 8. John son of William lfoster of Bedford 
in the County of Bedford Esq 1 ', and Barbara his wife 
Tin 1 Daughter ol : Nicholas Oudart Ksqr. deceased, whilest 
hoc lived Latino Secretary to his late Majesty King 
Charles the second was Buried in his Buriall place in the 
Chancell of tins parish Church of Great Barford upon 
Sunday, the eighth of January. In the year of our Lord, 
1087. ' . „ 

1088, Dec. 81. 'William Foster Esq. & Batchelour of 
Jaws was Buried in his Bui'iall place of this parish Church 
the one and thirtith day of this instant mouth of December 
.1688. 

1089, Nov. 10. John son of Francis & Dorcas Rolt Bapt. 
1091, Dee. 13. Mrs. Mary Borkhead Lat wife to Mr. 

Berkhead, Lat Alines tor of Great Harford was Buried. 



275 

1692, May 4. Mary the d. of Georg and Anne Staford, 
gent., was Bapt. 

1692, July 4. Wilielmus Stanton of ye Parish of 
Southill & Alice Jeffries of ye Parish' of Oardington mar. 

1693, Jan. 6. Mrs. Patience Suinarsall was Bur. 

1694, Sept. 25, John the s. of Mr. Day rex Spencer 
minester of Great Barford Bapt. 

1694, Oct. 5. Mrs. Margerie Simmons wife of Mr. 
Edward Simmons Bin- : in the Chancell of this Church. 
1095, Dec. 3. & ranees Rolt bur. 

1697, Juno 30. Simon, s. of Mr. Edward Gale & Eliz : 
his wife bapt. 

1698, Apr. 25. Mr. Oudart Forster, Batchelour Com' 
oner of Trinity Colledge in Cambridge was buried in ye 
Chancell of ye Parish church of Great Barford, Ap rill ye 
25 in tin's instant year of our Lord 1098. 

1698, Aug. 14. Mr. John Ashboult was Bur. 

1708, Apr. 5. William Poster, LL D , Bur. 

1709, Sept. .18. John Willis & Margaret lludd mar: 
by Licence. 

1709, Feb. 13. Sander Poster & Sarah Jemeatt mar ■ 
by Licence. 

1711, Sept. 10. Thomas Thouregood & Ann lluckell 
mar : by Licence. 

1711, Jan. 13. Anne Foster the d.' of Sandra Foster & 
Sarah, his wife Bapt. 

1702, Apr. 14. Joseph Worting of Gilsborough in 
Northamptonshire Clcr : & Dorothy Oudart, spinster of 
Great Barford were married by Licence on Tuesday. 

1704, Jul)- 15. Richard Willis, thinner, & firanees 
Stafford, Spinster married by licence. 

1705, May Hi Simon Saiford of ye Parish of Eaton 



270 



Socon & Catherine Stafford"- of ye parish of Great Barford 
were mar: by Licence. 

1713, Nov. 16. ■ John rainier & Sarah Simons both of 
Carclington. 

1717, Feb. 19. John Wye, gent., Buried. 

1718, Apr. 19. Mrs. Anne Jemniat Buried. 

1720, Feb. 23. Hichard Simmons, gent., Buried. 

1721, May 25. Elizab : d. of Barwcll Collins, Cler : & 
Ann his wife Bapt. 

1721, Oct, 31. Mr. Joseph Wye Bur. 

1724, July 17. Sandra fibster, 'gen,t., Bur. 

1725, Apr. ,18. John Dudley of Biddenham in Coin: 
Bedd : & Mary Pearson of Carclington by Lyeense. 

172(J, Apr. 10. Thomas Foster, gent., Buried. 

1727, Oct. 2. George Stafford, gent,, .Buried. 

* 1730, Dee. 28. Alice Wooton, widow, bur. 

1731, Jan. 17. Mrs. Surah Foster bur. 

1733, June 18. Alexander Endorsby of Biggleswade 
& Dorothy Coeken of tins Parish married by Banns. 

1733, Aug. 7. John s. of John b'rancklin Esq., •& Anne 
his Wife Bapt . 

1733, Dee. 0. John s.of John &-Anne Franeklin Buried. 

1734, Oct. 1 7. Ann d. of John Franeklin Esq. and 
Anne his wife, bapt. 

1734, Dee. 19. ♦ Ann Stafford wife of George Stafford 
buried. 

1736, June It).' John s. of John Franeklin & Ann his 
wife privately bapt : by Mr. Butts. 

1737, June 8. Ann wife of John Franeklin Esq : 
buried 

* I user : on Lor giu\t-s>tune un .'uliui.s Lor as iiyxil LOO ye a.-.. 



. 17o7, Aug. 21. Mary, of the Rev. : Newman Hughes 
& Mary his wife bapt, born Aug. 11. 

1741, Apr. 22. Newman ye s. of ye Rev. Newman 
Hughes & Mary his wife bapt. 

1742, Apr. 28. George son of George Dixon, gent., , 
& Mary his wife bapt. 

1743, Dec. 15. Tho : Wye, gout,, Buried, aged 88 
years. 

1748, Doc. 29. John Foster & Eiiz : Croat of the 
parish of Sandy married by Licence. 

1749, Doc. 29. William Brace, gent, Burried. 



INVENTORIES OE CHURCH GOODS. 

Taken by Coinumvioii in (he Reign of Edward VI. , 
transcribed from the Oriyinals in the Public Record Office. 

H ARLINGTON. 

The Inventory c indented of all man' of plate Jewells 
vestments ornaments & bolls belonging^ to the p'ysshc 
ehurebo of burlington iu 1110 00111' of Bed : made y u Second 
daye of September in y e vj yere of y e Rayne of o r Sov- 
raigne lord edward the sixt by y e grace of god of England 
Ifrauncc & of Icrland Kinge defender of y e ffaithe & in 
crthy e sup'mo head of the churche of en gland & Ierland 
presented & delyvercd to y e Kyngc Lis Maiestie Comys- 
syoners by Will'm Alyson vycar, Richard Hawkins John 
Nasshe Churchwardens, John Spyc'r Job' holder Richard 
Mather i ownesmen. 

Imp 'mis one chalice of silver p'cell gylte * wayinge ix. 
one's. 

' * Partly gilt, i.e., gilt only on iha insiJo. 



27S 



It m to crossys of coper &*gylte\ 

It m a corpus [? corporas] clothe vv~t a ca.se of sj^ko. 

It m one pay re of sensors of coper. 

It m sixse vestments v. of them of sylko & one of them of 
whig'ht bustyan * 

It m ij. copes one of damaske svhight & the other of blew 
damaske. 

It m iij. pillows f olde of silfce. 

It m in y e stepull of the said ehurche. v. bells & a saunce 
bell { The first bell in wi clones ij. foote & vi j. inches in 
depthe ij. & one inche, the second belt ij. & viij. ijich.es in 
depth ij. the thirdo bell ij. foto wide & ij. foote depth-, ye 
fourthe bell iij. foote wyde & ij. foote depthe & a d d ye 
V th bell iij. foote & d' wyde ij. foote & d 1 depe the saunce 
bell wyde xi. inche & iij. inche dope 

It m all the saide ehurche & porchc leaded & the chaunccl 
tyled and the stepull tyled. 

Comitted to the custodie & saf kepynge of Willni Alyson 
vicar there John Holder & Ilichard Mather. 

TYNGRYTIIE. 

The In ven tory indented of all manner of plate vest- 
ments ornaments & belles belongynge to the p'risshe of 
Tyiig.ryt.he in the eomtc of bedforcl maid the secoiule day 
of September in the syxt yore of theraynoof our soveraiie 
lorde Kynge edwarde the syxt by the curat eliurehcwardeiis 
& dyvers other of the said p'risshe appoyiited for the same. 

* A kind of tissue, probably; the same as fustian. Ju Ayrshire fustian 
is still called bustian. — Peacock's " English Church, Furniture." 

t These appear to have beta used to rest the Missals upon. 

t Sanctus or Saunce Bell rung at the elevation of the Host. 



270 



Imprimis too chalyccs*-of sylver percell gylt weyingo 
xxi. ounce. 

It m vi. alter clothes & vi. towell.es & one pyllow. 

It m of coper one pyxc * & one crosse. 

It" 1 iij. clothes in payncs red. and yelow for the alter. 

It m ij. candylstyks. 

[t ra iij. coopes, \ r erie old. 

It" 1 vj. vestments one white damask and one other grene 
and the other iiij. verie olde. 

It m in the stepull of the said churche iij. holies w eying 
hy estymation xxv. hundred wyght. 

It m all the said churche chainicell Si steple Couvcyd 
w t ledd. The names of the p'senters patryk hynton p'son, 
Wyllam bimkar Wyllam Andron the churche wardens, 
symon lowynge thomas Wytt the townesmcn. 

Committed to the custodie & safe kepynge of Symont 
Lowyn Willm Bimkar & Will'm Anderson. 

WESTON YNG. 

The luventorio indented of' all man 1 ' of plate jowells 
vestments ornaments Si bells belongyng to the p'ishe church 
of Westonyng in the Countie of Bedford made the 
second of September in the syxt yere of Reyne of our 1 
sovereiie Lorde Kynge Edward the Syxte hy the vicar 
ehurchewardens &. divers other of the discrete tfc most 
substantia]! me' of the said p'yshc appointed tor the same. 

Impr'is too chalices of sylver p'cell gylt. weying 
xviij. ounces and a, halfe. 

it. of lynnyn syxe alter clothes iij. tow ells ij. hangyng 
& ij. cross clothes. 

* A hux for consecrated wafers. 



'2S0 

It. of la ion * too eandelsfycks & a bason. 

It. ij. censers of latyn & a herse clothe. 

It. xi. vestments one of grene velvett one blew satten 
one of whyte saten one of red .sarcenet one of grene 
damaske one of red seye f one of red saten one of grene 
thred one of blew threde our broches & flowers ^ one 
other of black. 

J(. v. coopes one of blew satin one of red sarcenet one 
wrogbt in the frame of tbrede one other of blew saten & 
one otbcr of grene branched damask. 

It. in tbe stcpul of the scyd cburche iiij. bells too of the 
seyd bells weying by estimation xvij. hundred & a halfc, 
the other too grete bells xx. hundred by estimatio 5 c\: a 
sannce bell, to hand bells. 

It. the church chaiicell steple tV: porch all cove'd wvMeed. 

It. to sacryng $ bells. 

Jt. to surplesses cV: to rocket ts. 

Comitted to the custodie & safe kepynge of John 
Krauneis vicare there Richard punter and Edmund 
Parsons. The names of the p'senters : — John Jirancis, 
vicar, liychard punt 1 "., Rowland dyxo' churchwardens 
Edmund p'sons Henry Watts, 

ETON-WIBOSTON, Bundle 1392, Feb. 2, No. 5. 

Thys Inventorye » of y e Churche goods there indentyd 
the xix lh day of August y e vi th yere of y e lieyne of oure 

* A superior kind of brass or mixed metal, 
t A sort of fine serge. 

X "A small hand-bell used iu the Western Church to call the attention 
of the faithful, who are worshipping, tu the more sacred and solemn parts 
of the Christian sacrifice. It is rung- by the server ut Mass." — Lie's 
Glossary. 



281 

Souerynge lord Edwarde the Syxtt by y L grace of God 
Kyng of England ffraunce & Ireland Defend* of v e faythe 
iv. of y e churche of England & also Ireland in Eerthe tlie 
Sup'me lied and p'scnted y c same day & yere at bedford 
to y e Kyngs maiestes comyssioners by Thorn' Aleoke vicar * 
John Tynggay & Nicholas Y.>^ott Churche Wardens tber 
WylFm Scott Jamys bercocke Thomas Tynggay Inhaby- 
tants of Eton afuresayde. 

ifyrst one chalys of sylur d'ble gylt weyng xv. ownces. 

It'm one chalys of sylvr p'ceU gylt weyingviij. ownces. 

A crosse of sylur parcel gylt weyng Ixviij. ownces. 

One pa vie of sylur sensors a slvyp* of sylvr weyng 
xxxvj. ounces. 

One pyx of coper gyltyd. 

A cope of eremyesyn Velvet t. 

Chic other cope of whytt damaske wythc decon & sub- 
deacon f of ye sayme. 

It'm a cope oif blew damask w t decon & subdecon to 
ye sayme. 

It'm one cope of gold & velvet! w* decon & subdecon 

It'm one vestnm't of lawny syeke w* decon & subdecon. 

I'tm iiij. vestments for eurye day & ij. crosclothys of 
greyn sarsnet. V 

One [? Altar] clothe ij. lectron clothes & one pillow for 
ye alt r . 

A Yayll of lynnyn clothe xij. towylls v. belles in ye 
stepyll & a Sancts belle. 

The churche chancell and steple coured w* leadde. 

* A vessel formed like a ship in which incense is kept. 

t The words "deacon" and "subdeacon" are here used in place of 
Dalmatic and Tunicle, vestments worn by the Epistoller and Gospeller. 



Committed to tlio custody© and kepyngc of Thomas 
Alcock Vicar there Thos. Tyngay Nicholas Isott & Will'm 
Scott. 

J. Seynt John. [Uiiyax] Brearton. 
Lewys D'yye. Rycuard Snowe. 

HOUGHTON REGIS, No. 6. 

The Inventorie indentid of all man 1 ' of plate Iwells 
Vestments & bells belongynge to y e paryshe church of 
howghton Regis in y° Countye of Bedf. made y e fyrstc 
daye of September in y e syxt yere of ower sufferayn lord 
Ivynge Edward y c syxth by y° grace of God of yngland 
ffraunce & Ireland kyngc defender of y° fa) tli & in earth 
supp'm hed of y e chyrch of yngland & Ireland & exhybyted 
by John Edwards & Rychard Webbe chyrch wardens & 
also Mothew pedder* Wyll'in Straunge & Thomas AVallys 
wit other townsmen. 

Imprim's iij. chalyces of y e wyche one is syluer dowblo 
gy.lt waynge xxvij. ounces £ y e other ij. be syluer parcell 
gylti waynge xxvj. ounces. 

It'm of la It y 11 ij. crosses too pyxes a payre of sencers a 
paxf & ij. lattyn ca'dyistyks. 

It'm. two copes one of lynnen clothe & the oilier of 
Russett (J) and ye other was stolen when ye chyrch wass 
robbed. » 

* Ink fade J, almost illegible. 

t A small tablet of ivory, of wood overlaid with gold or silver, or of 
some inferior metal, used in the Western Church for giving the kiss of 
peace during' the offering of the Christian Sacrifice. The Pax ceased to 
be used when the Liturgy of 1549 came into use. 

[ Ink very much faded, interlined and mixed with other words, looks . 
like " worsted." 



283 



rtm xiij. olid vestments^ & ij. oilier were taken away 
when ye churehe wass robbed. 

It'm iiij. eorporas eases & iij. of y 6 clothes were stolen. 

It'm iij. hangyngs & iiij. linnen clothes vi. towells iiij.. 
snrplyces & ij., rbchetts & ij. ehestes. 

It'm a pawle of dyv's colors. 

It'm iiij. bells & ye v. bell was not all payd for & 
therefore y l wass solid to pay y*. 

The churehe and stcple eou'red w* ledde. 
Com'itted to the custodie and safe kepynge of John 
Edwards & Bichard Webbe. 

J. Seynt John, Viiyan Breiietox. 
Lewys Dywe. Richard Snowe. 

BATTLESYDEN, No. 10. 

The Inventorie indented, of nil manor of plate jewells 
vestments & bolls belongyng to the p'ysho church of 
batelysden in the Countic of Beds, made the se'nd day of 
September in the vi th yere of the reyng of owre soureyng 
lord Kyng Edwarde the Syxte exhibytcd by Michell 
hiitit / Curat AVill'm Vincent Henry fyeldc church- 
wardens John trapriell INfieholles f yel.de Will'm Ebbs & 
Will'm orell townsmen. 

Imp'im's of sylver p'celi gylte on chalice v> L a patent 
weyng xi. ounces iij. q'ters & i. 

It'm a crosse of copper & gylte. 

It'm iij. vestments oon of green sarcenet 0011 of green 
sylke & oon other of whyte sylke. 
It'm a eope of rede sylke. 
It'm oon crosse clothe of green sylke. 
It'm of lynneii vi. alter clothes & ij. towells iij. albes. 
It'm ij. handbells. 



284 



It'm in the stcpull of the. churche iij. Lolls. 
It'ni the churche and chancell leaded & the porches & 
the stepul tyeled. 

Oomytted to the custodye & saffe kepyng of Will'm 
Vincent & Henry fyeld. 

J. Seykt John. Vkvan Brearton. 

Lewys Dive. Richard Sxowe. 

FAE.NBYSH. 

The Inventorie off the Churche goods oi¥ farndysh 
made the xviij. daye oil' August the syxt yere off our 
Soue'yn Lorde Edwardc the syxt by the grace of god off 
England franco and Ireland Kyng defender off the ffaythe 
& in erthe oif the Churche of England & Ireland sup'me 
hedde by Wyll'm Lordisman p'son oft the same Edward 
John fysher Wyllm Wode churchewardens there and 
Rog'r Wyscman Reynolds bott John power off the sayd 
towne of ffarndyshe. 

ffarndyshe ffirste one chalyce of sylver a patent to 
the same weight xij. ounces di. 

One cope of dune velvet! enibrothcred w th gold one 
cope of whight sylke two vestments on off satyn of burg* 
thother of whight chainlet thre bells in the stepull & a 
sancts bell. The sayde churche off farndishe & the chancell 
ys coveryd our \v t]i * ledde. 

Committed to the custodie and safe kepinjo of Will'm 
lor desman the p'sone ther John power and Willm Wodc 
J. Seynt John. Vryan Brearton. 

Lewys Dyve. Ryciiard Sxowe. 

* Query Bruges. 



28^ 



SANDY, Bundle*^?, Feb. 4, No. 1. 

After com'endae'ons unto yo r Worships the Kinge and 
the queue ma'tiea Oom)' , ssioners Theshalbe to asplyn y u 
for answere accordynge to the tenor of your Pre directed 
to us the Inhabit ants of the Towne and p'yshe of Sandey e 
in the County of Bedf. for ij. bells th'one wayeng x. cwt. 
i. qr. & ix. of bell nietell and th'other wayeng vije. xlvij. of 
bell nietell \v ch said ij. bells were left in the churche yard of 
Sandeye by the Coin'andeme't of Mr. Lob fc Burgwn 
deeessed then bcynge one of the Kynge Ma'ties Audytors 
who had all the doyim;e of the exehaynge of y c said ij. bells 
and y fcn charged y* no p'sone shulde medle with the same 
bells nntill he sent for they in And said y L he wold dis- 
charge us of y em at all times so y* wer3 not charged w* 
the said bells And so shortly after the dethe of the said 
M l Burgoyn Dame Elizabethe Litton late w ill' of y e same 
Maister Burgoyn late will' of S r Rob* Litton Kiiyght also 
deeessyd ec now wyl'f unto M r Thwynne comanuded and 
caused one Michaell Hcdgskyn of Brodwatcr in tliep'yshe 
of Nebborthe • [Ruebworth] in the county of Ilertf. y LU 
beynge bayley unto y° said dame Elizabeth Littoii to sett 
the said ij. bells from Sandey aforesaid \v th his cart unto 
Nebborthe aforesaid whereas the same lad}' litton y tu 
dwelled And y e said Michacll hodgskyne say the shortly 
after y° said lady litton caused y e same ij. bells to be carry ed 
to London towards the payment of y u detts of her said late 
husband M r burgoyn And this the said Michaell kodgskyn 
who is a Lyve at this p'sent will witness and testifie this 
before wkomesoev 1 ' he shall be Called for stern of us the 
said inhabytunee of Sandey were w th the said Michaell 
hodgskyn of late to have brought thcrym who like an 
honest man deelayred no !esse unto us y cu is leforj sayde 



280 



And thus we the .said InliSbytunts of Sandey who have 
subscrybed o 1 hands hero under written in the name of all 
y e inhabitants of y e Towne & p'yshe of Sandey aforesaid 
have as well adv'tised yo 1 ' Worships by whom the same ij. 
bells were taken away as also by what Auctoryte and 
further We cannot say as knowith god who have your 
Worships in his tuytion from Sandey this xij (li of October 
1556. 

by yors to com amide 
Thomas Potter. John Bromsell. X 

Wyllyam ffrancke. Roger Aldryctie. 
Thomas Cater. Wili/m Adrote. 

Juon Gausell. Tiiom's Underwood. 

Thomas Brittyn. x Tiiom's Spring. 
T i lomas Oswin. x IIaee Bromsell, 
Wyll'am Carton. 

Endorsement — 
To the Bight Worshipfnll Mr Thomas Myldmay and 
oyrs the Ivinge and queue ma'ties Comyssioners in the 
p'yshe of Saynt Thomas th' apostle in London give these 
etc. 

HULCOTT, B 1392, File 2, No 9. 
The Inventorie indentyd off all man 1 ' of plate Jewells 
Vestments Ornaments & books belongyng to the p'ryshe 
churche of hulcot in the (Jo untie of beds made (lie last 
day of august in the syxt yere of the Beygne of our 
sov'renlord Kynge Edward the syxt by the curat churche- 
wardens & dryers other the discrete & most substancyall 
men of the said p'rishe appoyntyd for the same and also 
examyned by the Kyngs Maiesties Comyssioners in that 
behalf assigned whos names to either pt of the said Inven- 
torie ar subcrvbvd— 



287 



In'p'mys one broken chalice of silv r wth a patent p'eell 
gylt weynge viij. ounces & i.d. It' in ij. alter clothes iij. 
towells. 

It'm one crosse of eopp'. It'm one cros.se clothe of sylk. 

It'm ij. Albcs & one vestment red sey. It'm ij. latten 
candelsticks. 

It'm one latten basen. It'm one lamp of latten. 

It'm a payre of senseres of latten. It'm a holy water 
stop of la ten. 

It'm one coop of grcne sylke. It'm one surssclothc 
[? hearsecloth]. 

It'm iij. lytell bells in the stepell the ferste bell in co'pas, 
a yeard one foot iij. ynches, in depthe d d yard ij. ynches, in 
co'pas. the second i. yardde iii j. ynches, in depthe d d yard 
vi. ynches. the thyrd in compase ij. yeards xiij. ynches 
deptli d d yeard vij. ynches. 

It'm the seid churche & steplc cou'yd w* ledd &. y e chan- 
eell & porche tylyd. 

Com'itted to the custodie & safe kepynge of Michell 

Shopelier p'sone there Thomas Burton and Kandoll Spencer. 
J. Seynt John. Ykyan Brkketon. 

LeWYS DyVE. ItlCIIAED »S^()NVE. 

EVKRSOTJLT.— No. 11. 

This Inventory indentyd of all man 1 ' plate juells vest- 
ments ornament s and bells belonging to thep'ryshe churche 
of Eversoult in the countye of Bedforth made the ij. daye 
of Septembre In the vi th yere of the Heynge of our 
souraying Edward the vi th by the grace of god kymg.of 
England of H'rance and Ireland defender of the feayth and 
in erthe supmie hecld of the churche of Englande and 



288 



Ireland by the p'son Jkolm Slowgh the churchewardens 
Ryeh'e Why thread© Thorn's Buttcrfyld and the Townsmen 
Edmond Baylee gent Ambrose Gryggory Thorn's Johnson 
and John Brett — 

Inpr'm's one challes of sylver p'cell gylt wayingo vij. 
ownce iij. quartes. 

It'm one other challes of copper and gylte. 

It 'in ij. copes one blewo velvett th'other grene sylkc. 

It'm ij. vestynients one hlewe velvett th'other grene 
sylke. 

It'm x\ th aider clothes and Towells. 
It'm one sheate. 

It'm vi. eortens of dornyx* w hereof ys made iiij. playing 
cools [? copes], 

It'm a coveryng for the auter of old lawny sylke. 

It'm . ann auter clothe of grene sylk \v ch is a coveryngo 
for the ffunte. It'm ij. corporas cases of blacke velvett. 

It'm ij. corporas clothes. It'm ii. sacrynge bells. 

It'm an old hearse clothe. It'm in the steapull iiij. bells. 

It'm the ehiirche chaunecll vestery and steapull arc 
coveryd \v tlj leade 

Comytted to the custody e & saile kepynge of Thorn's 
Jom-on John bust. 

J. Sext Joiix. Vuyah Bkereton. 

Lewys Dive. Richard Ssowe. 

SALl'OhD.-Xo. 12. 
The Inventory indentyd of all man 1 of plate, jewells 
vestme'ts & bolls belongyiug to the p'ythe church of 
Sal ford in ye Count' of bedff. maid the second day of 
Septe'br in the syxt ye re of y e Reyne of cr fcfoveri yn lord 

* iLtulf made at Dori.ii k or Tuurnaj'. 



289 



Edward the Syxt by y e grace of god by y e curat church- 
wardons & dyu's other of the dyscrete & most substa'cyall 
me' of the said p'yshe appoynted for the same And also 
examyned by y e -Ivyngs Mai sts Comyssyoners in that behalf 
assigned whose nams to cytlier p't of y ti said inve'tory are 
subscrybd. 

'Die names of y e p'senters 
Roger Brough \ iear, 

thomas odell ) Church John lovell lownesnia' 

George townes ) Wardens. 

Impr'is ono chaleeo Si one patent of syki 1 ' p'eell gylt 
weying ix amies. 

J I'm of laten one erosse & ij ea'deLstieks one crosse 
clothe of grcne sylk Si one ban 1 ' clothe of grene sylk. 

ft'iu iiij vestme'ts oik? of blew velvott one of whyte S3* Ik 
Si i j of rede & whyte i j copes one of redo .syllc Si one of 
dyu's colours. 

It'ni in ye steple of ye said church iij hells the great 
bell in co'pa.s too y cards cVl d' 1 in deapth iij q'rt's Si a nayle 
the second in co'pass ij verds & a q'rt in deapth iij q'rt the 
third in eo'passe ij yerds in deaptli iiij q'rt save a nayle. 

It'ni ye said church Si steple eou'ryd \v l lede & the 
eha'cell Si porch tylcd. 

It'ni ij hande bells. 

Comytted to the custodie Si safe kopying of Roger 
Broughe Yicare there John Odell & Thomas Buter. 

J. Skyxt John. Vryan Brerktox. 

Lkwys Byve. Richard Snowe. 

MEPPERSHALL. 
After ower hertye comendac'ons floras muche as we ar 



200 



creddebely informed that^you eonynselye* retcygne in 
youre hands certeyn churche goods sointyme belon-gyng to 
the p'ysshe churche of mepersale in the eountye of Bedd. 
Thise shalbe therfor to requyre you And on the kynge 
and the queues' maiestyes behalffe streythe to comaunde 
you by tlie vertue of there highness comyssyon to us- di- 
rected that yon p'sonallye appere before as alt Westin 1 
in the late Augmentacoii courte the thyrde dayo of the 
nexte Trjrnytee t'rmo to make answere to such poyntes '& 
artycles as then shalbe objected age} usl you consuyng the 
said goods il'ayle you nott hereof at your p'ylle from 
Wcsfia 1 " the xvi th of Maye 1500. 

yor lovynge ff'rends 
Will'm Bkiiners. Geo. Mildmay. John Wyseman. 

Endorsed — 

To Thorn's Btryger of Mepersale in (lie countye of Bedd. 
yonian be tin's delyve'd. 

Ornaments belongyng to the churche el' Mep'sale «\ solde 
deleyvrd by Thorn's Stringer of the same. 

IrYrste one ehalesse p'cell gyl to. solde unto i 

r * ' 3 j «. iii j//. xlx* 

Leonard daw tor xx crowness somm ) 

It 'm one cope $ a vestment of redd volvetl j 
Sold to Ilenrye Grave ) XXN s - 

It'ni one haridebelle soldo to Leonard daye xvul. 

It'm the sani Thorn's detaynth the voile 
the coveringe tor the roode & the canepye 
of clothe £ frenged \v Ut sylke. 

M m the same Thomas shal be bouriden by 
yo' to p'uyde a new canapie of sarcenett on 
satten of badger on thirsdethe ffirst of Aug. 

* This word very illegible. 



291 



The same Thorn's dyd deface a grayle * 
belongyng to tlie said churche & he hath 
also teyne other albes and alter clothes & 
will not restore the same And when the 
pore demande the same he revileth them 
And caleth them begarlye knaves & evill 
entreteth them. 

(An ittui wry illegible is valued at) xxiij.v iiin/. 

a Suma vjli xiijv viij. 

Exhibited by AVillm Rolf of Mep'sall, 

M d the convyssou's ecrtyfycate of Beddfordshyre bevng 
serened the xix"' daye of June ami' ij l! " & iij ' it appeiyth 
that lviiijs viijd for the broken ohalyce the cope of talfyta 
& la t ten was p'd to the coniyssyon's hands by the said 
Thomas Strynger and is chardged w* in the somme of 
ecevii \li iu'yl for the churche goods of Beddfordeshyre. 

The declaration of Thomas Strynger of Mep'salc w th in 
the eonntie of Bedf. yoman of for <>c conc'nynge hys 
dyseharge of any churche goods supposed to be by hym 
defrauded cent iur\ o hnp'mis (he said Thomas sayeth 

iiboughio a \j u ' or vij 10 yearns pas! that he the seid 
Thomas <\ on Gowther Parker yoman of the same townc 
no we decessyd were then churche wardens of the seid 
churche of Mepsall & at snche tymc & when tin y were 
co'manded by the Kyngs Corny ssy oners at that time 
appointed to eu' before them & to brynge w t]l them a 
lawfull Inventory of all suche churche goodds & stocks of 
money as then were belongyngc unto the churche of the 
seid p'ysshe where of they then as churche wardens was 

* The Gradual or Grayle was a volume containing' all tlie musical por- 
tions of tlie service for Mass. 



202 



charged w th all where uppon tlie said churche wardens 
among other many church e wardens of other p'rysshes dyd 
not Only appeare at Luton but also at Cly'toii & at the 
seid town of Clyfton then dyd delyvr unto on S r Michaell 
ffyssher knyght & other then eoniys^yon's appoynted on* 
certen Inventory of all the church e goodds at that tvme 
belongynge the same church e of Mep'sale aforesaid yn the 
w cb Inventoiy were contcyned all thes p* cells followynge 
that ys to saye on Chales w th a patent a black velvett cope 
w th a vestment to the same belongynge a Redd saten cope 
& a whvte vessment to the same \v :h eerteyn awbes & 
aulter clothes the nu'ber of the wiche certenly are not yn 
ther knowledge & also \ r bells And also expressed yn the 
seid Inventoiy at the same tyme that the churche was 
ledded and the channcell tyled And as for the seid stocks 
of money above specyfied to Ids remembrance he sayethe 
dothe amoimte unto xxxn or xh or there aboughts w ch was 
delyue'd by the seid churche wardens unto the ordenary 
long before the makynge of the said Inventory and fardcr 
the srid Thomas sayethe that after the seid Inventory 
p'sented i.v. before any goods delyv'ed by the vertewe of 
the same Inventory that the seid Gowther Parker and the 
seid Thomas Strynger uppon ther occompts makynge & 
were dyscharged & on John Strynger A: Harry Meade then 
newly elected & chosen churchewardens & after w ch election 
& aboughte a iij yeres past they were comaunded anion ge 
other to appeare before newe comyssoners then for the 
ornament of the churche appo3 T nted for to. appeare before 
them at Bedf. w th all the ornaments before specyfyed w th 
in the said Inventory at w ch tyme the seid churchwardens 
then beynge dyd make delyuer accordingly as all other 
churche wardens were compelled to do the lyke & the same 



293 



And tills the seid Thomas Stiynger sayeth & move yn the 
p' miss he cannot say trust yn go that yt ys suifyeyent for 
his de'laration. 

And forasmyche as yt ys to be supposed that one John 
Seventhorpe the. elder gent of Mcp'sale aforeseid shold be 
on of the p'curers of this byll agciist In in lie sayeth he must 
needs utter thyngs agenst the seid Seventhorpe that 
he wold not gladly have done excopte co'mandment 
had compelled to do ther unto of for & conc'nynge the 
ymbeaselynge of certeyn goods wch ncyur were put into 
the Iiitoveiitory [.s7c] & all by the tell vV: doynge of the 
seid Seventhorpe w ch p'eells so ymbeaceled by the seid 
Seventhorpe be as after followthe : — 

Imp'mis he had a saunce bell hangynge in tin.- belfrey 
& counted the same to his owne use & rieyiier payd on peny 
therfore and by ostymacon worthc to Ik- soldo iiij. marks 
or ther aboughts. 

It'm lie hud yn lyke maun 1 ' a wliyte sattcn cope braunched 
&.a vestment to the same worthe v n - to be bought & payd 
therfore neu r a peny. 

It'in lie had ij. oilier vestments on of Lyons blewe & 
whyte & the other Hedd satteii pryee to be sold xl*. or 
there aboughts. 

And farder sayethe that when bo & an other ioyned 
w tl) hym as churchewa rdens made awaye in his tyme so 
beynge made away a gate house to his own commodities 
only worth vij. or viij-v. And also consumed the stocke 
of a iiij. marks or there aboughts of redy money & neu r 
wold accompt unto the p'rysshe for any peny therof nor 
lieu 1 ' at this day for any fchynge that the p'ysshe could do 
And also kepe the churche bels from them for that yntent 
wherby the p'rysshe ys hyndered for thes thyngs for the 



294 



p'fott of the same And for asmycho farder as the folio 
treuthe shall appear the seid Thomas dcclarethe farder 
what thing's have boon don by the folic consent of the 
p'rysshe at & before the makyngc of the fyrst Inventory 
that ys to say they dyd sell an old broken eludes vV: there 
made to the use of the same p'rysshe chu relic iiij//. of 
rcdy money And p'te of the seid money bestowed after- 
wards by consent & advyse of the Ordynury for the Uely- 
effe of the poore of the p'rysshe $ the rep'ac'ons of the 
churcho And at the delyu'c of the ehurche goods the Com- 
yssyoners dyd east the seid p'rysshe yn arrorage for the 
seid ehurche goods i\'y' savynge vii.i"'- \v th money was |>ayd 
owte of hand befor- the retorne of the Oomyssonors and 
what sliyfts the seid p'rysshe by ther holle consents dyd 
make for the helpe of them sol-fas for the repayment a gen 
of that money that was payd t he s-eid Thomas Strynger 
do remytt that vnto the rcporte of the ho olio p'ysshe & 
nothyngewas don in the p'miss but only the said Seveii- 
thorpe was made pryve thereunto & so an endc and more 
tin seid Strynger sayethe hoi for this tyme nor more can- 
not save olherwyse than (lie holle p'rysshe do knowe. 
After moost hertye ooni'ondacons this shalbe to sygnfye 
onto yo' all that where lately yoe directed your l'res yn 
all yo v thre names vnto a neyghbor of my no on Tin .mas 
Strynger of Mepcrsalo w th in (lie Shyerc of liedf. yonian 
wyllyngo hym and also on the Kynge & the Queues behalf e 
straytlv do comaun.de hym t<i appeare before yor p' son ally 
at, West 1 ' yn the late augment aeon courte the fyrst daye of 
Trynytie Terme to make answer to such poynts artycles 
as then shall be objected agoynst hym concornynge the 
ehurche goods And this yor doyiige as shold seme to be 
hj vertewe if ther highnes comyssyon as by yor l'res dat' 



295 



the xvi th of May more playnly apperethe pleasetlio you all 
to understonde that the p* carers of this byll be not neyther 
frynds nor lovers unto the seid Strynger but only that 
that they do vf y* were for the zeale of Iustyce orells for 
any goodde wyjl that they have towards the furnyture of 
ther churche they were worth ye Su' praysc' as I do knowe " 
the qualytycs of thos p'sons to be to the contrary & that 
they do y* of pure malyce And lhatwyll su'what appeare 
by the delyu'e of yo* l'res for they neu r dolyu'd them 
untyll Weddynsda) r last next l)efore t he day of apparaunce 
iV. yet (hey be all of a Towne dwellynge And forasmyche 
as my n-eyg'libor ys an olde man and not vsed to jorney 
And. thai also_ I unworthely amonge other of the 
worshypful as I suppose are yn lyke comyssvon w th in 
ow r shyre of Bedf. of iv, for the churche goodds & other 
thyngs I have called, the said p'tie before rne and have 
declared the contents of yo 1 ' l'res before hym ^ uppon 
dewc examynation therhi had before me & other of the 
comyssyon liauc taken his answer coneernynge the p'miss 
yn wrytyrige to the yntent to take suche order eyther by 
yo' or In' us accordynge as occasion shall s'ue uppon the 
seid answer wiehe answer at my cumynge upp w ih in a 
day or twoo yn the begynnyngo of this Terme I shall 
shewe unto yo 1 all trustyngc yn the meane tynic that yoe 
wyll- not be offended for hys non .apparance. Thus 
byddynge yoe all most hertely farewell from AlrichcSey 
[ Arlesey | the iij d of June by yo 1 ' assuryed at all tymes to 
coiriaundo. J' mi IIkmyngk. 

I n dor. sod — 

To the Ryghte vvorshypfull Will in Berners Thomas 
Myldmay and John Wyseman Esquyers and to eu'y of 
them at London be this deliuered. 



296 



HUSBAND CRAWLEY, File '2, No. 4. 

The Inventoryc indentyd of till nianii 1 ' of plate vesty- 
ments & bolls belongyng to the sayd p'ryshe chyrche in 
yc countyc of bedford made fyrsto day of Septc'bre in 
y e syxte y ere of the Rayne of on 1 ' sov'yne lord Kyng « 
Edward the syxte by y e curat churchwardens & dyvers 
other of the discret & substancyall men of the sayd p'ryshe 
appoyntcd for the same. 

Impr'mis a chalyce of Tynnc. 

It'm a crosse of copper. 

It'm of lynnen iiij alter clothes. 

It'm ij hangyngs before ye Alt'. 

It'm iiij olde lynnen clothes. 

It'm i buckram hangyng. 

It'm iij vestyments on of blue vol net. 

It'm another of red sylko and ye thyrd of satten. 

It'm iij copes on of satten & ij.of lynnen. 

It'm eon crosse clothe of Red sylke. 

It'm the sayd chyrche & stepul is ledded and the 
chaneell and the' porehe is tylod. 

1 I'm i handbell & a sawnce bell. 

Thos men beyng p'sent at the makyng of thys Inven- 
tory c :— • /; . .'». jf: c 
Thomas Byrdo, Gierke. 

Thomas Allyn, John Matthew, Chyrche wardens. 

Nycolas Abbal , Rychard Syare. 

Ilenrie Matthew, AVyU'm Pottens. 
It'm in y e steple of y u sayde chyrche iii j bells The grete 
bell in breditlie iij foote & halfe A inche in depth e ij foote 
<x> v inches & in thyckness iij inches The second in 
bredthe iij foote viij inches in deptlie iij foote ij inches iij 
q'ters in thyckness ij inches & iij q'ters of an inche. 



297 



The thyrde in bredtlie iij foote v inches in deptlie iij 
foote & halfe and iiiche and in thyckness ij inclies <x a 
halfe The fourthe bell, in bredtlie ij foote i incbe in 
deptlie ij foot v inclies mid in tbycknes ij Sc a q'ter of a 
incbe. 

Oomyttcd to to tbe custodie & saffe kepynge of Thomas 
Birde Vicar there Thorn's Alyn & John Mathew. 

J. Seynt John. Yuyax Brereton. 

Lewys Dyves. IllCIIARI) Sn.owe. 



No. 7.— STACKEOENE, 

The Inventory endented of all the ornaments & ehyrche 
goods there remaynynge bey ng p'scnted before the Kyngs 
maties commissionr's. by Ilobt. Slyngsby clerkc vycar there 
Thomas Colston Gent. vVyll'm Bolton Alexander yerle 
Wyil'm Money Inh'itants of the same towne at Bedford 
the xviij th day of Auguste in the syxte yere of the Ray no. 
of on 1 Soureyn lorde Kynge Edwarde the syxte, &c. 

Rye. Cooke \ 

rx n , ( 'hyrchewardens. 

( icorge oainson \ 

Imp'niis one chilly ee of si'lii. 1 ' p'cell gilte weyng' xvi. 

ownces. 

It ni one crosse of latten gyltcd. 

It'm one sylko cope a. chesable* and one amys f w th an 
albe. 

It'm iij frnnts & ij auter f runts of svlke. 
It'm ij corporas case one of clot lie of golde & t bother 
of velvett. 



* The distinctive sacrificial vestment of the Holy Eucharist. 

t An obloug piece of hue linen, sometimes ornamented with a .strip of 
embroidery, worn by the clergy round the neck uver the cassock when 
vesting for celebration. . , 



29.8 



It'm ono sute of reddo vestymeiits wtli a cope of sylke. 

It'i u ij coffers. 

lt'm iiij bells in the steple. 

The chyrche & the steple cou'ed w 1h leade and the 
ehauncell coured w th t}de & slate. 

Com'tted to the custodye & saff kepynge of Rob*. 
8]yngsbyc vicar ther Thomas Golaton and Willm Bolton. 

J. Skynt Jim in. Vryan BllKUETON. 

Lewys Dyve. Rychaho Sxowe. 

WILLINGTON .—Bundle 1392, File 3, No. I. 

After our humble com mend aconcs to you where in the 
certificate by your L [or d ship] and other comesson 1 * in the 
tyme of our late sovraync lorde kynge Kd\vav.de the sixth 
concerning church goods hit apperith that Thorn's Verney 
of Willington in the Countio of Bedf. Esquyre who niaryd 
the wyff of Wyllhn Gostwyk Esquyre late Brother to S r 
John Gostewyk her late husbond vs to answer for a erosse 
of sylver gylte and payre of cruetts of sylver soldo for 
xv iiij' 1 and ti cope of clothe of gohle w 1 vestment deacon 
and subdeaeon worth by cstimae'on xx ' one chalice p. oz. 
xvi. oz., a suyte of vestmentss of white damask for 
Lii.Lv. iiijV. for the whiche the same Thorn's Verney was 
called before us by vertue of comission to us in that 
addressed and forasmoche as he hath alledgyd by his 
counsell that the said plate and ornaments were not 
app'tcynyngo to t he churehe of Willington nor were not 
at any tyme taken or knowen to be the goods of the said 
church But were the goods of S r John Gostewyk Knyght 
and were many tyraes by his commandment; brought from 
the dwellinge house of the said S r John Gostwyk c to the 



299 



Churche of Willington aforesaid tymc of the devjue S'vice. 
ther and accustomably used to-be recaryed to the said bowse 
and that also they do alledge they never were beqnethed nor 
geven to the suit I church by the said S 1 ' John Gostwyk 
And were p'sented onely of malice by the late vicar ther 
which p'tely is touched in yo 1 certificate Hit maye lyke you 
calling the said M 1 Verney before you the Vycare thereof & 
I he p'yshioners of Willington ah irsaid to examine the trothe 
of this matter And thereopon to signifye to us by your 
l'res to thende that we maye further p'cede in their Maiesties 
sS'ice to us eomytted as therby we may take order \\ rt the 
said Mr. Verney or any other whom the same shall con- 
cer-iie. And so lokynge fur the Reaco.n of yor answer 
horin in the begynnynge of the las! oi' Julie next we take 
our leave of you ffrom Westm. 1 ' the s r iij th of May \o7(j. 

Yours assur'dly, 
William Ulunkjis, Tito. Mii.im.vY, John W vsi:ma.\. 

The names of the preventers of the goods plate and 
jew ells of the parish of Willing-ton aforsaid, John Bost- 
\vik,* gent. Robert Osmond John Gowper John Smallc late 
vicar eonecruing the premises And certified under thands 
of the Commiss'r in the Oountie-of liedf. 

S r John Sentjohn Knight, J oh' Gascoyne K., Evan 
[Uryan] Breretou Knight, Nich. Luke Esquyer, John 
Sentjohn Esquyer. 

Endorsed as follows — 
To the Right Ilon'able the horde Mordaunt, S. John 
St. John Knyght, Nicholas Luke Esquy'ro, one of the 
Barones of the Kinge & Queues Maiesties Exchequer 
Lewes Dyve Esquyre to three or ij of them. 

* Gostwicke. 



300 



File 3, No. 2. 
# • 

Iliglit wourshipfull pleaseth y* you to be adv'tysed that 
according to the tenor of your letter unto us directed we 
have taken the sayengs of souche p'sons as- we thought 
had mooste knolege in tin 1 matter wherunto they have 
sette their haiides wbyche we have seute you herein 
inclosed with the same letter and for so mOuche as we can 
p'seave y L was done hut in malyce. Thus we hid you 
mooste hertelie farewell 

IN 1 iciiolas Luke, 

LeWYS DvVE. 

Endorsed— 

To the Right Worshipful! M>" Berners & Other the 
Ivyngs it Queues Mai ties Oomyssioners this to &c. 

Tile 3, No. 3. 

S r AVill'm Wardd al's Biddenham Clerk, of thage of 
Ixxviij yeares or thoraboute sworn and examined that he 
kepinge the cure ther a year and a half in S 1 John Grost- 
wiks tyme and chapleyne ther in tin' house for the space 
of x\ ij years deposethe l hat as touching the cooppe \ estme't 
deacon and subdea.con of clothe of gold and sued of vest- 
ments of whight damaske speeyfied and mentioned in tin; 
same pres'ntinont lie of his own proper knowledge never 
knewe none suche ther duringe all his abide ther And as 
to the erosse of silveV and gilt eiinameled a payr of cruetts 
of silver a. chalece of sylver and parcell gilt he deposethe 
that the same \ver the proper goods of the same S r John 
Gosiwike and were brought to the churche upon hieth 
fi'estivall days and at night caried home again to the 
Manner house as the proper goods of the same S r John 
also he wolde lend eertein of them to certin other townes 



301 



wlier he was Lord of and brought home againe to his 
house at night And also the said S John nev 1 ' in his lyfe- 
tyme did give soil nor bcquethe neyther tlie said cross 
cruetts nor chalice of silver nor any of theni to the 
churehe of Willington aforsaid nor to the churchewardens 
ther to the use of the said churehe by worde wyll nor 
wry tinge for lie saith he was with the same S 4 John untyll 
lie dyed. And further lie deposcthe that through t the 
craftiness of one Will'm Nyxe ther beinge parissho clerk 
and after him one John Dames being als' p'ishe elerk ther 
was certain vestments or ornaments embeseled to the value 
<>t' iiij or pounds or ther abouts wherupon the said S 1 ' John 
commanded a Inventory to be made that if in ease any of 
them at any time after wor Lakinge that the elerk for tin 1 
tyme beinge and the churchwarden s also shuld be always 
answerable to the said S 1 ' John Gostwiek for .the same .And 
that in confirmation of this p'nt deposition tin; said 
S 1 ' Willtn Wardd hath here unto subscribed his name 
withe his owne proper hand by me Will'm Wardd Clerk, 
Nicholas Luke, Lewyes Dyye. 

Thomas Leigh of Caldewell in the Count ie of Bedd. 
Esquier of thage of xl yeres or theraboutc sworn and 
examined deposed That from the xxix th yere of the raigne 
of Kynge Henry the Eight until tin 1 daie of the dethe of 
S r John Gostwik he was for the most parte restaiint & 
abidying w* the saide S r John Gostwik and as to the erosse 
of silver gylt a pair of erowetts of same and the chalice of 
silver and p'cell gylt mentioned in a p'sentment to him 
redde he deposeth and saieth that the same were the mere 
propre goods of. S r John Gostwik And never at any tyme 
by the lyfe of the saide S r John by him ge-ven nor 
bequethed nether to the Churehe of Willington nor yet to 



302 



the -churchwardens there nor to any other p'sone or p'sones 
there to the use of the saide churche as lie doth very 
certeintye know But ho saieth that (ho said S r John meny 
tymes of a devoute mynd wold comyt and assign c the said 
(.•rosso cruetts and chalice to ho caried used & occupied to" 
<Sc in the church of Wiliington on holydaies and solemp 
feasts and that at night they were brought home to Iris 
own house there and alwaies remayned in the. charge 
and custodye of his sVant as p'cell of his mere 
propre goods and plate And also he further saieth as to 
the cope vestem'l decon and suhdeacon of clothe of golde 
and the sails of vesteni'ts of white chunaske me'tioned 
and specified in the said p'sentin'.t That duringe all the 
saide tyme of Iris abode w fc the saide Si 1 . John he nev 1 knew 
nor saw anv suche in the custodye or possession of the said 
S r John And that in co'finnation of this pr't deposicion the 
said Thomas Leigh hat he hereunto subscribed his name 
w l his own propre hande 

p. me TitO'MAM Leigh nianu' p'ria. 

Xn iioi.\> Li Ki:. Lkwvks Dyyk. 
John Smalle presto vyeh* ot Ivenipsfon & late Vyc'r of 
WylI)'ngton in the conn!,' of Bedf. sayeth upon hys . 
honesty and fydelytc that lie never knew or dede kno any 
maner of gyf to of the cross of sylver & gylte the erewts 
chalys or the vestments oc suite of cloth of golde & 
damaske to the enyrche of Wyllynton. aforesayde but 
sayeth that the seyde ornaments weere used in the seyde 
ehyrehe on live dayes and where brought from the house 
of Will'm Grostwyke & so caryed home agein when su 'vice 
wdias done And further sayeth that the p'seiitm't wych he 
consented unto whas onleye upon the p'sentm/t of John 
Gostwycke John my ten & Thomas Myten lie seyde 



303 



p'syley* that tlier whas a^gyfte made by S 1 ' John Gost- 
wieke & seyd tlier whas an Inventor}'© theyrof made But 
of hys knolege lie knew none for y t whas before lie whas 
vyker tlier and thus he sayeth to be the Treoth. 

By me Syr Tuo. Small, 

Nicholas Luke, 
Lewyes Dv\ e. 
Robert Osmond of Wyll} r ngton one [of ye] seyd 
p'sentors sayeth that on hys fydelyte that he never knew 
the forsayde ornaments nor no part of them nor never 
knew of any gyfte or Inventoryc of the same but sayeth 
that p'sentm't wych he joyned wytli the others whas only 
upon the saying of john gostwyeke tic Thomas myten for 
lie sayeth he whas but su'vant wyth john uiyten in S l -John 
gostwyck tyme in the seyd towne <Sc this he wylle abyde 
bye at all tymes. 

Nicholas Luke, 
LeNvyes Dave. 
John Coiiper of the seyd towne of Wyllyngton cY. one 
of the seyde p'scnters sayeth oil hys honesty in all things 
savyng ho hath sene them or carved in the ehyroh $ so 
caryed into the house of S 1 ' John Gostwyeke As Robert 
Osmond afore bathe sayde that lie wylle stondc unto 

j hon Cowi'' Nicholas Luke, 
Lewyes Dyye. 
Will' in Deny of Bletso in the County of Bedford yoinan 
of th'age of ffyfty yeares somtymes servaunt to S r John 
Gostwik deceased sworn examined deposethe that as 
touchinge the coppe vestment deacon and subdeacon of 
clothe of golld worthe xx'' or above the suett of vestments 

* This word is very crabbed but must bo taken to bo meant for " pre- 
cisely. "— J. G. R. 



304 



of wliiglit damasko price iirj'"' marks specified and mentioned 
in the said presentment he of his proper notice certeinly 
knowethe that the said S r John gostwik hadd none such in 
liis possession duringo the space of viij yea res before his 
dethe And as to* the c rosso of sy liver and gyllt enamelled 
a payre of cruetts of sillver a chalece of sy liver cV. parsell 
g'illt he deposethe that the same S 1 .John Gostwik hadd of 
liis own proper goods and somctymes tin.' said S 1 John 
wolld comawnd the same at hiethe ifestivall days to be 
brought to the church c to the greter bonor <Sc glory of god 
and at every suche tyine he wolld have the same ero.sse 
cruetts and chalice broughte borne in to bis bouse of 
Wellington at or before night of the .same day and the 
same were keppt in the custody of him that bad the rest 
of bis plate and aecompted of all men as his own propre 
goods, and platte And also that the said S 1 John never in 
his I i 11" tyme did gov sell nor bequethe neither tin; said 
Crosse cruetts nor chalice of sillver nor any of them to the 
church of Willington aforesaid nor to the churchwardens 
(her to Ih'uso of the said ehurehe by word wyll nor wryting 
for he sayothe be was withe and aboute- the same S r John 
unfyll he dyed And that in co' formal ion of his p'nt despo- 
sition the said Will'm Deny bathe hereunto subscribed bis 
name with his owne propre hand. 

Wiei/m Den' Nicholas Luke. 

Lewys 1 )yve. 

Will'm Ffayry of Willington in the County of Bedford 
yoman of th'aggc of ' fl'ifty yeares or ther aboute and 
howshold servaunte withe S 1 ' John Gostwike for the space 1 
of xiiij years and after p'isshioner in the same towne xiiij 
yeares sw r orn and examyned deposethe that as touching the 
coppe vestment deacon and subdeacon of clothe of gold 



305 



The suet of vestments ofwhight damask specifyed and 
mentioned in tlio same presentment he of his propre notice 
never knew none such tlier all the said space and as to the 
crosse of silver & gillt enamelled a payre of cruetts of 
silver a chalice of silver and p'cell gillt he depose! lie that, 
thei were the propre goods of the said S r John Gostwik 
and somtymes the 'said S v John wold lend them to the 
churehe upon ffestivall days and ther to be used and occu- 
py ed. and at night brought home againe to the Manor 
house. farther lie saythe that in all the said space lie never 
hard that the said S r John did gyve sell nor bequethe 
neither the said crosse cruetts nor chalice of silver nor any 
of them to the churehe of Willingfon aforesaid nor to the 
church wardens there to the .use of the said churehe by word 
wyll nor wrytnge for he hath co'tinued. in the same tqwne 
the space of xxviij yeares. Also the said Will'm saithe 
that on*..! John Dawes sonietyme being cleric tlier and 
Will'm Bangle churchwarden lost certain vestme'ts wher- 
upon S r John Grostwick com'anded a Inventory to be mad 
that the-' clerk for the tyme bcinge shidld be accomptable 
at all tymes for the same And that in conlirmatio 3 of this 
present deposition the said Will'm ffayry have sett to his 
hand. * Nicholas Luke. 

.Lewvss Owe. 

Thomas Smalwodd of Willington in the County of 
Bedf. yoman being of th'agge of xl yeares or theraboute 
dwellingc and abidinge in AVillington for the space of xxx 
yeares sworn and examyned that; as touchinge the eoppe 
of vestment deacon and subdeacon of clothe of gold The 

* At the foot of this deposition , is a scrawl -which indicates that this 
Fairy could not write. — J. G-. 11. 

122 



806 



suet of vestments of whigfh'te damaske specyfled and 
mentioned in the same presentment he of his propre notice 
never knew none such ther duringe all the said tyme And 
as to the crosse of silver and gillt enameled a payre of 
eruetts of sillver a chalice of silver and p'cell gyllt he 
deposethc that thci wer at all tymes the goods & plat of 
S r John Gostwike and at all tymes remayninge in the 
Manore house sauingo upon certein ifcstivall days hit was 
brought to the ehurche and ther occupy ed & used and at 
night brought home again e and that Sir John Gostwike in 
all his lif time ded nether geve sell nor bequethe the said 
crosse eruetts or chalice of silver nor any of them to the 
ehurche of Wellington aforsaid nor to the churchwardens 
ther to th/use of the said ehurche by wordd wyll nor 
wrytyng And that in conformation of this p'nt d( potision 
(he said Thomas bathe herunto sett to his hand.* 

Nicholas Li K e. 

Lkwy i:s Dyve. 

Tlenry fRsher of Rowhall in the County of Bedford 
yonuin being* 1 of ih'aggc of xli.v yea res or theraboute 
somtymes scrvaunt to S r J'hn Gostwike Knight decessed 
sworn & examyned deposythe that as touehinge the coppe 
vestment deacon and subdeaeon of clothe of gold The suet 
of vestments of whight damaske specified and mentioned 
in the sayd presentmcnte he of his propre notice never 
k ne we none suche ther duringe the space of xviij y cares 
for so longe he bathe been scrvaunt and always rest vaunt 
in the house of Wellington And as to the crosse of sillver 
and gyllt enameled a payre of eruetts of sillver a chalice 
of silver and parcel! gilt he deposythe that the same S r 



* Not Signed by Deponent.— J. G. R. 



307 



John Gostwike hadd of his Own propre goods and somtymes 
the said S r John wold eoinaimd the same at hiethe ft'estyvall 
days to be brought to the ehurche and ther to be sett 
upon tlie hiethe alitor and used & occupied to the hotter 
adorninge and deeoratinge of the said church and at every 
such tyme ho wold have the same erosse cruet ts and chalice 
brought home into his house of Wlllington at or befor 
night of the same day and the same were keppte in the 
custody of him that hadd the rest of his plate and wer 
accompted of all men as his owne p'pre goods & platte 
Also that the said 8 l * John never in his lif did geve sell 
nor bequethc neyther the said erosse cruet ts nor chalice of 
silyer nor to the ehurche nor to the churchwardens ther 
to th'use of the said ehurche by wordd will nor wry tinge 
for lie say the he was wyth and aboute the, same S r John 
untyll he dyed And tliat in co'hrmation of this p'ril depo- 
sition the said henry msher hathe hereunto subscribed his 
name with his own propre hand, 

Nicholas Li; km, 

T.l.UUJY KPYSSlIEll. LkVVVKS l)\'YK. 

WilFm Bingham of Willingtonin the.countie of Bedford 
yoman being of th/agge of liii, yeares or ther aboute and 
clerk e of the same p'isshe for the space of xi yeares or 
ther • aboute sworn and examyned that as toucliinge the 
coppe of gold vestment deacon and subdeacon of clothe of 
gold The suet of whight vestments of whight damask pre- 1 
iiij" 1 ' marks he is very certein and sure that ther was none 
such du'inge all the sayd space of xi years and as to the 
erosse of sillver and gillt enamelyd a payre of cruetts of 
sillver a chalice of sillver and parcell gillt he deposethe 
that thei wer at all tymes remayingc in the house and 
somotyme upon ffestivall days brought to the ehurche and 



30S 



ther occupycd to the scttin§e fEbrthe of gods service and at 
night brought home againe to the Manore house and that 
hit was never aceompted ne 5 taken as none; of the ehurchis 
of Willington no' none of the p'isshc at any time mad cleim 
thereof untyll now of late and that in confirmation of his 
p'nt deposition the said Will'm llathe subscribed his name 
with his owne band. 

Wylt/m dyngiiam. Nicholas Luke 

Lewyes Dyve. 
Jolm Oroker of Willington in the county of Bedford 
servingman of th'agge of forty years or ther about e com- 
ynge to service to Willington bouse immediately after the 
deatbe of S 1 ' John G'ostwik and ther bathe co'tynued for 
the space of xi years sworn and examyned that as touehinge 
the eoppe vestiriente Deacon and subdeaeon of clothe of gold 
Tin 1 suett of vestments of whight damaske he certeinly 
knoweth that at suche tyme as M 1 ' Will'm Gostwik did 
enter into the house and goods of S r John Gostwike thai 
ther was no suche ther for he was ther present e at the 
delvvory of the sumo And as touching (be c rosso of sylver 
cSc. gyllt enamelled a payre of cruetts of sylver a chalice of 
sylver and parcell gillt he deposetho that the said Will'm 
Gostwik badd them allways in his house as bis OAvne p'pre 
goods and somtyme at hietho ifestivall days wold coma'd 
them to be brought to the churche ther by one of his 
serva'ts or elles by the clerk and ther to be occupyed and 
used to the better may'toning of gods service and to the 
bewtifyinge of the churche and at night thei were all 
brought home againe unto the Manor house at or before 
night of the same day for he saytho that lie bathe deliured 
them and receved them dyvers and sundry tymes to the 
churche and from the churche and that in all the said 



309 



space of xi yeares was n#ver accompted as any of the 
churchis nether never none of the p'ishe made any claime 
unto them untill nowe of late one John Gostwik with 
other of a malitious and devlisshe mynd inteiidynge to put 
the said S r Thomas Yeimey and tin; Lady Anne his wif to , 
troble did cause this same 1 presentment to be made and sett 
forthe as it is evidently knowen bothe in the towne and 
also in the countrey notwithstandyne the said John Gost- 
wike did set forthe a contrary presentment and was sworn 
himself to the same before if rant-is pi got to Esquier Edward 
poke George Ackworthe and John Colbeeke gent, com'is- 
sioners. And that in confirmation of this depotition the 
said John hat ho subscribed his name with his owne propre 
hand. 

p 'me Joiiannem Choker. Nyciiolas Luke, 

Leavyes Dyve. 

J. G. R, 



.It is a matter for regret that so few of these Inventories 
have eume down to us, (he fourteen above given being all, 
I believe, that remain out of some hundred and twenty. 
The Commission was issued in May, 1552, and the Inven- 
tories taken between August and December of the same 
year by the Commissioners appointed for that purpose, 
viz. : — S r John S* John, of Bletsoe, Knight; Lewis (after 
Sir Lewis) Dive, of Bromham, Knight; Sir Uryan Br'ere- 
ton, and Richard Snowe, of Chicksands, whose daur. 
Rebecca, was the wife of William Gery, of Bushmead. 
The Commission did not affect the law relating to the 
Church Vestments and Ornaments in use, being issued 
with a view to complete the system of spoliation inaugu- 
rated on a larger scale by Hen. VIII., and to chock the 



310 

wholesale system of plunder carried on by those ill-affected 
towards the Church, examples of which may ho found in 
the foregoing pages. The inventories, however, that have 
come down to us are useful as .showing what Vestments 
and Ornaments were in use in 1552, and consequently a 
considerable portion of the Ornaments which were in use 
in 1549, the year referred to in the Ornaments Rubric in 
the Prayer Book. According to the Commissioners 1 Cer- 
tificate the value of the Church goods noted in the lin en- 
tories for this county appears to have amounted to 
<£oOS 0s. 4d. Other valuable information maybe gleaned 
from these inventories, such as the names of the vicars, 
the number of the bells, &c. It will' also bo seen that the 
churches were not all equally well furnished ; Hough ton 
Regis, for instance, possessing a great variety of furniture, 
notwithstanding its having been robbed, while Farndish 
and Willington appear to June possessed hut few things; 
Ilulcott, again, appears with a broken chalice, Ilusborne 
Crawley being reduced to one of tin ! while Eversholt had 
one el' copper. Two chalices seem to have been the 
ordinary number, one perhaps for the High Altar and the 
other for the side altar. Summarizing the foregoing in- 
ventories the following figures are obtained. Altar cloths, 
44; Altar frontal.-,, 19 ; Banner, 1; Basins, 2; Bells, 48.; 
Candlesticks, 8 ; Canopies, 1; Censers, 10 ; Chalices, 19 ; 
Chests, 4 ; Copes, 38 ; Corporas (dot lis, 9 ; Crosses, 12 ; 
Cross cloths, 8; Cruetts, 2; Handbells, 8; Hanging 
cloths, 11; 1 terse cloths, 4 ; Holy- water S.toups, 1; 
Lamps, 1 ; Lectern cloths, 2 ; Patens, 5 ; Pax, 1 : Pillows, 
5; Pyxes, 4 ; Saering bells, 4; Sanctus bells G; Ships, 1; 
Towel Is, 3G ; Vails, 1. Of Vestments there were : — 
Albes, G ; Amices,!; Chasuble,!; Copes, 38 ; Dalmatics, 



311 



5 ; Rochets, 4 ; Suits of 'Vestments, 2 ; Surplices, 6.; 
Tunieles, 5 ; Vestments, 57 (these were probably chasu- 
bles). It will be noted that no Missals or Breviaries are 
mentioned, these Laying been destroyed by order of an act 
of Parliament in the year 1549. In the eighth year of 
Queen Elizabeth, 1566, a fresh commission was issued to 
take account of the Vestments and Ornaments then re- 
maining- in use, from which we learn that nearly every- 
thing was by that time either destroyed or sold. 

F. i. B. 

ST R EAT LEY. — Extracts from the Parish 
Registers. 

By the eourtes}^ of the vicar, the 11c v. GL If. Moxon, 1 
have been enabled to make the following extracts from 
the parish registers. The earliest register appears to be 
missing, as the oldest now in existence does not go back 
earlier than 1693. There are many entries of genealogical 
value, and amongst those that are curious is one which for 
its quaint brevity could not well be surpassed ; it reads t bus : 
■ — " 1769. Dee 4. Bury'd master Toby." ! Again, in 1773 
is recorded the baptism of a negro 13 years of age, pro- 
bably brought over by Edward Tyley, of the island of 
Antigua, who, in 1771, married Penelope Smyth. I have 
only noted one other negro baptism in the registers of this 
County, and that occurs in the Battlesden registers. The 
Smyth family appear to have acquired the Sharpenhoe 
estate in 1673, as by an Indenture dated Jan. 26th, .1673, 

> William Wheeler of Pulloxhill s. & heir of William 
Wheeler of Silsoe conveyed to Hugh Smyth of Sharpen- 

'dioe, son & heir app. of James Smyth of Broughton, Co. 



312 



Bucks., & of Elizabeth, his wife certain lands in Sharpen- 
hoe, Streatley, Sundon, Harlington, and Barton. In 
1646, Jan, 8th, an indenture was made between Gravely 
Norton of Oifley, Herts., Thomas Coppyn of Market Cell, 
& Ralph Skynner of Ilitchin of the first part, who' in 
consideration of the sum of £3,050 conveyed the Sharpen- 
hoe estates to Anthony Cross , of Gray's Inn, Henry 
Piggott of Nether Gravenhurst, and William Wheeler of 
Silsoe of the second part. . F. A. B. 

•1691. May 3.— John Digby was born the 19th day of 
March Anno Dom: 1691, and was baptized the 3rd of 
May following. 

.1693. Oct. 27,— Tho: Dix, s. of Tho : Dix & Eliz : his 
wife was baptised. 

1693. Nov. 19,— George Ross, s. of Edward Ross & 
Ann his wife was baptised. 

1694. July 18,— Robert Handscomb, s. of John Hand- 
comb & Elizabeth his wife was baptized. 

1694. July '26,— Benjamin the s. of Jo: Digby, Cler. 
& Mary Ids wife, was bapt. *' (born 24 of July 1694), 
1694. July 24,— Hugh .Smyth was buried. 

1694. »Sept. 17, — Benjamin Digby buried. 
.1694. Jan. 18, — Willm. Handscomb was buried. 

1695. - March 1, — Sarah d. of John Handscomb & Eliz: 
his wife was bapt. * 

1696. May 19— Hugh, s. of Jo: Digby, Cler. & Mary 
his wife was bapt. * (born 16th day of May 1696). 

1697. May 4, — Mr. John Biscoe and Mrs. Sarah Burr 
were married. 

Note.— The entries marked thus * are collected together at the end of 
Vol. I. H.v, " Children of Jo : Digby, Cler . & Curate." 



313 



1697. July 11 — Thomas .Trustram & Penelope Pen of 
Luton were married. 

1G97. Nov. 1, — Elizabeth Burr was buried. 

1699. May 4,— Mr. Willm. Shcppard of Ansy Bury 
[ ? Eynesbury] & ]Mrs. Alice Burr were married. 

1700. Apr. 25, — Air. Thomas Beaumont of Greenfield 
& Mrs. Alice Smyth were married. 

1702. Nov. — , — John Warwick, Dairyman, & Mary 
Faldo, both of Harlington were married. 

1702. Jam 25, — William Burr, Gent., was buried. 

1703. June 19, — John, s. of Jo : Handscomb, Gent., & 
Eliz : his wife, of Harden in the Parish of Whettamsted, 
ill the County- of Hertford, was lair. 

1707. Apr. 21, — Elizabeth, d. of Jo: Handscomb tv. Eliz: 
his wife, of Harpenden, in the County of Hertford, Mas buried. 

1.710. Aug-. 31, — Thomas Cannon of Sundun & Mary 
Digby were married. 

1710. Nov. 27,— Elizabeth, the wife of John Hands- 
comb of Hitchin, was buried. 

1712. May 28, — James the s. of James Smyth, Gent : 
& Penelope his wife, bapt. 

1713. Sept. 8, — Sarah Digby was buried. 

1713. Nov. 21, — Hugh, the s. of James Smyth, Gent. 
& Penelope his wife, bapt. 

1714. Feb. 25, — Penelope, the d. of James Smyth, 
Gent. & Penelope his wife, bapt. 

1715. Nov. 16, — Penelope, the d. of James Smyth, 
Gent, and Penelope Ids wife, buried. 

1715. Jan. 27, — Ann, the d, of Ja : Smyth, Gent. & 
Penelope his wife, bapt. 

1717. July 27,— Alice, the d. of Ja : Smyth, Gent. & 
Penelope his wife, bapt, 



314 



1717. Dec. 19,— Mr. Johtf'Digby, Minr. was Buried. 

1718. Feb. 25, — James, s. of Lawrence Smith, Geiitle- 
man & Mary bis wife, bapt. 

1719. Jan. 4,— William Dawes of ye parish of Offley & 
Sarah Goodall of ye parish of Lilly, were marryed. 

1719. Feb. 17, — Lawrence, ye s. of Lawrence Smith, 
Gentleman & Mary his wife, bapt. 

1720. Apr. 5, — Mr. Henry Tipping Ministr. buried. 

1720. July 29, — Lawrence, ye s. of James, Gentleman, 
& Penelope Smith, bapt. 

1721. May 6, — Mary ye wife of William Burre, Gent., 
was buried. 

1721. Sept. 27, — Mary the d. of Lawrence Smyth, 
Gent., & Mary his wile, bapt. 

1722. Aug-. 28, — Elizabeth, the wife of John Burre, 
Gent : was buried. 

.1728. May 29, — Alice ye d. of Laurence Smyth, Gent., 
& Mary his wile, bapt. 

1728. Dec. 5, — Clendon Dawkes Ac Anne Marshall were 
married per 1 ac : 

17.24. Aug. 22,™ Mary, ye wife of John Digby, Clark, 
was buried. 

1725. March 20, — Sarah, ye d. of Lawrence Smyth,. 
Gent., and Mary his wife, bapt. 

172-"). May 19, — IJugh Smyth, Gent., was buried. 

1727). Aug. 24, — Lawrence Smyth, Gent., was buried. 

1720. Apr. 14, — Benj : Willis & Martha Lacey were 
married per Lie : 

17.20. Jan. 22, — John Hanscomb was buried. 

1720. March 9, — Thorn : Smith and Deborah Guttridge 
were married per Lie : 

1727. Aug. 15, — James Smyth, Gentleman, was buried. 



315 



1728. March 28, — Thomas ,ye s. of Thomas Smyth, 
Gent., & Elizabeth his wife, bapt. 

1728. May 8, — Mrs. Alice Smyth, widow, was buried. 

1728. June 13, — Matthew ye son of Matthew Laeey, 
Gent., & Anne his wife, bapt. 

1728. March 5, — Mary ye d. of Thorn: Smith, Gent., 
& Eliz : his wife, bapt. 

1729. May 20,— Mr. James Smyth, s. of Mrs. Penelope 
Smyth, wid. was buried. 

1729. May 26, — Mr. George Boptie, Cur : was buried. 

1729. May 20,— Mrs. Baptie buried. 

1729. Aug. 21, — Matthew, s. of Matthew Lacoy, Gent., 
& Anne his wife, bapt. 

1729. Dec. 19, — Hugh, s. of Thomas Smith, Gent,, & 
Elizabeth his wife, bapt, 

1780. — Samuel Nelham signs as Curate. 

1780. Dec. 7, — Edward Page & Sarah Whitebread were 
married. 

1731. Dec. 24, — Hugh Digby, a Smith, was buried. 

1732. Dec. 21, — Anna .Maria, d. of Matthew Lacy, 
Gentleman, iV: Anne his wife, buried. 

1732. Feb. 18, — Anna Maria, d. of Matthew Lacy, 
Gent., & Anne his wife, buried. 

1737. Dec. 15, — Mr. John Kill of London, Widower & 
Mrs. Martha Will, wid : p. Licence. 

1738. Oct, 20.— Bur. Lawrence Smyth, s. of Mrs. Mary 
Smith, wid. 

1739. June 17, — Bur. Mrs. Eleanor Smyth of Ampthill, 
Spinster. 

1739. Jan. 23, — Bur. Miss Anne Smyth of Sharpenhoe 
Bury. 

1739. March 13— Bur. Mrs. Mary Smyth, wid ; 



31G 



1743. Apr. 19, — Man* : John Crouch, Priest, of Willian 
in the County of Hertford, Gent: and Mrs. Alice Smyth 
of this Parish, Spinster p. Licence. 

1743. July 22,— Bapt. John, s. of John & Phebe Cher- 
nock. 

1744. Apr. 4, — Bapt. Anne, d. of James Smyth, Gent., 
& Alice his wife. 

1744. May 10, — Bur. Anne d. of James Smyth, Gent., 
& Alice his wife. 

1715. Apr. 21, — Bapt. James, s. of James Smyth, Gent., 
Sc Alice his wife. 

1745. Oct. 31, — Bapt. Mary, d. of John & Phebe Cher- 
nock. 

1747. April 19, — Burr. Anne, wife of John Bridges 
Alderman. 

1747. June 11, — Bur. Penelope 1 , wife of Daniel Mil- 
ward, Gent. 

1747. Dec. 3,— Bapt. William, s. of John & Phebe 
Charnock. 

1747. Dec 27 —Bapt, William, s. of William & Eliza- 
beth Gordon. 

174!). May 27, — Bapt. Penelope, d. of James Smyth, 
Gent,, & Alice his wife. 

1741). May 30,— Bur : Hugh Smyth, Gent, 

1750. Oct. 15, — pur: Alice, wife of James Smyth, Gent. 

1752. July 31,— Burried, The Rev. Mr. Samuel Nelham. 

1752. Nov. o, — Baptized, James, s. of Thos. & Ann 
Smyth. 

1752. — Tho. Dove signs as sequestrator, and as curate 
in 1759. 

1754. July (y, — Baptized, James, s. of Thos. cv, Ann 
Smyth. 



0 1 N 

01 / 

1761. Nov. 23, — Buried, Elizabeth ye wife of Thos. 
Smyth , G entlei nan. 

1764. Nov. 13,— Thomas Wells of Stafford, widower & 
Sarah. Smyth, p. Licence. 

1700. July 6, — Bury'd, John Nodes Esq., of Luton. 
1707. July 6, — Bury'd, the widow Wesley. 

1701. — The Rev. Win, Button, sequestrator. Vicar in 
170!). 

1768. Oct, 2,— William .Smyth, & Mary Savage of 
Sundon, p. Licence. . . 

1709. Dec. 4,— Bury'd master Toby ! 

1709. — J am es Smyth signs as vicar. He v. Thos. G reaves 
curate. 

1771. March 5, — Edward Tyley of the Island of An- 
tigua, Batchelor, and Penelope Smyth, 'spinster, p. 
Licence. 

1771. — Thos. Greaves signs as curate. 

1772. May 31, — Buried James Smyth, Esq. 
1772. — WilFin Smyth signs as minister. 

1772. Di e. 2 —Baptised, Penelope, d: of the Rev. Ed- 
ward Tyley & Penelope his wife, 

1772. Dec. 4, — Buried, Penelope, d. of the Rev. Edward 
Tyley & Penelope his wife. 

177.2. — James Smyth signs as vicar. 

1773. May 8, — Baptized, Bedford, a Negro Boy aged 
about thirteen years. 

1773. Aug. 0,— Buried, Mr. Thomas Smyth, aged 82. 

1773. Sept, 26,— Buried, Mr. Hugh Smyth. 

1774. Aug. 12,— Baptized, Edward, s. of the Rev. Ed- 
ward Tyley & Penelope his wife. 

1774. Aug. 28, — Buried, Edward, s. of the Rev. Edward 
Tyley & Penelope his wife. 



318 



1775. June 3, — Baptized/*- Thomas, s. of Thomas Smyth 
& Mary his wife. 

1776. Apr. 18, — Baptized, James, s. of the Rev. Edward 
Tyley & Penelope his wife. 

1770. May 8, — Baptized, Penelope, d. of Thos. & Mary 
Smyth. 

177G. Dec. 2,— Baptized, Edward, s. of the Rev. Edward 
Tyley & Penelope his wife. 

1777. June 12, — Baptized, Ann, d. of Thomas & Mary 
Smyth. 

1778. Sept. 15,— Buried, Mr. Philip Taylor. 

.1779. Jane 6, — Baptized, Hugh, s. of Thomas & Mary 
Smyth. 

1780. Apr. 8,— Buried, Mrs. Elizabeth Gouldsmith. 

1781. March 21, — Baptized, Thomas, s. of Thomas & 
Mary Smith (privately, publicly received June 6). 

1783. — James Hadow, signs as vicar. 
1783. June 6, — Baptized, Arbella, d. of Thos. & Mary 
Smyth. 

1785. J ul \ 19, — Baptized, Georgina, d. of Thomas & 
Mary Smyth. 

1786. May 23,— Baptized, Elizabeth, d. of Thos. & 
Mary Smyth. 

1788. Aug. 7, — Baptized, James, s. of Thos. & Mary 
Smyth. , 

1791. June 23,— Baptized, Elizabeth Cole, aged 28 years. 

179:5. Apr. 22 —Buried, Mary Ann, d. of Thos. & Mary 
Smith. 

1793. Oct. 2— Baptized, Eleanor, d. of Thomas & Mary 
Smith, aged 2 years. 

1795. Aug. 25, — Baptiz'd, James Edward, s. of James 
& Sarah Hadow, Born July 11th. 



319 



1796. Dec. 12, — Baptiz'd Aftha Maria, d. of James & 
Sarah Hadow, Born Nov. 1st. 

1798. Jan. 28, — Buried, Mr. Thomas Smyth, of 
Sharpenhoe. 

1798. June 1C, — Baptiz'd, Edward John, s. of Edward 
Ash, M.D., of the parish of Saint Mary-le-bone, and Anna 
Maria his wife, born 17th. April last. 

1798. June 16, — Baptiz'd William Thomas, s. of the 
Rev. James Hadow, & Sarah his wife, Born 13th May. 

1798. Sept. 26, — Baptiz'd, Samuel Joseph, s. of Edward 
Ash, M.J)., of the parish of St. Mary-le-bone, & Anna 
Maria his wife, Born August 6th. 

1798. Sept. 26, — Baptized, Henry Patrick, s. of the 
Rev. James Hadow, & Sarah his wile, Born Aug. 
17th. 

1800. Jan. 16,— Buried, Elizabeth, d. of the late Mr. 
Thos. Smyth. Mary his wife. 

1800. Eel). 5,— Buried Mr. Hugh Smyth. 

1800. Feb. 19,— Buried, Arabella, d. of the late Mr. 
Tims. Smyth & Mary his wife. 

1801. Feb, 21, — Baptiz'd Charles Scott, s. of the Rev. 
James Hadow, & Sarah his wife, Born 21st Jan. 

1802. Aug. 3,— Baptized, Elizabeth Scott, d. of the 
Rev. James Hadow, <Sc Sarah his wife, Born 10th July. 

1802. Oct. 24,— Baptized, Elizabeth, d. of James & 
Jane Smith. 

1805. Dee. 7, — Buried, Elizabeth, d. of James & Eliza- 
beth Denton, privately baptized. 

1805. Dec. 11, — Buried, Mary, d. of James & Elizabeth 
Denton, privately baptized, twins. 

1808. March 27, — Baptized, Mary, d. of James and 
Elizabeth Denton. 



320 



1809. July 29,— Burfed, Mary, widow of Thomas 
Smyth, Gent., of Sharpenhoe. 

1810. Apr. 29,— Baptized, Elizabeth, d. of Thomas & 
PKebe Smyth. 

1811. July;], — Buried, George, s. of George & Lydia 
Smith. 

1811. Aug. 14, — Buried, Arabella, d. of James & Anne 
Smyth. 



LETTERS PATENT UNDER THE GREAT SEAL, 
THE KING TO THOMAS NORTON, OF THE 
ADVOWSON AND RECTORY OF STREATLEY. 

The Sih part of Patents of the 36th year of the reign 
of King Henry the eighth. 

FOR THOMAS NORTON 
GRANT TO HIM AND 1L1S HE] US 

Tin', King to all whom &c. Greeting Know ye that we 
in Consideration of the sum of L'218 of good and lawful 
money ol: England to the hands of our Treasurer of our 
Court of Augmentations of the Revenues of our Crown to 
our use in hand well and faithfully contented and paid by 
our trusty and beloved Subject Thomas Norton Citizen 
and Grocer of w]iich said Sum of £218 we acknowledge 
ourselves by these presents to be well and faithfully 
satisfied and contented and the said Thomas Norton his 
h< *"s executors and Administrators to be thereof exonerated 
1 _ these presents of' our especial grace and of our certain 
Knowledge and mere motion We have given and granted 
and by these presents do give and grant to the aforesaid 
Thomas Norton .... 



821 

AiiTi that our Messuage and Tenement with its Appur- 
tenances called the Sonne situate lying and being in the 
Parish of Saint Mary Wolnoth in Lombard Street within 
the City of London to the late Monastery of Stratford 
Langthorn in our County of Essex lately dissolved late 
pertaining or belonging and being parcel of the Possessions 
thereof and now or late in the tenure of .James Miehill or 
his assigns And all and singular Curtilages Gardens 
Shops Cellars Sollars Chambers Stables Buildings Edifices 
Kntrancies Commodities Emoluments and Hereditaments 
whatsoever within the s' 1 Parish of Saint Mary Wolnoth 
or elsewhere soever within the said City to the said Mes- 
suage or Tenement and other tin- premises with their 
Appurtenances pertaining or belonging and to the said 
late Monastery of Stratford Langthorn lately .belonging 
and pertaining and being parcel of the Possessions thereof 
And 

A that our Rectory and Church of Stuetley other- 
wise Streteley with its Appurtenances in our County of 
Bedford to the late Monastery or Priory of Marke-Yate in 
our said County of Bedford lately pertaining or belonging 
and being parcel of the Possessions or Revenues of the 
same late Monaster)' of Marke-Yate and now or Late 
being in the tenure demise or occupation of one William 
Burr or his Assigns And all and singular our ileuses 
Barns Stables Dovehouses Edifices Buildings Gardens 
Orchards Garden Grounds Lands Tenements Rents 
Meadows Closes Pastures Woods Glebes Tithes as well 
great as small obventions Fruits Profits Commodities and 
Emoluments whatsoever with their Appurt' s to the said 
Rectory and Church pertaining or in any May belonging 
And also the Ad vow son Donation Presentation Free Dispo- 



sit ion and Right of Patronage of the Vicarage of Stretley 
otherwise Streteley in our .said County of Bedford to the 
.said late Monastery or Priory of Mark-Yate lately per- 
taining or belonging and also the Reversion and Reversions 
of the aforesaid Messuage or Tenement called the Sonne 
with the Appurtenances and of the aforesaid Rectory 
Church Lands Tenements Tillies and all and singular other 
the Premises with their Appurt's and all and singula]' 
Rents Reversions and other Annual Profits whatsoever 
upon whatsoever Demises and Grants of the Promises and 
of every parcel thereof made and reversed as fully' and 
entirely and in as ample manner and form as the last 
Abbot of the said late Monastery of Marke-yate or any 
one or more of their Predecessors or of either of them at 
any time before the dissolution of the said late Monastery 
and Priory or either of them or before the said late 
Monastery or Priory or either of them came to our hands 
had held or enjoyed or ought to have had held or enjoyed 
the aforesaid Messuage and Tenement called the Sonne 
with its Appurt's the Rectory Messuage Lands Tenements 
Meadows Feedings Pastures Tithes and all and singular 
other the Premises or any parcel thereof and as fully and 
entirely and in as ample manner and form as all and 
singular the said Premises came or ought to have come to 
our hands by reason or force of any Charter Gift Grant 
Confirmation or Surrender or by reason or force; of any 
Charters Gifts Grants Confirmations or Surrenders by the 
said late Abbot and Prioress arid Convents of the said late 
Monastery and Priory or either of them under their Com- 
mon Seal thereof made or by reason or force of any Act of 
Parliament or in any otherwise howsoever and in our 
hands now are or ought to be which said Messuage or 



Tenement called the Sonne jmd other the Premises with 
the Appurtenances to the said Messuage or Tenement 
pertaining' or belonging are extended to the clear annual 
value of four Pounds sterling- And which said Rectory 
and Church with their Appurt's and the aforesaid Houses 
Lands Tenements Tithes Obventions Glebes and oilier the; 
Premises with their Appurtenances to the same Rectory 
and Church pertaining or belonging are of the clear 
Annual Value of ten Pounds six shillings and eightpence 
sterling per annum and no more To have hold and enjoy 
the aforesaid Messuage and Tenement called the .Sonne 
with its Appurtenances and to the aforesaid Rectory 
Church Houses Gardens Orchards Garden Grounds Lands 
Tenements Meadows Closes Woods Pastures Glebes Tithes 
Oblations Obventions Advowsons Donations Presentations 
Free Disposition and Right of Patronage of the Vicarage 
aforesaid and all and singular other the Premises with 
every of their Appurt* to the aforesaid Thomas Norton his 
Heirs and Assigns for ever To hold the said Messuage or 
Tenement called the Sonne and other the Premises with 
the Appurts to the said .Messuage or Tenements pertaining 
or belonging of us our heirs and Successors in Free Socage 
and not in Chief by Fealty only And. to hold the said 
Rectory and Church. Lands Tenements Tithes and all and 
singular other the Premises above expressed and specified 
with their Appurt's to t he said Rectory and Church per- 
taining or belonging of us our heirs and Successors in 
Chief by the Service of the 20th part of one knights fee 
And rendering yearly to us our heirs and Successors for 
the aforesaid Rectory and Church with their Appurtenances 
and for the aforesaid Houses Lands Tenements Tithes and 
other the Premises with their Appurtenances to the said 



324 



Rectory and Church pertaining or belonging Twenty 
.shillings and eight ponce sterling at our Court of Aug- 
mentations of the Revenue of our Crown payable at the 
Feast of Sainl Michael the Archangel every year in the 
name of the tenth or annual tenth pint thereof for nil 
other Services and Demands whatsoever. And Furthku 
AW will and by our Royal Authority which We enjoy 
We do by these presents grant to tin.' aforesaid Thomas 
Norton his heirs and assigns that he his heirs and assigns 
may have hold and enjoy and to their proper use convert 
and may and shall he able to have hold enjoy and to their 
proper use convert the aforesaid Rectory Tithes Oblations 
Obventions Pensions Portions and all and singular the 
Premises to the said Rectory pertaining or belonging with 
every of their Appurtenances as fully and entirely and in 
as ample manner and form as the said late Prioress of the 
said late Priory of, Marke- STate or any one or more of their 
predecessors in right of the said late Priory of Markoyate 
the same Rectory and other the Premises to the said. 
Ileetory belonging or pertaining or any parcel thereof had 
held or enjoyed and to their own use converted or could 
have hold or enjoy and to their own use convert And 
moreover of our more abundant grace and of our certain 
knowledge and mere motion We will and by these presents 
for us our heirs and Successors do grant to the aforesaid 
Thomas Norton his heirs and assigns that we our heirs and 
successors will henceforth from time to time exonerate 
acquit and for ever hereafter keep as well the aforesaid 
Thomas Norton his heirs and Assigns and every of them 
as the aforesaid Messuage or Tenement with the Appurt* 
called the Sonne Rectory Lands Tenements Tithes Obla- 
tions Obventions and all and singular the Premises with 



325 



every of their Appurtenance^, towards us our heirs and 
Successors and towards whatsoever other person or persons 
as well from all and all manner of Gorodies Pensions 1 tents 
Fees and Annuities as from other Sums of Money what- 
soever in any wise issuing- or to be paid out of the aforesaid 
Messuage or Tenement Rectory Church Lands Tenements 
Tithes Obventions Glebes and other the Premises with 
their Appurtenances or out of any parcel thing or in or 
upon the premises or any parcel thereof charged or to be 
charged Kxeept from the said Annual Kent and Sen-vice 
above by these presents to us our heirs and Successors in 
I'orm aforesaid reserved 

Ami Except from £4 Vte. Jd. Sterling payable yearly 
to the Vicar there and his successors for the time 
being And also from all and all manner of Demises 
and Grants of the Premises or of any parcel thereof 
heretofore made or had and Kxeept from all and all 
manner of such Charges and Sums of Money in which 
the Farmer or Farmers of the Premises or of any 
parcel thereof is or are charged ami is or are bound to 
render or pay Moreover commanding and by these 
presents firmly onjoyning as well the Treasurer and 
Council of us our heirs and Successors of the Court of 
Augmentations of the Revenues of the Crown of us our 
heirs and Successors for the time being as the Receivers 
Auditors and other Officers and Ministers of us our heirs 
and successors whomsoever that they and every one of 
them upon the sole shewing- of these our .Letters Patent or 
the Enrolment of the same with any other Writ or 
Warrant from us our heirs or successors to be required 
obtained or prosecuted upon payment . of the said Annual 
Rent above by these presents to us our heirs and successors 



320 



as aforesaid reserved shall from time to time make and 
cause to be made full entire and due Discharge allowance 
Defalcation and Deduction to the aforesaid Thomas Norton 
his heirs and Assigns of all and all manner such Corrodies 
Pensions Portions Rents Fees Annuities and Sums of 
Money and Charges whatsoever out of the aforesaid 
Messuage or Tenement Rectory Church Lands Tenements 
Tithes and other the Premises with their Appurtenances 
or out of any parcel thereof issuing or payable as aforesaid 
or upon the premises or any parcel thereof charged or to 
be charged And these our Letters Patent or the Enrol- 
ment thereof shall be altogether for ever as well to the 
said Chancellor and Council of us our heirs and Successors 
of our s . Court of Augmentations of the Revenues of our 
Crown its to the Receivers Auditors and other the Officers 
and Ministers of us heirs and 'Successors a sufficient 
Warrant and Discharge in this behalf. Also we give and 
by these presents do grant to the aforesaid Thomas Norton 
all issue Rents Revenues and Profits of the aforesaid 
Messuage or Tenement lvectory Lands Tenements Tithes 
and all and singular other the Premises with their Ap- 
purtenances from the Feast of the Annunciation of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary last past hitherto arising growing or 
renewing. 

To II w K to the said Thomas Norton of our Gift w ithout 
Account or any other thing to be therefore to us our heirs 
or successors in anywise rendered paid or made Also we 
will and by these presents do grant that the aforesaid 
Thomas Norton shall have these our Letters Patent under 
our Great Seal of England in due form made and Sealed 
without Fine or Fee great or small to our use in the 
Hanaper of our Chancery or elsewhere for the same to be 



327 



rendered paid or made Although express mention &e. In 
Witness whereof &c. Witness Katheriite Queen of England 
and General Regent thereof at Westmr. the 24th day of 
September. 

By the King himself by virtue of the 
Royal Commission. 



EATON BRAY. — Tkott Family. 
In an old MS. book recently lent me, which appears to 
be a case book or booh of precedents, are the following 
lines written in the first fly-leaf:' — 

" N. Trott" 
" Mea mea Paupertas nullis polluta rapinis" 
tl iEquanime oblectat, conducto laeta recessu." 
" Misericordia Deus N : Tr. 1 (125 

They are, I think, in the handwriting of the owner of 
the book — Sir Nicholas Trott; underneath them are writ- 
ten some humourous lines in the handwriting of one 
'"'Edmund Cook who is evidently not ashamed of the 
composition as he signs his name to them. Who lie was 
I am unable to say; the book appears to have conic into 
his possession and he lias left his mark in it, teste the fol- 
lowing : — 

*' Ilarke what the honest lawyer saith : one see 
Content with his own lot: no scraping fee 
When will one gownman that's new Left alive 
refuse what lie resigned in twenty-five 
Whose body lyeth obscurely buried in the 
Chancell of Eaton Bray on the north side- 
of the grauestone of Mr. John Poti [? Potts] 
The Epitaph of which worthy Knight might 
Well (in stead of a better) bee this"— 



328 

" Loo here what once 'was ISid : now seemeth not 
the body of good old Sr. Nicholas Trott 
oil's own accord through honest}' and grace 
that did resign A Chanc'ry masters place 
Line, learning, lingnre, amies, forgotten all, attest 
that fori line often here doth favour Least the best. 

Edmund Cooke, 16G9." 
The above grateful tribute to the memory of a departed 
friend would seem to imply that Sr Nicholas Trott was a 
man of worthy parts and and honest man. It would be 
interesting to learn the incident referred to in these words 
— "What ho resign'd in twenty five," also, what led to 
liis connection with Katon Bray, as the family is an Essex 
one. There arc only three entries in the parish registers 
relating to Ihe family — one being the burial of Sir 
Nicholas, the others possibly those of his wife and brother. 
No stout 1 now remains to mark his resting-place. * The 
entries are as follow : — 

10 18. —Willi am Trott the sonne of Martin. Trott gentleman 
was christened Ihe xxth day of August. 

I ii;}(>.— ■ Sr. Nicholas Trott was buried Nouomb : 19. 
1698, Sept, loth. — Mary Trati was buried. 

The last-named, Mary, may probably have been his wife, 
as from some notes for which I am indebted to Mr. Cary-Elwes, 
it appears that Sir Thomas Beaumont of Stoughtoii Grange, 
Oo. Leicester, who died 11 Aug. 1676, married Elizabeth, dan 
& cob, of Sir Nicholas Trott of Quickwood, Co. Herts., Knt., 
by Mary dan. & [? co] heir of Sir George Perient, Knt. If, 
however, the Miry Trott whose burial is recorded above was 

* There were some floor-stones buried under the Minton tiles when 
the Chancel was restored (?) some few years ag'o, possibly one of them 
may have recorded the burial of Sir N. Trott.— Ed. 



329 



his wife she must have died at very advanced age (surviv- 
ing- him 62 years) for Edmund Cooke in his friendly epitaph 
speaks of her husband as ' ; good old Sir Nicholas Trott." < hi 
referring to the Visitation* of Essex ; Vol. I., p. 507 (Marl. Soc), 
I find that Martin son of Martin Trott of Langridg, married 
for his first wife, "Anne d. of Sr. George Perient of Ayott in 
con). llortfford, Knt." Ft may be that Nicholas who married 
Mary dan. & '? coh. of Sir George Perient, was brother to this 
Martin; and again that. the William who is described above 
as " sonne of Martin Trott gentleman," is identical with the 
" Will'm Trott Secretary to the Earl of Manchester " described 
in the above quoted work, as brother to Martin who married 
Anne Perient. The name of this Martin's fourth son was 
Nicholas, and it is not assuming too much to imagine that he 
w as so named after an uncle. I should be glad to receive any 
information which may tend to throw some light on this 
matter. F. A. B. 

The following notes 1 have collected from the sources 
indicated : — 

1603. Oct. 23,— William Parrat and Agness Trott. 
( YVoburn.) 

1702. Mch. -V Mr. Edward Trott, Rector bur. (Udell.) 
1702. Oct, 19,— Mrs. Elizabeth wife of Mr. Edward 
Trott, Hector, bur. (Odell.) 

1020. Sept. 17,— George s. of William Trott, bapt. 
(Luton.) 

1(322 Nov. 5 —Francis s. of William Trott, bapt. 
(Luton.) 

1000. July 6,— Richard Ewer & Elizabeth Trott. 
(Luton.) 

1021. Aug. 13,— George s. of William Trott, bur. 
(Luton.) 

1626. May 26,— Mrs. Trott, widow, bur. (Luton.; 



30 



1629. Fob. 28,— John s. erf William & Alice Trott, bur. 
(Luton.) 

1033. Men. 13,— Agness Trott wife of William, bur. 
(Luton.) 

In the Visit((tiuns of BecifovdxJiire, Flarl. Soc. Pub., Vol. 
xix., p. 166, is mentioned a John Trott, of London, who 
m. Susan d. of Sr. William Chester, Kt., Lord Mayor of 
Louden. Sr. Nicholas Trott was knighted at Theobalds, 
19 July, 1610. 



THE ODELL FAMILY. 

The object of this inquiry is to ascertain, if possible, the 
English ancestry of Mr. William Odell, who emigrated to 
America probably about 1639. 

The earliest trace of Mr. Odell is at Concord, Mass., 
U.S.A., where his son James was born Doc. 2, 1639, and 
his daughter Rebecca, May 17, 1642. 

There were two other sons — William, born about 1634, 
probably in Kngland, and John, the date of whose birth is 
unk uown. 

About the time of Mr. OdclFs emigration to America 
came also the Lew Peter Bulkeley, Lector of the Parish 
of Odell in 1620. it is probable that he and Mr. Odell 
were friends in England as well as in America. 

Mr. Bulkeley became Lector of the church at Concord, 
and married there his second wile Grace diet wood, whose 
grandmother was Agnes Wodhull or Odell — the names 
being the same — Lhe wife of Richard Chetwood, Esq., 

The Odell family had been settled in Bedfordshire for 
many generations, and it is probable that Mr. William 
Odell was also a resident of that part of England. 



O O 1 

An ancient escutcheon in Coppls Hill Cemetery, Boston, 
U.S.A., bears the Odell arms — three crescents on the 
shield, and an eagle displayed for the crest. 

Mr. Odell died in America in 1070, and is described in 
his will as "being" sick and vveake of body but. sound of 
mind." He was probably an aged man at the time. 

Will the Rectors of the Parishes in Bedfordshire who 
may read this kindly examine their Registers for the bap- 
tism of William Udell. Say from. 1585 to 1615 ? If 
found, a certified copy may be sent to the undersigned with 
a note of the cost thereof. 

For satisfactory proof of the descent of Mr. Odell from 
the English family bearing the above arms the writer begs 
to oiler the sum of five guineas. 

Replies may be sent direct to Ruins King, Yonkers, 
Westchester County, New York, U.S. of America. 

30 October, 1882. 



NORTHILL. 

In (he Westminster Abbe;/ licyisto'S, edited by the late 
Col. Chester, is recorded the death el' a Bedfordshire man 
which, together with a long foot-note, should find a place 
in these pages: — "1713 YW. 25 J//'. Thomas Tampion ; 
in I he mid die Aisle." 

Col. Chester then proceeds (o say that lie was " called 
the Father of English Watchmakers." lie is said to have 
been originally a blacksmith, and was evidently a native 
of, or resided in early life at, North ill, eo. Beds. A , lames 
Tompion, described as a watchmaker from London, was 
buried there 24 Jan. 1742-8, and one of the name has the 
credit of constructing the clock of that church. Unfor- 
tunately the parish registers of Nort hill from 1598 to 1072 



0 Q O 

.Are, lost. The name, however, was long common there 
lie was made; free of the Clockmakers' Company of 
London, 4 Sept. 1671, and, after serving in the minor 
offices, became master of his Company 29 Sept. 1704. 
According to his monument, he died 20 Nov. in his seventy- 
fifth year. His will, dated 21 Oct. 1713, was proved 27 
Nov. following by George Graham, lit 1 bequeathed his 
tenements and lands in Iekwell, in the parish of Northill 
aforesaid, to his nephew Thomas, son of his lute brother 
James Tompion, and the use of £500 for life to his niece 
Margaret, wife of Edward Bangor, citizen and elockmaker 
of London, and dan. of his late sister Margaret Kent, with 
remainder to his niece Elizabeth, wife of said George 
Graham, and dau. of his said, late brother James Tompion. 
He also left £400 to Iiebeeca Nodes, dau. of his late niece 
Eleanor Nodes, who was the eldest dan. of his said sister 
.Margaret Kent, and £50 to his cousin Thomas Finch. 
The residue of his estate he gave to his executor. 
Mr. George Graham, the celebrated deck and watch 
maker, and also distinguished tor various mechanical in- 
ventions, among which is said to be the Orrery, died 1<> 
Nov. 1751, and was buried on the 25th of the same month 
" in the middle aisle, in his master Air. Tompion's grave." 

F. A. B. 

THE HALLILEY FAMILY.* 
There was formerly in the Sowerby Division of the 
Parish of Halifax, Yorkshire, a small estate or farm-stead 

* Any additions in the shape of notes on Families of Halliley, Jackson, 
Latham, Goodman, &c, will he gratefully welcomed and acknowledged 
by the writer ; he is (.'specially desirous of Halliley notes from the Regis- 
ters of Clifton, Bedfordshire. 



333 



known as "The Hillilee," th$. exact situation of which 
I have not as yet ascertained, though it may be conjectured 
that it was what is now known as " Hiley I Tall,'* and pro- 
bably it would be easy to decide the question by referring 
to old parochial maps and records. 

\ am uncertain as to the derivation of the name of "The 
Hillilee," for though the obvious suggestion is simply 
" The Hilly Lea " yet in ancient records (lie first vowel of 
the name was quite unfixed, and 1 am not sure whether 
the "Hilly" is not identical with the "Tlali" of Halifax, 
Holiday, &c, and not having seen the place 1 cannot say 
whether "The hilly lea" would be an appropriate name. 
From very early times there lived on this estate a family 
of the same name, my first note concerning them being 
that in 1380 Thomas Hilele and his wife, of JSowerby, paid 
a poll tax, and I have little doubt thai from these Hilleleys, 
Hillilees, or Hillileighs, of The Hillilee, descended all the 
following families, namely : — 

( 1) The Hillileys or Tlilileighs of Clifton, in Hartshead, 
and (?) of York. 

(2) The Helleleys of Brierley in Felkirk near Barnesley. 

(3) The Hallelys of Sherborn South Milford and .Monk 
Fryston from whom came the Hallclcys of Bickerton 
Dunnington and (now of) Saxton, and the Ilalleleys 
of London, Hackney, Westham, and of Clifton in 
Bedfordshire; and also the Alleleys of Hackney. * 

(4) The iiallileys of Earls Heat on, Dewsburry, and 
Wakefield. ' 

(5) The Iiallileys now of Bedford. 

(6) Thellallaleys of Derbyshire and North Staffordshire. 

* A family'of this name now lives in Birmingham. 



p o 4 

I am assured by Mr. <J, Horsfall Turner, the West, 
Hiding antiquary, that many of these variations of the 
name are to be found in old deeds relating to "The 
Hillilce," but it would be interesting to trace the extent 
to which the difference in the locality has affected the 4 
pronunciation of the name. 

The earliest will of anyone of the names of Hilleley, &c, 
is that of John Ifelelaye, of Folk irk, near Barnesley, in 
Yorkshire, whose family appears to have remained there 
until the beginning of the present century ; it was proved 
at York in 1514, and ment ions John, Margaret, and Robert 
Ifelelaye. The testator was perhaps related to — 1 [alliley, 
whose Christian name 1 do not know, and of whom 1 can 
only say that he must have been born about 1400, that he 
lived probably at Sherborn, or South Milford, near Pont.e- 
fract, and that he was father of the following family : — 
(1) John Ilalliley, the most important, if not the first- 
born of the sons; he was, at least as early as 1532, 
one of the officers of the King's J cwel-house, and 
as such had charge of the Crown plat-e and Jewels. 
In 1582 he was one of the commissioners who con- 
veyed the King's plate and jewels to and from the 
Field of the Cloth of Gold, and for this service he 
had board wages, 6d. a day for eight days, and a 
fee of 26s. 8d. Shortly after this when Cardinal 
Wolsey fell, John Haliley was employed to view 
the " vestry- stuff " and weigh the plate, "late the 
Cardinal's," that had been sent from Cawood. He 
remained an officer of the Jewel House until his 
death, which happened in 1557, but he no doubt 
accumulated a considerable fortune, for he appeal's 
to have died in the possession of a good landed 



335 



estate. Some of his purchases of land are recorded 
in the Close Rolls, the most important of them 
being' the manor and lordship of Gilmanby, in 
Richmond Archdeaconry, in the extreme north- 
west of Yorkshire, and this he left to the heirs of 
his brother Robert, whose great -grandson William 
sold it in the time of James the First. .The will 
of this John "Halylio" was dated at "Neweastell," 
1st September, 1557, and was proved the same year 
(Wrastley 85). Me desires to be buried in the 
parish church of St. Martin Outwich, London, 
"in the chapel of our Lady there so nye my late 
wif Elizabeth there buryed whoso soule God pardon, 
either of the one side of her or on the other us the 
ground will serve." lie leaves lands to several 
members of the family "to pray for my soul and 
for all Christian souls," but it is unnecessary to 
notice all his many bequests further than to say 
that with one exception his London property was 
left to his brother Edward and to Richard, Isabell, 
and . . . (a daur), children of Edward, the bulk of 
it consisting of houses in the parish of St. James' 
Garlickhythe. 

To his sister Alice, wife of William Turpyn (doubt- 
less of Yorkshire), he left " sixe spones with sixe of 
the Apostles gilt at their ends." He also left to his 
ward Margaret Letheme, £20 and plate. But his 
favourite relative seems to have been Richard 
Halylie, his " servant," son of his brother Edward, 
for to him he gave " my hed house in the parish of 
St. .lames' Garlickhythe where one Rotter dwelleth, 
& Jones' vault thereto belonging," also £20 and 



336 



plate, and further macje him one of two residuary 
legatees and executors. 

(2) Robert Halliley of Lead Grange Saxton, married 
Isabel, and had four .sons and four daughters. 

(3) Edward Halliley, of whom hereafter. 

(4) William Halliley, married Elynor, and had issue, 
two sous at least, of whom the youngest was William. 

(5) Richard Halliley. 

(6) Isabel .Halliley married Rauf Wilson. 

(7) Aliee Halliley married William Turpyn. 

In the documents and records which mention these 
brothers and sisters and their descendants, the name is 
spelled quite indiscriminately llalhley llalhiey or Ilalhdcy,. 
the middle form however seems to have been more 
generally used by the branch whose history 1 propose to 
trace. John, as we have seen in his will, calls himself 
" HaLylie," but in the State papers of the day he also 
appeared as " Ilalalie," and even "Alalia," a proof, were 
(me needed, of the antiquity of the vulgar London habit 
of d topping the " h." 

Kmvakd Hai i.ii.m, one of the above brothers, was of 
Sherborne, in Yorkshire, Yeoman, and to him his brother 
John devised a house "at the corner end of little East 
(.'heap." Jlis will was dated 3rd August, 1558, and was 
proved at York the same year.. He mentions his daughter 
Margaret, and to Ann, his daughter, he leaves 60s. 8d. 
and ten sh'epe. He leaves to "my sons Thomas 
Wilkynson, Richard JL, William II., John II., all my 
land which 1 ought to have at Darleston, in the parish of 
Ilakney," and makes them his Executors and Residuary 
legatees, Thomas Barnbye being Supervisor. It is just 
possible, though not probable, that Anthony II. , of 



337 



Sherborne, whoso will, which rna.de John, son of Thomas 
Barnebie, a supervisor, was proved at York in 1587, was 
a son of this Edward ; at any rate, it is certain that 
.Edward had the following children : — 

(1) William II. of Monk Fryston Yeoman in 1584 
when he gave up to his brother Richard all his 
interest in three houses in St. James' Garlickhythe 
devised by John II. to their sister Ann.* 

(2) Richard IL, of whom hereafter. 

(3) John 11. 

(4) Isabel! II. married 1st, Thomas Wilkynson, Citizen 
and Cordwainer of London; 2nd, William Ikiek- 
nall Citizen and Cordwainer of London who was 
her husband in 1584 when her brother Richard 
purchased j from William ITamonde of Sk-ar thing- 
well' Yorkshire Esq the reversion of the house in 
St. James' Garlickhythe devised to her by John 
Halliley. 

(5) Ann IL 

((>) Margaret II. 

Richard Halliley, younger son of the above Edward, 
appears to have bought up by degrees the interest of his 
brothers and. sisters in the London property devised by 
his uncle, and I presume that he acquired the land at 
Dalston which his father considered that " I ought to 
have." At any rate, he was no doubt living in Hackney 
Parish from 1561, when his . eldest son was baptized, 
until his death in 1005-6. It appears from the 1633-5 
Visitation of London, and from the more elaborate 



1 Clo^c Roll 26 Elizabeth, No. 10. 
f Clowe Roll '1(> Elizabeth, No. 18. 



338 

pedigree in Harl MS., 1551',' that he married Margaret 
Lathom, who was no doubt the Margaret Leghorn ward 
of his uncle John Halliley. According to the pedigree 
.she was of good descent, being daughter of John Lathom; 
of Lathom, by Lucy Conyers, his wife, daughter and * 

co-heir of Leonard Conyers [by — Jackson, his 

wife, daughter and heir of Lionel Jackson], second son 
of Christopher Lord. Conyers, sou of William first Lord 
Conyers, who married Ann Neville, daughter of Ralph 
Earl of Westmoreland. Her Arms, given in the Harl 
MS;, were — Quarterly 

1 4. Or, on a elite/ dancettg azure <\ plates tire centre 
one charged with a martlet sable : — La-thorn. 

2. Azure, a mauuch or charged with, an annulet gules a 
crescent or for difference : — Conyers. 

3. Argent on a fess gules a greyhound courant between 
2 pheons or: — Jackson. 

On the same page (50 b) of the Harl IMS,, I find a, trick 
of the Arms of Halleley quartering Lathom e Conyers and 
Jackson as above, but this is probably w rong, (.lie re being 
nothing to show that Margaret Lathom was an heiress. 
No doubt the William Lathom who witnessed her 
husband's will was one of her relations. Richard, and 
Margaret .Halleley were possibly the parents of a Nicholas 
Halliley or Alleiey, of Hackney, who began to have a 
family baptized there in 1593, but 1 am inclined to think 
that Nicholas was a poor relation, probably in the employ 
of the more affluent branch. : they (Richard and Margaret) 
were no doubt the parents of Jane Halleley, who was 
baptized on the same day as Walter, their eldest soil, but 
no parents are mentioned in the baptismal registers of any 
of their three 4 childen, who were 



331) 



Walter H. baptized at Hackney 26 Aug 1561. He 

married Elizabeth Goodman, daughter of G, of 

London, but beyond the entries in the registers of 
Hackney 3 I know nothing about him and his family. 
His children were 

i Edward, bap 15 Eeb 1600-1. 

ii Walter, bap 4 Aug 1608. 

in Richard, bap 21 Oct 1610 bur 1613. 

iv Asadiah bap 14 Feb 1612-3, died of the plague 1625. 

v Richard bap 24 Fob. 1621-2 bur 1625. 

vi Mary bap o" Apr 1603 bur J 606. 

vii Ann bap 19 March 1604-5 married ''Mr. Arther " 

and died of the plague 1625. 

viii Mary bap 31 March 1607. 

ix Susanna bap 1615 bur 1625. 

x Tabytha bap 21 June 1618. 

(2) Christopher 11 : — of whom hereafter. 

(3) Jane II. baptized at Hackney 26 Aug. 1561; on the 
same day as Walter IT, from which I infer that she 
was Iris sister. She doubtless died young or with- 
out is.Mie. 

Margaret TIallelcy, mother of Walter, Christopher, and 
Jane, was buried at Hackney, 20th April, 1507, and 
Richard, her husband, was buried there on the 14th Feb., 
1605-6. The following is an abstract of his will : — 

I. I Richard tlalliley of Hackney in the County of 
Midd. Gent being in good and perfect memorie, thanks 
bee to God, make this may laste will & testament in man- 
ner and forme following. That is to say 1 bequeath my 
soul to God my creator, & to Jesus Christ by whose dcathe 
and passion comes my salvation, & by whom I onlie hope 
to be saved. 



340 



And my bodie to be buried in the parish of Hackney. 

Item. I give & bequeath unto my eldest soime Walter 
Halliley a certayne lease which I have of John Machall of 
London Gent. I give & bequeath unto my youngest sonne 
Christopher Halliley 200 poimde. Legacies to Servants, 
Jane, Sibell, John, Abraham; Anthony Boxe servant of 
my yon Walter: the poor of Hackney £4; Residue to my 
two sons Walter and Christopher they Exors. 
Witnesses. Paul Bucke, Wm. Latham. 

Made 8 Feb. 1605-6 
Proved 22 „ „ —(Stafford 13). 

H. Christopher Halliley . of West Ham Middx. Gent, 
To be buried in Chauncell of Hamme Church. 

My lands at St. James' Garliekhythe to wife during 
life — remr. to my eldest son Richd. Halliley. 

Land in Fetter Lane to wife for life — remr. to son 
Xofer Halliley. 

Land in Folkestone to wife &c. — remr. to 3rd son John 
Halliley. 

And my land at Kdnuiiulton to youngest son Thomas tu 
whom it doth descend — daurs Elizabeth & Anne. 
Witn. Walter Halliley, II. Gibbs, T. Warde. 

Proved 19th March 1613-4— (Meade 25). 
III. 7 May 1666. 

Richard Halliley of Clifton Reds Gent — religious ; to be 
buried in the body of the parish church of Clifton — Round 
Mead in Clifton in oecup'on of Michael Sanime Ycoihan Sc 
reversion of my wife's jointure to my own issue if any, 
remr. to Christopher Halleley my brother and his heirs of 
body remr. to Xofer Halleley the younger my nephew for 
life — remr. to his issue in tail male viz : 4th, 5, (J, 7, 8, 9, 
& 10th sons. 



341 



Remr. to Ann Bott my niece and heirs. 

„ „ my own right heirs. *" 
My Sister in law Mrs. Jane Ilalliley widow / 

bro. „ Mr. John Burton J £10 each 

Sister 'Mrs. Rebecca ^ 

Mrs. Elizabeth Hurst Widow my first wife's sister. 
Francis Bott my nephew money in discharge of that 1 
received from his father for him which I have spent in 
his education. 

The will of my first wife Mrs. Margaret Halleley to be 
performed. 

My sister Mrs. Elizabeth Cole. 

I desire my brother Xofer to buy the land we bought of 
Michael & Ellen Samme in Clifton. 

John Burton the younger vv_ Magdalen Burton children 
of my sister Mrs. Rebecca Burton money to be paid out of 
debt due to me from my brother in law Mr. Giles 
Thornbrough by bond in name of Mr. Richard Drake of 
London. 

Residue to my wife Mrs. Jane & she & my brother 
Xofer Ilalliley to lie Exors. 

Witn. R. Skinner, W r m. Haiiscombe. 

Proved with a codicil 7 Nov. 1066 — (Mico 108). 

"William F. Carter. 
The following extracts from Bedfordshire Registers 
relate to this family : — 

1629. Mch, 31— John Halylye and Jane Edwards. 
(Upper Gra\ en hurst.) 

1603. Dec. 19, — Xpofer s. of Xpofer Holiley gent . bapt. 
(Heiilow.) 

.1620. Aug.. 9,— Rebecca d. of John Holliley bapt. 
(Henlow.) 



342 



1620. Oct. 19,— Rebecca ' d. of John Holliley bur. 
(Henlow.) 

1634. July 27,.— Elizabeth d. of John Holliley bapt. 
(Henlow.) 

1634.- Aug-. " 1,— Eli/;abctl] cL of Jolm Holliley bur. 
(Henlow.) 

1638. Mcb. 16, — Mistress Anne Halliley bur. (Henlow.) 
1669. June 25,— Mris,. Margaret Halliday wife of Mr. 
Richard bur. (Clifton.) 

F. A, B. 



TODD! NGTON. 

Thomas Peyvre or Fever e, whose will is given- below, 
was Lord of the Manor of Toddington, and possessed 
besides an estate in Chaigrave which he acquired in right 
of his wife Margaret daughter and coheir of Sir Neil 
Loring, of Chaigrave, Ivt. .By her lie appears to have 
had only one child, a (laughter, Alary, who was first 
married to Sir Richard St. Maur Ivt., son \ lieir of 
Richard Lord St. .Mam-. An fiiq. p.hh 10 11. I V. No. 38, 
Sept.. 1. 1-08-9 stales thai Sir Richard St. Maur held certain 
lands in right of Mary his wife then living, that Jolm de 
St. Maui* is his brother and heir aged 28 years and more, 
and that the said Richard died on Sunday the Feast of 
the Epiphany iast*(6 Jan. 140!)). Master William Loring, 
canon of the Cathedral Church of Salisbury is mentioned 
as one of the feolfees of Richard and Mary. B\ him she 
had a posthumous daughter Alice (see p. 187). She sub- 
sequently married John Brought on who by this match 
became possessed of the Toddington and Chaigrave 
estates. Thomas Peyvre died 22 Sept. 1421) and was 



O 4 O 

buried near his wife, who bad predeceased him, in the 
South chapel, which appears try the will to have been 
dedicated to S. James. His daughter also died in the 
lifetime of her father, but the date of her death, and place 
of burial I have not yet ascertained. On looking over 
"Add. MSS 17,456" in the British Museum T find it 
there stated that Paulinas Fever (an ancestor of Thomas 
Peyvre's) ob. 1251 and was buried in London, his heart 
being buried at Toddington. 1 have transcribed the will 
in extenao from the folio register of Archbishop Chichele 
Vol. L, fo. 414a in the Library at Lambeth Palace. 

V. A. B. 

" Ix Dei nomine vmen. — Ego Thomas Fevere sanus, in 
mente quarto die Mensis Novenibris anno domini mill'mo 
cccco xxvjt" condo testamentum meum in hunc rnodum. 
In primis 1 betake my soul to God and to his blessed 
moder Marie and to all the seyntcs of heuen, and my body 
to be beryed in the chapel of iSeynt James in tin 1 cliurcho 
of Todyiigton be Margaret e my wyf. Item y bequethe 
xvj males ti» prests to synge for mo and margerie my 
Wyf L'adci' and M oiler aiid all cristicn souley withynne 
the same yere of my sepulture in the chapel of Soint -lame 
in the churche of Todyngton. Item 1 bequethe all my 
beddyng lynen and woollyn and all my werying clothes 
to iohn Broughton and to annoys Welde my seruhit to be 
parted a mongee hem two and to dispose to pore men and 
to my poure scru'ntes. What hem lyketh thereof. Item 
y bequethe to john Broughton all my Bras that I have at 
Todyngton and Chalgraue the residue forsothe of all my 
godes and dettes y bequethe and yeue to iohn Barton the 
elder iohn Barton the yonger William hallo iohn 
Broughton and to iohn kygill and hem y ordeyne and 



344 



make myn executours tha£> they ordeigne and dispose the 
Wille of my testament and to doon exeeucion thereof and 
of my godes and dett.es rentes and fermes that eometh in 
ther handys we] and trewely to dispose in manner as is 
for sed. I bequethe to my forsaed executours lxxx m'rks 
to be departed amonges hem for hir labour and trauayle 
and this testament with myn hohdys y haue enelosed and 
with my seel signed. 

KnoWe all men that y Thomas Pevere the vj tc day of 
Nouemher the yore of oure lord n m 5 ecce and xxvj L " wul 
and grante that myn executours p'fourme my wille and 
myn entent as y shal afterward declare. j\ly wil ys that 
there be departed and disposed amonges my poure tenn'tes 
that y haue in the shire of Buk. xx/i. ther most node ys. 
Also my wyl ys that ther be departed and disposed 
amonges my poure tenn'tes that y have in Bark. 
Deuonskire and cornewayle xlli. there most node ys. 
Also my wille is that ther be disposed and parted for to 
amende platys* withynne the chirehe of Todyngton wher 
my fader and metier lyen xli. and (hat leueth over to the 
ohirohe work. Also my wil is that the eatel quykhe and 
dede vpon the maner of Ohalgraue (ho wdiielie harry 
welde hath in kepying with his ferine that is to wyte 
Oxen Shepe with ledys and eaudrons of Bras thai hit be 
doliuered after my deces to iohn of Brought on for Store 
of the place. Ah3o my wil is that the eatel which e that is 
vpon the maner of I lye' in Barks that ys to wete hors and 
mere cow and oxe with all other eatel of the forsaid plaee 
whiche that is in kepying of harry mauncel there fermour 

* Probably the brasses laid down to bis father and mother. There is a 
matrix in the chapel floor measuring about 1 1 by 5 feet which may have; 
been the one referred to. — Ed. 



845 



that it be deliuered to iolin of Broughton after my deces 
for store of the place. Also my wil is that the place of 
Westmynster whichc that William halle is sessed ynnne 
that he make a state in fee to iohn of Brougliton for 
evermore vp' condicion that he helpe iiij poure men or 
elles iiij sithes so poure man in the yere continuyng, his 
possession yf he haue to doon with the lawc in that that 
is in hym. Also y bequethe to the Abbeye of Woborne 
xL. Also y bequethe to the Abbey of landey xl.s-. Also 
y becpiethe to the proyorie of Dun'stapell xls." 

Proved at Lambeth the 3d of November 1429, with a 
codicil and administration granted to John Brougliton and 
others. 



DUNSTABLE. 

The following is a transcript of a parchment roll in my 
possession of quit rents payable by the? Prior and (Anions 
of Dunstable to the Dean and ( Hiapterof St. Paul's, London, 
for lands held under the manor of Kensworth. As early 
as 1242 the Priory of Dunstable held rights of commonage 
at Kensworth. There is no date to the document, but from 
the writing it would seem to be about the middle of the 
XVJ.th centuiy, probably just before the dissolution of the 
priory in 1589. * F. A. B. 

Dunstable in Com. Bedd. for such quit rents as they 
yearly pay to the said Deane and Chapter for such lands 
and p'fitts as they hold of the said manner of Kensworthe. 
Inprimis niitris. Ewer late wyfe of John 

lllwer gen. deceased for J 'forty acr. of 

freehold land i d - p. aim viij..*. viijd. 



34 6 



John Wyngate esquier fornix, acr. of 

freehold land r*- p. nun iija. viijd. 

Wyllyam Skelton of london. gen. for 

xlvj. acr. of ffreehold land r 1 - p. arm. vii j«s>*. iujd. 

Mr. Greene of London for v. acr. of , 
ffreehold land r L p. ami xv</. 

Mr. Poolle of London, for v. acr. and 3 

roodes r p. arm viijc/. 

The heires of Wyllyam heath for vij. acr. 

of ffreehold lande rente by the yeere is. xjd. 

Thomas Ordway gen. holdeth. . . . acres 

of Ifreehold lande rent p. Ann. . . ... viijs. xd. 

Reynolde ffletcher holdeth xiij. acr. of 

ffreehold lande Rente p. aim. ...... • v-v. xjd, 

John Briggs holdeth iiij wi " acr. of Ifree- 
hold lande Rente p. Ann ]$. ijd. 

Mr. J )octor Hlieafo & Mary his wyfe hold 
hold ix. acr. of ffreehol.de land rente 
p. Ann. . ■ js. iijV. 

John Chapman holdeth vj, acr. of ifree- 
hold land i' 1 p. aim xijd. 

Thomas l/*arkyns holdeth x. acr. of f ree- 
hold land rente p. Ann xxd. 

Roberto Straight lioldeth . . . Acres of 

ffreeholde land rente p. Ann ij.v. yd. 

Wm. Medcalfe holdeth vij. acr. of ffree- 
holde land rent p. Ann xiiip/. 

Wm. Chapman holdeth xiiij. acr. of 
ffreeholde land bought of Mr. Barber 
rente p. Ann . . . ijs. iiijV/. 

John Medgate gen. lioldeth x. acr. of & 

a half r 1 ' ]). arm j§, viijc/. 



347 



Richard Briggs jam. lloldetli iij. acr. of 

ffreehold land r 1, p. Ann. . . /. yjd- 

Hichard ffynche lioldetli j. aer. of free- 
hold land r*' p. ami ij(L 

Wyllyam Aman holdeth iij. acr. of ffree- 
hold rente p. Ann yjd 

The heires of Thomas ITaddon for j. acr. 

of ffreehold land r L ' p. .Vim ijcL 

Win. Osmond for . . . Acr. of ft'reeliold 

land r fe - p. aim , yd 

Robert li'aldoe csquier for ij. acr. & a 

half of ffree holde land rente p. aim. yd 
John Bennell gen. for iij. acr. & a half 

of ffreehold lande r 1 ' p. aim vijf/- 

Jane Woodley for xiij. acr. of ffreehold 

land Rente p. Ann ijs. viijV 

Thomas Port res holdeth one Collage <& 

15 acr. of ffreehold land r 1 p. Ann.... ij.v. viijr/ 

Henry Astrey Esquicr for one acr. of 

lande • late in Richard Brigges his 

holdinge . . . . ijd- 

Mr. Doctor Sheafe d Mary his wyfe doe 

hold One Manner called Dame Sares 

in Kens worth eonteyning by esty- 

macon 240 acr. r fc - p. Aim ij-£*. viijs. 

Ann Gasley vid. for x. acr. of Coppie- 

hold rt' p. aim ijs. 

Jeremie Gasley for j. acr. of frehold r t 

p. Ann jd. 

Thomas Ileighs for j. half acre of land 

late ]\Ir. Barbers Rent. p. Ann jd. 



348 



RARE BOOKS BY BEDFORDSHIRE WORTHIES. 

The two following- paragraphs from Booksellers' 
Catalogues I have thought worthy of a corner in this 
publication :— 

Toddington. — "Pigafetta (Phil.) Reporte of the King- 
dome of Congo, a Region of Africa, and of countries that 
border rounde about the same, wherein is also shewd that 
the two Zones, Torrida and Frigida, are not onely habit- 
able, but inhabited, and. very temperate, contrary to the 
opinion of the olde Philosophers. That the blackc colour 
which is in the skinnes of the negroes, procecdeth not 
from the Sunne, etc. Drawn out of the writings of Odo- 
ardo Lopes a, Portingall. Translated out of Italian by 
Abrm. Hartwell, carious wood engravings, 4 to, calf, large 
cop//, Rake, £1 18s. 1597." 

Though the name of Abraham Hartwell does not occur 
in the parish registers, Lysons refers to lorn as Rector of 
Toddington. He was Rector of Toddington in lo70, and 
of Tingrith in 1572. 

Silvekenhoe-— Pa. pal Bum,. — A Bull granted by the 
Pope to Doctor Harding and other, by reconcilement 
and assoyliiig of English Pa pistes to under my ne faith 
and allegiance to the Queue. With a true declaration of 
the intention and fruitos thereof, ami a warning of perils 
thereby imminent* not to be neglected; with TRANSLATION 
— A Disclosing of the Great Bull and certain Calves 
that he bad gotten and especially the Monster Bull that 
roared at my Loan Byshops (late.- — An addition declara- 
torie to the Bulles, with a searching of the A Jaze. In a 
volume, .1 2m o, Black Letter, fine- copies, almost as frssh 
as when issued, morocco e.vtra, £12 12s. All printed by 



349 



John JDaye, 1570." By Thomas Norton, of Sharpenhoe, 
Beds., all his pieces are of excessive rarity. This Thomas 
Norton was horn at Sharpenhoe, and was counsel to the 
Stationers' Company ; he died about 1584. He translated 
some of the Psalms in Sternholds and Hopkins' s version; 
also Calvin's Institutes ; besides which he wrote the first 
three acts of a play called " Ferrex and Porrex ;" after- 
wards published under the title of "Gorboduc." The rest 
was written by the Earl of Dorset. (IVarton's Poetry.) 

F. A. B. 

HOWE OF CLAP HAM (pp. 45, 53). 

.Draft Funeral Certificate of John Rove, of Clapharn, 
co. Bedford, Esq., 1585. 

(MSS. II. G. Beds. S°.J 
In the margin are these arms in trick : Argent, on a 
chevron azure, between 3 trefoils slipped, each per pale 
gules and vert, as many bezants; a crescent (untinctured) 
for diiVoronco ; Rowe : impaling, Argent, 2 bars gules, 
over all a lion rampant double queued or, semt> of pellets ; 

Bit AN DON. 

" The funeral of Mr. John Rowe esquire, and sheriff of 
Bedfordshire, deceased at his house called Clapharn in the 
said coy. the 29 of August 1585, and was interred the 16 
of September following. The said defunct had two wives. 
His first was daughter to 

Broke, and had issue Thomas Rowe, Mary, and Susan. 
By his second wife, which was Ribocka daughter to Robert 
Brandon of London, chamberlain, by her [he] left issue 
Elizabeth Rowe, Judith, and Sara, At whose [funeral] 
was Windsor and Rouge dragon, officers of arms." 



350 



John Rowe was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Rowe, 
Lord Mayor of London, 1569, who came out of Kent. He 
had a grant or confirmation of his arms in 1560, by Garter 
and Norry (F 1, fo. 313 b) and bore them, with the ores- 
cent as above. See the pedigree in The Visitation oj 
London, 1568, Harl. Sot-., p. 5, and the annotated edition 
of the same, annexed to Transactions of the London and 
Middlesex Archaeological Society, vol. III., p. 20. John 
Rowe died during his shrievalty of Bedford. It is stated 
by the annotators that lie left no male issue; but. from bis 
will (abstracted at p. 25 of present volume) it appeal's that 
his son was living at (lie dale thereof (11) Feb. 158-1-5), 
and there can be no doubt that he survived him, though 
not long. The statement of the draft certificate respecting 
the first marriage of John Rowe differs from that given at 
p. 25, and is probably erroneous. H. G. 



HOUGHTON CONQUEST. 

The following is a description of an old deed advertized 
by Mr. 11. T. Wake, of Wing-field Park, Fritehley, near 
Derby :— 

. " An ancient Latin Document on vellum of the 14th 
Century, neatly written and in tine preservation being the 
original indented Bond or Contract between John Conquest 
(mediator) rector of Houghton Conquest, William atte 
Church, John Rous, chaplain, Philip Andrew, clerk, John 
Conquest, brother [sic] of the rector aforesaid, John Con- 
quest of Hoo, John Godard, Ralph Wylock (or Bylcok), 
John Maryso.ne, Richd. Daye, Nichs. Petypas cV. Robert 
Walter of the same (Hoo) of one party & Willrn. Farele 



351 



of Dunstaple & Philip Lossy of ' Totturnlio ' unisons of the 
other party to build a ' Belfry ' at the west end of the 
* church ' of Houghton, with proper windows sound-holes, 
&c, and to complete the same in 3 years at 10s. a fool for 
the foundations & 13s. 4d. & 6 quarts of frumenty for 
every foot from the ground to the summit estimated at 
£40 sterling. Given at Houghton aforesaid the first 
Monday after the feast of All Saints (Nov. 4) in (lie 16th 
year of the reign of King Richard the 2nd after the Con- 
quest, viz. a.d. 1302." I). Gf. C. E. 



BEDFORD.— GhiKAT Flood op 1007. 

Under the title of " Floods in England, 1G07," there 
lias recently been published a tasteful little reprint of a 
scarce tract containing "A true Report of certain wonder- 
ful Overflowings of Waters in Somerset, Norfolk, and 
other parts of England, a.d. Kit)?." The editor is Mr. 
Ernest E. Baker, of Weston-super-Mare. The work is 
tastefully printed on Dutch hand-made paper, and thert 
are two facsimiles in the work, one being the title-page, 
which is pictorial and represents people and cattle trying 
to escape from the flood, the other gives the first page of 
the work in the old black-letter type. On page 33 is a 
short account of how Bedford fared during the flood, which 
I here subjoin : — 

"The fift of October about midnight, the Water over- 
Bowed so much, that men were faine to forsake their beds, 
and one woman drowned. Were also were lost, a great 
number of Sheepe, Oxen, Kine, Horse, and other Cattell. 
Amongst other there, one maister C.artwrite Gentleman, 



352 



having his house inelosed*round about, the water came in 
so much, that a Cart being lode' with Thorns, did swim 
about the ground. lie lost by the same floud, Shecpe and 
other cattell, to the value of an hundred pound. The 
same gentleman had a close gate by the high wayes side, 
where the water ran over so extreamely, that at the fal 
thereof it made such a hole, that it was fori ie feet deepe, 
so that no man could passe that way without great danger. 
To the filling up of the sayd Hole, or Pit was cast in by 
the men of the sayd Tow no 25 loads of Faggots, and 20 
load of Horse-dung, which sayd Faggots and Horse-dung 
filled not up the hole. 

Also one master Lee, at the Freers in Bedford having 
fayre garde, wherein was great store of Klme-trees, 
whereof three score were bloune dOune. Also he had a 
close of Conies that were cleane destroyed." 



COPLE.— Luke Family. 

On page 142, aufc, is an extract from the "Gentleman's 
Magazine" relating to a marriage of a youth of 14 to a 
maiden lady of 70. Mr. John Smyth, of Bakioek, has 
kindly supplied me with an extract from the registers of 
Clot hall, Herts., confirming the same. It is as follows: — 

" 1731 April 11, By Licence John Grave 14 (of Bal- 
dock) married to Catherine Luke (of Baldock) grand- 
daughter of [fudibras." 

This Catherine Luke is evidently the daughter of Oliver, 
and grand-daughter (not daur. as erroneously described 
on p. 142) of Sir Samuel Luke, of Woodeiid in Cople, 
Knight. She was baptized, according to the parish 



358 



registers, on the 18th of October, 1 G ( 3 0 , The curious 
description of her ancestry in the extract from theClothall 
registers would point to the conclusion (often disputed) 
that the identity of " Hudibras " with Sir Samuel Luke 
was at that time an established fact. The first part of 
llmlibrax was published in 10(53, within three years of the 
birth of Catherine Luke. Sir Samuel Luke, the kl Hudi- 
bras" of Butler's work, Avas baptized at South ill 27th 
March, 1603, and was buried at Cople 30th August, 1670. 

F. A. B. 

A BEDFORDSHIRE DIRECTORY, 1785. 

Mr. John Taylor, of Northampton, writes to say that he 
would be glad to meet with a copy of thai part of the 
Directory relating to Bedfordshire, mentioned in the 
following cutting. Perhaps some reader of this may 
have a copy to dispose of, or Could tell him where to 
find one. 

" Directory for Bedfordshire. On .May 14, will be pub- 
lished Pari II. being the Compendium I'or Northampton- 
shire. And speedily a tier, Part 111. for Buckingham- 
shire. Part IV. for Leicestershire. Part V. for 
Cambridgeshire. And Pari, VI. for [iuiitingdonshire. 
To be continued annually. J 'rice Od. 
The Merchants Miscellany, and Travellers Complete 
Compendium; containing a Mercantile State and Public 
View of the Comity of Bedford for 1785. Being a 
Short Description of each Market Town, List of Trades- 
men, the Conveyances, &g By John Frankun 
FIenington, Auctioneer and Printer, at Northampton. 
Price Od. 



354 

Bedford; Printed by Bartholomew Hyatt ; and sold by 
Mrs. Fletcher and Mr. Hyatt, at Bedford. And may 
be had of the Booksellers and Newsmen. To be continued 
Annually. 

The Public arc respectfully informed, that the Compen- 
dium for Northamptonshire will be published on the 1 1th 
of May. 

8vo. With 2 pages, v & vi, of Advertisement" " J. 
V. Henning ton, Auctioneer & Printer." 
Dated, "Northampton, April, 1785." 



THE BEAUOIIAMP BRASS IX ST. PAUL'S. 

Leland, the antiquary, in his Collectanea, states that 
there was, in his time, in Si. Paul's Church, Bedford, a 
brass to Simon de Beauchamp, Earl of Bedford, On a tomb 
before the high altar, bearing' the follow ing inscription: — ■ 
" De Bello Campo jacet hie sub marmore Simon 
. . . . fun da tor de Newenham." 
As it is known thai he died before V20S, this was gene- 
rally considered as the earliest recorded example of a brass 
in England. Leland's own words are: — "He lyit.li afore 
the highe Alta.ro of S. Panic's Church in Bedcford with 
this Epitaphio graven in Bras and set on a flat marble 
stone." Here follows the inscription as above. As some 
writers appear to have entertained doubts as to the veracity 
of this statement, it may not be amis.-, to adduce further 
evidence in corroboration of Leland's statement. In an 
old volume of w ills preserved in the Registry at St. Paul's, 
Bedford, is one of John Borne, priest, dwelling in Bedford, 
dated 20th July, 1540, in which he desires to be buried 



355 



" within the. chaunaell of Hand 
<lc hello eampo xutynic founde) 
this will would probably bo 
was making Lis collections, 
tivc testimony, 1 do not think 
doubt . 



P aide's in bedfovd by Sipnon 
of newon/iani." The date of 
about the time that \ .eland 
After this strong- eorrobora- 
there is room for any further 

i\ A. B, 



MILTON. 

The following may be of interest, occurring in the 
Registers of ti. Nicholas, the Paris] i Church of Deal, in 
Kent:— 

Burial— 

1624. — "Henry Clyfton of .Milton in Bedfordshire 
prcst to serve his Ma'tie under Captn Cromwell, Jan. 17." 

11. JsilAM LoXODJlX. 



YOWKLL FAMILY. 

In Vol.. III. of Camden's Ih'itannia, ed. 1721, mention 
is made of one Peter /Yowell, Schoolmaster of the Free 
School at Islington, who was hanged by Cromwell in 1653. 
lie is there described as a Bedfordshire man. Up to 1570 
the Yowell family appear to have resided at Crekc Abbey 
in Norfolk, but after that' period 1 am unable to (race 
them. I wish to ascertain from whom Peter Vowel 1 was 
descended, and whether he left any children. 

Dec, 188$. E. AJ vxwe u i A r i nvKwu 



356 



WYMMINGTON/-A ? Lost Charity. 

In the Report of the Charity Commissioners, 1815-135, it 
is stated on p. 15 that "The sum of £5 bequeathed by 
William Piekering, for the poor, lias long been lost, and * 
no account can be given of it." Now the first thing to do 
ill tracing a lost charity is to ascertain the dale of the 
donor's death, and a, search in the parish register will 
generally furnish the information sought. In this case, 
however, we are met with an obstacle at the first step, for 
the registers of Wymmington that are extant do not com- 
mence before 1662, and subsequent to that year no entry 
of his burial is to be found. It would seem in vain then 
to search for the entry of his burial, and to go through all 
the Pickering wills at Somerset House or elsewhere would 
probably cost more than the charity is worth. It is in 
such cases as these that the Bishop's Transcripts prove so 
valuable. These were first ordered to be made in 1597, 
and those relating to this county commence soon after, 
viz. in 1602, and are fairly perfect. 1 have lately had 
(lie privilege of inspecting some of the rolls, and, inter 
alia, made the following extract : — 

"William Pickering who gave the sum of five pounds 
to the use of the poor of this parish of Wymmington to 
be imployed to the best advantage yearly that lawfully 
may be at the discretion of the minister and churchwar- 
dens there for the time being for ever was buried upon the 
twelfth day of the month of August Anno Domini L615." 

Here again I may observe the exceeding value and 
interest of the old registers, which besides recording the 
bare facts of a man's burial, &C, as we do now, often 



357 



recorded interesting; bits oJr parish history which might 
otherwise have been lost. 

Having now ascertained the date of William Pickering's 
burial, it will probably not be a difficult matter to unearth 
his will, and perhaps to trace the property upon which" 
this charity may have been charged. If the above tends 
in any way to recover this charity to its proper uses I shall 
feel that my time has net been wasted over " these musty 
eld registers." F. A. B. 



WEATIIEIl-LOEE. 

Memoranda from fly-leaves of an old Bible belonging 
to an Oakley family : — . 

" Oct. 31st and Nov. 1st, LS23.— A very high wind and 
snow and rain: a very great flood in the River Ouse which 
run over the Parapet walls at Oakley Bridge : a great 
many Sheep drowned and other Cattle: a Hay Cock about 
14 ton Sveighl swam out of the meadow at Bromham and 
Left in a meadow of Mr. Goulding at Biddenham standing 
'upright as it \va>> built: a deal of damage done to the corn 
in the Barns of Mr Chapman at Oakley : it was in his 
house nearly 5 feet deep." 

" 1820. — A Hot Summer and a very forw ard Harvest. 
Mr. Edwd. Chapman, Oakley, finished Harvest July 29th." 

J. W. II. 

EDWORTH. 

Confirmation by Robert Bothe of an annual pension of 
2s. to the Prior of St. Neots. 



858 



■ (Jh'bl. Cot I. Ffrndina A. h.) 
To 'ill Cryston peple to whom tin's niy present wrytyng 
shall coin so or her I Robert of Botlic Esquyer send 
gretyng i.n'our lord Godd cu'lasting Wher as variance & 
dyscordes late was had & moved between Wyllm Kynes- 
bury* pryor of the Monasteryo of Seynte Node in ye 
Co untie of Hunts- & ye Co'uent of ye same place on ye one 
party c flychard ffcuerell f parson of the ehurchc of Ed- 
worth e in ye Counte of Bedford on ye other partye, for 
an annuel pensyon of i j-v. yo which ye said priour iV. eouent 
clay in c to have to tliom <& their successors as in ye rygbte 
of ther sayde .Mouasteryo of Seynl Node of ye sayde 
J iie hard ffouerell & his suceessotirs parsons of ye sayde 
chei'ch of Edworth at the feate of hostern and in eschwying 
of t rob nil plee grete costc & charge that lnyghte growe 
be (wen them For ye sayde yerely pensyon of ij-v. ye two 
parleys a fore sayde be ye medyaeon of ther frendys have 
a greed them to stond iV. a byde to ye rule ordinannce & 
■jugement of me the said Robert J5otlie at this tymo patron 
of ye sayde ehyreho of Ed wort h as in vo r\ ghtc of M awdc 
ihy \v\ t ! e late \v\ I'e to John .lender bye Esquyer .And ! the 
sayde Robert Bo the wyllyiig the good piees iv a' corde he 
twyx the sayde partes t.akyng uppon me the charge of ye 
rule ordinaunec iV. jugement he twyx the sayde part eyes of 
the premisses heryng & seyng ye tytyll *.v. euydences for 
ye parte of ye sayde prior oc eouent (X: ye answherys of ye 
sayde Richard if over ell And for as inoehe as ye sayde priour 
& co'uent have scliewyd grete &. sulfycynt cadences prouing 

* William Eyiie.sbu.ry was Prior of St. Ncots from 14G4 and 1 ( so. 

t Richard Feverell was incumbent of Edworth from 1462 until he 
resigned in 1481. 



ther tytyll good to & for tlio sayde pcncj'oii of ij.v. & the 
sayde Richard ffeverell nothyng contrc shew in destruccion 
of yo tytyll of ye sayd piyor & co'uent be them made for 
the .sayde pencyon of ij.s. wherby he & his successors myght 
or ought of ryght be dyseharged of the sayd annuel 
penycon of ij.v. be good deliberacyon awarde ordcnde & 
dome yt ye sayd pry or & co'uent & their .successors shall 
have & rcceyve the sayd yerly pen-yon of ij,s\ to them & 
ther successors for eucrmor And that the sayde LI. i chard 
ffeverell parson of ye sayde chyrehe of Iulwortli & li is 
successors shall pay the sayde annuel 1 pensyon of ij.v. to 
the sayde pry or <>c co'uent & to ther successors for caiermor 
at ye sayde teste according to ye tytyll $l elayme of ye 
seyd pryour & co'uent. Allso 1 awarde ordevne <Sc dome 
yt the sayde Richard ffeverell parson of ye seyd clnirche 
of Ed worth 6c his successours shall be epiyete & dyseharged 
of all the arrerages of ye said annuell pensyon sommc a 
lore this my present award a gay us ye .seyde pryour <Sc 
co'uent & his successours except e ij.v. of arrerages of ye 
sayd annuell pencyon w hich wer .... k l v. due of c\: 
for ij.v. die ye re lasto passed afore this my present award 
to ye seyd pry our & co'uent the which ij.v. I award ordeyne 
& dome that the seyde Richard ffeverell pay forthe with 
uppon this my present award to ye sayd pi'your. In 
wytness of whyche to yt my present award tryparfyte 
indentyd I have set tiny seel ye viij. day of Jahyuer the 
yere of ye regno of Kyng Mdward ye fourth after the 
conquest the vth. 

,1. G. Raynks. 
[The Advowson of St. George's Church, Ed worthy was 
given to the Prior and Convent of St. Neots, between 
1175 — 1181, by Roger Barnard, as appears by the follow- 



360 



ing charter which I extract 'from Gorham's History and 
Antiquities of Eyncsbiiry and St. Ncots. 

Rogers Burnarcl onnibus cVc. . . . Not urn sit vobis 
me concessisse, et carta mea confirniasse, Monaehis do Sco 
Neoto, ecclesiam do Eddewortha cum omnibus ad eandeni 
ecclesiarn pertinentibus, in perpctuam et libcram elemosy- 
num ; pro animabus patris et matris meae, quorum corpora 
ibi riquiescmit ; et pro salute mea et heredum meorum. 
Quare volo &c. . . His Testibus &c, (Cart M8S. Cott 
Faust. A. IV. f. 57a.)— Ed.] 



BIGGLESWADE— Tin: v v i t a- i." e ms yt y k of 
Bycleswade. 

The ferine of one mes'e and one acr : of 
medowe in the tenure of AVill'm Byshop 
by yere at the feaste of thannuncyacyon of 
or. lady and saynt michell tharchangell by 
even poreoiis x.s>, 

The ferine of a tofte there in the handes 
of Robert Spencer by yere as is above said ij\v. 

The forme of \ i j acre of laud ami ij pas- 
tures iu the tenure of Rog. Longehorn by . 

yere as is above sai(J via. vivjV. 

The Lands helonxyymje to the said 
Brotherhood coined in — 

The forme of vij acre : and one selyone 
of ley in the tenure of John Lyiie by yore 
as is above said vis. viijr?. 

The forme of one cotage there in thands 
of John Pavn as is above said vis. viiiV. 



361 



The ferme of one other cotage there in 
the tenure of John Underwood by ycre lis 
is above said vi. viijV. 

The ferme of one aer : of pasture in 
thands of Richard Chery by yere as is 
above said iijs. iiijrf. 

The forme of a tofte there in the tenure 
of John Pooley by yere as is above said . . ys. 

The ferme of xxiij acrs, of land in the 
tenure of Henry Rasen by yere as is above 
said . . xv.s. 

The ferme of one mess. wth. a croft to 
the same bclongyng in the tenure of 
Ffrancis Pygot Esquyer x*. 

The ferme of xxv acrs of arable land lV, 
one aer : of medowe in the tenure of Henry 
Ffynche by yere as is above said xxvi.s'. 

The ferme of xxxv acrs. of land and iij 
rods of ley in the tenure of the sayde 
Henry by the yere as is above said xxviij^. viijrf. 

The ferme of one meso. lyeng in Holme 
in the tenure of Willm Colworth by ycre 
as is above said x*» 

The ferme of certen lands there in the 
tenure of the said Willm by yere as is 
above said vs. 

vijl. xx.v. 
thereof. 

Reprises. — Qu : rent resolute to o r souain 
lord the kyng as to his manor of Bycleswade 
by yere xx.v. ii'yl. ob. rent resolute to the 
prebend of Lincoln by yere iij-s. x</. rent 



302 



resolute to the manor of Eyrftslye by yere 
iujd. rent resolute to Thorns Burgoyn by. 
yere viije/. oh.. . . xxv.v. ijV. 

Goodes belonging to ye said Brother- 
bode as aperith by inventory remayng 
valued at. . . . . Ivija. iijV. 

Md. that (lie said firaternytye was lycensodto be erected 
ifounded & incorporate by Kyng Edward the iiijth by 
the name of Wardens Brothers and Systors of the said 
brothcrhede and Guylde of tin; holy r l" lI 1 1 \ t ie in the 
Churche of Saynt Audrowe in Bicleswadc aforesaid to 
thintent that there shold a prest syng there the dyvyne 
s'viee and for to pray for tin- good estate of the sayd Kyng 
Edward and Queue Elizabeth then Ids Wyfe & othcr'the 
nmmders & for the senile of (he late duke of Yorke father 
to the sayd Kyng Edward and for die soules of all the 
brothern and systers of the said brothcrhede. Also there 
hath no grand scole nor preacher ben kepi there syns 
mieh'as last [tern there hath no money nor other proifet 
ben payd at any time within this v years to any poorc pson 
out of the said 'brothcrhede intended to have contynuance 
for cv'r. Also there is. in the said pishe of Biclcswacle the. 
uomber of ccccxl houselynge people* and no mo prcste but 
only the vicar and this brothcrhed prest. Also there hath 
hath (sic) ben no sale nor gifte of goods spoyll voluntary 
wast or other destractyon in the said brotherlred. Also 
Henry John is Incumbent there of thage of xl yercs but 
meanly lerned nott able to s've a euro and hath no other 
lyvyng but this brotherhed. 

* Houselynge people were people old enough to receive the Housel or 
Holy Sacrament. This probably includes young children, as at the date 
of the MS. Continuation was administered at quite an early ago. 



Ohyte Sf lyglde in JBiclesirade *" 

The ferine of one close of 
pasture lycng in Bieleswadc in 
the tenure of John Pooley gyven 
to the sustentaeyon of an obyte 
by yore ij.v. viijV. 

Tlie ferine of half an aor. of 
land in the tenure of Wyllui 
Gray gyven for tlie sustentaeyon 
of a light by yore vujd. 

The ferme of an aer : of 
medowo in the tenure of John 
Morcll gyven to thuse aforesaid 
by yore 

iiijx. viiyf. 



J. G. R; 



BATTLESDEN. D\ xiYimhk Family. 

The following is a transcript of a will the last) of 
William Dimeombe of Battlesden. I found it amongst 
other old papers in my possession relating to Battlesden. 
It is on eleven sheets of paper, each being signed at foot 
"by me Win. duneolnbe." The Last sheet is endorsed at 
the bad: — " Testament of Willi' Duncombe ot : Battlesden 
30th Octr. 1594." Though.] fancy he made another will 
just prior to his decease, I think this is worth preserving, 
from its containing many facts not to be found elsewhere, 
besides being of interest from other points of view. 



364 



In the name of god amen the xxxth daie of October in 
the yeare of o'r lord god 1594. And in the xxxvjth. yeare 
of o'r most sou'aigne Ladie Elizabeth by the grace of god 
of England ffraunce & Ireland Queue defender of the 
faith etc. I Will'm Dunciimbe of Battlesden in the 
Countie of Bedf. Esquier being in gode health of bodie 
and of perfect minde & memorie (I praise god) Consideringe 
w ,h my self the vncertaintie of this lyfe doe therefore 
make and declare this my p'sent t est anient Conc'ning hcrin 
my last ill in maim' and forme following that is to saie 
ffirst Si principallie I Commend my Soule into the handes 
of allmyghtie god who of his omnipotence did Create and 
make y* and of his greate m'cie by the death of Jesus 
Christe his sonne did save and redeame y? and as my 
vndoubted hope is by the same m'eifull redemc'on will 
glorifie it. And as touching the disposition of Such 
goodes Chattells and Credit As god of his great m'cie hath 
lente me 1 will and bequeathe as followethe (That ys to 
saie) ffirst T giue and bequeath vnto Elizabeth my Daughter 
[five hundred poundes to be paid in man' and forme fol- 
lowing viz: two hundred pounds to be paid at in or upon 
the feast of St. John Baptist next ensewing after the date 
herof, And ) three hundred poundes to be paid at such, 
tynie, and when John AVorlie gent her lawful husband 
shall attaine and. come to and have in full possession all 
his landes and liveing by the last will and testament of 
his father deceased, soc y l in and vppon Condic'on that he 
the said John Worlic have then himselfe provided, or 
Caused to be then alreadie provided such and soe much 
land as shalbe worthe three hundred poundes whoallie to 
be cmplo)'ed vsed & bestowed, to the vse benefit t. and p'fitt 
of ye said Elizabeth my Daughter and to her h eyres and 



3G5 



assigness for eu'r. Item I will and my mind is that 
Katherin * my wife according to my p'myse by reason of 
marriage made Ante her shall have during- her natural! 
life one Annuitye of one hundred and fiftie pounds w ch I 
the said w'm togith'r wth my brother Thomas Buncombe 
do stand bound for as by the recognisance in that behalf 
maid more plainlie appeare yearlie to be paid by two 
equall porc'ons att or about two seu'rll tymes and vsuall 
feasts in the yeare viz. : att or about the annunciac'on of 
the blessed virgin Marye, and the feast of St. Miehaell th' 
archangell in man' and forme as followeth, (that is to saie) 
The first paiement of threscore and fiftene pounds to be 
payde in my house now in ffletestrete in London within the 
space of threscore daies next after eyther of the said feasts 
or whether of them shall fortune then first next after my 
decease to follow and ensewe, and 75//, to be paid w'thm 
twentie & eight dayes after eyther of the said feast os next 
after the first as is aforesaid yearlie during her life as by 
the said recognisance likewyse appeareth And my will and 

* Tlds is the lir.>t mention that 1 have seen of a second wife. His 
first wife was, us the above inscription tells us, Ellen, da. & heir to 
William Saunders, of Pottesgrave. She was baptized 21st Sept. 1549 and 
was married in Sept. 15G0, being barely 12 years old ! Her only brother, 
Thomas, died in February, lf)f)9, and she died on the 9th of November, 
oO Queen Elizabeth (Iuq. p. m. Gftl. Diotcombe, capt. apud Jlvipthill, 3 
Nov. 1 Juc J.J. Strange to say the Jn,j. p. »/'■ makes no mention of his 
second wife Katherine, but possibly one of the lines defaced on the tomb 
ma}- have mentioned her. She was probably from London, as further on 
in the will testator makes special disposition of land he had in right of 
his said wife, at London. . In the parish registe rs of Harrold is the fol- 
lowing entry : — 

" 1G03 Aug. 1. Thomas Catesbye Esq., and Mrs. Katherine Duucombe, 
married" 

but whether she was identical with the Katherine in question I am 
unable to say. 



36 G 



mcaneing is that the said Ami ui tic of one hiuiclred and 
fiftic poundes shallc paie out of the v r se and yearely rents 
revenews & encrease of all my lands leases goods Chattells 
and other Creditt whatsoe'r or out of such and soe much of 
them as that the vse and yearlie increase thereof maic bo 
esteemed & thought to be and m deed maic and wilbe 
sufficient & enough being as my will and true meaning is 
vseel & employed to the best to paie p'forme and discharge 
the said annuity in mann'r and forme aforesaid. Item I 
<>ive & bequeath vnto my thr< c Children Saunders Will'm 
and Su/.an Duneombe, to eyther of my said two sonnes 
three hundred poundes a peece and to my said daughter 
Suzan live hundred poundesto be* paid vnto my said three 
Children when they shall accomplish^ iV: pome vnto their 
seu'ali ages of xvj. yeares or before yf they sonde manic, 
And if y t fortune any of my said thro children doe d'p't 
their lii'es at anie linn 1 before they shall accomplishes or 
come vnto tie re said sou* all ages of xvj. yeares or before 
ye daies of their seu'ali ages then i will y l the part 
or pore'ou of him or her or anie <'t them so doeeassed 
shalbe distributed eqiiallie emongst the other >>t' them 
[my children] then livinge, It'm 1 give & bequeath 
to niv said daughter Suzan my house w* th' appart en' nc's 
th.it Edmund Hickman doth now dwell in in Leigh ton 
liussard in ye Cdulitic of Bedds. And the meadow that 
1 late purchased of Will'm Sew ell, To have and to 
hold to her the said- Su/an her heires and assign* ? s for 
ou'r, provided alwaies that yf y L shall fortune my said 
wilfe to live Linger over and above the tyme y my said 
three Children viz. Sanders Will'm & Snzaii shall aecom- 
plishe & come vnto theire said seu'ali ages of xvj. yeares 
aforesaid then 1 will and my true mcanirige is that all 



367 



[my said lands leases & tenements &c] sucli and so much 
of my said goods chattells and other credit t as slialbe suf- 
ficient to paie & p'forrne tlie said annuities as y ft aforesaid 
skall still be and remainc in thcliands vsing & ordering of 
the executors of this my p'sent testament hereafter named 
to & for the true paieiiig & full p'formeing'e of the said 
an unity cs, And also I will that my executors hereafVr 
named shall inn nodi at lie after the decease of my said wyfe 
well & truelie paie or cause to be well and truelie paid 
vnto my said three Children Saunders WilFm & Snzan 
there said sou/all p'tes & porc'ons, And thai the residew el' 
all the said goods and chattells sue employed to the p'r- 
forminge of ye said aimuytie of one el//, slialbe equalie 
devided emongst litem or so manic of them as shall then 
he liveinge, and to be paid vnto them, together with their 
porc'ons or [soe much thereof as shall then be retained in 
their hands], And if y L shall happen that my said wile 
doe decease before the tyme of theire said seu'all ages of 
xvj. years aforesaid that then the same my executors her- 
sif'ter named shall vso employ ami bestow as well all their 
said porc'ons &<eu'io p 1 and p'cell Iheirof, as also the said 
residew & eu'ie p l ov. p'cell therof att their good discrec'on 
e(|uallie to he distributed emongst (hem to the best benefit 
p'fitt Comoditie & advantage of them my said three children 
Sanders Will'm & Suzan vntill they shall accomplishe <Si 
come vnto their foresaid seu'all ages of Sixtene y cares or 
they slialbe married w'ch of them shall first happen Item I 
giue and bequethe vnto Edward my eldest sonne hiv great 
gyltp salte the bedstced and Cupbord in the great new 
Cliamber at my house; at Battlesdon aforesaid, the long- 
table in the great; parlour their w'tli two Dosen of stoqles 
theirvnto belonging-, The Cupbord sqvare table and great 



368 



Andyerons w t the fyer shorell & tongues their to be de- 
linked vnto him at t^e end of fower monthes next after my 
decease. Item I give and bequeath vnto Anne Duneumbe 
my late brother [Roger] his daughter tenne poundes, to 
Richard Pope xh. of that monie w'ch his brother doth owe 1 
me and the rest I do forgiue w'ch is above iiijV/. in all. 
It/m I giiic and bequeath vnto eu're of my servants in 
s'vice w'th me at my death iij.v. iii jr/. a pecce vv. to Pollard 
my made xl.v. & to Jhon Ilebbs my hoyherd x-v. to eu'ye of 
my godchildren then li vein g ij-s-. vyl. apeece. It'm I giue 
vnto eu'ic of the townes of Battlesden [Pottesgrave] 
Wooburne Leyghton Tuddington Dunstable Ivingho w'th 
Aston and Hocklif xls. a peece to be distributed emongst 
the poore of tin; saide seu'all townes as shall thervnto be 
assigned, & appointed by the executors of this my p'sent 
testament Provided alwaies and my will and true meaninge 
is that if my foresaid sone Edward Duneumbe shall not or 
will not peacably and quietlie p'mit & suffer my herafter 
named executors of this my p'sent testament to have and 
eiijoye niv said house and living lhat l now have alt 
Battlesdon ami Pottesgraue w'th all the p'fyte thervnto 
belonging wth th'app'tena'ees and all the pastures and 
grounds of Battlesdon and Pottesgraue w'ch now are at the 
daie of the date of theisc p'sents in myne ownc handes and 
occupae'on for & during one whoale yeare next, alter niy 
decease the said yeare to begin at Michaelmas next after my 
decease or at the feast of th'annunciac'on of the blessed 
Virgin St, Marie next' af t/r my decease w'ch of the said 
feasts shall happennext after my Decease to the end intent 
and purpose y* all my goods and Chattel Is maie be sold and 
had awaie to the best p'iitt theirof that then my will iv_ . 
mynde is that my said sone shall have 110 legacie or benefit 



369 



in or by this my p'sent last will and testament Anie thinge 
herin contained to the contrarie therof in anie wise not- 
withstandinge but that the same shall whoalie remain & 
be as the rest of. my goods and ehattells by my executors 
hereafter named employed and vsed as is aforesaid And 
whereas Richard Grace of ffennystrattford & Peter de 
ft'rayne of Wooburne stand bounden and obliged to me by 
obligac'on for (lie sure payment of 90//. w'ch money belong- 
eth to the schole of Wooburne & inverie truth is none of 
nryne Therfore I require the same my executors h-eraft'r 
named to p'eure the said Richard ( J race and peter de ITraine 
ther executors or assignes to paie the same DO//, iustlie & 
truelie to the ifeoffees of the same Schole to the vse of the 
said schole according to the trust that was reposed in mo. 
It'in I give and bequeath toward the [may'tening] umkiny 
of Ibotebridges & tlic amending ofthehighe wave between 
puddle hill foote and little Brickhil] lane x//. to be 
bestowed [& Im ployed ye'rly] by such of ye inhabita'ts of 
Hocldif and Battlesdon as slial be thervnto appointed by 
niy executors in this in\ p 'nto testament, menc'oned and 
declared. It'm 1 giue vnto Tliomas Saunders xlv. and 
vnto Thomas Herding xx.9. and to tferristis wife xx-s\ 
The residew of all and singular my goodes and Chat-tells 
debts money [plate] je wells hoiisehould stuife horses 
maires coltes geldingos sheape oxen kyne hogges corn haie 
and all other my goods eattells creditt and thinges what- 
soe 'r as well moveable as vnmOveable not before in this 
my p* sent testament gin en nor bequethed my debts, being 
paid my funerall expenses discharged and this my p'sent 
testament in ev'e respect fullie p* formed I give ami be- 
quethe whoallie vnto [my said thr'e children Saunders Wm 
&] Suzan Duncumbe my said daughter to be employed & 



370 



bestowed to the best by my "executors hereafter named for 
there better educac'on and bringing vppe in vert tie and 
Gocllines equallie dcvided emo'gst them. And I doe make 
and ordaine my verie good & loving trustie friends my 
brother Thomas Duncumbe my brother Gyles Duncumbe and 
my brother John Duncumbe niyne executors of this my 
p'sent testament giveing and setting over vnto them all 
my land w'th th'appurten'ces w'ch now I have in the 
right , of my said wief att Londo' viz : thro messuages 
w'th th'appurteii'nces in the p'ishe of St. Bright neere 
fleete-strete London now in the tenor & oceupaco' of Mrs. 
Anne Plasden widow and John .Mi eh ell hab'dasher and 
theire assignes <$c one messuage and one curtilage in the 
p'ishe of St. Stephen in Colma' street e lon.de eomonlie 
called the signe of the bell now in the tenor and oecupa- 
co'n of Richard Home Inholder, leases and tenements 
togeth'r w'th all and singular their appurten'nces to and 
for this onelie vse end entent and purpose that the yearlie 
rents and revenewes therof shalbe for the paiem't and 
discharge of the said Annuitie of 190//. soe farre as they 
will extend, and for soe much of the said anuitie as y e 
yearlie rents and revenewes of the said lande leases and 
tenements will not amount & reach vnto they m} r said 
executors to retaine keep such & sou much of my said 
goods in theire hands as that the ye'riie inerease therof 
shall and will fulfill and make vppe the said some of 150//. 
& shall & wilbe sufneient and enoughe togeth'r w'th the 
said rents & revenewes for the satisfacion & discharge 
therof yearelie during the lief naturall of my said wife in 
man' & forme as is aforesaid. And afterwards namelie 
after her decease to be answearable and accomptant vnto 
my said thre children Saunders Will'm and Suzan as well. 



371 



for tlieise my goods and chaftells as for the rest [before 
menc'oned] in mann'r & forme before expressed. And 
[furthermore I] doe putt into theire hands and committ 
to theire trust well vsinge dispo'tion and orderings all 
and singular my said goods Chattells & other Oredytt 
whatsoeu'r, and they to take haue and receyve them all and 
eu'ie p't and p'cell y'rof to doe satisfie fullfill and thorowlie 
p' for me aswell the foresaid Annuitye of on hundred and 
fiftie poundes to my said wiefe as also all and singular 
legacies debts & whatsoeu'r thing or thinges specifyed 
eontayned and sett donne in this my p'sent testament 
according to my will intent and true meaninge in man' 
and forme herin menc'oned and declared. Desyering 
them and eu'ie of them to fulfill and p'forme y fc iustlie in 
eu'ie respect. And they to haue ye ordering & gou'ment 
of my said thro children Sander willi'm and Suzan [w'th] 
theire porc'ons to them before bequethed and to Educate 
and bring them vppe vntyll they shall accomplishe their 
foresaid seu'all ages of xvj years or shalbe married first 
happening not doubting but y 1 they will have that godlie 
care of Jiiy .said children that they will bring them vppe 
in godlie and v'rtuous leving and oth'r such like exercise 
accordinge to the great trust I reposse in them. And they 
to make a true and iust accompte & true payment vnto my 
said children of theire portions to them before bequeathed 
And of the encrease therof when they shall accomplishe 
their foresaid seu'all ages of syxtene yers [togither with 
the re' dew and ou'rplus of all my goods and chattells 
whatsoeu'r equallie to be deuided emongst them my said 
thre childre' Saunders Win & Suzan] provided alwaies 
as before And I doe give to eu'ie of them for theire 
paines over and above such expences as they shall expend 



372 



or lay out in or about this ifiy p'scnt testament vjV/. xijs. 
viijf/. a peece. Also I do further will that Mr. [A. B.] 
Doctor Smithe shall have my foresaid sone Saunders and 
his stocke (yf y l shall please him soe to do) and he to bo 
bound [with suertes] to my foresaid executors to make 
paiem't their of And that my foresaid broth* r Giles Bun- 
combe [U. D] shall have my foresaid sonne Will'm and his 
stocke duringe Iris minoritie, and lie to be bound | with 
suertes] to the rest of my said executors to be accomptant 
and to make true paym't therof wt the increase theirof to 
the said Will'm my sone [or his hcires] And that my 
Coscn Joint Dnncombe [J.D.] and my brother John [ Thorn's j 
Dunettmbes wief shall ha no my foresaid Daughter Suzan 
and her stocke during her minorytie and they to he bound 
[w'th suerteis] to the rest of my executors to be accomptant 
and to make true paiement therof w'th the Increase 
theirof to my said Daughter [or hir heires]. And that 
yf the foresaid p'ties or anie of them shall refuse to take 
my foresaid children and there stockes to them hi lore 
bequeathed in such man' and forme as before mene'oned 
then I will that y° residewe of my foresaid executors shall 
take them or anie of them soe refused att theire discrec'on 
taking good securitie for theire stockes w'th (lie increase 
thereof [for my children] And 1 doe make ordaine 
appoint .<& in treat t miy loving & trustic friends M r [Win, 
S.] Doctor Smith aforesaid and Mr [T. S.] Doctor S . . 

. . . . to be the overseers of the execution & inst' 
p'formance of this my hist will and p'seht testament, 
[glueing vnto either of them for theire panics iij/. vjs. 
\iijd. a peece J And I doe hereby vtterlie revoke and 
disanull all former wills legacyes and bequests by me 
heretofore made. In Wittness whereof I have hervnto 



373 



sett my Scale and subscribed my^ name the daie and yeare 
first above written. These being witnesses — 

Jo : Reynes, V r 

RlCHAKP GltENE, 

Wili/m Jacobs. 

By me ¥m. Duncombe. O 

N.B. — Words within brackets are interlineations, and tho«e in italics 
have been erased in the original.— En. 

The following is the will of Sir Edward Duncombe, Knt., 
eldest son of the above testator: — 

In the name of God Amen. I Si a Edward Dun- 
coMiiE of Battlcsden in the Count ye of Bedford Knight doe 
make and ordaine this 1113- present Testament concerning 
herein my last will in manner and forme following (that is 
to say) Hirst I bequeath my soule into the hands of Al- 
mightie God my maker and my body to bo decently buried 
wilh > much privaeie as maybe in the Chancel! of Battles- 
don aforesaid nere my wile (here (If i( please God it may 
be see.) Trusting in my Saviour Jesus Christ thai a! the 
last daye it shall rise againe and thorough the merrits of 
his death and passion come to life everlasting. item I 
give unto the poo re of Battlesdon Twentie shillings Item 
I give vnto the poor of Pottesg-rave twentie shillings Item 
I give; vnto the poore of Lay-ton Bussard ifortio shillings, 
The said sevorail somes to be bestowed at the discretion of 
my executors hereafter named Item whereas vpon the 
marriage with Anne my now wife I gave. securotie lo pro- 
vide a. house for her durcing her life after my decease 
which should be worth Ifortie pounds p. ami. or in default 



37-1 



thereof to leave vnto her two-hundred pounds in money at 
the tyme of my decease Now my will and meaninge is If 
my sayd wife and her frends do release her said see untie 
and discharge .my executors thereof That then she shall 
have and keepe those jjewells (viz't) two Rings and a 
dy anion d hatband shoe hath, in keeping of mine, otherwise 
my will is my executors shall have the sayd Rings and 
hatband towards the payment of my debts. It km I give 
and bequeath vnto ray sonue in lawe William Dun combe of 
Littelington Parke Esquire and to Edmond Bolsworth of 
Laighton gent and their heires and assignors for ever All 
those rents of assise of all freehold ds Temiants Certainties 
Comon fynes of ;ill and singular Tenn ants and Inhabitants 
Courto Leetes veiue of franek pledge amerciaments Herri- 
otts waifes stray e proffitts Comodities emoluments waters 
ffishings goods and Cattells of Felons and Fugatins felons 
of themselves and all other the premises in Yeldon Turvey 
"Wroxhill Roxton Colleston Glials ton and Patenham al's 
Patenharne or in any of them in the feres and Co untie of 
Bedds w (h (heir and. every of their appurtenances late to 
the honour of Glouster belonging in as full large ample 
and benefieiall manner as the same were grannted or sould 
vnto nice and my heires by John Eldred and George Wit- 
more Esq 1 ' 8 by Indenture beareing date the first day of 
Maye in the nynfche year of the raigne of our late Sovcr- 
aigne Lord King James of England with the reverc'on and 
revere' ons of all and singuler the said premisses depending 
or expectant vpon any demise or grant Item as concerning 
my lease of "Wooburne grounds and all and every ot her my 
goods Chatties Catties plate and jjewells whatsoever I give 
them and every of them vnto them the said "William Bun- 
combe and Edmond Bolsworth and doe make them the 



said William and Edmond executors of this my present 
testam't not doubling of their care and paines that all and 
every my iust debts wilbe by them satisfied and my body 
in a decent manner interred and such Codicil! that I shall 
make vnder my hand and scale p'formed And sue com- 
mitting myself and my affayres to almighty God his holy 
p'tection and direction revokeing all former wills I publish 
and declare this to be my last will and Testament In wit- 
ness whereof I the said sir Edwarde Duncombe have 
hereunto put. my hand and scale this Hirst daye of January 
Anno Dni. 1687. And in the yeare of the raigne of our 
most gratious Sovraigne Lord Charles by the 4 -grace of 
God of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland King defend- 
er of the faith &c. the thirteenth. EDW. DUNCOMBE. 
In the pr'sence of Tho. Eltham, John Howe. Md. that this 
22th of ifebruary 1G37 Sir Edward Duncombe did againe 
publish and declare this to be his last will and Testament 
Thomas Kettlewell, Cha. Wynne." 

In Battlesden Church is a mural tablet of Italian marble 
which was once decorated with gold and colours with the 
following mutilated inscription : — 

"In hope of a Joyful resurrection lies interred y e body of 
William Duncombe Esc/r: who depted this life y 27 of Mar: 
1603. He was y s 4 th son of Will Dune: of Ivingoe in y* 
Count: of Bucks Gent & Alee Witton daughr to Will Witto: 

of Woodstoke in Co Ox Esqr : H (e married) 92 

& had issue by his first wife E He Saunders dec & heire to 
Willia San of Potesgrave gent 3 sonnes & 2 daugh his eldest 
son Sr Edwa Duncobe Kt . , . . . . who lived to ye 
age of 77 & departed this life y d 7 of Mar 1638. His seco : 
sone is Sr Sander Duncobe Kt who had been a gent Petitioner 
in Ordinary to King James of blessed meo : and also to King 



376 



Charles about ye space of 30 years. Ye 3d so/) was Willi' 
who being a March died at Stocie in Ger d lies interred in ye 
chiefe church their The two daugh : died w^'out -issue, " 

There arc three shields of arms, on the tomb : — 

1. Per chevron eng. gu. & a/, three talbots' heads 
erased count erchanged, dukcomuk ; impaling — Per chevron 
sa. & arg. three elephants' heads cabossed counterchanged, 

SA tJNDEKS. 

2. DUNCOMHK. 

3. SAUNDEliS. 

Some portions of this inscription have for some reason 
been carefully chiselled out, relating, 1 fancy, to the dub; 
of marriage of William Duneombe to Ellen Saunders, who 
was just 12 years old at the time of: her marriage! and 
also to the marriage of Sir Edw. Duneombe. This 
mutilation must have taken place previous to 1688, for in 
Hurl. MS. 1301 fo. penc. 30, is a copy of this Inscription, 
agreeing with the above, and attested by Thos. Cox, Clerk, 
and Jonathan Nealc, Church. warden, (lie 4th of June, I 688. 
Sir Edward's iirst wife w as Elizabeth, da. of Peter Osborne, 
of the Exchequer, by whom he laid issue; and according 
to this will he married again, as he speaks of " Anne my 
now wife" In the visitation of 1634 there* is no mention 
of this Anne, and. as the pedigree is signed " Thomas 
Eltham, for my master *SV. Edw. lJuncombe, t>ij his direction 
one may conclude that he did not marry this Anno till 
after the date of the visitation. 

William Duneombe, who married Ellen Saunders, 
appears to have had a second wife, Katherine, who died 
s.p. I seould be glad to learn the family names of Anne 
and Katherine, and the dates of their respective marriages. 



377 



I have since discovered that Sr. Edward's second wife 
was Anne, relict of — Bonham ; 'the marriage settlement 
bears date 22 June, 1630, the trustees being- Henry Proby, 
of the Middle Temple, Lond., Esq., and Thos. Bancroft, 
of Lend., Esq. (Inq, p.m. capf apiu{ Ampthill — 1038). 

_ F. A. B. 

BARTON-LE-CLEY— Extracts from the Parish 
Registers. 

The extracts below given are mostly from the oldest 
volume which commences in the year 1558, and is in a 
good state of preservation. The writing of the first few 
folios is neat and regular, but different in style to the 
writing one usually sees about that period. I am greatly 
indebted to the Hector for his courteous permission to make 
these extracts. F. A. 1>. 

1558, Feb. 21. — Agues, d. of Richard Denton, llapt. 
1551), Apr. 7. — Ric : Lowndes, Curate, was buryed at 

Wynsloc. 

1559, Aug. 17. — Marg'ett V r auys was buried. 
L559, Aug. 22.— Robert Woodward was buried. 
1500, May L7. — Richard Vawsc M as buried. 

1500, June 23. — Robert Win go [? Wingate ] was buried. 
1500, Feb. 11. — John Loyorouse, Curat was buried. 
1502, Apr. 11. — Elizabeth, d. of Ric. Denton was 
christened. 

1502, May 17.— John Wyngatt was Christened. 

1502, May 18. — The son of John Wyngatt was buried. 

1509, Apr. 5. — Prudence ye d. of Mr. Lucke of Sonde' 
[Sundoii] was buried. 

1572, June 8. — John Woodward & Elizabeth Milward 
were married. 



378 

1573, Nov. 20. — Tho. Gregory & Isabell Iludde wore 
married. 

1574, Aug. 8. — John Wyngatt, householder was buried. 
1576, Oct. 31. — EhYth. ye wife of Wm. Vausse was 

buryed; 

1578, Aug. 12. — Thomas Nokes of Londo' was buried. 

1588, Oct. 27.— John Cockyne [? Cokayne] & Mared 
Prior were maryed. 

1595, Nov. 16. — Wm. ye s. of Tho. Norton was 
christened. 

.1597, Feb, 6. — Wm. Capo' of Londo' was buried. 
1600, May 7. — Alys ye d. of Thomas Norton was 
chrystened. 

1604, Oct. 17.— Annys ye d. of Thomas Norton was 
chrystened. 

1607, Jan. 1. — Mary, ye d. of Thomas Norton was 
chrystened. 

1610, Feb. 2. — Thomas, ye s. of Thomas Norton was 
chrystened. 

1612, Nov. 8.— Ann, ye d. of Thomas Norton was 
buryed. 

1613, Jan. 20. — Alyee ye wife of Rich. Byxon of 
Londo' was buryed. 

1616, Sept. 12, Water Gyles, minister, was burred. 
1619, May 18.— Thomas, s. of Thos. Norton was 
burred. 

1619, Oct, 10.— Alice, the wife of Willm. Vause bur. 

1622, Apr. 29. — Samuel ff'ulkes, minister, Inn-. 

1623, Fel). 9. — Phillip Payne, gentleman, & Dorothy 
Brasyer were married. 

1625, May 18.— William, the son of Phillip Payne, 
gentleman, was ehristened. 



379 

1625, Dec. 21. — John Ncedham of Wembley, gent., and 
Anne Denton were married. 

1626, March 4. — John Gardner, curate, & Elizabeth 
Childe were married. 

1633, June 1. — Anne, d. of Thomas Crawley was 
christened. 

1633, Oct. 27. — Ann, d. of John Gardner, minister, was 
christened. 

1633, Jan. 4. — John, s. of Matthew Denton, Esq., buried. 

1634, Aug-. 22.- — Timothy, s. of Win. Vausse, bur. 
1630, Sept. 12. — Francis, s. of John Denny, gentleman, 

& Mary his wife, christened. 

1637, Apr. 12. — Win. s. of John Gardner, minister, & 
Elizabeth bis wife, christened. 

1640, Apr. 29. — Matthew, s. of Nicolas Denton, gent., 
was baptized. 

1640, Sept, 10.— Matthew Denton Esq. was bur. 

1641, June 10. — Marie, the d. of Thomas Cheny, gent, 
was baptized. 

1611, Sept. 12. — John, s. of John Gardner, minister, 
was baptized. 

1641, Sept. 12.— Judith, d. of Nicholas Denton, gent,, 
was baptized. 

1643, July 4. — Elizabeth, d. of John Gardner, minister, 
was baptized. 

1645, Apr. 30. — William Vaux buried. 

1645, May 7.— Eobt. Vincy, minister, & Judith Kent 
were married. 

1645, July 25. — Mary, d. of John Gardner minister, 
was buried. 

1645, Sept. 7. — Sarah, d. of Thomas Gerey baptized. 

1646, Oct. 21. — Robert, s. of Robert Viney, minister, 
was buried. 



380 



1047, Jan. 17. — Judith, cL of Robert Viney, minister, 
was baptized. 

1648, Feb. 27. — John, s. of Robt. Viney, minister, was 
baptized. 

1049, July 12.— Judith, d. of Robt. Viney, minister, ' 
was buryed. 

1050, Nov. 13.— Mr. Nicholas Denton, buried. 

1650, March 18. — Robert, s. of Robt, Viney, minister, 
baptized. 

1052, July 12. — David, s. of Robt. Viney, minister, 
baptized. 

1654, July 27. — Thomas Egleton, s. of Christopher 
Egleton of IMdlesborOugh, Esq., & Ann Denton, eld. d. 
Nicli. Denton, late of Barton, Esq., deceased were married 
by Edm. Win gate. 

1662, Aug. 18. — John N or ton,. R ector, buried ~& interred 
in 1 lie ( Ihancel. 

1662, Sept. L0.— Thomas Crawley, buried. 

1662, Oct. 26. — Win., s. of Wm. Capon '& Catherine his 
w i i'e, bapt . 

1001, Apr. 4. Win, s. of Thus. Crawley baptized, bur. 

Apr. 4. 

1004, June 5.— Dr. Geo Parish & Mrs. Ann Crawley 
we're 1 married. 

1007, Aug. 24. — Barbara, d. of Mr. Nich. Demon, & 
Caroline his wife bapt. 

1668— Mr. William Denton buried. 

1005, Juno 23.— Matthew, s. of Mr. Matt. Denton & 
Mary his wife, bapt. 

1070, Eeb. 4. — John Norman & Ann Gascoyn were 
married. 

1071, June 22. — Mr. John Papworth & Mrs. Mary 
Roberts were married. 



381 



1672, April 10.— Mr. Charles Mordent of London, & 
Mrs. Judith Crouch were married. 

1672, May 17.— Etheldred, d. of Mr. Matthew Denton 
& Mary his wife, bapt. 

1672, May 21— Carola, d. of Mr. Nicholas Denton & * 
Carola his wife, bapt. 

1678, July 18.— Carola, d. of Mr. Matthew Denton & 
Mary his wife, bapt. 

1678, Nov. 8.— Mr. John Rutland buried. 

1674, July 18. — Nicholas, s. of Mr. Nicholas Denton 
& Carola, bapt. 

1674, Fob. 14.— Mary, d. of Matthew Denton & Mary 
his wife, bapt. 

1675, Fob. 3. — Nicholas, s. of Mr. Nicholas Denton, 
buried. 

1676, May 22.— Nicholas, s. of Mr. Nicholas & Carola 
his wife, bapt. 

1677, May 25. — Dr. Thomas Crawley, Rector, buried in 
the Chancel, 

1 678, May 1 2.— Richard Norton, Gent., buried in wollen. 
1678, Aug-. 27.— Matthew, s. of Nicholas Denton, Esq., 

& Carola his wife, bapt. 

1680, Nov. 11. — Anne ye d. of Mr. Arthur Hum- 
phreys [Rector] & Anne his wife borne Oct. 26, bapt. 
Nov. 11. 

1680, Dec. 2. — Mary d. of Richard Norton, gent., bur. 

1681, Oct. 25.— Ann Capon, Spinster, bur. 

1681, Jan. 4. — Arnold, s. of Arthur Humphreys, Rector, 
bur. 

1682, May 17. — Katherine Humphreys, Spinster, bur. 
16cS2, June 18. — Penelope, d. of Arthur Humphreys, 

Rector, & Anne borne June 18, bapt. same day. 



382 



1682, Aug. 9.— Matthew Denton, Gent,, bar. 

1683, Nov. 14.— Anne Norton, relict of Mr. Richard 
Norton of Hitchin, co. Hertf. bur. 

1684, May 20.— Thomas, s. of Alexander Cotes, of 
London, bapt, 

1684, May 21-.— Nicholas Aspinall, Gierke, & Elizab. 
Kings, gentlewo' married. 

1686, Apr. 1.— Elizabeth, d. of Mr. Nicholas Aspinall, 
bur. 

1687, March 2. — Elizabeth, d. of George Wakeman, 
gent,, bapt. 

1689, March 22.— Sarah, d. of George Wakeman, gent.,, 
bapt. 

1691, Jan. 14.— William, s. of George Wakeman, 
bapt; 

1692, Dec, 20.— Mr. Nicholas Sampson Cur. of litle 
Wimley buried. 

1692, Feb. 17.— Mary, d. of George Wakeman, gent,, 
bapt. Bur, Sept, 28. 

.1698, Dec. 14. — John Rewse Vicar of Koxton & Grace 
Sampson of Litle Wimley, wid. 

1694, Dec. 5. — Edward, s. of George Wakeman, Gent.,. 
Bapt, 

1695, Apr. 18. — Mrs. Ann Norton of Hitchin, wid., bur. 

1696, Mar. 5. — Richard, s. of George Wakeman, gent., 
Bapt. 

1697, Apr. 4. — Mathew Ashwell & Arabell Stokes, wid., 
mar. 

1697, Sept. 26.— Eliza, d. of M atthew Ashwell & Arabell 
his wife, bapt, 

1698, Apr. 4. — Elizabeth, d. of lfrancis Aid ridge, 
Attorney who lines now with Mr. Denton bur. 



383 



1698, July 6. — Theodore, srof George Wakeman, gent.,, 
chyrugian, bapt. 

1699, Apr. 14.— William, s. of Mr. George Wakeman, 
surgeon, bur. 

1699, Apr. 28. — William, s. of John Tlanscome, bapt. 
.1700, July 14.— Anne, d. of Matthew Ashwell farmer 

& Arabell his wife, bapt. 

1700, Jan. 7. — Anne, the wife of Arthur Humphreys, 
Rector of this Church, Bur. 

1700, Jan. 11.— William Denton, gent., Bur. 
1700, Jan. 14. — Mary, d. of Mr. Wakeman, a chyrugian, 
Bapt. 

1704, March 13. — Henrietta Maria, d. of Arthur Hum- 
phreys, clerk : Rector of this Church, & of Jane his wife, 
Bapt. 

1705, Apr. 12. — Henrietta Maria Humphreys Bur. 
1700, Apr. 22. — Matthew Denton, gent., & Elizabeth 

Crouch of liar ton, widdow, were married by Licence. 

1706, Feb. 21.— Matthew, s. of Matthew Denton Gent., 
& Elizabeth his wife, Bapt. 

1708, Sept. 15. : — Rosamond, d. of Mr. Matthew Denton 
& Eliz. his wife was born. 

* 1709, Dec, 3.— Judith, d. of (Mr.) Matthew Denton & 
Eliz. his wife, Bapt. 

1709, Dec. 27.— James Smith of Sharpenhoe in the 
parish of Streatley and Penelope Humphreys of this parish 
by Lycence. 

1711, Oct, 20.— Mrs. Carola Denton Bur. 
1711, Oct. 27.— Nicholas, s. of Mr. Matthew Denton & 
of Eliz. his wife, Bapt. 



* The word 44 Mr." added by a later hand. 



384 



1711, Oct. 29. — Nicholas Denton, junior, Bur. 

1714, Jan. 12.— Sarali, d. of Mr. Robert Woodward & 
Susa' his wife, Bapt. 

1715, Feb. 4.— Anne, d. of Mr. Robert Woodward & 
Susa' his wife, Bapt. 

17.16, June 21. — Nicholas Denton, Gent., Bur. 

1717, Sept. 4.— Thomas, s. of Mr. Robert Woodward & 
Susan his wife, Bapt. 

1718, Oct. 14. — Arthur Humphrey, Rec. of ys pYsh, 
Bur. 

171!), Nov. 3.— Jane, d. of Edward Willes, Rector of 
this Church & of Jane his wife, Bapt. 

1720, May 5.— Mr. Thomas Woodward Bur. 

1720, Sept. 20.— Anne, d. of Edward Willis, Rector of 
this Parish, & of Jane his wife, Bapt. 

1721, Aug. 30. — Edward, s. of Edward Willis, Rector 
of this Church, & of Jane his wife, Bapt. 

1722, Oct, 25 —Martha & Mary, twin daur's of Robt 
Woodward, Gent., & of Susanna his wife, Bapt. 

1728, Bee. 20. John Field of Ilitchin, Gent., Bur. in 
Linnen. 

1 720, Sept. 23.— 1 iiike Brasier & Grace Field, p'r Licence. 

1730, Nov. 22.— Elizabeth, d. of Matthew ,& Sarah 
Field, Bapt. 

1731, Oct. 28.— Elizabeth, wife of George A bell, gent., 
of Rome, Bur. 

1735, March IS. — Elizabeth Denton, wife of Matthew 
Denton, gent., Bur. 

1737, Jan. 3. — Thomas Field & Elizab. Brazier, p. Lie. 

1730, Apr. 26.— Matthew, s. of Matthew Denton, Gent. 
& Frances his wife, Bur. 



385 



INDEX. 



ABELL, Eliz. 384 ; Geo. 384. 

Abbot, Abr. 105; Alice 165 ; Geo. 
206; Heu. 190; Joaue 165; Mary 
165 ; Nioh. 296 ; Robt. 209 ; Thos. 
165; Thomasine 51 ; Wm. 165. 

Abraham, Win. 32. 

Abrey, Geo. 88. 

Ac worth, Anno 23 ; Barbara 50 ; 

Barnard 23 ; Dorothy 25,50 ; Eliz. 

25, 49; Geo. 309 ; Humph. 170 ; 

John 24, 77 ; Joyce 24 ; Margt. 

49, 50 ; Mary 25, 50 ; Mr. 213 ; 

Win. 50. 
Adams, Thos. 31 ; Wm. 162. 
Adrope, Wm. 286. 
Albany, Robt. 24 ; Wm. 9, 31, 32. 
A hock, Thos. 281. 
Alderman, Geo. 17; Marg-t. 16. 
Aldrich, Eliz. 382; Fes. 382; Thos. 

91. 

Aldwycke, Roger 286. 

Alee, Agnes 73 ; Eliz. 73 ; Sr. 

Robt. 195 ; Robt. 73. 
Alford, Ade 170. 

Allen, Cath. 26!) ; Eliz. 271 ; Joan 

17 ; John 269, 271 ; Mr. 213 ; 

Thos. 290 ; Wm. 205. 
Allison, Edw. 272 ; Geo. 272 ; 

Wm. 277. 
Alston, Sr. Thos. -Jul, 217. 
Alvey, Mr. 151. 
Arnan, Wm. 347. 
Ampes, Mrs. 230. 
Ampthill, 4, 94, 95, 121, 125, 128, 

129, 114, 158, 100, 192, 198. 
Anderson, Alice 23 ; Anne 25 ; 

Edm. 204 ; Fees. 230 ;,Ees. 203 ; 

Sr.Stephen.154, 207 ; Stephen 217. 
Andrew, Alice 22 ; Eliz. 23 ; Phil. 

350 ; Wm. 251. 
Auscell, Agnes 207 ; Alex. 269 ; 

Anna 267, 269 ; Cath. 268, 269 ; 

Dorothy 268, 270 ; Eliz. 25, 232, 

268. 269, 272, 273; Hen. 268; 

Mabel 232; Mary 58, 273; Mr. 

213; Nich. 207"; Oliver 267; 

Phil. 232 ; Thos. 24,58, 91, 203, 

267-71, 273; Ursula 268. 



Ansted, Mary 86. 

Archer, Chr. 49 ; John 50 ; Maud 
50 ; Tim. 155 ; Thos. 88-90. 
| Arden, Arderne, Arding, Alice 23; 
I Eliz. 273 ; Margt. 04 ; Sr. Thos. 
! 64 ; Wm. 272, 273. 
I Ardington, Rich. 22. 

Ardds, Mr. 213. 

Arlesey, 21, 50, 129, 108, 189,295. 

Armitage, Susan 25. 

Armstrong, Thos. 88. 

A in old, John 200. 

Ash, Anna Maria 319 ; Edw. 319 ; 

Edw. J. 31!) ; Sam. J. 319. 
Ashbolt, John 275. 
Ashburnham, John 158 ; Lord SS, 

219. 

Ashhurst, Mr. 10 8. 

Ashton, Sr. Wm. 212, 213. 

Ash well, Arabella 382; Matt, 382; 

Robt. 210. 
Aspin, Thos. 241. 
Aspinal, Eliz. 382 ; Nich. 382. 
Asp ley- Guise, 92, 129. 
Astell, Mr. 220 ; Thos. 178. 
A stay, Hen. 847 ; J.as. 206 ; Mr. 

213, 217 ; Ralph 201, 202 ; Sr. 

Hen. 97, 211; Sr. .las. 213. 
Astwick, 129. 
Attechurch, Win. 350. 
Attehay, John 170. 
Audley, Agues 74 ; John 74 ; Mr. 

200, 218; Thos. 88, 96; Wm. 102. 
Aylesbury, E. of 8, 88. 
•Aynseombe, Thos. 209. 
Ayre, Chas. Chester 85. 
BAA, Hugh de 110; Sir Walter de 

33. 

Baily, Edm. 288; Thos. 170, 261 ; 

Valentin 170 ; Win. 261. 
Baker, Wm. 24. 

Baldock, Johan. 170; Kath. 78; 

Laurence 73 ; Wm. 190. 
Ballard, Eliz. 22. 
Ballinger, Gabriel 31. 
Bamford, Peter 53 ; Robt. 53. 
Bancroft, Thos. 379. 
Bauden, Geo. 271 ; Pheninah 271. 



386 



Banester, Fes. 152. 
Bapgor, Edvv. 332 ; Margt. 332. 
Bankworth, Judoth 82. 
Bardell, Judith 49. 
Barendens, — 65. 
Barford, 94, 129, 260. 
Barpardiiston, John, 201. 
Barton, 82, 120, 158 ; John 313. 
Burrow, Judoth 271 ; Sam. 271. 
Baskerfield. Wm. 51. 
Bassett, Fes. 22 ; J. D. 13. 
Bathurst, Allen 219 ; Dame Fees. 
219. 

Battlesden, 59, 101, 129, 101, 219, 

283, 363, 368, 309, 373. 
Beaded!, Bedell, Alice 50 ; John 50. 
Beast, John 10. 

Beauohamp, — 33, 252, 354 ; Alice 
24 ; Anne 14, 23 ; Edw. 10 ; 
Eliz. 49 ; Geoff, de 114 ; Mary 
49; Peter 15; Simon de 131, 
184, 354 ; Win. do 115. 

Beaumont, Alice 313; Eli/. 328; 
Sr. Thos, 328 ; Thos. 313. 

Beauple, — - 04 ; Sr. Raphe 186. 

Beeket, — 10, 49 ; Eliz. 23 ; Mary 
28. 

Bedford, 130, 131 ; Great flood at 

351 ; Grey Friars 191 ; Level 14 ; 

S. John's92, 130, 244 ; S. John's 

Hold 152; S. Cuthbert's 148; 

S. Mary's 148; S. Paul's 91, 

140 ; S. Peter's 149 ; S. Peter 

Martin 76, 166. 
Bedford, Duke. of 48, 220, J. 39, 

40 ; James 10 ; Margt. 57 ; Mr. 

10 ; Sam. 4 0 ; Wm. 57, 200 ; 

W. F. 57. 
Bedfordshire, 131, 132, 153, 159; 

Directory 353. 
Beecher, Eliz. 273 ; Sr. Wm. 211, 

212, 217, 273 ; Wm, 203. 
Beeston, 253. „ 
Bell, Lady Polworth 12 ; Rich. 

210 ; Robt. 200, 207. 
Bellamy, Robt. 163. 
Bellett, David 31. 
BenneU, John 34 7. 
Bennett, Isaac 253 ; Rich. 255. 
Berkhead, Mary 274 ; Rev. — 274. 
Berners, Wm. 290, 295, 300. 
Berry, Mr. 213. 

Beverley, Jas. 117, 159, 204 ; Mr. 
89 ; Robt. 177 ; Sr. Jas. 212, 213. 



> Biddenham, 132. 

f Biggleswade, 11, 45, 62, 132, 145, 

NO, 150, 151, 157, 300. 
I Biggs, Eli/. 232. 
| Bill Jas. 91. 

Billingdon, Hugh 170. 
j Birch, Hen. 90 ; Wm. 227. 
I Biscoe, John 312 ; Sarah 312. 

Bishop, Wm. 300. 

Black, Dan. 230. 
I Blackgrove-Wood, 87. 
! Bletsoe, 133 ; Wm. 01. 

Blofield, Mr. 213. 

Blossome, Robt. 17. 
I Bloyou, — 184 ; Eliz. 186 ; Sr. 
I Alan 186. 

j Blundell, Geo. 199, 209 ; Sr. Edw. 

I 170 ; Sr. (Jeo. 211, 212, 217 ; 

| Thus. 170. 

I Blunhara, 94, 133. 

| Blunt, Eliz. 74 ; John 74. 

! Blythe, Win. 207. 

! Boeher, Win. 170. 

Boleyne, Eliz. 101 ; Sr. Tlios. 104. 
I Bollock, Robt. 170. 
j Bolsworth, Edm. 374. 
I Bond, John 201. 
j Bonett, Wm. 22. 
j Bonham, Anne 377- 
, Boode, Johanna 267. 

Boostal, Wm. 67. 
| Boptie, Geo. 315; Mrs. 315. 

Borne, John 354. 

Boswcll, Thos. 208. 

Boteler, John 170 ; Lord 211; Mr. 
217, 220 ; Sr. Wm. 212 ; Wm. 
91, 201, 207. 
| Bothe, Robt. 357. 
! Bottlesford, John de 112: Jordan 
I do 112, 110. 
I Boughton, John 170. 
1 Bourne, Anth. 151 ; Eliz. 272 ; 
Wm. 272. 

Bovey, Ralph 206. 

Bowstred, Jane 232 ; Thos. 232. 

Boyvile, — 70. 

Brace, Fes. 220 ; Wm. 277. 
i Bracking, Sr. John 212. 
i Bradford, Mary 271. 

Bradley, — 251 ; Snzan 50. 
| Bradwell, Rich, de 1 IS. 
j Brand, Jas. 5. 

I Brandon, Rebecca 45, 317, 319 ; 
[, Robt 4 5, 319. 



387 



Brandreth, Hen. 206, 209 ; John, 

254 ; Mr. 10 1. 
Brasyer, Dorothy 378; Eliz. 381; 

Grace 381 ; Luke 3 SI . 
Bray, Johan I Li I ; Kirohin 164 ; Mr 

214; Sr. Titos, de 122 ; Thos. 164, 
Braybrook, Robt. de 104. 
Brayer, — 64. 

Brereton, Uryan 282, 299, 309. 
Brest. Owen 199. 
Brett, Robt. 158; Win. 158. 
Brewer, Tim. 253-50. 
Bridges, Amic 316 ; John 31(3. 
Bridhnan, Oath. 17. 
Brings, John 346 ; Rich. 317. 
Brightman, Thos. 92. 
Brito, Sr. Win, 113. 
Britten, Titos. 286. 
Brocas, Eliz. 1(33; John 163; Mary 

163 ; Robt. 163. 
Bromflete, — 83 ; Hen. 170. 
Bromhall, Eliz. 267 ; John 267 ; 

Judeth 267 ; Oliver 269 ; Robt. 

269. 

Bromham, 35, 79, 97, 133, 192. 

Bromsall, Fees. 269 ; John 286 ; 
Mr. 217, 220; Ralph 207, 208, 1 
286; Sr. Thos. 213; Thos. 205, 
206, 208. . I 

Brook, -- 60. 

Broughe, Eliz. 25 ; Rich. 289 ; | 

Thos. 22. 
Broughton, Anne 187; John 170, 

187, 252, 3-12, 343 ; Sr. John 187 ; 

Sr. Robt. 187. 
Brown, Browne, John 23, 78 ; 

Mrs. 6 ; Sr. Sam. 212, 217 ; Sr. 

Thos. 69. 
Bruce, ■ — 252 ; Lord 5. 
Bryant, Eliz. 231 ; Geo. 39 ; Sam ' 

232. . 
Bryen, Mary de 71. 
Bryers, Sr. Win. 205, 211, 214, 247 ; 

Win. 204. 
Bubb, John 152, 157. 
Buchanan, 221, 225; Arch. 228; 

James 228 ; Jane 228, Rebecca 

228. 

Buckingham, Hon. D. of 126. 
Buckle," Cuthbert 32. 
Bulkley, Grace 330 ; Peter 156, 

330. i 
Bull, John 24. 
Bullord, Thos. 87. 



Buuy, Mary 22. 
' Banyan, - — 89 : John 79, 131, 135, 
240. 

Burgh, Randolph 177. 
Burgis, Eliz 23. 

Burgoyne, Anne 71 ; Elianor 72 ; 
Eliz. 71 ; John 151, 162, 20-1 ; , 
Lucy 36 ; Margt. 71 ; Montague 
140; Robt. 285; Roger 203; 
Sr. John 36. 207 ; Sr. Roger 154, 
2 12, 217 ; Thos. 69, 71, 72, 362. 
Burnard, Roger 359. 
Burnett, Wm. 17. 
Bur, Burre, Alice 313; Eliz. 313, 
314 ; John 232, 314 ; Mary 314 ; 
Sarah 312 ; Wm. 313, 314, 321. 
Burton, Chr. 257 ; John 341 ; 
Magd. 311; Rebecca 341; Sarah 
257. 

Bury, Haseldon 165. 
Bushmead, 133, 159. 
Bus.sy, Cecil 58 ; Eliz. 58. 
Butcher, Dame 21. 
Bute, E. of 47. 

Butler, Geo 162 ; Hen. 202 ; Wm. 

203. 

Button, Mr. 214. 
Byrde, Thos. 296. 
Bvng, Adm. John 39 ; Sr. Geo. 
"213. 

CAD DING TON, 112, 113, 183. 
Caldwell, Cauldwell, 93, 96, 10S, 

112, 116. 
( 'amptou, 96. 

Cannon, — 813; Mary, 313. 
Oantlow, Laur. 72.- 
Capel, Lord 214 ; Walter 273. 
Capon, Anne 381; Cath. 380; John 

210 ; Wm. 378, 3S0. 
'Cardington, 58, 138. 
Carlton, 21, 58. 

Cartel-, Anna 267-69, 271 ; Eliz. 

267- 69, 271; Eces. 270; Jane 
269 ; Mary 58, 269, 272, 273 ; 
Oliver 270; Suzan 271 ; Thos. 

268- 71, 27 3 ; Ursula 270 ; Wm. 
58, 269, 271, 272. 

Carton, Wm. 286. 
C.'.rtw right, Mr. 351. 
Carvel, Joan 67 ; Rich. 67. 
Gary, Mr. 217, 220. 
Cater, Jas. 207 ; John 43 ; Mr. 
214 ; Sr. Edw. 212, 217 ; Sr. 
Robt. 48; Thos. 286; "Wm. 204. 



388 



Catesby, John 162 ; Kath. 365 ; 

Mr. 214 ; Thus. 305. 
Catlyii, Dame Anne 71 ; Chas. 50 ; 

Robt. 50 ; Sr. Robt. 71. 
Cave, — 83 ; Tho. 210. 
Caynhoe, 160. 
Centenarians, 20, 79: 
Chalcedou, Bishop of 158. 
Glial grave, 20, 21, 34, 55, 111, 120, 

178, 342, 313. 
Chalton, 103. 
Chalversterne, 50, 374. 
Chamberleyn, Eli/. 3, 22 , John 

201 ; Thos. 170. 
Chambers, Edw, 165. 
Chapham, John 49. 
Chapman, John 346 ; Win, 346. 
Chase, Mr. 214, 
Cheek, Ken. 127; Robt. 127. 
Chelling-fcon, 21. 

Chernooke, John 310 ; Mary 310 ; 
Phoebe 316 ; Rich. 54, 462, 202, 
203 ; Suzan 233 ; Sr. Pynseut 
220; Sr. Robt 21 1 ; Sr. St. John 
217 ; Sr. VilUers 206 ; Win. 
316. 

Cherry, Rich. 301. 

.Chester, Anth. 20 4 ; Hun. 84, 204 ; 
Judeth 82 ; Robt. 83, 84 ; Sr. 
Anth 83, 153, 217; Sr. Hen. 82, 
84 ; Sr. Win. 330. 

Chetwode, Grace 330 ; Rieh. 330. 

( 'hew, Win, 77 ; 208. 

Clieyno, Choynoy, 00; Anno 187, 
230, 231, 234 ; Oath. 230, 235, 
230, 238, 230 ; Dionis 229 ; Do- 
rothy 230, 232 ; Elia. 230, 232, 

234, 236, 238 ; Fees. 232 ; Fes. 
230, 231 ; Geo. 214 ; Jane, 187, 
232; John 234; Lady 95; Lord 
214; Mary 231, 233, 379; Mr. 
217,219; Robt, 230, 231 ; Rother- 

, ham 270 ; Sr. Hen. 187 ;»Sr. Thos. 
95, 140, 187 ; Thos. 157, 102, 
227, 230, 231, 232, 233, 235, 230, 
238, 239, 379; Wm. 231, 234, 

235, 380. 
Chioksands. 133. 

Child, Mr. 214 ; Rich. 204, 
Chitwell, 65. 
Chopper, Thos. 170: 
Christie, Thos. 22. .• i : 
Church, John 260. > ■ i 
Clapham, 45, 133, 3 49. 



'Clapwell, Geo. 214 ; Edm. 88 ; 
Thos. 235. 

Clarke, Gierke, Anne 97 ; Dorothy 
95 ; Fes. 95 ; John 102, 208, 
255; Phil. 254, 255; Mr. 214; 
Rad. 170; Sr. Fes. 88, 90, 97, 
204. 21 1, 214 ; Win. 102. 

Claver, Thos. 59. 

Clayton, Anne 223, 225, 220 ; Eliz. 

220, 228 ; Fees. 220 ; John 223, 

225-27 ; Lady Charlotte 221, 224; 

Margt. 220,' 228 ; Mary 225 ; 

Ralph 222, 225; Rich. 223; Robt. 

225 ; Rt. Hon. Wm. 222 ; Sarah 

220 ; Sr. Robert 223 ; Sr. Wm. 

223 ; Win. 219, 223, 220, 227. 
Clerke, see Clarke. 
Cleveland, E. of 214. 
Clifford, Eliz. 68 ; John de 113 ; 

Win. 08. 

Clifton, 5, 05, 07, 133, 159 ; Chas. 

20 ; Hen. 355 ; John 190. 
Clophill. 159. 

Coatts, Alex. 382; John 49; Thos. 
382. 

Cockyne, John 378. 

Coghill, Mr. 220. 

Coins, Ancient 239. 

Cokayne, Dorothy 70, 270, 276 ; 

Edm. 70 ; Eliz. 70 ; Ida, 70 ; 

Kath 70 ; Joan 70 ; John 70 ; 

Mr 217 ; Thos. 270 ; Win. 70. 
Cokayne Hatley. 70, 133. 
Coke", Johan. 170. 
Colhuck, John 309 ; Marv 4 9. 
Cole, Eliz. 22 8, 318, 341 ; Win. 228. 
Coleman, Wm 209. 
Coles, Robt. 72 ; Wm. 254, 
Colleston, 371. 

Collins, Ann 270 ; Barwell 276 ; 

Eliz. 576. 
Collop, Michael 190 ; Thos. 17. 
Colmworth, 17. 
Colton, Phil. 31. 
Colworth, Wm. 361. 
Conquest, Anne 97 ; Benedict 88, 

217, 220; Chas. 95; Dorothy 

97; Edw. 203; Eliz. 235, 236 ; 

Etheldreda 88, 90 ; Jane 97 ; 

Joan 90, 170 ; John 350; Jndoth 

95 ; Rich. 90, 97, 199, 202 ; Sr. 

Edm. 89, 94, 95, 97 ; Sr. Rich. 

93, 94, 95, 21 1 ; Wm. 90. : , 
Conysl'ord, Nich. OS. • . »■ •;. 



389 



Cook, Agnes 23 ; Edm. 327 ; Eliz. 

23(5 ; Hugh 237 ; John 22 ; ftich. 

253 ; Thos. 2G7. 
Cooper, Agnes 267 ; Alice 50 ; 

Anne 24 ; Tompkinson 220. 
Cople, 91, 13-1, 142, 352: 
Coppin, Thos. 312. 
Coquin, Hen. 232. 
Corbett, Arth. 253, 257 ; Fes. 231, 

237. 

Cordell, Robt. 155. 
Cornwallis, Fredk. Lord 219 ; Jane 
219. 

Cotton, John 100 ; Mr. 217, 220 ; 

Sam. 214 ; Sr. John 217. 
Courtney, Eli/. 267 ; Roger 207. 
Crachele, John de 1 15. 
Cranfield, 134. 

Crawley, Anne 379, 380; Eos. 199; 

John 102, 209 ; Rich. 162 ; Sr. 

Fes. 212; Thos. 158, 210, 379-81. 
Crayford, Sr. Win. 211, 214. 
Creamer, Mary 273. 
Criehton, Jane 228 ; Robt. 228. 
Croft, Sr. John 203. 
Croftes, Alice 25 ; Ellen 25 ; Hen. 

235, 230 ; John 24, 157, 214 ; 

Rich. 50 ; Sarah 235, 230 ; Win, 

235. 

Croot, Crowutt, Bridgit 22 ; Edw. 
17; ITiz. 277; Harry 17; Joan 
51 ; Thos. 17, 52 ; Wm. 22. 

Crosse, [Taniond 210; John 207 ; 
Mr. 210. 

Crouch, Alice 310; Eliz. 383; John 

310; Judith 383. 
Cruker, Stephen 170. 
Cuthbert, Mr. 225, 228. 
DALE, Winifred 10, 50. 
Daniel, Mr. 217, 220; Win. 207. 
Davey, John 102; Robt. 170. 
Davies, Mr. 217. 
Dawes, Sarah 314 ; Wm. 314. 
DaAvkes, Anne 314 ; Wm. 314. 
Dave, Edm. 59 ; Leonard 290 ; 

Mary 271 ; Nich. 271 ; Rich. 350. 
De Alneto, 60. 
Dearie, John 254. 
De Boves, Hugh 104. 
Decon, Rich. 197. 
Defraine, Peter 309. 
Delauney, 206, 214. 
Dell, Wm. 241. 

Denham, Arth. 238 ; John 238. 



! ^Dennis, Mat. 206; Mr. 217. ; 

Denny, Ees. 379 ; John 379; Mary 
1 379. 

j Dent, John 23. 
Denton, Agnes 377; Anne 379-SO; 
Barbara 380 ; Carola 380-81, 3S3; 
Eliz. 73, 319, 377, 383, 3S4; 
! Mholdred 381; Fees. 381; Jas. « 
j 3.19; John 379; Jiiclitli 379, 383; 

Mary 319, 3S0-81 ; Mat. 159, 
I 204,379- 84 ; Mr. 217; Nich. 102, 
205, 379-84 ; Rich. 73, 377 ; Ro- 
samond 383 ; Walt-, do 113; Wm. 
| 273, 3S0, 383. 
Dicey, Anne 237 : Clara 237 ; 
Emma 2157 ; Thos. 237. 
i Dickins, David 39. 
, Dickinson, John M. 11 ; Marsh 47. 
! Digby, benj. 312 ; Hugh, 312, 
| 315; John 3 12, 3.14; Mary 3 12- 14. 
! Dillingham, Fes. 90; Theo.T52,209. 

Dix, Eliz. 312 ; Thos. 312. 
j Dixey, Eliz. 273. 
: Dixon, Alice 378; Geo. 277; Mary 

277 ; lii.-hard 378. ' 
j Dodsworth, — 220. 
! Dormer, Sr. Robt. 1 53. 

Dove, Thos. 237, 310. 
I D'Oyley, John 19. 
| Draper, John 1 04. 
Drurv, Thos, 271. 
Dryden, Sr. Hen. 14. 
1 hickworth, Rich. 51 . 
Dudley, John 270 ; Mary 275. 
Duncombe, Agnes 231 ; Alice 375 ; 
I Anno 308, 370 ; Edw. 203, 208, 
307 ; Ellen 305; Eliz. 304, 376 ; 
j Giles 370, 372 ; Jane 219; John 
I 231, 370; Kath. 305, 370; Mr. 
2 14 ; Rich. 90 ; Roger 308 ; Saun- 
ders 300; Sr. Edw. 101,373, 375; 
; Sr. John 212, 217, 219; Sr. Saun- 
I ders 375 ; Susan 306 ; Thos. 305, 
370; Wm. 102, 202, 205, 233, 236, 
304, 375, 370. 
Dunstable, 6, 11,33, 35, 36, 42, 46. 
47, 48, 72, 77, 103, 111, 112, 113, 
110, 117, 120, 134, 135, 103, 197, 
258, 265, 315, 368. 
Dunton, 03. 

Dutton, Grace 237; Wm. 237, 317. 
Dyer, Eliz. 18; Lady Oath. IS; 

Sr. Ludovick 18, 199, 217, 219; 

Sr. Wm. 18. 



390 



Dyneford, Thus, de 258. 

Dyve. Charlotte 224 ; Fielders 14 ; 

"Isabel 259; John 94, 202, 221, 

222, 225, 258 ; Lewis 94, 282, 

299, 309; Mr. 25; Sr. John 191; 

203, 210; Sr. Lewis 133, 202, 

211. 217, 219, 222. 
E AIDES, Mr. 211. 
East, John 261 ; Nich. 159. 
Easton, see Eston. 
Eaton-Bray, 135, 327. 
Eaton-Socon, 154, 280. 
Eekells, Ralph 21. 
Ed w aids, Jane 341; Hen. 162; 

Mr. 218 ; Oliver 209 ; Rich, 50, 

57. 214. 
Ed worth, 357, 300. 
Eggleton, Ann 380 ; Chr. 380 ; 

Thos. 380. 
Egyptians, see Gipsies. 
Eland, Geo. 151. 
Eldred, Ben J. 158; John 37-1. 
Elgin, Thos.,'E. of 212. 
Elkyn, Rich. 88. 
Elliott, Edw. 50, 254. 
Elstobb, W. 14. 

Elstow, 19, 90, 95, 104, 135, 196. 

Ellesdone, Simon do 112. 

Emery, Mr. 214. 

Einmerton, Thos. 208. 

Enderby. Alex. 276 ; Alice 63 ; 
Dorothy 270; John 02, 170,267, 
358 ; Maud 358 ; 'Rich. 63. 

England, Win. 23. 

Engletiold, - 82. 

Eston, Henj. 49 ; John 207 ; Mary 
274. 

Estwick, Chr. 102 ; Mr. 214. 

Ettewell, lien. 170. 

Eversholt, 135, 287. 

Ewars, Christian 23. 

Ewer, Eliz. 829 ; John 256, 345 ; 

Mrs. 345 ; Rich. 329. 
Eyeworth, 135, 154. 
FACE, John 59. 
Eain, Thos. 86. 

Fairey, Hen. 162, 200; Win. 304. 

Faldoe, Agnes 5 1 ; Anne 53; Cath. 
236, 238 ; Constance 52 ; David 
52 ; Dorothy 17 ; Elk. 52 ; John 

51, 52, 53; Luke 52, 53; Mary 
313 ; Robt. 52, 53, 347 ; Thos. 

52, 236. 
Falwell, Ralph 170., 



''"Fancot, 99. 

Fanhope, John de 169. 

Farndish, 58, 281. 

Farmer, Rich. 200. 

Fairer, Fes. 162. 

Faulkes, Sam. 378. 

Faulkner, Mary 22 ; Robt. 80. 

Favell, Geo. 273 ; Jane '273. 

Feild, Anne 272 ; Eliz. 384 ; Grace 
384 ; John 384 ; Matt. 384 ; Rich. 
209 ; Sarah 881 ; Thos. 381. 

Felmersham, 135. 

Ferris, Sr. John 2 1 4. 

Ferronr, John 170. 

Fettiplace, Mr. 200. 
I Fevered, Rich. 358. 
j Filbrigge, Simon 170. 
I Finch, Hen. 301; Rich. 347; 
! Thos. 332. 
i . Finding, .las. 39. 
; Firinbrand, see I'reinbrand. 

Fishe, Edw. 211 ; Geo. 150 ; 
Humph. 204, 207; Wm. 214, 
| 218. 

Fisher, Agnes 66 ; Anne 53 ; Edw. 

94; Eliz. 209; Hen. 300; John 

50, 00 ; Judge 06 ; Margt. 06 ; 

Robt. 209 ; Sr. John 00 ; Sr. 

Mich. 65, 66, 292 ; Thos. 49. 
Fitz John, 170. 

Fitzgeoffrey, Alice 207 ; Anna 271 ; 
I Fes. 208 ; Geo. 270 ; Gerard 
i 269 ; Jane 268 ; John 170 ; 
I Judeth 268, 271 ; Rath. 271 ; 
| Margt. '208 ; Mary 271 ; Mr. 

214 ;' Oliver 208 ; Peter 270 ; Sr. 

Geo. 270 ; Thos. 208, 273 ; 

Ursula. '208. 
' Fitzhugh, Anna 208, 209 ; Cath. 
' 208 ; Eliz. 208 ; Hen. 268, 269 ; 
j John 207, 208; Judeth, 208; 
i Mary 269 ; Nieh. 25 ; Robt. 

207-09; Susanna 208; Ursula 

209 , Wm. 207, 208. 
Fitzrichards, Jas. 52 ; Judeth 52. 
| Fitzwilliam, Humph. 102 ; Sr. 

John 214. 
i Fletcher, Roger 346 : Sybil 49. 
j Flitton, 21, 135. 

1 Flitwiek, 113, 121, 136 ; Sr. David 

! de 34, 123 ; Lucy de 122. 

I Forster, see Foster. 

i Fortescue, Fes. 154; Hen. 154. 

; Fossey, Wm. 259. 



391 



Foster, Anne 233, 275 ; Barbara' 
271 : Eliz. 277 ; John 274, 277 ; 
Mary 273 ; Oudart 275 ; Sandra 
275, 276 ; Sarah 275, 276 ; Sr. 
243; Thos. 276; Win. 233, 273- 
Humph. 75. 

Fostock, Thos. 17. 

Fountaine, John 207. 

Fowler, Agnes 81 ; Ann 84, 85 ; 
Eliz. 81, 86 ; Ellen, 83 ; Gabriel 
81 ; lien. 84 ; Jane 81 ; John 83, 
85, 86; Mary 81, 83, 84, 86; Re- 
becca 86 ; Rich. 81, 83-5; Marah 
84 , 85 ; Thus. 84, 85,2 1 5 ; Win. 86. 

Foxon, Ann 85. 

Frail, Rich. 16. 

Francis, John. 280. 

Franckliu, Anno 276 ; Chas. 12 ; 
Geo. 203 ; John 78, 20!), 276 ; 
Mary 24 ; Mr. 218, 220 ; Rich. 
24 ; Sr. Wm. 213. 

Franke, Hillersdon 209; Win. 286. 

Freni brand, — 33. 

Frevell, Beatrix 165; Robt. 165. 

Frisbey, John 22. 

Frowyke, — 65, 66. 

Frye, Rich. 254. 

Fnlcher, Thos. 24. 

Fuller, Blennerhassett 270. 

Fullerton, Sr. Jas. 159. 

Fyse, John 171. 

GALIC, Edw. 275 ; Eliz. 275 ; 

Simon 275. 
Garatt, Win. 2 1. 

Gardner, Ann 379; Eliz. 379; John 
879 ; Mary 379 ; Wm. 379. 

Garroway, Phil. 2i5. 

Garth, Thos. 209. 

Gasooigne, Ann 380 ; Dorothy 58 ; 
John 58, 169; Mr. 215; Sr. John 
299 ;■ Thos. 50 ; Uryan 50. 

Gasloy, Ann 3 17 ; Jeremy 317. 

Gausell, John 286. 

Gent, Alice 51. 

George, Agnes 50. 

Gernon, ■ — -82. 

Gervys, John 171. 

Gery, Laurance 49 ; Rebecca 309 ; 
Rich. 204 ; Sarah 879 ; Thos. 
379; Wm. 159, 199, 210, 309. 

Gibbons, Ann 17. 

Gibson, Geo. 12. 

Gilbye, Nath/92. 

Gilpiu, Thos. 210. 



I Glove, John 171. 
Glover, Thos. 91 
Goddard, John 350 ; Jonue 5S. 
Godfiy, Eliz. 68 ; Hen. 63, 171 ; 

Joan 68; Rich. 68; Wm. 23. 
Cohley, Wm. 32. 

Goldington, Johan' 170; Sr. John 
! de 84. 

: Goldsmith, — 85 ; Eliz. 318. 
f -Golston, Thos. 297. 
! Goodall, Sarah 314. 
I Goodfellow, Eliz. 24. 
j Goodman, .Eliz. 339. 
j Goodwin, Fes. 94. 
i Gordon, Eliz. 310 ; Wm. 316. 
j Gostwick, Edw. 128; John 302; 
I Martha 128 ; Mi-. 215 ; Sr. Edw. 
j 97, 204, 211,218, 219 ; Sr. John 
298, 300 ; Sr. Wm 200, 213 ; 
j Win. 128, 202, 298, 302. 
; Grace, Rich. 379. 
I Graham, Eliz. 832 ; Geo. 332. 

Granger, Mr. 218. 

G rat wick, M. 86. 

Grave, John 352. 

Gravenhurst, 93, 10G. 

Graves, Thos. 60, 317. 

Gray, Hen. 290 ; Mary 84 ; Mr. 
215 ; Wm. 363 ; Zach. 84, 88. 

Grecell, John 171. 

Greenfield, Susannah 21 ; Wm. 261. 

Gregory, Isabel 378 ; Rich. 157; 
Thos. 378. 
I Givsley,— 82. 

I Grey, Johnde 114 ; Ed. Chas, 94 ; 
! Marchioness of 12 ; Reynold 192 ; 

Susanna 91. 
j Grier, John 86 ; Ruth 80. 
j Griggs, Eliz. 50 ; Mich. 97, 204 ; 
I Mr. 215 ; Robt. 162. 

Grimaldi, Isabella Lousisa 100. 
Groonie, Ruth 80 ; Thos. 209. 
Guilliaume, David 209. 
Gurney, Margt. 15. 
Gutteridge, Deborah 314. 
Gyles. Walter 378. 
RACKET, Dr. 152. 
Haddon, Thos. 347. 
Hadow, Annia Maria 819 ; Chas. 
S. 319 ; Eliz. S. 319 ; Geo. J. 237 ; 
Hen. P. 319; Jas. 237 ; Jas. E. 
318; Sarah 237; Sarah S. 237, ' 
318, 319; Wm. T. 819 ; 



392 



Hagshawe, Jeff. 255. 

Haile, Hale, Fes. 228 ; Joliu 39 ; 

Mr. 215; Win. 171, 226. 
Halfpenny, Mr. 218 ; Thos. 207. 
Hall, John 171 ; Joseph 171 ; Su- 
san 22. 
Halliley family 333'. 
Hammond, John 90. 
Handscombe, Eliz. 273, 312, 313; 

Jas. 32, 272 ; John, 273, 312-14, 

383 ; Margery 272 ; Mary 273 ; 

Mat. 102 ; Robt. 272, 273, 312; 

Sarah 312; Susan 273; Wm. 

312, 3S3. 
Hanmer, Edw. 23. 
Hanncll, Edw. 250. 
Harding, Ainye 231 ; Ann 232 ; 

Dr. 848 ; Edm. 230 ; Fees. 232 ; 

John 230, 232 ; Mary 231, 233 ; 

Mat. 231, 232 ; Nieh. 171 ; Rich. 

102 ; Mr. 215 ; Thos. 309 ; Win. 

238. 

Harlington, 97, 1 10, L18, 277, 312, 
Harper, Aliee 53 ; Dame Alice 10, 

11, 20 ; Dame Margt. la, 28, 

29, 32 ; Gath. 272 ; Eli/.. 273 ; 

Roger 51 ; Sr. Win; 9, 10, 14, 

27, 28, 29, 30, 83 ; Tho.s. 272. 
Harrington, Isabell 180 ; Sr. liobt. 

de 180. 
Harringworth, 187. 
Harris, Sam. 100. 
Harrison, Wm. 06, 
Ban-old, 100, 121, 197, 210. 
Harteshome, John 171. 
Hartwell, Ahr. 318. 
Harvey, — 69 ; Dame Eliz. 20; 

Edm. 120 ; Eliz. 17 ; Isabell 

120 ; Jas. 12 ; Wm. 25. 
Haselden, Hugh 171 ; Jane 105. 
Hastings, Isabel] 259 ; Sr. Rafe 

259. 

Hatley, Jas. 134. * 

Haughton, H. 285. 

Havil, John 4. 

Hawes, Thos. 49, 102. 

Hawkins, Andrew 1 7 ; Ann 49 ; 

Cath. 17 ; Chr. 17; Edw. 49 ; 

Mr. 215; Wm. 204. 
Hawnes, 92, 95. 
Hayes, John 253. 
Heath,' Win. 34 0. 
Heigh, Thos. 317. 
H elder, see Spicer. 



*\ ' Hemming, Joseph 295; Rich. 15. 

Henlow, 65, 200". 

Herbert, Dennis 12. 

Heme, — 158 ; Fes. 210. 

Hertepole, John 09. 
j Hervey, Eliz. 58, 185; Mr. 218, 

220 ; Sr. Gerard 58, 215. 
1 Hethe, Rich. 00. 
j Hewet, Edm. 151 ; Mary 90, 114; 
j Mr. 215 ; Robt. 00, 144 ; Wm. 
90, 08, 144. 

1 [eyham, Sr. Roger 34. 
I Keynes, Elinor 73 ; John 73. 

Hiekmau, Edm. 800. 

Hill, John 210, 815 ; Martha 815 ; 
Robt. 158 ; Thos. 21, 151. 

Hillersden, Mr. 200, 218 ; Mrs. 
258 ; Rich. 219 ; Sr. Thos. 95 ; 
j Win. 208, 257- 
I Eiillyer, Jasper 84 ; Mary 84. 

Hobbes, Mary, 288. 

HoeklifFe. 4, 55, 130, 150, 101, 
80S ; Mr. 101. 

Ploddesden, Chr. 202. 
| ] [odgkins, John, 10, 41. 

Hogg, Wm. 258. 
I I lolme, Si'. Jolm 72. 
! Hollybred, Walter 00. 
| 1 loo, Thos. 171. 
i Horley, Jolm 00. 
J Hornsby, Wm. 251. 

Houghton-Couquest, 87, 130, 100, 

| floughton-Eegis 74, 101, 130, 282. 

How, Walsham 10. 

Howe, Lady 101. 

Huatsole, Agnes 23. 

Huekell, Ann 275. 
I Hudson, Roger 91 . 
■ Hughes, Mary 277 ; Newman 277. 

Hush, Anth. 155. 

Hulcote, 280. 

Humphreys, A. 235; Anno 381, 
388 ; Arnold 381 ; Arth. 381 ; 
Henrietta Maria 381, 383; Jane 
383; Kath. 381; Penelope 883. 

j Hundon, Thos. 04. 

j Hunt, Aune 272; Jas. 272; John 

j 273. 

I Huren, Eliz. 28. 

! Hurlestono, Rosa 270. 

! Hurst, Eliz. 231, 341. 

j Husband of, 102. 

I Husborne-Crawley, 130, 190, 296. 



303 



Huske, Ann 226 ; John 223. 

Hussey, 82. 

Hutton, Jas. 105. 

Huxley, Eliz. 23 ; Geo. 15 ; John 
205, 208 ; Robt. 25 ; Sr. John 
205, 212, 218 ; Thos. 253 ; Win. 
15. 

Hyatt, Ann 22, 23; Douglas 16; 
Win. 22. 

Hyde, Jol m do 108 ; Mr. 218, 220 ; 

Sr. Nich. 96. 
Hynd, Robt. 208 ; Sr. Fes. 127. 
Hynton, Mr. 215 ; Pat. 279. 

IBBOT, Edm. 18. 
Impey, Thos. -88, 162. 
Ireuionger, Joseph 86 ; Mary 86 ; 

Mr. 215. 
Ironside, Sam. 253, 256. 
Ivinghoe, 368. 

JAB RAM, Ann 225. 

Jakernan, Mr. 215. 

.Jakes, Thus. 171. 

James, David 210. 

JefFeries, Alice 275. 

Jemeat, Ann 276 ; Sarah 275. 

Jessup, Fes. 209. 

Johnson, Alieo 03; Harry 210; 
John 58, 232 ; Joseph 209 ; Mary 
63 ; Mr. 215, 218 ; Olive 63 ; 
Thos. 46, 208, 288 ; Win. 63. 

Jones, John 19 ; Phil. 162 ; Wm. 

KEELING, Sr. John 212, 218, 

218, 219. 
Keinsham, Geo. 162, 202, 203. 
Kempe, Martha 232. 
Kempson, Mr. 215. 
Kempston, 58, 137, 302. 
Kendal* Juno 49. 
Kene, Wm. 171. 
Kensworth, 345. 

Kent, Chas. E. of 94; Duke of 42 ; 

Fails of 21 ; Hen. E. of 93 ; 

Judith 379 ; Margt. 332. 
Ken-ell, Edw. 85 ; Eliz. 85. 
Kettlewell, Thos. 375. 
Keysoe, 137. 

Kiggle, John 171, 261, 343. 
King, Eliz. 382; John 171, 233; 

Jonas 85 ; Mr. 236 ; Steph. 236. 
Kitchener, Nuth. 98. 
Knight, Dav. 233; Dan. 77; Thos. 

> . 



j Knott, Agnes 15. 

Knotting, 151. 
! LxlCEY, Anna Maria 315 ; Anne 

315 ; Martha 314 ; Mat. 315. 
j Lake, Thos. 154. 

Lambe, Sr. John 147 ; Wm. 209. 
j Lambert, Sr. John 175. 
! Lane, Agnes 73; Geo. 4'.); Nicli. 
! 73. " 

Langford, 64 ; Mr. 215. 
i Langrich, Margt. 71 ; Walter 71. 
: Langstone, Margt. 69 ; Wm. 69. 
j La uinau, Kath. 272. 

Launeelyn, Win. 171. 
! La we, Robt. 15. 
| I aw ley, Si-. Thos. 213. 
j Laurence, Alice 24, 86 ; Anne 21; 
Annys 164 ; Edw. 161 ; Eliz. 85 ; 
Jacob 13 ; John 1 64 ; Margt. 161 ; 
| Wm. 164. 
I Lawson, John 210. 
I Leache, Eliz. 255; Jane 255; Rich.. 
255. 

Leatham, Fees. 48. 

Lee, Sain. 1G0, 101. 

Leicester. John 22. 

Leigh, John 93, 203 •; Lewis 96; 
Mr. 89, 215, 218; Peerage 42; 
Sr. Thos. 199 ; Thos. 301 ; Thos. 
Lord, 100, 215. 

Leighton-Bussard, 13, 21, 41, 43, 
| 54, 63, 98, 123, 187, 152, 160, 
! 239, 253, 368, 373, 374. 
j Leonard, John 260. 
| Le Strange, — 00. 
| Lethers, Margt. 82 ; Rich. 10, 81. 

Leventhorpe, John 2U3. 

Level oek, Rich. 92. 

Lidlingtcn, 137. 

Lillingston, Mr. 215. 

Lincoln, Rich. 171. 

Lindall, Dr. John 233. 

Linford, Martin 49. 

Litchfield, John 39 ; Win. 39. 

Livesey, John 208 ; Mr. 220. 

Lodge, Hen. 102. 

Londde, John 171 ; Thos. 171. 

Long, Sr. Rich. 67. 

Longhorue, Roger 360. 

Longueville, Lady Susan 94 ; Sr. 
Mich. 94. 

Lonsdale, Lord 101. 

Lookey, Dorothy 22. 

Lordisman, Win. 284. ( iH 



394 



Loring, — 61 ; Alured 188 ; Anno 

189 ; David 119.; Edw. 189 ; 

Eliz. 189 ; Galfridus do 179 ; 

John 188, 189; Margt. 64, 342; 

Mary 342; Mich. 188, 189; Peter 

179 ; Rich. 188 , Roger 184 ; 

Rose 190 ; Simon 188 ; Sr. Nele 

04, 181, 183, 190, 812 ; Sr. 

Peter 120 ; Sr. Piers 34, 180 ; 

Thos. 188, 189 ; Walter 188 ; 

Win. 181, 187-90, 342. 
Lovelace, Alice 52; Rich. 61. 
Lovet, Mr. 215 ; .Robt. 205. 
Low, Fes. 220 ; Nich. 171. 
Lowndes, Rich. 377- 
Lowther, Julyan 24 ; Rich. 24, 53 ; 
. Sybil 53. 

Loyorou.se, John 877. 

Lucke, Prudence .'577. 

Ludsopp, Wm. 171. 

Luke, Uath. 852 ; Mrs. 142; Nich. 
94, 202, 208, 299; Oliver, 208, 
852 ; Sr. Oliver 210: Sr. Sam, 
142,211,218, 852, 858; Walter 
162. 

Luton, 43, 14, 77, 108, 137, 156, 

160, 167, 172. 
Luton-Hoo, 47. 
Luxford, Stephen 53. 
Lye, lieu, de 171. 
Lyne. John 360. 

Lytton, Dame Eli./. 285 ; Sr. Robt. 
285. 

MAGI K, Eliz. 11. 

Maleott, Eliz. 15; Rich.. 22; Win. 

256. j 
Malherbe, Adam de 104. 
Malorie, Eliz. 268 ; Nich. 268. 
Mai tun, Wm. 81. 
Man, Wm. 257. 
Mauningham, Thos. 171. 
Mautell, lieu. 17 I - 
Marburio, John 93 ; Mr. 215 ; 

Thos. 93. 
Margetts, Thos. 151. 
Marham, Marram, John 171 ; Wm. 

171. 

Market-Cell, 6, 321. 
Markka m, Gervase 74. 
Marlborough, Duchess of 220, 224. 
Marsh, Jolm 251. 

Marshall, Anne 814; Robt. 149; 

Wm. 168, 261. 
Marson, Thos. 167. 



! ^Marston-Morteyne, 91, 96, 138, 
1 160, 165. 

I Marvell, — 56 ; Dan 53 ; Eliz. 

51.; Fees. 51 ; John 51-3 ; Thos. 

51 ; Wm. 51. 
i Mason, John 25 ; 261. 
! Massingberd, lien. 200. 
: Mastin, Wm. 20. 

Matthews, Anne 43; Hen. 296; 
! John 296; Thos. 99; Vincent 

' Mauiden, 47, 90, 91, 92, 138. 

Maxie, Edw. 10, 29; W. S. 48. 

Mayling, Isaac 85. 

Maynard, Sybil 49. 
| Mead, Dr. 135; Jeremy 155; Mat. 

254 ; Rich. 160. 
j Medcalfe, Wm. 846. 
I Medgate, Jolm 816. 
i Melchbourne, 138. 
: Melmoth, John 101. 

Meppershal 92, 138, 155, 289 ; 
; John 171. 
; Meredith, Fes. 235. 
j Meriden, Thos. 254. 

Merston, Rich. 171. 

Metcalf, John 58. 

Micluell, Isabella. 72 ; Mr. 215 ; 
Robt. 72. 
j Miehell, Jas. 32 L ; Wm. 268. 
! Middleton, Mr. 215 ; Nath. 50. 
j Mildraay, Geo. 290, 295 ; Sr. Hen. 
: 127 ; Thos. 286. 
| Millard, Sr. Wm. 207, 213. 

Millbrook, 58, 90, 93, 13S. 
I Miller, John 157, 210 ; Lieut. -Col. 
| 157. 

j Mills, John 24. 
I Milton- Bryant, 139. 
| Milton -Ernest, 355. 
| Mil ward, Dan. 316; Eli/. 377; 
j Penelope 316; Wm. 171. 
! Monchensi, Win. de 185. 
j Monoux, Phil. 12; Humph. 204 ; 
! Sr. Humph. 4 8, 218. 
Moore, John 204 ; Mr. 215 , Rosier 

81 ; Sr. Hen. 212 ; Sr. John 

212 ; Sr. St. John 215. 
I Mordaunt, —00 ; Ghas. 381 : Edw. 

203; Judith 381; Lady 58; Lord 

78, 299; Robt. 171 ; Sr. Ghas. 
! 215. 

| Morell, John 363. 
j Moror, Humph. 92. 



395 



Morgan, Edw. 209. 
Morteyn, Eliz. 3 ; Sr. John de 31, 
122. 

Morton, Tbos. 171. 
Mosdell, Stephen 25G. 
Mountneigh, Kath. 271 ; Rich. 
271. 

Mowbray, Thos. de 188. 
Musehampe, Mrs. 31 : Thos 9, 31, 
32, 

Mulso, Alice 72; Win. 72, 171. 
NANSCUTT, Sr. Piers 186. 
Napier, Sr. John 209, 218 ; Sr. 

Rich. 255 ; Sr. Robt. 155, 211 ; 

Theo. 208. 
Neal, Agnes 24 ; John 207. 
Needham, John 379. 
Nelliam, Sum. 315, 316. 
Nelson, Rich. 267. 
Neville, Thos. 27 1. 
Newdigate, Sr. Robt. 215. 
Nowenhain, 107, ] 12-11, 116, 119, 

354. 

Newman, Dorothy 5. 
Newland, Eliz. 236; Thos. 236, 
237. 

Newton, Thos. 16, 21, 53 ; Wm. 
16. 

Nicholls, Eliz. 85 ; Fes. 95 ; Mr. 
215 ; Wm. 85, 208. 

Nickowe, Jolm 66. 

Noades, Eleanor 33)2 ; John 317 ; 
Rebecca 382. 

Noalco, Edw. 50, 91 ; Jolm 267 ; 
Robt. 267 ; Thos. 154, 878. 

N or gate, Mary 225. 

Norman, Ann 380 ; John 380 ; 
Thos. 16 ; Wm. 99. 

Northill, 33, 48, 67, 139, 155, 331. 

Northwood, Rich, de 179. 

Norton, Alice 378 ; Ann 233, 378, 
382 ; Annys 378 ; Eliz. 231, 232; 
Gravely 312; Jane 232; John 
158, 380 : John de 112 ; Mary 
373, 381; Mr. 215; Rich. 381, 
382 ; Sam. 232 ; Thos. 165, 230, 
320, 323, 349, 378 ; Wm. 231, 
378. 

OAKLEY, 357. 

Odell, 100, 155 ; Agnes 330 ; Anth. 

Baron 65 ; Jas. 330 ; John 330 ; 

Rebecca 330 ; Wm. 330. 
Oft'a, K. of Mercia 130. 
Okey, Col. 160. 



Olncy, Mary 86. 
*-Ongley, Sam. 208 ; Sr. Sam. 213. 
Ordway, Thos. 316. 
Orlebar, Mr. 218 ; Rich. 209. 
Orwell, Edw. 32. 
Osbaston, Lambert 145, 150. 
Osborne, 10, Eliz. 376; Fes. 133 ; 

Geo. 12 ; Hen. 200 ; Mary 51 ; 

Mr. 218; Peter 376; Sr. Peter 

211. 

Osmond, Robt. 303; Win. 317. 

Oswyn, Tbos. 286. 
I Oudart, Dorothy 275 ; Nidi. 274. 

Owen, lien. 127. 
I PAGE, Edw. 315 ; Rich. 232; 
Sarah 315; Sr. Greg. 219. 

Page-Turner, — 225 ; Sr. Gregory 
O. 102, 228. 

Palmer, John 276 ; Mr. 216 ; Sarah 
j 276 ; Sr. Wm. 218 ; Wm. 171, 
I 199. 

Palimpsests, 59. 

Papworth, Jolm 380 ; Alary 380. 
Paradine, Eliz. 16, 53; Geo. 50 ; 
Mary 49 ; Mr. 216 ; Robt 16, 17 ; 
Thos. 53. 
Parish, Ann 380 ; Geo. 880. 
Parker, Cath. 15. 
Parkins, Roger 258 ; Thos. 340. 
Parratt, Agnes 329; Thos. 162; 
I Wm. 829. 
I Parrys, Robt. de 152. 
I Parsons, Ann 251 . 
1 Partridge, Rebecca 86 ; Rich. 86; 
Wm. 36. 

Passeluw, Robt. 113; Simon 108. 
Patenham, — 374 ; Oath. 28 ; Sr. 

John 33. 
Patton, Wm. 72. 
Pattynson, John 192. 
Pavonham, 78. 

Payne, Dorothy 378 ; John 360 ; 

Mr. 210; Phil. 378; Wm. 378. 
Peacock, Eliz. 232 ; Mary 49. 
Pearce, Diana 272 ; Fees. 269 ; 

Hen. 88 ; Thos. 269. 
Pearson, Mary 276. 
Pedder, Agnes 78 ; John 78; Margt. 

73; Matilda 73; Win. 261, 282. 
Peet, Eliz. 267. 
Pekham, John 261. 
Pekke, Edw. 309 ; John 171 ; Thos. 

171 ; Wm. 171. 
Pemberton, Joan 21. 



396 



Perm, Penelope 313. 

Pennington, Jacob 257; Thos. 60. ' 

Perot, nee JPyrot. 

Peryent, Anne 329 ; Mary 323 ; 

Sr. Geo. 32S. 
Pestell, Join. 171. 
Petifer, John 171. " 
Petipas, Nich. 350. 
Peto, Eliz. 165; Sam. 165; Wm. 

165. 

Petting-ale, Eli/. 32. 

Peyvre.— 60 ; Johanna 1 14 ; Margt. 

64, 186, 313 ; Mary 187 : Nich. 

64 ; Paul 113 ; Paulinua 313 ; Sr. 

John 33 ; Sr. Roger. 34; Thos. 

63, 64, 186, 312, 313. 
Piekerinn-, Sr. Gilbert 219; Wm. 

356. 

Pigott, Alice 72 ; Fes. 309, 361 ; 

lien. 20,3, 312 : Johanna 267 ; 

Laurence 72 : Mr. 216 ; Sr. Men. 

212 ; Sr. Hen. 212 ; Thos. 150 ; 

Wm. 171. 
Pinfold, Margt. 72 ; Rich. 72. 
Piper, Eli/. 21 : John 17. 
Plasden, Ann 370. 
Pleasantin, Rich. 50; Rolf. 49. 
Plomor, Sr. Wm. 216; Wm. 203, 

204. 

Poeklington, Dr. 147. 

Pomfret, John 1 38. 

Pooley, John 361, 303. 

Pope, Rich, 308, 

Port res, Thos. 317. 

Potter. John 171 ; Thos. 286. 

FottesgTQVO, 33, 58, 59, 368, 373. 

Potion. 21, 69. 139. 

Potts, John 216, 327. 

Poulton, Jas. 43. 

Prentiso, Mary 85, 234 ; Thos. 85. 
Preston,- Chr. 171. 
Proby, Hen. 377. 
Proctor, Mrs. 101. ' • 
Puel, Roger 258. 
Puddington, 154. 
Pulloxhill, 120-22, 139, 311. 
Purser, — 274. 

Purvey, Alice 73 ; Eliz. 73 ; Nich. 

73; Thos. 22, 171 ; Wm: 171. 
Pye, Sr. John 257. 
Pym, Win. 12, 255, 256. 
Pyrot,—-184; Ralph 108; Simon 

121 ; Sr. Rauf. 33. 
QUARRIE, Adam 254. 



Quartermnyne, — '82. 
RADCLIFFE, Edw. 202, 216; 

Eliz. 126, 165; Fees. 126; Lady 

Isabella 90, 126-28 ; Mary 126 ; 

Ralph 165, 219 ; Sr. Edw. 216 ; 

Sr. Humph. 126, 127 ; Thos. 

126. 

Radenhoro, Walt, de 179. 

Radwell, John 171. 

Ragon, John 17! ; Thos. 171. 

Ramsey, Thos. 32. 

Randes, Eliz. 23; John 49; Margt. 

25 ; Mary, 52 ; Ralph 24, 25 ; 

Surah 51 ; Thos. 51 ; Wm. 50. 
Raudle, Fes. 237. 
Rasen, I fen. 231 . 
Ratele, Ratull, Robt. 171. 
Ravenhull, Nich. 171. 
Ravens, Mr. 216. 
Rawlinson, Fes. 97. 
Read, Eliz. 17: Geo. 233; Susan, 

233 ; Wm. 171. 
Redell, Alice 63 ; John 63 ; Sr. 

John 33. 

Reeve, Eliz. 52; Hugh 125, 141; 

John 263. 
Eeisden, Mabel 232 ; Thos. 232. 
Rewse, Grace 382 ; John 382. 
Reyuardson, Sam. 206. 
Reyner, Rich. 92. 
Reyncs, John 373. 
Reynolds, Ursula 53. 
Rhodes. Benj. 125, 209. 
Richardson, John 78; Rich. 31. 
Riddel!, Fees. 220. Sr. .las. B. 229; 

Sr. John 228 ; Sr. John B. 225, 

228, 229 ; Sr. Walter 228, 229, 
Ridey, John 22. 
Ridgemount, 1 39. 
Rigge, Thos. 9, 31, 32. 
Riles, Mr. 35. 
Riseley, Robt. 93. 
Roberts, Mary 380. 
Robinson, Eliz. 234 ; Fes. 231 ; 

John 231, 234 ; Tim. 257. 
Rokesae, 104, 120, 121. 
Rolt. Dorcas 274 ; Fees. 275 ; Fes. 

274 ; John 212, 274 ; Mr. 216, 

2 IS. 

Roman remains, 14. 
Remnev, Chas. E. of 229. 
Rooked Mr. 216. 

Ross, Anne 312; Edw. 312; Geo. 
312. 



397 



Tlotherham, Atrne 231 ; Geo. 94, 
201, 202, 231, 233-36 ; Heu. 

234 ; Jane 233, 234 ; Mr. 236 ; 
Mrs. 236 ; Ralph 234 ; Rush. 

235 ; Robt. 231 ; Sr. John 216 ; 
Thos. 231, 234 ; Wm. 236. 

Roth well, Rich, de 122 ; Roger do 
121. 

Rous, John 350 ; Sr. Rich, le 33. 
Rou e, — 53 ; Eliz. 45, 349 ; John 

54, 202, 349, 350 ; Judeth 45, 

349; Mary 349; Nich. 129; 

Rebecca 45, 349 ; Sarah 45, 349 ; 

Sr. Hen. 45; Sr. Thos. 850; 

Su/an 819; Thus. 819. 
Rowthe, Thus. 192. 
Roxton, 59, 371; Tho.s. 171. 
Rudd, Isabel 378 ; Jas. 236 ; John 

236 ; Margt. 275. 
Rudyug, John 62. 
Rirfus, David 113. 
Rugeley, Mat. 12. 
Rush, Anth. 4. 

Russell, Edw. 200 ; Jolm 199 ; 

Lord Chas. 13; Sr. Geo. 211, 

216; Thos. 88. 
Rutland, Jolm 381, 

SACIIEVEREL, Dr. 42. 
Sadlier, Mr. 216. 
Sage, Win. !)3. 

St. John, Jolm 282 ; Lord 67, 09, 

95; Oliver 202; Sr. Alex. 211 ; 

Sr. Bou.uehainp 211, 216; Sr. 

lien, 211; Sr. John 299, 309. 
St. Maur, — 184 ; Alice 187, 842 ; 

John do 842; Mary 187, 312. Sr. 

Rich. 187, 342. 
St. Neots, — 358; bridge 153. 
Salford, 288. 
Salle, Thos. 140. 
Sam, Mr. 6. 

Sambeleyc, Roger 67. \ 
Sampson, Grace 382; Nich. 382; 

Rich 171. 
Sandy, 62, 139,' 285; Robt. 203. 
Sandys, Edwyn 2.16 ; Rich. 58, 

203 ; Sr. Edwyn 203 ; Thos. 59, 

365; Wm. 59, 365. 
Sapcote, Anne 187 ; Sr. Guy. 187., 
Saunders, A un 9 59 .; Ellen 59, '365, 

375, 376 ; Isabel 59; Joane 58;! 

Mr. 218, 219 ;,Thos. 369 ;i Wm. 

'375. ifi - "■ , ** w cr 



I Savage, Anne 25, 52; Mary 317 ;. 

*Sr. Arth. 216. 
j Seayre, Hannah 98 ; Wm. 98. 
Segenhoe, 107. 
Settle, Elkanah 134. 
Sewell, Hen. 871 ; John 172 ; Wm 
366. 

Scott, Dorothy 22 ; Martha 17. 

Scroggs, Oliver 182. 

Sorope, Baron 227 ; Margt. 227 ; 

Roger le 227. 
Shakespeare, Alex. 271 ; Mary 271 ; 

Rheninah 271 ; Tho.s. 272; Wm. 

99, 131, 272. 
Shariuan, John, 49, 50. 
Shambrook, 185. 
i Sharpenhoe, 311, 34 8. 
| Shaw, Mary 99. 

j Sheafe, Dr. 316, 317 ; Mary 846, 
j 347. 

Shefiord, 5, 12, 14, 67, 128, 139. 
Shelley, Jas. 52 ; Kath. 52 ; Mary 

58 ; W m. 53. 
Shepherd, Alice 313; Hen, 274; 

Mr. 218 ; Wm. 813. 
Sheppard, Jonathan 253, 251. 
! fcherley, Eliz. 284 ; Mary 284 ; Rich. 

234. 

Shillington, 67, 139, 155. 
Shopelier, Mich. 287. 
Short, Sarah 226. 
I Shot fold, Win. 172. 
! Sibthorpo, Dr. 147; Jolm 24; Mich.. 

28, 51 ; Wm. 17. 
I Silehaiu, \V r m. 1 72. 
Simmons, Edw. 275; Margery 275; 

Rich. 270 ; Sarah 276. 
Skelton, Win. 346. 
Skinner, Judith 49. 
Skullor r Skikklethorpe, Geo. 232 ; 

Jane 232. 
Slade, Agues 267. 
Slater, Mrs. 53. 
Slingsby. Robt. 297. 
Slough, John 288. 
I Smalle, John 299, 302. 

Smith, Bishop 158; Geo. 163; Jaw. 
j 210, 226; John 97, 190; Oliver* 

271; Sr. Wm. 203; Thos. 264, 

313 ; Wm. 22. 
Smythe, Alice 813-16; Anne 313, 

,815, 316, 318, 820; Arabella 318- 

20 ; Dr. 372 ; Eleanor 315, 318 ; 

Eliz. 815, 317-20; George 320;. 



398 



Georgiua 318; Hugh 312-19; ., 
Jas. 313-20, 383; Laurance 314,*] 
315 ; Lydia 320 ; Mary 314, 315, I 
317-20; Penelope 313-18, 383; ! 
Phoebe 820; Surah 314, 317,319; | 
Thos. 815-20; Win. 317. 
Snagg, Edw. 91 , 208, 220 ; Mr. 218; : 
Ralph 216; Rich. 248; Sr. Thus. ! 
9G, 203 ; Thos. 96, 205, 206 ; Win. I 
165. 

Snowo, Rebecca 309 ; Rich. 282. 
Seal, Sole, John 124, 125; Mary, i 
125. 

Southill, 38, 139. 

Sparkea, Dorothy 154. 

Spelrnan, Si-. Hi n. 14 5. 

Spencer, Dayrex 275; Elinor 16; 
John 171,' 202, 2d7, 275 ; Mary 
272 ; Mr. 218, 220 ; Nieh. 22 ; 
Robt. 360 ; Thoa. 171 ; Win. 48 ; 
Winifred 16. 

Spieer, al'a Holder, Alice 324; Ann 
230 ; Edw. 283 ; John, 233, 235, 
287 ; Mr. 216 ; Rich. 230, 232 ; 
Robt. 233 ; Simon 232 ; Susanna 
235 ; Thoa. 162 ; Wm. 234. 

Spring, Thos. 286. 

Squier, Dorothy 51 ; Mr. 218, 220. 

Stacey, G< o. 39. 

Stafford, Ann 237, 275, 276; Diana 
237; Fes. 275; Geo. 275, 276; 
John 237 ; Mary 275 ; Simon 275 ; 
Val. 2 S3. 

Sttig.-deu, 59, 297. 

Staubridge, 79. 

Stanforde, Agues 66; Nieh. 60; 

Wm. 66. 
Stanlow, John 172. 
Staunton, Alice 275; Fes. 201 ; Mr. 

218,219; Robt. 205, 216; Sr. Fes. 

211 ; Susan 16 ; Win. 275. 
Stepeiug, Mat. 172. 
Stephens, Humph. 9,* 31; Jeremy 

115, 14 6. 

Steppingley, 140; Hugh do 109, 
118. 

Sterne, John 260. 

Sieving! on. 14 0. 

Stockton, Hugh do 139. 

Stokes, Arabella, 382. 

Stone, Captn. 218, 220; Dorothy, 

232; Margt. 230 ; Mr. 218, 219; 

Rich. 280, 232 ; Wm. 92, 162. 
Stoniford, Bernard 90. . 



Stotfold, 140. 

Straight, Robt. 346. 

Stratton, 63 ; Thos. 172. 

Streatley, 101, 31 1, 320. 

Stringer, Thos. 290, 201. 

Studde, Mi/.. 21. 

Studham, 112, 115. 

Suffragan-Riahop, 1 30. 

Sugden, Margt. 24. 

Sumarsell, Patience 275. 

Sundon, 220, 229, 312; Baron 222, 

225 ; Lady 236 ; Lord Wm. 221, 

225. 227, 236. 
Surplice-fees, 61 . 
Sussex, Robt. E. of 126. 
Suthbury, Sr. Johii do 38. 
Sutton, 36, 71, 4)1, 140, 154 ; Eleanor 

28 ; Eliz. 150 ; John 1 fj(>. 
Symcotts, Mr. 218, 220. 
Symmes, Thus. 255. 
Synisou, Thos. 1 25. 
TAIL A RD, Walt. 172. 
Tavistock, Marquia of 48. 
Taylor, Eli/. 52 ; Humph. 53 ; Mat. 

21)5 ; Mr. 216, 210 ; Oliver 53 ; 

Phil. 318; Rev. C. 12 : Rich. 52, 

53, 200; Ursula 52; Wm. 15, 39. 
Tempsford, 140, 154, 155. 
Tersall, John 73, 260 ; June 73. 
Theed, Wm. 253, 257. 
Thody, — 40. 

Thompson, John 202 ; Mr. 219; Sr. 

Sam. 207. 
Thome, Edw. 10, 29, 81, 82 ; Fes. 

'253, 257 ; Giles, 147-50. 
Thornton, Gabriel 50 ; Thos. 50. 
Thorough good, Ann 275 ; Fees. 

271 ; Mr. 271 ; Rich. 274 ; Thos. 

Thurleigh, 59. 
Thynne, Fes. 62 ; Mr. 285. 
Tilbroolce, 140. 
TiHsworth", 8, 86, 79, 81, 143. 
Tiinms, Wm. 35. 
Tingrith, 278, 318. 
Tiplady, Kdw. 184. 
Tipping, 1 l eu. 814 . 
Tiptoft, Margt. 227 ; Robt. Lord 
227. 

Tirringham, Sr. Tims. 216. 

Toddington, 4, 55, 59, 60, 61, 63, 
03, 97, 100, 110, 157, 158, 168, 
181, 186, 187, 180, 24 3, 260, 842, 
348, 368. 



399 



Tomliuson, Alice 32; 

Tompion, Jas. 331 ; Margt, 331 ; 
Thus. 331. 

Tompkins, Gabriel 43. 

Tomson, Eliz. 1-1 ; Jane 22. 

Torrington, Lord 219. 

Totteuitioe, 46, GO, 108, 351. 

Townshend, Thos. 253. 

Trailly, — 33, 68 ; John 67 ; Regi- 
nald 67. 

Trevor, Lord 219, 220; Sr. Thos. 
159. 

Trott, A^nes 329, 330 ; Alice 330 ; 
Anne 329 ; Edw. 329 ; Eliz. 328, 

329 ; Fes. 329 ; Geo. 329 ; John 

330 ; Marfan 328, 329 ; Maty 328 ; 
Mrs. 329 ; Sr. Nich. 216, 357, 
328; Susan 330; Wm. 328-30. 

Trought, Win. 172. 
Trustrarn, Penelope 313 ; Thos. 
313. 

Tuckey, Eliz. 85 ; Mary 85 ; Mrs. 

86 ; Wm. 85, 86. 
Turner, Sr. Chr. 212. 
Turvall, Alex. 22 ; John 22 ; Wm. 

16. 

Tiirvoy, 60, 78, 100, 141, 158 ; John 

de 1*71, 374. 
Tuthill, Edm. 273 ; Eliz. 272 ; 

Peter 272. 
Twyrolt, Rich. 262. 
Tyley, Edw. 317, 318; J as. 318; 

Penelope 817, 318. 
UMFRAY, Thos. u tiT>. 
Underbill, John 68; Margfc. 68; 

Thos. 68. 
Underwood, Jas. 12; John 361 ; 

Thos. 286. 
Upper-Ossory, E. of 12. 
VALE, John 262. 
Valence, .Robt. 172, 
Vuux, Alice 378 ; Anne 257 ; Eliz. 

378 ; John 208 ; Maigt. 377 ; 

Mr. 219; Tim. 379 ; Thos. 210 ; 

Wm. 378-79. 
Ventris, Fes. 96 ; Mr. 219 ; Sr. 

Fes. 06, 203. 
Verney, Agnes 85 ; Emma 85 ; 

Geo. 85 ; Kath. 85 ; Lady Anne 

809; Sr. Thos. 29S ; Wm. 85. 
Viney, .David 380; John 380; 

Judith 379-80; Robt. 379-80. 
Vites. Mr. 216. 
Vowell, Peter 355. 



WAGSTAFFE, John 207 ; Rich. 
*" 20(k 

Wahnll, John de 105, 122 , Sire de 
34, 

Waite, John 172 ; Thos. 263. 

Wakefield, Abr. 48. 

Wakeinan, Ed. 382 ; Eliz. 382 ; „ 
Geo. 382-83 ; Mary 383 ; Sarah 
382; Theodore 383 ; Wm. 382 - 
83. 

Walcott, ,'John 16. 

Wale, Eliz. 49 ; Wm. 172. 

Walker, Walt. 101. 

Waller, Agues 16 : Alex. 15 ; Geo. 

16; Mary 57; Mr. 216; Robt. 

57 ; Thos. 16 ; Wm. 57. 
Walter, Robt. 350; Sr. John 159. 
Waid, John 67; Robt. 272 ; Wm. 

300. 

Warden, 14, 67, 93, 113, Ml; 
Abbe)- 251 ; Agnes 207 ; Pears 
40. 

Warner, Paul 31 ; Robt. 172. 
! Warwick, Countess of 95 ; Jolm 

318 ; Mary 313. 
Water-Stratford, 25. 
Watson, Mi'. 216. 
"Wanton, Thos. 172. 
Waverer, Mr. 216. 
Weatherfield, Eliz. 17, 24; Judeth 

15 ; Rich. 17. 
Welde, Agues 265. 
Wells, John 205. 251, '255, 257 ; 

Mr. 219, 220; Ralph 262; Sarah 

317 ; Tims. 317. 
Weltonue, Eliz, 74; John 74. 
Wen lurk, John 169. 
Wentworth, Jane 187 ; Mary 126; 

Thos. Lord 187. 
Were, Robt. 58. 
Wesley, widow 317. 
West, John 22. 
Westminster, Dean of 65. 
Westoning, 111, 279. 
Wheeler, Win. 311. 
Whinatt, Rich. 257. 
Whitbread, Mr. 11 ; Sarah 315. 
Whitmore, Geo. 374. 
White, Ann 99 ; Edm. 99 ; John 

209 ; Rich. 100 ; Wm. 172. 
Whvehyrrhe, Mary 100. 
Wilden, 96, 141. . 
Wildman, Agnes 50; Arth. 50; 

Tims 50. 



400 



Wilford, Anne 234, 235; Eliz. 235; 
Fes . , D . D . , 1 52 ; Mary 231; Thos . 
234, 235. 

Wilkes, Edw. 254; Mark 254 ; Mat, 
254. 

William, Thos. 172. 
Williams, Agnes 85 ;• John 28. 
Williamson, John 28; Mr. 219. 
Willing-ton, 96, 141, 298. 
Willis, Anne 384 ; Bonj. 314 ; 

Edw. 384 ; Fes. 275 ; Jane 384 ; 

John 275; Marg-t. 275; Martha 

275 ; Rich. 275. 
Willison, Eliz. 100 ; Jane 100 ; 

John 100. 
W r ills, Mr. 253; Thos. 21. 
Wilshamstead, 91, 93, 141. 
Wilson, Chr. 95 ; Judeth 49. 
Wilton, Lord Grey de 95. 
Winche, Edw. 23 ; Judeth 24 3; 

Margt. 24 ; O. 204 ; Rebecca 243 ; 

Sr. Humph. 95, 21G, 243, 265. 
VVindcsorc, Phil. 184. 
Wing-ate, Anne 233 ; Edin. 125 ; 

Fes. 256; Goo. 24; John 204, 

346, 377, 378 ; Mr. 216, 219; 

Parnell 25 ; Robt. 377 ; Sr. Fes, 

213, 235 ; Wm. 172. 
Winton, Fes. 254. 
Wiahart, 252. 
Witches, 43. 

Witt ou, Alice 375 ; Wm. 375. 
Woburn, 35, 36, 113, 1 14, 118, 111, 

161. IKS), 2 IS, 345, 368. 
Woodlmll, we OdAl. 
Wolseley, Fes. 222; Sr. Robt. 222. 



,Wood, Hen. 100; Jane 255 ; Simon 

255. 
Woodend, 352. 
W^oodleigh, Jane 347. 
Wood ward, Anne 384; Eliz. 377; 
I F. 53 ; John 377 ; Martha 384 ; 
j Mary 384 ; Robt. 377, 384 ; 
Sarah 384 ; Suzan 384 ; Thos. 
384 ; Ursula, 272. 
| Wootton, 88, 92, 128, 14 2; Alice 

276 ; Anna 271 ; Mr. 271. 
! Worlie, Eliz. 364 ; John 364. 
1 Wbrsley, Anna. 268. 
1 W r ortiug, Dorothy 275 ; Jospli 275. 
! Wrest, 93. 

1 Wrestling-worth, 69, 142, 15 1. 

Wright, John 208. 
! Wroxhill; 374. 

Wyant, Geo. 216 ; Jas. 273 ; Mary 
273. 

! Wyatt, Wm. 255. 
j Wyliostun, 230. 

I Wye, John 273, 276 ; Joseph 276 ; 

Thos. 277. 
| Wyklewode, Thos. 260. 
I Wylbon, Nich 189. 
i Wyldo, Dorothy 95; Ed m. 95, 97, 
j 205 ; Sr. Edm. 95, 97. 
i Wymington, 61, 142, 356. 
! Wynne, Chas. 875; Geo. 205. 
I Wyseman, John 290, 295. 
! YELVERTON, Sr. Hen. 18. 

Yielden, 211, 374. 

Vu^c, Sr. Win. 81 . 

Ypping, Win. 172. 
j' ZOUCHE, — 252; Wm. Baron 187. 



-.1 



f ■